Saturday, December 13, 2014

We gave Jesus son of Mary, clear proofs (of God’s Sovereignty) and We supported him with the Holy Spirit

Lessons 296 to 305

TILKAR-RUSULU  faz-zalnaa  ba’-zahum  ‘alaa  ba’-z
Excellence Of Some Messengers Over Others
Some Messengers Were Dignified
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse –253a of  286, Section –33 (Part - 3)

Of those messengers, some of whom We have caused to excel others, and of whom there are some unto whom Allah spoke, while some of them He exalted (others) in degrees.
TILKAR-RUSULU  faz-zalnaa  ba’-zahum  ‘alaa  ba’-z.  Minhumm-man-  kallamallaahu  wa  rafa-‘a  ba’-zahum  darajaat.

‘AR-RUSULU – (Messengers of God Almighty), for which the words Prophet (Rasuul (singular of Rusul), Pay-gam-bar and Nabii) (peace be upon them) are also used. Infinitive mood of Rasuul is Rasaa-lat which means office of a Prophet, Messenger-hood and conveying the Message of God Almighty. Rusul are a sacred group of Messengers who delivered the Message of Allah Almighty up to His servants without decrease and increase. 

faz-zalnaa – (We have caused to excel), its base is Fazal which means grandeur, reverence, nobility, highness, excellence and dignity. All the Greatnesses and Excellences are in the Hand of Allah Almighty. He Bestows His blessings and favors to whom He wishes. Nobody can get at his end. Wealth, personal respectability, knowledge, power of stature or family background, indeed nothing is so with the source of which somebody may achieve virtue and highness compulsorily, except that His Grandeur is attached with the person.

man-  kallamallaahu – (with whom Allah Almighty spoke), that is to say; those Messengers/Prophets (peace be upon them) who discussed and conveyed their messages directly to Allah Almighty like it was happened with Prophet Moses (peace be upon him).

God Almighty has commanded in this verse, “Of those messengers, some of whom We have caused to excel others”, for instance some are those with whom He talked directly, some of them are those to whom Message of Allah Almighty was delivered through the Angels (peace be upon them) and some Prophets are those who came only to bring to life earlier Divine. They did not come with any new Scripture.

It has come in the Holy Qur-‘an on another place, “Laa tu-farri-qu  bay-na  ‘aha-dim-min-hum” (We do not differentiate anyone between them). It aims that as far as it relates to Messenger-hood, We do not say anyone small or big. So there is no contradiction and difference between these two verses. Moreover both the verses are correct at their own places. Being a Muslim we believe that since the world has come into existence, with effect from that time the Messengers and Prophets (peace be upon them) were sent in each nation and during each time till the Last Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), they all brought the Message of One God Almighty. Message from each of them (peace be upon them) was deserving obedience during their individual times. We believe in truth of those entire Messengers and Prophets (peace be upon them).   

Jesus (peace be upon him) Son Of Mary
Holy Spirit For Jesus (Peace Be Upon Him)
Messenger Jesus (Compliments On Him)
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse –253b of  286, Section –33 (Part - 3)

And We gave Jesus son of Mary, clear proofs (of Allah’s Sovereignty) and We supported him with the Holy Spirit. And if Allah had so willed it, those who followed after them would not have fought one with another after the clear proofs had come unto them, but they differed, some of them believing and some disbelieving. And if Allah had so willed it, they would not have fought one with another. But Allah doeth what He will.  
Wa ‘aataynaa  ‘Iisabna-  Marya-mal-Bayyinaati  wa  ayyadnaa-hu  bi-Ruuhil- Qudus. Wa  law  shaaa-‘allaahu  maqtata-lallaziina  mim-  ba’-dihim—mim-ba’-di  maa jaaa- ‘at-  humul-Bayyi-naa- tuwa  laa-kinikh-talafuu  fa-minhum-man  ‘aamana  wa  min-hum-man-kafar.  Wa  law  shaaa-‘allaahu  maq-tataluu;  wa  laa-kinnallaaha  yaf-‘alu  maa  yuriid.

‘Ibna-  Marya-ma – (son of Mary), it aims to declare from this word that Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him), to whom the Christians consider God or son of God, actually He (peace be upon him) is son of Mary (compliments on her). Neither He is God and nor son of God. By face He (peace be upon him) is a Mankind like other persons and He (peace be upon him) is also like other human beings in the necessities of mankind.

