Thursday, December 11, 2014

Collective life of the mankind begins from family

Lessons 274 to 285

Re-marry After Divorce, Halaalah
Marriage With Divorced Wife
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 230    of  286, Section – 29 (Part - 2)


Islam is a natural religion and has complete Rules and Regulations under practice for the entire life of human being. It shows the way of acquiring betterment and welfare for the life in this world and Hereinafter. Islam contains complete and entire sections of human life. There is none problem of the life, solution of which it doesn’t explain and there is no direction, commands about which it doesn’t issue.

Collective life of the mankind begins from family. If the family life is successful and the relationship between husband and wife are in well condition, then it is evident that every person will find oneself in a very good atmosphere. He may be able to do his work with good manner. The children will find superior models for themselves and they will follow their elders on the straight path at the time of their maturity. So Islam makes better the family life of a Muslim. The husband and wife have central position in the dynasty. If there are good relations and mutual cooperation between them, then each child of that family will go ahead upon the way of improvement step by step easily. But if the relationship between husband and wife is in worse condition and they are disunited due to their thoughts and deeds, then it is much difficult for them to move forward collectively, and their misunderstanding will prove fatal also for their children.

Islam is also apprised this side of human nature and determines lawful to the divorce in case of pressure. If any person wishes to divorce, then he should do so after deep meditation. If the woman feels lamentation due to her husband’s behavior, then she may also be gotten released. But the Divine Law of Religion has imposed some orders and restrictions to realize the importance of married relationships of man and woman, for instance if the husband has devised firm resolve of divorce and doesn't reconcile during the period of ‘iddat (term) after the second divorce, moreover he divorces her wife third time, then he can’t re-marry with her after it. If he wants to re-wed then its condition is very harsh. That is to say; any other person would have to wed the divorced woman, do the act of intercourse with her and then either divorce her with his will or he dies, and then thereafter she has to complete her ‘iddat period. This remarriage is called literally Halaalah. But after this Halaalah the re-marriage can only be done in this form while both of them establish according to the orders of Allah Almighty, because they both have to think about paying the rights of one another, and have to believe in it. Otherwise situation of the destruction of one another’s rights and their mutual quarrels will come again. And they both will fall in sin.

Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) has cursed those men in one Hadith out of his Sayings, who make it (divorce) their profession, because a man weds a divorced woman for the purpose that he will divorce her again, so that her first husband may re-marry this above-mentioned woman.

Sorrow that we, the Muslims didn't recognize the rights of these questions and made the religion droll. Which restrictions were imposed by the Divine Law of Religion on divorce, didn't care for them. As and when we wanted, we divorced without thinking. Whenever the anger subsided, we gained our wits, began to lament and we chose unlawful forms of Halaalah. All this badness grew due to carelessness from the religion, ignorance, foolishness and not respecting the problems.  

Behavior With The Wives
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 231a    of  286, Section – 29 (Part - 2)

When ye have divorced women, and they have reached their term, then retain them in kindness or release them in kindness. Retain them not with the object of hurting them in order that ye transgress (the limits). And he who doeth that hath wronged his soul.                                
Wa ‘izaa  tallaqtumun-nisaaa-‘a  fabalagna  ‘ajalahunna  fa-‘amsikuu-hunna  bi-ma’-ruu-fin  ‘aw  sarrihuu-hunna  bi-ma’-ruuf.  Wa  laa  tumsikuuhunna  ziraaral-lita’-taduu.  Wa  many-yaf-‘al zaalika  faqad zalama nafsah.  


‘izaa  tallaqtum – (When you have divorced), here it signifies about that once or twice divorced which may be inclined, after which there is still chance of inclination. 

‘ajalahunna – (their term), it aims that the period of their term is near to end, but has not yet ended. Otherwise meaning of ending of the term period will be that now there is no chance for inclination.

