Sunday, December 21, 2014

LAN- TANAALUL-BIRRA hattaa tunfiquu mimmaa tuhib-buun. Wa maa tunfiquu min- shay-‘in- fa-‘innallaaha bihii ‘Aliim

Lessons 386 to 397

Your Devoted Will Never Be Accepted
Cash Will Never Be Accepted From Infidels
Compensation Is Not Acceptable From Disbelievers
Ransom Would Never Be Accepted From Disbelievers
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse – 91a of 200, Section –9    (Part – 3)

Lo! those who disbelieve, and die in disbelief, the (whole) earth full of gold would not be accepted from such an one if it were offered as a ransom (for his soul).   
‘Innal-laziina kafaruu  wa  maatuu 
wa  hum  kuffaarun- falany-yuqbala  min  ‘ahadihim  mil-‘ul-‘arzi  zahabanw-wa  la-wiftadaa  bih. 


In this verse such infidels and sinners have been admonished who think always that gold and silver (wealth and property) are the actual source of whole power and strength. Money covers the entire sins and conceals all the evils. They think that as they escape from punishment of crimes by giving a bribe or ransom in this world, likewise they might escape from wrath of Allah Almighty by giving Him silver and gold as a ransom in the Doomsday.

Allah Almighty has told them that their imaginations were vain. If any sinner out of them have gold equivalent to the entire earth and he wishes to present it as ransom of his sins to Allah Almighty, then it will never be accepted. He has no need of the gold. He is Owner of the whole universe, earth and skies, Creator of all the creatures and existents, all are obedient unto Him from an atom to the sun, from an ant to elephant and from inferior sinner human being to a high dignity Prophet (peace be upon him). Gold, silver, money, wealth and riches, all are in His Ownership and He is the One, Who gives these all things to the people. Then why would He forgive the sinners against the ransom of it?

In fact ideology of bribe and ransom is creation of those people, whose religion is money and wealth, whose purpose of life is wealth, who look for this during their entire life, spend their time and labor to acquire it, pass their age for its collection. At last taking its grief in their hearts, they leave this mortal world with empty hands. These people used to run behind the gold and silver, and did close pursuit for the wealth. They endowed their entire attention and labor for it, but found too much dreadful, full of pain and suffering result. They remained in the same wrong supposition that this thing is the origin of salvation and cause of success. But these blind of wisdom do not know that the real wealth is the wealth of Belief. Real capital is the capital of virtue. Gold and silver have the value not even like just a worthless straw comparatively to good acts. On the Doomsday, just righteousness can save. Heaps of gold and silver would not work in the Hereafter.
Iftadaa-  (offered as a ransom) ransom means to repay, which is paid in return of any fault or sin in the form of wealth or any other thing.

The People of the Scripture had false belief about ransom, which became cause of their waywardness and easiness.

Punishment Of The Sin
Chastisement Of The Fault
Tormenting Pronounced Sentence
Painful Doom
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse – 91b of 200, Section –9    (Part – 3)

Theirs will be a painful doom and they will have no helpers.    
‘Ulaaa-‘ika  lahum  ‘azaabun  ‘aliimunw-wa  maa  lahum-min-naasiriin.    


As it has been described in detail in the previous verses that after the arguing with the group of Najraan and notwithstanding to believe heartily in the truth of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), the Christians did not believe. They used to calumniate that Allah Almighty has said a certain thing, so and so has been written in this Scripture, whereas, they used to concoct all these sayings personally at their own. Moreover, No Prophet or Messenger (peace be upon him) teaches against the orders of Allah Almighty. He [Prophet or Messenger (peace be upon him)] never commands to worship him. He says always, “Be of Allah”. But the Nazarene changed the commands of Allah Almighty and did not accept. They used to differentiate between the Prophets (peace be upon them), whereas Allah Almighty sent all of them with one path of guidance and taught them the lesson of Unity (Oneness of God).