‘al-Bayyinaatu – (clear proofs), it signifies all those miracles and tokens which were given to Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him), looking whom each wise and justice-lover became pressed to believe in the Messenger-hood of Jesus (peace be upon him).

Ruuhul- Qudus – (the Holy Spirit), in the phrase of Holy Qur-‘an, it means Angel Gabriel (peace be upon him). Although He (peace be upon him) is very nearest Angel to God Almighty, notwithstanding He (peace be upon him) is a creature of God Almighty, and the Christians who consider him one out of three gods, take it wrongly. How an Angel can be a God?

ayyadnaa-hu – (We supported him), although Jesus (peace be upon him) was very Excellent and Proficient, even then He (peace be upon him) was a Mankind and like other human beings he (peace be upon him) was also needy of Allah Almighty for escaping from loss and getting benefits.

At the end it is told that if Allah Almighty wished, those people who had seen the bright tokens of the entire Messengers and after all Last Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon them), would not had a quarrel with each other. These people are Jews, Christians and Idolaters. Some of them embraced Islam and were entitled to get rewards, and some disagreed, remained Infidel and deserved punishment.  

Spend In The Path Of God Almighty
Spend Ere Doomsday
Spending For Good Cause
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse –254 of  286, Section –34 (Part - 3)

O ye who believe! Spend of that which We have provided you ere a Day come when there will be no trafficking, nor friendship, nor intercession. And the disbelievers, they are the wrongdoers.    
Yaaa-‘ayyuhallaziina  ‘aa-manuuu  ‘anfiquu  mimmaa  razaqnaakum-min- qabli  ‘any-ya’-tiya  Yawmul-laa  bay-‘un-  fiihi  wa  laa  khullatunw-wa  laa shafaa-‘ah.  Wal-kaafiruuna  humuz-zaalimuun.  

Razaqnaakum – (We have provided you), here bringing Himself as first person plural, Allah Almighty declared, “wealth and property, livelihood and prosperity, whichever is held with the people, that entire is given by Us and actually We have the Right to order to spend the wealth and property for the works We wish. 

Yawmun – (Day), here Yawmun means the Doomsday, the Day of Resurrection. It signifies that chance to spend the wealth for good works and collect the goodness is only in this world. After death when the Doomsday will reach, then there will be no chance for any action.

Allah Almighty has narrated many commands regarding worships and affairs in this chapter (Surah). The most difficult work in these entire acts is to sacrifice one’s life and wealth. So it has been ordered about these works over and over. Love of these two things carries the human being towards the sin/evil. God Almighty warned about the importance of Jihaad (to try and strive) after telling the story of Prophet Saul (peace be upon him) and his enemy Goliath, and ordered the people to sacrifice their lives in the way of Allah Almighty according to the commands of the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). Wealth and riches is required to purchase the war equipment. So Allah Almighty emphasized to spend wealth and property along-with the order for Jihaad, and declared, “O Believers! We are Giver you every thing. You should not worry for it that due to spending for good works, you will become poor, or you will not be able to save something for future. Moreover keep your mind on it that there is nothing of your own. It is only Our Giving. It should not be so that you use to collect the wealth and property due to its love and the days of grace end, because it will neither be possible at that time to purchase any goodness against this money or wealth from anywhere, nor you would be released from the punishment of sin or evil, nor recommendation of any person would be fruitful there and nor any friendship or relationship will be useful. In this world the person can get advantage either through bribe or friendship/relationship or recommendation, but on the Doomsday only personal deeds will be helpful.  

Verse About Throne Of God
Allah’s Throne
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse –255 of  286, Section –34 (Part - 3)

Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave? He knoweth that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His Throne includeth the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. And He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.   
‘Allaahu  laaa  ‘ilaaha  ‘illaa  Huu.  ‘Al-Hayyul-Qay-yuum.  Laa  ta’-khuzuhuu  sina-tunw-wa  laa  nawm.  Lahuu  maa  fissamaawaati  wa  maa  fil-‘arz.  Man-  zallazii  yashfa-‘u  ‘indahuuu  ‘illaa  bi-‘iznih.  Ya’-lamu  maa  bayna  ‘aydiihim  wa  maa  khalfahum.  Wa  laa  yu-hiituuna  bi-shay-‘im-min  ‘il-mihiii  ‘illaa  bimaa  shaaa’.  Wa-si-‘a  Kursiyyu-hus-Samaawaa-ti  wal-‘arz.  Wa  laa ya-‘uudu-huu  hifzu-humaa. Wa  Huwal-‘Aliyyul-‘Aziim .  