This rule has been mentioned in this verse that as and when a husband divorces his wife once or twice and he has not yet divorced at the third time, then he can incline before third divorce if he wants, and if he doesn't wish to incline then he should divorce third time. Or if he remains silent then after the completion of term it will be considered automatically that he doesn't want to incline and he has finished his relation intentionally with his wife. But it is compulsory that which path will be adopted by the husband out of these two manners, that should be according to the Rule and suitable as per the Divine’s Law of Religion. That is to say; if he wishes to retain his wife then he should return with respect and nobility, and if he wants to disconnect his relation then he should send her wife back from his home with honor and politeness. In short both the forms should be suitable in accord with law and compliments. It should not be so that he inclines to vex and tease his wife, and likewise put her intentionally under his ban.

Those people who violate the rights of women and take them again in marriage to trouble them, God Almighty stated about them that doing so they have wronged their souls; they damaged themselves at their own. It’s clear that doing so, their homes might not be remained populated. But these will ruin. They themselves also will remain never in peace and comfort. Their domestic lives will become the spring of distresses and troubles. They both will fail in fulfilling the responsibilities of their children. Therefore destruction and ruin will encamp at their homes. If this person divorces after some period too then any noble woman will never be ready to wed him. It is better for the husband that he should behave his wife with good manner, so that he may live also happily and his wife too.

Clownish Behavior Upon Orders Of God
Making Laughing-Stock The Orders Of Allah
Humour On God’s Revelations
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 231b    of  286, Section – 29 (Part - 2)

Make not the Revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behaviour). And remember Allah’s Grace upon you and that which He hath revealed unto you of the Scripture and of Wisdom, whereby   He doth exhort you. Observe your duty to Allah and know that Allah is Aware of all things.                               
Wa  laa  tattakhizuuu  ‘Aayaatillaahi  hu-zuwaa,  wazkuruu  ni’-matallaahi  ‘alaykum  wa  maaa  ‘anzala    ‘alaykum-minal-Kitaabi  wal-Hikmati  ya-‘izukum-  bih.   Wat-taqullaaha  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annal-laaha  bikulli  shay-‘in  ‘Aliim.  


Allah Almighty has warned in this verse, “Make not the Revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behavior)” like that we obeyed only those Orders, which we wished and left those Commands which we thought difficult to be acted upon by us. Moreover, “Abide by the entire Rules completely because your goodness is only in it”.

First stone of the social life is family and the family life, and fundamental point of the family is good relationship between husband and wife. So it will be quite true and just to say that foundation of the entire nation’s social system depends on execution and correction of rights and duties between husband and wife. If the husband pays his wife’s all rights very gracefully and the wife performs also like this in her husband’s rights, then life of all the society will establish on very strong foundations. But if the relations between husband and wife have been disconnected and any dispute has been created between them, then it is sure that the entire society is in danger. So all the persons who like correction, should engage their attention to this side, they should try that the relations between husband and wife remain firm. Islam has pressed especially this side.

It has been proved also from this verse through this command, “Make not the Revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behavior)” , for example; at first divorced and then inclined, and said that either the word divorce was used as laughter and humor or it was spoken by chance in emotion.

There is a lot of wisdom and advisability in these matters of the Divine Law. The human being should think about them and try to reach their depth. Allah Almighty has sent these orders for our guidance and admonition. It is very necessary for us to get advantage from them. God Almighty Knows our intentions. He is Familiar of our ecstasies. There is nothing hidden from Him. To keep the intention pure and settle the matters is very needful for us.