After knowing these entire realities even then, the Christians did not believe and used to deny. They used to sell their faith being involved in the love of wealth and property, and entangled in the worldly aims, did not use to care for the Doomsday, arrange for their end. Allah Almighty publicized that He would never show the path of guidance to such people. Moreover, as for such, their guerdon is that on them rests the curse of Allah
Almighty and of angels (peace be upon them) and of men combined, they will abide therein for ever. Their doom will not be lightened, neither will they be reprieved.

Look at the Mercy of Allah Almighty that He gives another chance to the mankind to repent, to be ashamed on his bad acts and entitled of forgiveness. But the disbelievers still do not understand, refuse to Allah Almighty, use to become fixed on it during their entire life and do not repent till the moment of death. The whole earth full of gold would not be accepted from such people if it were offered as a ransom for their soul. These are the sinners. They would have to see their painful doom, enjoy the severest chastisement. There will be neither any friend of them, nor helper, nor supporter and nor their any saver from Allah Almighty. Moreover, these people will be helpless and support-less. Nobody will be his or her trustworthy in the Day of Resurrection.

The wise and circumspect person should take warning from these circumstances and facts. He should not spoil his Hereafter adopting the way of stray people, and should not make his future disgusting. In addition, getting lesson from these matters he should choose the path of goodness.  
There are two punishments mentioned in this verse: 1. a painful doom,   2.   they will have no helpers. Those would slip away on which supports they were proud. They will leave from which friends they had expectation. Blessed are those who stand before time.   

A Measure Of The Sacrifice
Best Thing Should Be Spent
Spending For The Cause Of Allah
Allah Knows, What You Spend
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse – 92 of 200, Section –10    (Part – 4)

Ye will not attain unto piety until ye spend of that which ye love. And whatsoever ye spend, Allah  is  Aware thereof.   
LAN-  TANAALUL-BIRRA  hattaa  tunfiquu  
mimmaa  tuhib-buun.  Wa  maa  tunfiquu min- shay-‘in-  fa-‘innallaaha bihii  ‘Aliim.     


Sometimes a man hesitates to spend for piety due to the reason that he would have to sacrifice his favorite things. There are many such things in this mortal world, which are most beloved to him. Some times this love extends to the limit that he feels unpleasant to stay separate from them. The love of these things compels him to sacrifice every thing for them. This love makes him blind and he loses the distinction between good and bad.

The life of human being passes in getting pleasures, honor and becoming famous, wealth and children, demand of nobility and chief-ship, and he/she loves them very much. Sometimes he sacrifices also his honesty to achieve and maintain them. In his view, the value of piety falls down as compared to these things. Likewise, he becomes effigy of the selfishness, loving of the lustful desires and statue of sensuality. Gradually he turns away from the piety at all.   

As long as the selfishness is not rooted out from the human heart and if he is not taught to love the virtue more then every thing, he cannot become righteous. A man who becomes ready to sacrifice his most favorite thing for piety, there is no doubt in his sincerity, good intentions and his worship to God. In fact, selfishness is root of the entire evils, and the sincerity is the soul of all the goodness.

The Jews and the Christians used to love the wealth and affluence. They had power and chief-ship over the uneducated people of their nation and this thing was very dear to them. They were afraid that if they would believe in the last Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him), if they obeyed him then they would lose their nobility and strength. That is why they used to disbelieve in him (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him). Allah Almighty commanded them, “Till the time you will not be ready to sacrifice your most favorite thing you would not be able to get the piety”. Allah Almighty knows also that, “Who spent? Which thing spent? For whom spent? The thing, how much favorite will be spent in the way of Allah Almighty, He will reward you corresponding to that as retaliation.

Allah Almighty has determined the standard for the piety that the person should sacrifice his most favorite thing in His path. That will be considered the best virtue and Allah Almighty will appreciate him for it.
Lawful And Unlawful In The Jews
All Food Was Lawful Before Israel
Food – Lawful And Unlawful In The Jews
Israel Forbade Himself Some Kind Of Food
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse – 93a of 200, Section –10    (Part – 4)

All food was lawful unto the Children of Israel , save that which Israel forbade himself, (in days) before the Torah was revealed.     
Kullut-ta-‘aami  kaana  hillalli- Baniii  ‘Israaa-‘iila  ‘illaa  maa  harrama  ‘Israaa-‘iilu  ‘alaa  nafsihii  min qabli  ‘an-tunaz-zalat-Tawraah.      