‘Al-Hayyu – (the Alive), it means that Allah Almighty is Alive with effect from Eternity and is Everlasting. Attribute of Life is His Personal Trait. Neither earlier He ever prevailed over death and nor ever will He overshadow it in future.  

‘Al-Qay-yuum- (the Eternal), that is to say; an Existence Who is not only Established with His Personal Nature but He is also Cause of others’ perpetuity and establishment, and has supported everyone.

Kursiyyu - (His Throne), it shouldn’t be taken from the word Kursiyyu that Allah Almighty (I seek refuge in ALLAH) has any physical body and the Kursii is His sitting place. Here Kursiyyu means Throne, Knowledge, Sole Command, and also as Power. That is to say; Allah Almighty’s Knowledge and Sole Command is Overcoming upon the entire universe.  

yashfa-‘u  ‘indahuuu  - (he, who may intercede with Him), intercession means act of pleading /recommendation for any person. That person who intercedes is also called Shaafe’. This reality has been repeated many times in the Holy Qur’an that none will be permitted to recommend any person without His permission in the Court of Allah Almighty. And if any person will intercede, that won’t be against the truth and righteousness. This one sentence has refuted wrong beliefs of ancient nations.

Verse About Throne Of God (Part-II)
‘Aayat-ul-Kursii – (Part-II)
Allah’s Throne – (Part-II) 
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse –256 of  286, Section –34 (Part - 3)

Illustration Of ‘Aayat- ‘al- Kursii
In the ‘Aayat-‘al-Kursii, there is narration about Oneness, Magnificence and Sole Command of Allah Almighty that He exists from Eternal and is Everlasting. He is Who, Who will be going on for ever. The words like Mortality, death, destruction or ruin are not for Him. He will never be perished, die or expire. There is none worthy of worship but only He (ALLAH Almighty) (GOD). He is the Owner of those Virtues that to praise any other except Him is not reasonable. He is Creator, Lord and Master of the entire creatures. He completes wants and necessities of all, and there is no partner of Him in completion of all these works. He doesn’t need any supporter or partner. He Alone manages these entire tasks and He is Well-Versed completely over them. He is the Alive. All creatures are living due to His Existence. He is the Eternal from always and will remain Eternal always. He is also cause of remaining others’ established. He never feels fatigue. Despite so vast management of the entire universe, neither He needs rest, nor does slumber overtake Him and nor sleep. He remains Watchful and Sensible always.

His circle of discretion is neither limited nor straitened, but It has circumscribed the entire universe, earth and skies. All is for Him and He has Mastery and Power of choice over everything. These all things have been fastened with His Order and He brings them in to the action as He wishes.

Having so much Powerful Mastery in Knowledge, Sole Command and Greatness, nobody can venture to intercede with Allah Almighty save by His leave. Every person is responsible for his own deeds, a mendicant or worldly person, the rich or the poor, elder or younger will get fruit of his acts (good or bad) himself (reward or punishment). Nobody might be able to share other’s load. However if Allah Almighty gives permission to someone, then he can request in His Court. He knows whatever is in any person’s mind. He is Aware of each mankind’s intentions and wills. He keeps account of goodness and badness of the entire creatures and it is very easy for Him.