Assent Of The Woman
Woman’s Agreement
Woman's Wish To Re-Marry
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 232    of  286, Section – 30 (Part - 2)

And when ye have divorced women and they reach their term, place not difficulties in the way of their marrying their husbands if it is agreed between them in kindness. This is admonition for him among you who believeth in Allah and the Last Day. That is more virtuous for you, and cleaner. And Allah knoweth; and ye know not.                                 
Wa  ‘izaa  tallaqtumun-nisaaa-‘a  fabalagna  ‘ajalahunna  falaa  ta’-zuluuhunna  ‘any-yan-kihna  ‘azwaajahunna  ‘izaa  taraazaw  baynahum-  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Zaalika  yuu-‘azu  bihii  man-kaana  minkum  yu’-minu  billaahi  wal-Yawmil-‘Aakhir.  Zaalikum  ‘azkaa  lakum  wa  ‘athar.  Wallaahu  ya’-lamu  wa  ‘antum  laa  ta’-lamuun.  


fabalagna  ‘ajalahunna – (when they reach their term), translation of fabalagna is ‘when they reach’ that is to say; they complete. Meaning of ‘ajalahunna is ‘their term’, specific period, according to Divine Law of Religion which is called ‘iddat.

‘izaa  tallaqtum – (when you have divorced), here it has been addressed state forward to the husbands, but this speech is for the entire nation.

‘azwaajahunna – (their husbands), it means “their those husbands who are liked by the women”, either they wish to wed any new man or the previous husband who have divorced them once.  

Taraazaw – (when) it is agreed (between them). It reveals from this word that ‘affirmation’ and ‘approval/reception’ both are pillars of marriage. It is a separate thing that if instead of husband and wife, their guardians or agents (father or any other patron from any side) do ‘affirmation’ and ‘approval/reception’, and they (husband and wife) admit it. Otherwise if they don’t agree then there is no marriage.

Reason for revelation of this verse is that a woman was divorced by her husband once or twice and didn’t incline during the period of term. When the period of ‘iddat expired, then along with other persons he also sent message for marriage. The woman was agreeing but her brother was in a rage and he stopped her sister’s marriage with her first husband. So then it was revealed in the Holy Qur-’an that pleasure and welfare of the woman should be kept in front, the marriage should be done with her agreement. One’s thought and displeasure shouldn't interfere. However if there is something wrong according to rules, for example; if she wants to wed any other person during her first husband’s term, then surely he has right to stop this marriage.  


Length Of Time For Suckling
Suckling Duration
Time-lag To Suckle The Child
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 233a    of  286, Section – 30 (Part - 2)

Mothers shall suckle their children for two whole years; (that   is) for those who wish to complete the suckling. The duty of feeding and clothing nursing mothers in a seemly manner is upon the father of the child. No one should be compelled beyond his capacity. A mother should not be made to suffer because of her child, nor should he to whom the child is born (be made to suffer) because of his child.                                 
Wal-waalidaatu  yurzi’-na  ‘awlaada-hunna  haw-layni  kaa-milayni  liman  ‘araada  ‘any-yutimmar-razaa-‘ah.  Wa  ‘alal-mawluudi  lahuu  rizquhunna  wa  kiswatuhunna  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Laa  tukallafu  nafsun  ‘illaa  wus-‘ahaa.  Laa  tuzaaarra  waalidatum-bi-waladihaa  wa  laa mawluudul-lahuu  bi-waladihii;   


razaa-‘ah – (length of time for suckling), in the Divine Law of Islam natural length of time for suckling has been fixed two complete years. More duration or less has been left upon mutual willingness between husband and wife. Detail of these orders will be discussed in this and coming lessons.

‘al-waalidaatu – (women having child), it aims the mothers of the children. Either they are in marriage or have been divorced.

It has been narrated in this verse that the mother should suckle the child for two years and this length of time is for those mothers and fathers who wish to complete the duration of suckling. Otherwise it is lawful also to lessen this period, as it will come at the end of the verse. Those mothers come in this instruction too, whose marriage still stands and those who either have been divorced or their term has passed. Difference will be only that the feeding and clothing of the wife is compulsory upon the husband in each condition.

It has been known from this verse that length of time for the mother who will suckle the child or the father who has to pay the charges of suckling to the mother of his child is complete two years. Then it has also been disclosed that the father will have to provide feeding and clothing to the mother of the child in each condition. In the first form she is in his marriage and in the second he has to pay remuneration of suckling the child, and the parents of the child should not anyhow vex each other, for example; either the mother should not refuse to suckle the child without any reason or the father should not get suckled his child separating him from his mother without reason or he should not narrow in paying her feeding and clothing.     