Reason for revelation of this verse is that the Jews said to the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), “You tell that you are at the Religion of Abraham (peace be upon him), but you eat those things, which were unlawful for the family of Abraham (peace be upon him), for instance; meat of the camel and its milk etc. How can you be a true follower of Abraham (peace be upon him) in this form? Allah Almighty revealed this verse as reply to their criticism.

The things which the people eat now usually, those entire were lawful during the time of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) and remained lawful until before the revelation of Torah. However, some things were declared unlawful in this Scripture particularly for the children of Israel. As far as it relates to unlawfulness of the meat and milk of the camel, Prophet Jacob (peace be upon him) had sworn not to eat and drink them much before the revelation of Torah and following him, his children had also left the use of these things. The cause to swear was that Prophet Jacob (peace be upon him) was patient of            النساء عرق ‘pain in the joints’. He (peace be upon him) made a vow with Allah Almighty, “Escape me from this pain and if I become healthy, then I shall leave the use of my best favorite thing. Therefore, he (peace be upon him) left the use of meat and milk of the came which were his most favorite things for completion of the vow.

Remember it that as per Islamic Divine Law the vow like this is not lawful to determine any legal thing as illegal. Allah Almighty commands, “Yaaa  ‘ayyu-han-Nabiy-yu  lima  tu-harrima  maa ‘Ahallallaahu lak” (O Prophet! Why do you fix any thing as illegal, which Allah has made legal for you), Surah: Tahriim, section:1. If due to error and omission someone swears then he should break it at once and has to pay expiation.

It is revealed from this statement that some orders out of the previous religious laws of God Almighty were cancelled. Some things were lawful in the beginning, afterwards those were declared unlawful and some were unlawful, which were fixed afterwards as lawful. Therefore, if now there is some difference regarding lawful and unlawful between Muhammadan religious law and the previous religious laws, then there is no reason to be disbelieved in it. Moreover, in the present verse, it has been described leaving any most loving thing by Prophet Jacob (peace be upon him) and in the previous verse it was mentioned to spend most liked thing. Likewise, a light relation has been produced in these both verses.    

Invention Of A Falsehood Concerning Allah
Falsehood Upon God
Calumniating Concerning God
Calumny Upon Allah Almighty
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse – 93b & 94 of 200, Section –10    (Part – 4)

93b.  Say: Produce the Torah and read it (unto us) if ye are truthful.          

94.  And whoever shall invent a falsehood after that concerning Allah, such will be wrongdoers.        
93b.  Qul  fa’-tuu  bit-Tawraati  fatluuhaaa  ‘in- kuntum saadiqiin.       

94. Fa-manif-taraa  ‘alal-laahil-kaziba  mim- ba’-di  zaalika  fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika  humuz- zaalimuun .           


In the first sentence of this verse, the Jews have been responded against their criticism that the things, which were forbidden in the religious law of the children of Israel, how did they become permissible in Islam? Allah Almighty commanded, “Those things which you have considered, were not unlawful. However, you had determined them forbidden at your own. In the Divine Law of Abraham (peace be upon him) they remained never forbidden. 

In this last sentence of the verse, the children of Israel are being addressed in clear words and with powerful method, “If you have still any doubt and your hearts do not match our description, then bring your Holy Book Torah, read it from the beginning to its end. If you find this allegation anywhere in it that these things were forbidden also in the Divine Law of Abraham (peace be upon him), then show us”. How strange is it that they could not show any verse even from their altered and mutilated book. Even then, they still stood opposite.  

It is known from the historians that the Jews did not accept this challenge of the Holy Qur’an, and how could they accept it, while their claim was baseless. Neither they had the real knowledge, and nor they could maintain actual instructions at their right place.