None has power to acquire some part out of His Knowledge without His permission. But how much knowledge someone has gotten, that is result of Allah Almighty’s Mercy and Kindness. His Thone of Knowledge and Sovereignty has besieged the entire universe. Every thing large or small, good or bad, open or hidden is bright on Him. He doesn’t feel weariness from watching too much vast chain of creatures. This entire arrangement is very light for Him. He is Pure from any kind of defect. He is Master of all the virtues and excellences. There is no limit of His Dignity. Briefly speaking, the following virtues of God Almighty have been mentioned in the ‘Aayat-ul-Kursii:

1.    ‘Al-Hayyu – (the Alive)

2.   ‘Al-Qay-yuum – (the Eternal)

3.   Laa  ta’-khuzuhuu  sina-tunw-wa  laa  nawm – (Neither slumber overtakes Him nor sleep)
4.  Lahuu  maa  fissamaawaati  wa  maa  fil-‘arz – (Every thing is of Him and for Him whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth)

5.   Man-  zallazii  yashfa-‘u  ‘indahuuu  ‘illaa  bi-‘iznih – (Who is he that intercedes with Him save by His leave?)

6.  Ya’-lamu  maa  bayna  ‘aydiihim  wa  maa  khalfahum – (He knows that which is in front of them and that which is behind them)

7.   Wa  laa  yu-hiituuna  bi-shay-‘im-min  ‘il-mihiii  ‘illaa  bimaa  shaaa’ – (while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will)
8.  Wa-si-‘a  Kursiyyu-hus-Samaawaa-ti  wal-‘arz.  Wa  laa ya-‘uudu-huu  hifzu-humaa – (His Throne includes the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them)

9.     Wa  Huwal-‘Aliyyul-‘Aziim – (And He is the Sublime, the Tremendous)

No Compulsion In Religion
Oppression Is Not Allowed In The Religion
Religion Is Violence Free
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse –256a of  286, Section –34 (Part - 3)

There is no compulsion in religion. The right direction is henceforth distinct from error.    
Laaa  ‘ikraaha  fid-Diin.  Qatta  bayyanar-Rushdu  minal-Gayy.       

Laaa  ‘ikraaha – (there is no compulsion), this word has been derived from karhun. The deed which is not done by own will. But there is violence and forcibility in it. That is called ‘with repression and coercion’.

‘ad-Diini – (the religion), this word is used in two meanings:

       Reward and punishment against goodness and badness, that is to say; exchange.
       Way of life (manner of conception and action)

Here the word ‘ad-Diini is used in second meaning.

‘ar-Rushdu – (The right direction, guidance, admonition). Subject of this word is Raashid, which means ‘Guided’. In this verse the meaning of ‘ar-Rushdu may also be taken as Self Islam besides its common meaning as ‘the guidance’.

‘al-Gayy – (error), ‘G-W-Y’ is its Substance, ‘agwaa has also been made from it which means ‘to seduce,  to entice, to tempt, to mislead’. Here ‘al-Gayy aims error of infidelity and ascribing plurality to God Almighty.

Religious independence of Islam has been evident from this verse. Islam bestows power of choice regarding religion to each person. It doesn’t compel anybody to embrace Islam. Islam is the duty of believers to preach, but the fact that it doesn’t allow anybody to force someone into Islam and force to convert to Islam.

Complete history of Islam is witness on this fact that the Muslims never compelled their neighbours as well as subordinate public to embrace Islam. If it would be so then there would not be the temples and pagodas along with the mosques in sub-continent Indo-Pak. There would not be temples, churches, synagogues and non-Muslims’ places of worships under the shades of imperial forts in the capitals of Muslims’ sovereignties.

It should be noted thoroughly that it doesn’t aim from it that any person is independent after embracing Islam, that he admits/believes in whatever he wishes and doesn’t admit whatever he doesn’t want.

While once someone embraced the religion Islam, now he would have to believe in all its orders and instructions. Now there is no question regarding choice of power or independence. The independence is only in embracing or rejecting the religion Islam, not in deeds. If (God forbid) becomes so, then any recognized position of the religion will not remain.

Guidance And Error
Admonition And False Belief
Direction And Going Astray 
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse –256b & 257 of  286, Section –34 (Part - 3)

256b. And he who rejecteth false deities and believeth in Allah hath grasped a firm handhold which will never break. And Allah is Hearer, Knower.

257.  Allah is the Protecting Guardian of those who believe. He bringeth them out of darkness into light. And for those who disbelieve, their patrons are false deities; they bring them out of light into darkness. Such are rightful owners of the Fire. They will abide therein for ever.                   
256b.  Famany-yakfur  bit-Taaguuti  wa  yu’-mim-billaahi    faqadis-tamsaka  bil- ‘urwatil-wusqaa, lan-fisaa-ma  lahaa.  Wallaahu  Samii-‘un  Aliim.