Suckling - Other Rules
Altered Orders About Suckling
Some Other Orders Of Suckling
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 233b    of  286, Section – 30 (Part - 2)

And on the (father’s) heir is incumbent the like of that (which was incumbent on the father). If they desire to wean the child by mutual consent and (after) consultation, it is no sin for them; and if ye wish to give your children out to nurse, it is no sin for you, provided that ye pay what is due from you in kindness. And observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is Seer of what ye do.                                   
Wa  ‘alal-waarisi  mislu  zaalik.  Fa-‘in  ‘araadaa  fisaalan  ‘an  taraazim-min-humaa  wa  tashaa-wurin-  falaa  junaaha ‘alayhi-maa.  Wa  ‘in  ‘arattum  ‘an- tas-tar-zi-‘uuu  ‘awlaadakum  falaa  junaaha  ‘alaykum  ‘izaa  sallamtum-maaa  ‘aataytum-    bil-ma’-ruuf.  Wattaqullaaha  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annallaaha  bimaa  ta’-maluuna  Basiir.  


‘al-waarisi – (heir), heir means that intimate relative who is lawful heir after the father. 

mislu  zaalik – (incumbent) the like of that, it means that as incumbent (protection of rights) regarding the child’s mother is on the father, like this the incumbent is also on the nearest relative after the father.

It is father’s responsibility to bear the expenses for bringing up his child and when he dies, then it is the order that if the child is owner of wealth/property, then his expenditures will be taken from that wealth, and if he doesn't have any wealth/property, then those persons who are out of his intimate rich relatives, and besides being intimate relatives they are also lawful heirs, then it is their duty to bear the child’s expenditures. Reason for assuming the charges of an innocent suckling child on others, is that the child has not virtue to bring him up himself. Another thing also appears from it that expenses for the lives of poor women, cripple men and minors are incumbent on their relatives.

After that it has also been instructed that if the parents want to wean the child by mutual consent and (after) consultation, then it is no sin for them. The mother has more right to bring the child up due to her kindness feelings. So the matters relating to the child have not been left on the opinion of only father. Then it has been cleared too that in some circumstances when it has become necessary to get suckled the child from any other woman, then it is no sin also, provided that she has been paid remuneration.    


Term Of The Widow
‘Iddat (Term)
Widow’s Term (‘Iddat)
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 234    of  286, Section – 30 (Part - 2)

And such of you as die and leave   behind them wives, they (the wives) shall wait, keeping themselves apart, four months and ten days. Then when they reach the term (prescribed for them) then there is no sin for you in aught that they may do with themselves in decency. And Allah is Aware of what ye do.                                   
Wallaziina  yutawaffawna  minkum  wa  yazaruuna  ‘azwaajany-yatarab-basna  bi-‘anfusi-hinna  ‘arba-‘ata  ‘ash-hurinw-wa  ‘ashraa.  Fa-‘izaa  balagna  ‘ajalahunna  falaa  junaaha  ‘alay-kum  fiimaa  fa-‘alna  fiii  ‘anfusihinna  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Wallaahu  bimaa  ta’-maluuna  Khabiir.     


yatarab-basna – (they shall wait, keeping apart), it aims that after the death of husbands, the wives will keep themselves in waiting. Technical name of this period of waiting is ‘Term’ (‘iddat). The woman who is divorced, her term is complete three months and the widow’s term is four months plus ten days. If the widow is pregnant, then her term is until the delivery of her child. To dress, decorate or embellish (make-up) is not lawful for the woman during the days of term.