Allah Almighty affirmed, “If you would not be able to show any such order then it means that you are inventing a falsehood concerning Allah for nothing. You are misinforming at the name of Divine Law of the religion. You invent sayings on your own behalf and attribute them with Holy Books and the religion. Doing such deeds will be counted as unjust and tyrants. It is the fact that no tyranny can be too big in this world that someone adjudges his own sayings as commanded by Allah Almighty, being humankind begins to claim for him as divinity. The persons, who do such acts, go astray not only themselves but they also provide the ground for depravity of other creation of Allah Almighty.    

Follow The Religion Of Abraham
Muhammad’s Religion Is Really Abraham’s Religion
Become Follower Of Abraham’s Religion
Straight Path Is In Following The Religion Of Abraham
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –95 of 200, Section –10    (Part – 4)

Say: Allah speaketh truth. So follow the religion of Abraham, the upright. He was not of the idolaters.
Qul  sadaqallaah: fattabi-‘uu Millata  ‘Ibraa-hiima  haniifaa. Wa maa  kaana  mi-nal-mushrikiin.         


After describing the facts about lawful and unlawful likewise the religion of Abraham (peace be upon him) in the previous verses, Allah Almighty has said to His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), “Say! (O Muhammad) Allah speaks the truth. He has caused to hear you true and pure description besides permitted and forbidden things, regarding Islam and Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). There is no doubt into them.

Millata  ‘Ibraa-hiima  haniifaa – (the religion of Abraham, the upright). The word Millat is usually used for a group, a nation (specifically religious nation), religion and creed, sect, mode and doctrine.

Literally, Haniif means ‘a kind of bow’ i.e. a person who adheres to rectitude, upright, in an erect position and honest. It also aims that the person who leans towards only one direction turning from all others and becomes of only One disconnecting all other relations. Haniif  is a title of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) also. His (peace be upon him) life is perfect explanation of this word. He (peace be upon him) left his family, community and country. He remained an iconoclast, turned away from the stars and accepted to fell into the fire (here; it is told “unhesitatingly love plunged into the fire of Nimrud” (Bay khatar kuud parhaa aatishi nanruud men ishq). He tolerated to leave his (peace be upon Him) wife and child, accepted to sacrifice his son (peace be upon them) for the sake of Allah the Most High. In short he (peace be upon him) sacrificed in every respect for the pleasure of Allah Almighty.

The Jews and the Christians were very proud of being from the race of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him). They also used to claim that the real religion of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) has reached only them heart to heart. Holy Qur’an cleared that although the children of Israel are from the descendants of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him), but they are not his (peace be upon him) followers in the religion. Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) was purely Monotheistic, never came near the polytheism. But the children of Israel are materialistic, they worship their Prophets (peace be upon them) and the monks, sell their belief being influenced by ordinary greed, run away from the selflessness and sacrifice, cause to clip from austerity, strive and struggle. In these circumstances, what their relation may be with Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him)?

Above-mentioned evidences clear that the Muslims are nearer to Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) instead of the children of Israel. Because they are  convinced from the monotheism of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him), are bound for admission and pleasure, and the obedience is their tenet. Therefore, the Jews, who claim verbally to be followers of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), they should follow Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) whole-heartedly like Muslims, leaving polytheism and adopting monotheism. They should acquire belief and faith leaving the evil and mutiny.

The First Sanctuary - Ka’-ba At MECCA
Temple Of Makkah Is First Place Of Worship
First Home Of Allah Is Ka’-ba
Ka’-ba Is The First Place Of Worship

Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –96 & 97a of 200, Section –10    (Part – 4)

96.  Lo! the first Sanctuary appointed for mankind was that at Bekkah, a blessed place, a guidance to the peoples;          

97a.  Wherein are clear signs (of Allah’s Guidance); the place where Abraham stood up to pray; and whosoever entereth it is safe.          
96.  ‘Inna  ‘Awwala  Bay-tinw- wu- zi-‘a  linnaasi  lallazii  bi-Bakkata  mubaarakanw-wa  hudal-lil- ‘aalamiin.       

97a. Fiihi  ‘Aayaatum- bayyinaatum- Maqaamu  ‘Ibraa-hiim.  Wa  man-dakhalahuu  kaana  ‘aami-naa.           