257.  ‘Allaahu  Wa-liy- yullaziina  ‘aamanuu,  yukhrijuhum-minaz-zulumaati    ‘ilan-Nuur.  Wal-laziina  kafaruu  ‘aw-liyaaa- ‘u-humut-    Taaguutu,  yukhrijuuna- hum- minan-Nuuri  ‘ilaz-zulumaat.  ‘Ulaaa-‘ika  ‘As-haabun-Naar.  Hum  fiihaa  khaaliduun.    

‘At-  Taaguutu – (false deities, misleading, refractory, rebellious). Its substance is tagii. Taa-gii and tug-yaan have also derived from it. ‘At-  Taaguutu means that life who has discretion, is personally astray too and be the cause to lead other persons astray. 

Wa-liy- yun – (the Protecting Guardian, friend, supporter). Plural of it is ‘aw-liyaaa’. This word has been used in the meanings of companion, patron, guardian and friend.

‘Az-zulumaati – (darkness), singular of this word is zul-mat. Light and brightness may be of one kind, but the darkness has many kinds. Here it aims the darkness of infidelity, ascribing plurality to Allah, faithlessness and going astray.

God Almighty commanded in clear words, “Who will believe, as though; he will reach into light. Allah Almighty will be his Protecting Guardian and Supporter. Who will disbelieve and choose path of refractory persons, as if, he will drown in the darkness. Misled and rebellious persons will be his companions and the Hell will be his abode for ever”.

Abraham (Peace Be Upon Him) And Nimrod
Prophet Abraham And The King
Lord Is He Who Gives Life & Causes Death
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 258 of  286, Section –35  (Part - 3)

Bethink thee not of him who had an argument with Abraham about   his Lord, because Allah had given him the kingdom. How, when Abraham said: My Lord is He Who giveth life and causeth death, he answered: I give life and   cause death. Abraham said: Lo! Allah causeth the sun to rise in the East, so do thou cause it to come up from the West. Thus was the disbeliever abashed. And Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.                  
‘Alam  tara  ‘ilal-lazii  haaajja  ‘Ibraa-hiima  fii  Rabbi-hiii  ‘an  ‘aataahullaahul-mulk.  ‘Iz  qaala  ‘Ibraa-hiimu  Rabbiyal-lazii  yuhyii  wa  yumiitu,  qaala  ‘ana  ‘uhyii  wa  ‘umiit.  Qaala  ‘Ibraa-hiimu  fa-‘innal-laaha  ya’-tii    bish-Shamsi  mi-nal-Mashriqi  fa’-ti  bihaa  minal- Magribi  fa-buhital-lazii  kafar.  Wallaahu  laa  yahdil- qawmaz-zaalimiin.

‘al-lazii  haaajja – (who had an argument), the person who had an argument with Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him), was king of his (peace be upon him) time. The Commentators have told his name ‘Nimrod’.

There was some talk about Believers and Infidels in the previous verse and mentioned about illumination of the Light (of Belief) and darkness of the infidelity. Now some examples have been narrated in support of that verse. First instance is regarding the king Nimrod. He used to get prostrated for himself from the people due to pride of his emperor. When Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) came before him, did not bow his body in front of the king. The king Nimrod asked the reason, He (peace be upon him) told, “I don’t prostrate anyone but my Lord”. The king said, “I am the lord”. Prophet Abraham replied, “Lord is He Who gives life and causes death”. Answering this argument of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him), the king Nimrod asked for two prisoners. He slaughtered one of them who was innocent and released the other who was guilty. He said, “Have you seen? I kill to whom I wish and release from death to whom I love”.

Although the king Nimrod could not reply his challenge correctly, Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) thought that the king Nimrod had not understood his reason, so he (peace be upon him) produced the proof of the sun and said, “My Lord causes the sun to rise in the East, so do you cause it to come up from the West”. Now he haughty and blockhead (king) became matchless and he could do nothing. But notwithstanding the king didn’t believe. Truly the unjust persons don’t get guidance. 