Other religions of the world did not show any proper favor for the widow. Moreover Hinduism ordered the widow to burn alive in the fire (to be sati). Islam has granted the right to the widow to remain alive with full opportunities and determined this order that the women shall wait, keeping themselves apart, just four months and ten days with effect from the dates of their husbands’ death. She should not draw attention towards her marriage and it’s related other matters. She should not decorate herself during this term. If she feels that she is pregnant, then her term will change, and she would have to prevent herself from re-marriage until delivery.

When the term of widowhood will end, then there is no objection in sending the message for re-marriage. Here it has been addressed the entire nation, that is to say; there is no sin or objection for keeping lawful to re-marry like this matter. It has also cleared that if any person does something unlawful, which is against the precepts of religion, then it is others’ duty that they should challenge him according to their spirit and power. Otherwise it will be sin also for them. So they should look in to the matter that after the term of widowhood, which act will be done by the woman, that should not be out of the Divine Law and custom. Remember! God Almighty is full Aware about your deeds. Your all actions (good or bad) will be reckoned on the Day of Resurrection and you will be rewarded or punished according to your character roll.    

Message For Re-Marriage
Indication To Re-marry
Re-Marriage - Messaging For
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 235    of  286, Section – 30 (Part - 2)

There is no sin for you in that which ye proclaim or hide in your minds concerning your troth with women. Allah knoweth that ye will remember them. But plight not your troth with women except by uttering a recognized form of words. And do not consummate the marriage until (the term) prescribed is run. And know that Allah knoweth what is in your minds, so beware of Him;   and know that Allah is Forgiving, Clement.                                   
Wa  laa junaaha  ‘alaykum  fiimaa  ‘arraztum-  bihii  min  khitbatin-nisaaa-‘i  ‘aw  ‘aknan-tum  fiii  ‘anfusikum.  ‘Ali-mal-laahu  ‘annakum  satazkuruuna-hunna  wa  laakillaa  tuwaa-‘iduu-hunna  sirran  ‘illaaa  ‘an-taquu-luu  qawlam—ma’-ruufaa.  Wa  laa  ta’-zimuu  ’uqdatan-Nikaahi  hattaa  Yablugal-Kitaabu  ‘ajalah.  Wa’-lamuuu  ‘annal-laaha  ya’-lamu  maa fiii  ‘anfusi-kum fah-zaruuh..  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annallaaha  Gafuurun  Haliim.


It has been told in this verse that if the widow or divorced woman has been passing her period of term, then there is no vexation in it that any man establishes intention in his heart to wed her. But he should not bring it on his tongue or if he talks about it then he should use only the recognized form of word. It is unlawful to disclose one’s will to marry her clearly. A weakness of the human is being commanded here, that is to say; if the woman is liked by any person and she has lodged in his heart, then that person surely brings her mention on his tongue. So it is warned that it is not lawful to promise for marriage openly or secretly during her this duration of grief. Do not plight your troth before end of the prescribed term.  

Divorce Before Touching
Divorced While Not Yet Touched
Before Touching - Divorce
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 236    of  286, Section – 31 (Part - 2)

It is no sin for you if ye divorce women while yet ye have not touched them, nor appointed unto them a portion. Provide for them, the rich according to his means, and the straitened according to his means, a fair provision. (This is) a bounden duty for those who do good.                                   
Laa  junaaha  ‘alaykum  ‘in  tallaqtumun-nisaaa-‘a  maa  lam  tamassuu-hunna  ‘aw  taf-rizuu  lahunna  fariizah.  Wa  matti-‘uu- hunn.  ‘Alalmuusi-‘i  qadaruhuu  wa  ‘alalmuqtiri  qadaruh.  Mataa-‘am-bil-ma’-ruuf.  Haq-qan  ‘alal-Muhsiniin. 


maa  lam  tamassuu-hunna – (the women to whom) you have not yet touched, it aims ‘not yet having sex’ and ‘not yet performed the act of intercourse’ with the women.

matti-‘uu- hunn – (Provide for them), this word has been derived from mataaa’, that is to say; provide them expenditure and necessities of life. The religious scholars refer it particularly toward dress.