‘Awwala  Bay-tin  - (the first Sanctuary), it aims ‘the House of Allah Almighty at Mecca’ i.e. Bay-tUllaah, Ka’-ba, which is the first place of worship. This Square Building have the capacity of the conqueror of the world (International level), because remaining all places of worship were of local and national level. Moreover, the entire other places of worship were built afterwards either those were idol-temples, pagodas, furnace temples of worshippers, churches or some other (considered) sacred places. Being the first place of worship the chaplet is on the head of this Square Building.

Upon this claim of Muslims, “We are nearer to Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) than all other nations and groups”, the Jews had objection also that actual native land of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) was Iraq, from where he (peace be upon him) migrated to Syria. Then he lived and deceased there. His (peace be upon him) descendants also used to live in Syria. The Prophets (peace be upon them), who came in that country, they chose the temple of Jerusalem as their direction of worship. The Centre of Islam, contrary to them, is Hejaz. The Muslims left the direction of the temple of Jerusalem and adopted the temple of Mecca (Ka’-ba) as their direction and place of worship. How can they claim near relationship with Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him), while they (the Muslims) live much away from Syria?

Reply to those objectors has been dictated in the above mentioned verse. That is to say; the temple of Jerusalem and other blessed places were built after that {the temple of Mecca (Ka’-ba)}. Forty years after the construction of the temple of Mecca (Ka’-ba) (Bay-tUllaah), Prophet Isaac (peace be upon him) laid a foundation of the temple of Jerusalem (Bay-tul Muqaddis). Construction of the temple of Jerusalem was completed many hundreds years later during the time of Prophet David (peace be upon him). The first Holy House in the world, which was built for the Guidance, that is Ka’-ba, which is situated in the city of Mecca Mu-‘azma. Purpose for the construction of this Holy House was that the people of the world should come here and turn their attention towards Allah (God) Almighty.

From the beginning, Allah Almighty bestowed His apparent and hidden blessing  to this Sacred Place, settled it a spring for Guidance of the entire world. He sent His Last Messenger, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) to this sacred place. He invited the entire world for pilgrimage, commanded the Muslims to direct their faces towards this place during offering their prayers and Allah Almighty kept different types of tokens in the earth of Mecca due to the blessing of BaytUllaah (the temple of Mecca) (Ka’-ba). The person, who reported here, got safety and peace.    

Pilgrimage Of Ka’-ba
Hajj Of BaytUllaah
Visit To The House Of Allah At Mecca
Moving Round The Ka’-ba For Pilgrimage
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –97b of 200, Section –10    (Part – 4)

And Pilgrimage to the House is a duty unto Allah for mankind, for him who can find a way thither. And as for him who disbelieveth, (let him know that) lo! Allah is Independent of (all) creatures.            
Wa  lillaahi  ‘alannaasi  Hijjul-Bayti  manistataa-‘a  ‘ilayhi  sabiilaa.  Wa  man-  kafara  fa- ‘innallaaha  Ganiy-yun  ‘anil- ‘aalamiin.         


‘istataa-‘a  ‘ilayhi  sabiilaa – (for him who can find a way thither), it means that he would have sources  and means to reach the House of God Almighty (the Inviolable Place of worship i.e. Ka’-ba), provisions, traveling requisites and difficulty of the journey should not be intervening.

Heretofore, after explaining the specific matters about Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) and his custom, it had been cleared that the Muslim nation is nearest in relation with Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) than the Jews. The first House, which was constructed as the place of worship, was the House of Allah Almighty in Mecca (Ka’-ba). The Muslims chose it as place and direction for the worship. Allah Almighty commanded, “This House is very much blessed. Whosoever has blessing and guidance on the earth, that is the reflection of this House of Allah (Baitullah), astonishing blessings are revealed upon the persons, who make the circuit of Ka’-ba (Circumambulators) around it. It has been distinguished particularly for performing its pilgrimage”.