Allah Is Able To Do All Things
Example Of A Ruined Township
A Sign For Mankind
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 259 of  286, Section –35  (Part - 3)

Or (bethink thee of) the like of him, who passing by a township which had fallen into utter ruin, exclaimed: How shall Allah give this township life after its death? So Allah made him die a hundred years, then brought him back to life. He said: How long hast thou tarried? (The man) said: I have tarried a day or part of a day. (He) said: Nay, but thou hast tarried for a hundred years. Just look at the food and drink which have rotted not! Look at thine ass! And, that We may make thee a sign unto mankind, and look at the bones, how We adjust them and then cover them with flesh! And when (the matter) became clear unto him, he said: I know that indeed Allah is Able to do all things.                     
‘Aw  kallazii  marra  ‘alaa  qaryatinw-wa  hiya  khaawi-yatun  ‘alaa  ‘uruu-shihaa.  Qaala  ‘annaa  yuhyii  haazihil-laahu  ba’-da  mawtihaa.  Fa- ‘amaata- hullaahu  mi-‘ata  ‘aamin-  summa ba- ‘asah.  Qaala  kam- la-bist.  Qaala  la-bistu  yawman  ‘aw  ba’-za  yawm.  Qaala  bal- labista  mi-‘ata ‘aamin-  fan- zur  ‘ilaa-  ta- ‘aamika  wa  sharaabika  lam    yata-sannah.  Wan-zur  ‘ilaa  himaa-rika  wa  li-naj- ‘ala- ka  ‘aayatal-linnaasi  wan-zur  ‘ilal-‘izaami  kayfa  nun-shizuhaa  summa  nak-suuhaa   lahmaa.  Falam-maa  tabayyana  lahuu,  qaala  ‘a’-lamu  ‘annallaaha  ‘alaa  kulli  shay- ‘in- Qadiir.

‘al-lazii  marra – ( the person, who passed by), there are different views about that person. Some Commentators consider that he was Prophet Ezra (peace be upon him). He was a famous Prophet in the chain of Israelite Prophets (peace be upon them). His time was fifth century BC. He brought 1500 Jews to Palestine after getting them released from banishment and prison during 450 BC.

Some commentators think that he was Prophet Yarmiyaah (peace be upon them), who was also from the series of Israelite Prophets (peace be upon them) and his reign was seventh century BC.

Description Of This Example

There are different views of historians about that ruined township, which is mentioned in the above verse. However mostly scholars imagine that it was Jerusalem, which was ruined by the king of Babel (Bakht Nasr). This example has been described to show the sign of Power and Greatness of Allah Almighty. Bakht Nasr attacked on the city of Jerusalem, destroyed it and brought many people of the children of Israel making them prisoners.

When Prophet Ezra (peace be upon him) reached here after freedom from the imprisonment, he saw a ruined city in his way, the buildings of which had become upside down. Looking this he said in his heart that entire citizens of this place have died. How shall Allah give this township life after its death? So Allah made him die at the same time and his ass which was for his conveyance also died for a hundred years, and neither anybody saw them in this condition, nor information of that place spread out. Meanwhile Bakht Nasr died too and the Jerusalem was populated by some other king. After one hundred years God Almighty brought him back to life. His food and drink had lain likewise which had not rotted. His ass had died and its bones had rotted, which became alive in front of him (peace be upon him). During these one hundred years the children of Israel had gotten freedom and re-populated this city.

When Prophet Ezra (peace be upon him) died, the sun had risen, but when he became alive, the sun had not yet set. So when Allah Almighty asked him, “How long have you tarried here?” after thinking he told, “I have tarried a day or part of a day”.

In the presence of Prophet Ezra (peace be upon him) all the bones of ass assembled in its body with correct arrangement. Then Allah covered them with flesh and skin, then the ass became alive with God’s order and that stood up.   

Prophet Ezra said after looking this entire situation, “I have believed that indeed Allah is Able to do all things. Although I did know already that it is very easy for Allah Almighty to give life to the dead, now I have seen it with my own eyes”. Later on when he reached Jerusalem from here, no body recognized him because he still remained young and who were infants, they had become old.