It has been ordered in this verse that if the portion (maher) was not appointed at the time of marriage and married without pureness, then the portion (maher) will be set after that. However, if the wife has been divorced before touching (before having Sexual intercourse with her) then portion will not be necessary. But it is compulsory for the husband that he should give something to the woman.

After the divorce, whatever is to be provided to the woman, that will be set according to means of the husband. If the husband is rich, then he should give her a reasonable amount, and if he is distressed then whatever is in his power, he should pay his divorced wife. It has also been urged by increasing the word bil-ma’-ruuf that they should not be narrowed or troubled by their husbands in paying the provision. Moreover it should be according to the customs. Ease of the husband and necessities of the wife should be kept in mind while providing the provision.

In the last it is told that ‘this is a bounden duty for Muhsiniin’ (those who do good), that each Muslim should behave well with each person. But in the matter of a woman they should set these things more gracefully. 

Divorce And Appointed Portion
Appointed Portion And Divorce
Divorce And Portion (Maher)
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 237    of  286, Section – 31 (Part - 2)

If ye divorce them before ye have touched them and ye have appointed unto them a portion, then (pay the) half of that which ye appointed, unless they (the women) agree to forgo it, or he agreeth to forgo it in whose hand is the marriage tie. To forgo is nearer to piety. And forget not kindness among yourselves. Surely Allah is Seer of what ye do.                                 
Wa  ‘in- tallaqtumuu-hunna  min- qabli  ‘an-tamassuu-hunna  wa  qad  faraztum  lahunna  farii-zatan- fa-nisfu  maa  faraz-tum  ‘illaaa  ‘any-ya’- fuuna  ‘aw  ya’-fu-wallazii  bi-yadihii  ‘uqdatun-Nikaah.  Wa  ‘an-ta’-fuuu  ‘aqrabu  litaq-waa.  Wa  laa  tansawul-fazla  baynakum.  ‘Innallaaha  bimaa ta’-maluuna  Basiir. 


Some more orders regarding the divorced woman and payment of her appointed portion have been mentioned in this verse. If the portion (maher) was appointed at the time of marriage tie, and the time of divorce comes before touching the wife, then half of the appointed portion will be paid compulsorily. But the woman herself or the person in whose hand is the marriage tie, if they excuse entire portion or some part of it, then it is another thing.

After that it has also been told that if the husband overlooks then it is more reasonable near to piety, because God Almighty bestowed him greatness and authorized him to keep remaining the marriage tie or divorce her wife. If the husband doesn't pay even half of the portion now and divorces her without touching, then it is not reasonable near to God fearing. Any kind of failure didn't exist from the side of his wife. As though these became four forms of divorce and portion:

       Neither the portion is appointed, nor did husband touch his wife. In this form he should pay some reasonable amount to his wife.
       The portion was appointed but he did not touch her. Now half of the appointed portion will be paid by him.
       The Portion was appointed and he committed also a sexual intercourse. He will pay complete appointed portion.
       The Portion was not appointed but he committed intercourse. In this case he would have to pay the similar portion (Maher Misl).

Punctuality In Offering Prayers
Be Guards Of Prayers
Prayers - Regularity
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 238 & 239    of  286, Section – 31 (Part - 2)

238.  Be guardians of your prayers, and of the midmost prayer, and stand up with devotion to Allah.

239.  And if ye go in fear, then (pray) standing or on horseback. And when ye are again in safety, remember Allah, as He hath taught you that which (heretofore) ye knew not.                                    
238.  Haafizuu  ‘alas-Salawaati  was-Salaatil-wustaa;  wa  quu-muu  lillaahi  qaanitiin.

239.  Fa-‘in  khiftum  fa-rijaalan  ‘aw  rukbaanaa.  Fa- ‘izaaa  ‘amin-tum  fazkurullaaha  kamaa  ‘alla-makum-maa  lam takuu-nuu  ta’-lamuun.