Pilgrimage is a such worship, every act of which shows that the person, who is performing the pilgrimage, how much he has love of the Real Master (God Almighty) in his heart? Therefore, Allah Almighty ordered, “Allah has the Right on the people that the persons, who can afford to come Here, they must perform the pilgrimage of Ka’-ba. The person, who claims to be in love with Allah Almighty and can afford to reach this House of Allah (Baitullah) physically and financially, he would attend the House of the Real Worshipped at least once in his/her life. The person, who will avoid performing the pilgrimage, lo! Comprehend of him that he is liar claimant of love with Allah Almighty; he may be pushed, wherever he wants. Allah Almighty does not have any care for him/her; if someone dies as a Jew or a Christian, it does not affect Allah Almighty”.

This test (of pilgrimage) will clear that who has been convinced by Oneness of God Almighty. Who loves purely Allah Almighty? Whoever has love for wealth, he will delay to perform the pilgrimage, he cannot be real worshipper of God, and who would have real love, he will reach there frenziedly. He will revolve around the House of Allah like the frenzies, with scattered hair, will confess with love and great humility saying, “Labbayka,  Allaahumma  Labbayka,  Labbayka  laa Shariika  Laka  Labbayka,  ‘Innal-hamda wan-Na’-mata Laka wal-Mulk, laa Shariika Lak”.  (Here I am O Allah, here I am, there is no partner for You, here I am, Verily all praise for You, and every bounty is from You, and all dominion is Yours - You have no partner.). He will kiss the Black Stone, fixed in a corner of the Square Building of Ka’-ba, (Hajar-i-Aswad), will run on the Safa and the Marwa hillocks, will offer prayer at the place of Abraham (Maqaam-i-‘Ibraa-hiim) (peace be upon him), will sacrifice in Minaa, will be present at Jabal-i- Rahmat . Even he will do every thing with which his/her Lord may be happy.

Disbelief Of The People Of The Scripture
People Of The Scripture Drive Back The Believers
The People Of The Scripture Obstruct The Believers
The People Of The Scripture Are Disbelievers
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –98 & 99 of 200, Section –10    (Part – 4)

98.  Say: O people of the Scripture! Why disbelieve ye in the Revelations of Allah, when Allah (Himself) is Witness of what ye do?          

99.  Say: O people of the Scripture! Why drive ye back believers from the Way of Allah, seeking to make it crooked, when ye are witnesses (to Allah’s Guidance)? And Allah is not Unaware of what ye do.            
98.  ‘Qul  yaaa-‘Ahlal-Kitaabi  lima  takfuruuna 
bi-‘Aayaatil-laahi  wallaahu  Shahiidun 
‘alaa  maa  ta’-maluun.       

99. Qul  yaaa-‘Ahlal-Kitaabi  lima  tasudduuna  ‘an-  Sabiilil-laahi  man  ‘aamana  tab-guuna-haa  ‘iwajanw-wa  ‘antum  shuha-daaa’.  Wa  mallaahu  bi-gaafi-lin  ‘ammaa    ta’-maluun.          


At first, the Jews and the Christians were being addressed. In the midst, their objections were replied and doubts were cleared. Now they are being admonished again, “While the paths of good and evil have been described you openly. The proofs of just and truth have been manifested, true and valid verses of Holy Qur’an have been caused to hear you. Then now what is the problem with you that you have fixed yourselves to disbelieve in Holy Qur’an and the Holder of this Word of Allah Almighty i.e. His last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), whereas you are called the people of the Scripture”. “Remember it that your entire deeds are being noted by Allah Almighty. He knows very well also your intentions and schemes. When He will arrest you, then He will leave you not before taking a complete account”.   

Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is  being commanded in the second verse of this lesson, “Inquire into the People of the Scripture! Not only you are deprived of getting the wealth of Belief yourselves, but you wish to drive back the believers from the Way of Allah too. Why is it so, that you try to find false and untrue faults in Islam seeking to make it crooked (to turn the Muslims away from Islam), when you are witnesses (to Allah’s Guidance)? You do not do these bad acts unknowingly, but try to falsify the truth after recognition. Allah Almighty is not Unaware of these wickedness. When the time of reprisal will come, He will punish you severely.