When he caused to hear (recited) the Torah by heart, then the people believed in him. Aim to tell this story is that it is not distant from the Power of Allah Almighty to give life to the dead persons; also it is extremely easy for Him. Occurrence the Day of Resurrection is Sure, while the entire dead bodies will get lives immediately.

It should be kept in mind that the name of that city has neither been described in the Holy Qur’an, nor its aim is to mention these types of historical happenings as history, nor we recite the Speech of Allah Almighty in historical manner. Root purpose is advice and counsel. It should be kept in front every time.     

Life After Death
Bringing To Life To The Dead
An Event Of Abraham (Peace Be Upon Him)
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 260 of  286, Section –35  (Part - 3)

And when Abraham said (unto his Lord): My Lord! Show me how Thou givest life to the dead! He said: Dost thou not believe? Abraham said: Yea, but (I ask) in order that my heart may be at ease. (His Lord) said: Take four of the birds and cause them to incline unto thee, then place a part of them on each hill, then call them, they will come to thee in haste. And know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.                       
Wa  ‘Iz  qaala  ‘Ibrahiimu  Rabbi  ‘arinii  kayfa  tuh-yil-mawtaa.  Qaala  ‘awa  lam  tu’-min.  Qaala  balaa  wa  laakilli-yatma-‘inna  qalbii.  Qaala  fakhuz  ‘arba- ‘atam-minat-tayri  fasur- hunna  ‘ilayka  summaj- ‘al  ‘alaa  kulli  jabalim-min-hunna  juz- ‘an- summad- ‘u-hunnna  ya’-tii-naka  sa’-yaa.  Wa’-lam  ‘annal-laaha  ‘Aziizun  Hakiim.  

Kayfa – (how), here it is clear that Prophet Abraham did not expose his doubt on becoming alive of the dead, but he asked only that in which special condition will they be brought back to life. What the particular method would be adopted to give them life again?

min-hunna  juz- ‘an – (a part of their (the birds’) bodies each), that is to say; pieces from the mixed minced-meat of those four birds.

Oneness of God and Belief in the Doomsday are those two realities, on which Foundation of Islam has been established. The person who believes in the Oneness of God Almighty can never go astray and the believer of life after death watches valid on his actions always, and tries to care and abstain from the sin and evil completely. In fact, each Believer has complete faith in the life after death and the Day of Resurrection, like this Abraham (peace be upon him) had complete faith. However, he (peace be upon him) questioned from Allah Almighty for the purpose of observation that how He gives life after death. Allah Almighty asked, “Do you not believe in it? Abraham (peace be upon him) requested, “The faith is present even up to the level of Belief till now, of course I wish only that my heart may get more satisfaction after witnessing”.  

Lord Almighty told the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him), “Take four of the birds and cause them to incline with you, so that acquaintance may remain. Then mix their minced meat after slaughtering, then place pieces of that mixed minced meat of all those four birds on each hill, then call them by name staying in the centre, they will come to you in haste”. Abraham (peace be upon him) did so. When he called one of the birds, the pieces of the body of that bird assembled mutually themselves from the hills and becoming in the shape of living bird they reached near Abraham (peace be upon him). Like this all the four birds came back to life and came running near him (peace be upon him).

Some full of philosophy advices have been declared from this lesson, which are as under:

       The observations, which are seen by, accepted servants of God Almighty, their belief and faith increases with them.

       Type of question which was asked by Abraham (peace be upon him), these types of questions don’t grow due to disbelief, but in their depth passion of goodness and research is driven.

       Satisfaction of the heart is produced due to increase in faith.

       It should not be taken as impossible the coming back to life of the birds and their coming to Abraham (peace be upon him) in haste on his call. Here we discuss about a little example. Suppose! If thin pieces of iron, copper, brass and gold are kept duly mutually mixed as four different piles separately, and then magnet is put in their centre, you will see that the pieces of iron will be drawn towards magnet being separate from the four piles. Like this magnet power was held in the voice of Abraham (peace be upon him). Which bird was called by him, that bird came running toward him. Our aim from this example is that the Miracles like this are not impossible from the power of Allah Almighty.

       Allah Almighty is Able to do all things. Nothing is impossible near to Him.

       His each order and work depends on any Wisdom.

The subject which had begun from the ‘Aayat-ul-Kursii, that ends on this verse.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English byMarmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif).

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