Haafizuu  ‘alas-Salawaati – (Be guardians of your prayers), that is to say; regularize your prayers in time. The scholars have categorized three stages of prayer’s punctuality:

First stage – the prayers should be offered in time, without leaving duties and even obligations (Faraz and Waajib).

Second Stage – body of the person, who is going to offer prayer, should be clean and pure, humility and spiritless should be in his heart, he should care fully for the practices (sunnahs) of the Prophet Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) and mustahibbaat (good works).

Most Superior Stage – while offering the prayer he should deem that he is looking Allah Almighty and he would have this perception also that God Almighty is looking the devout.   

‘As-Salaatil-wustaa – (the midmost prayer), aim of this central middle prayer is the ‘Asr Prayer, which is offered between the afternoon (Zuhar) prayer and after sunset (Magrib) prayer. Some scholars consider it as the prayer before sunrise (Fajar prayer). 

qaanitiin – (to stand up) with devotion, this word has been derived from qanuut which means benediction, supplication, prayer, humility, begging, submission and obedience.

The rights and claims of the wives were being mentioned in the previous verses, and the same discussion will run again ahead. Some orders about prayer have come in the middle. It appears from this discussion that the matters regarding society and its affairs, rules and morality are not separate from the worship. The rights of God Almighty and the rights of His servants (human beings) are going side by side in the Divine Law.

Between the orders regarding divorce, it can also be the reason of mentioning the order about prayer that the mankind should not forget the worship of his Creator (Allah Almighty), while he is busy in the worldly matters and mutual disputes.  

It has been emphasized strongly about the midmost prayer (‘Asr), because the mankind remains busier in the worldly works at this time (after the afternoon). So attention is drawn to this side that “Do not forget God Almighty while you are engaged in the worldly matters. Moreover continue His mention and worship also”. Here some orders regarding prayers during peace and war have also been explained. If there is a time of battle and fear from enemy then you should offer prayer with signs only while either you are foot soldiers or you have conveyance (riding horse etc).

Bequeath For The Widow
Bequest Of The Widow
Widow - Arrange To Give Her Something
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 240-242    of  286, Section – 31-32 (Part - 2)

240.  (In the case of) those of you who are about to die and leave behind them wives, they should bequeath unto their wives a provision for the year without turning them out, but if they go out (of their own accord) there is no sin for you in that which they do of themselves within their rights. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.

241.  And for divorced women is a provision in kindness. A duty for those who ward off (evil).

242.  Thus Allah expoundeth unto you His Revelations so that ye may understand.                                  
240.  wallaziina  yutawaffawna  minkum  wa  yazaruuna  ‘azwaa-janw-wasiy-yatal-li-‘azwaajihim-mataa-‘an  ‘ilal-hawli  gayra  ‘ikh-raaj.  Fa-‘in kharajna  falaa junaaha  ‘alaykum  fii  maa fa-‘alna  fiii  ‘anfusihinna  mim-ma’-ruuf.  Wallaahu  ‘Aziizun- Hakiim.

241.  wa  lil-mutallaqaati  mataa-‘um- bil-ma’-ruuf.  Haqqan  ‘alal-Muttaqiin. 

242.  Kazaalika  yubayyinul-laahu  lakum  ‘Aayaatihii  la-‘al-lakum  ta’-qiluun.  


wasiy-yatal-li-‘azwaajihim – (they should bequeath to their wives), these are last verses of this Surah regarding affairs and matters of marriage between husband and wife. God Almighty commanded in it that the husband can produce another facility for his wife, who is being widow due to his forthcoming death, that he should bequeath his heirs for his wife a provision for the year without turning her out and she has right to get concessions.

Either the woman is divorced or she becomes widow due to fate of God Almighty, either the portion has been appointed or it was not cleared at the time of marriage, in each condition Islam teaches good behavior, forgiveness, overlook and goodness. After it the share of the women inheritance and term were appointed. Now there is no need to act upon this verse.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English byMarmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif)

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