We have come to know from these verses that the children of Israel have willing or unwilling enmity, malice and obstinacy with Islam. Holy Qur’an has described them entire facts openly and they have understood it too, that the Holy Qur’an is really the Word of Allah Almighty. Notwithstanding they do not adopt the straight path.           

Don’t Obey The People Of The Scripture
If You Obey Them, They Will Make You Disbelievers
To Accept Infidel’s Advice Is like to Become Infidel
Advice Of Disbeliever Will Make You Disbeliever
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –100 of 200, Section –10    (Part – 4)

O ye who believe! If ye obey a party of those who have received the Scripture they will make you disbelievers after your belief.          
Yaaa- ‘ayyuhal-laziina  ‘aa-manuuu  ‘in-  tutii-‘uu  fariiqam-minallaziina  ‘uutul-Kitaaba  ya-rudduukum-  ba’-da  ‘imaani-kum  kaafiriin.           


The people of the Scripture were threatened in the previous verses, “It is not convenient for you that you use to mislead the people intentionally telling them fictitious faults regarding the religion of Islam, while open tokens and proofs in respect of the truth of Islam, Holy Qur’an and the Last Messenger, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) have been manifested upon you”.  

It is clear that the children of Israel used to bear malice willing or unwilling. They did not abstain after listening to the advice. Therefore, along with thus, the Muslims have also been advised, “You should not be taken in these mischievous persons. They will try to make you disbelievers with gaits of various sorts. If you will move on their suggestions and obey them, then you will throw yourselves into a state of anxiety that gradually you will fall again in the darkness of the infidelity, after coming out from the light of Belief, whence it is much difficult to come back afterwards.

ya-rudduukum – (they will make you disbelievers), origin of this word is Raddun and the word Murtad  has also come out from it. Hardest and severest punishment in Islam is for the Murtad, (the person, who turns away from Islam, is called Murtad). We cannot compel any person to accept Islam, but he cannot be forgiven who becomes Murtad (who turns away from Islam), because he falls in the well of darkness of the infidelity willfully and with knowledge.  

Several affairs manifest from this verse:

       The people of the Scripture are extremely enemies of Islam and they try  always that the Muslims would have turned from the religion Islam towards infidelity and belief in a plurality of God (polytheism). It is there deliberate conspiracy.
       A man is known by the company he keeps and the company affects itself very soon. If the Muslims will choose friendship with the people of the Scripture, act upon their advice and accept their sayings, then in process of the time their wickedness, depravity, denial and diabolical acts will infect the Muslims too.

The Muslims should learn in these circumstances that they should not attend more the company of the people of the Scripture, not listen to their talks, not be deceived and not increase their relations with them. It is the only form to escape oneself from their evil.  

Allah’s Messenger Is In Your Midst
Presence Of The Messenger Of Allah
He Is Guided, Who Holds Fast To Allah
Meditate In The Revelations Of Allah
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –101 of 200, Section –10    (Part – 4)

How can you disbelieve, when it is ye unto whom Allah’s Revelations are recited, and His Messenger is in your midst? And he who holdeth fast to Allah, he indeed is guided unto a right path.          
Wa  kayfa  tak-furuuna  wa  ‘antum  tutlaa 
‘alaykum  ‘Aayaa-tullaahi  wa  fiikum  Rasuuluh. 
Wa  many-ya’-tasim  billaahi  fa-qad  hudiya  ‘ilaa  Siraatim-Musttaqiim.          


It has been described in this verse that the nation like Muslims can not become disbeliever after having faith, because Messenger of Allah Almighty (of high dignity) is present between them, who causes to hear them the Word of Allah Almighty, which increases their Belief. He uses to recite the Revelations of Allah Almighty. It is the fact that the person, whosoever holds fast to Allah Almighty leaving entire other paths and whosoever places confidence and trust in Him heartily, no power can foil up or down him from the straight path.

The ancient lineages of Madinah had very severe enmity with each other before Islam. They used to decide on a war upon very ordinary matters and the bazaar of bloodshed used to be hot (angry). When the Last Messenger of Allah Almighty, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) migrated from Makkah to Madinah, then they were in luck. The enmity between the tribes, which had been running since hundreds of the years, changed in to friendship due to teachings of Islam and blessing of the company of Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). Moreover, very strong brotherly relations established between them.

The Jews of Madinah became very unpleasant due to like this meeting of these dynasties and families, and being collected together for the service and protection of Islam. They appointed a person, to make mention wherever the people of both the lineages assemble about “The War of Bu-‘aas” (which was fought between the two famous tribes). He began reading the poetry to remind about the war when he found opportunity to cause to hear the both parties. As soon as the people listened to this poetry, then with in no time a spark of anger was inflamed and both the tribes began to equip their weapons for the war. By chance Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) reached there with some companions (may Allah be pleased with them). He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) commanded, “O Muslims! Be frightened from Allah Almighty. I am in your midst, then how this uncivil calling out aloud? Allah Almighty guided you. Do you want to return from the light of guidance immediately after arriving, towards the darkness of ignorance”? As soon as they listened to the voice of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), then entire rings of the devil’s net broke one by one. All the people threw their weapons and began weeping and embracing each other. They all understood that it was their enemies’ mischievousness, from which they would have to be careful in future.

Live at Islam, Die at Islam
Don’t Live & Don’t Die Save at Islam
Surrender Heartily Unto God (Allah)
Existence Upon Islam, Death Upon Islam 
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –102 of 200, Section –11    (Part – 4)

O ye who believe! Observe your duty to Allah with right observance, and die not save as those who have surrendered (unto Him)         
Yaaa-‘ayyuhal-laziina  ‘aa-manuttaqullaaha  haqqa  tuqaa-tihii  wa  laa  tamuutunna    
‘illaa  wa  ‘antum-Muslimuun.         


Auspicious Existence of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and blessings of his company were described in the previous lesson. In addition, it was told that how a Muslim could go to the darkness of Infidelity after getting the light of Belief, in the presence of Allah’s Beloved Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and his teachings. The Muslims are being preached in this verse, “Observe your duty to Allah with right observance, and die not save as those who have surrendered (unto Him) so that Allah Almighty keep you steadfast on the path of guidance.  

haqqa  tuqaa-tihii  - (with right observance), we should have fear from Allah Almighty as though and as much as we have to Observe our duty to Him with right observance. It has been explained many times earlier about God fearing, abstinence, piety, and the word “Taqwaa” has also been used individually.

Taqwaa is the Soul of Islam and Belief, because it is difficult to spring up the Islamic characteristics and chaste life without living with virtuousness, care and looking after. Therefore, Allah Almighty commanded here, “Observe your duty to Allah with right observance, and die not save as those who have surrendered (unto Him)”. As though, Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) said himself, “Belief is in between the Fear and the Hope”.  The earth and the skies, sun and moon, rivers and mountains, forests and greensward, animals, vegetation and plants, minerals, fossils and stones etc, on the whole, the entire existing things are Allah’s created and in His holding. Any atom of the world cannot move hither to thither without His order. Life and death of the human beings is in His Hand and their standing and sitting, walking and moving is in His Jurisdiction. Living in poverty and prosperity is according to written fate of Allah Almighty. Briefly, each ordinary movement of the humanity is in the Power and authority of Allah Almighty. Therefore, whose right observance on the human life can be more than Allah Almighty? While the humankind is indigent of Allah Almighty for his life and its continuance on each step, then it is necessary for him to be frightened from Allah Almighty as much as He has the right to be afraid from Him.

In the second piece of the verse, Allah Almighty commanded the Muslims, “and die not save as those who have surrendered (unto Him)”, do not do any act against Islam, your life and death should be at pure Islam, it is due upon you that you should not die until the time you don’t become a true and perfect Muslim. In other words, it means that, you should remain living with Islamic glory each second ad each minute. Who knows that when the death comes. Infidelity, devilishness, greed and selfishness should never cause to winnow near oneself during the lifetime. This is the form only in which we can come out with credit in the obedience of His Order that we should Live for Islam and Die for Islam.   

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & English Translation by Marmaduke; Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif)