Thursday, December 4, 2014

It is made lawful for you to go in unto your wives on the night of the fast. They are raiment for you and ye are raiment for them

Lessons 191 to 202

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Excellence Of The Month Of Ramadan
Verse –185a  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)

The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur-‘an,
Shahru  Ramazaa-nallazii  ‘unzila  fiihil-Qur-‘aanu-


Ramazaa-n (the month of Ramadan) this word has come out from the word Ramaza, literal meaning of which is severity of sunlight and heat. It is ninth month of Islamic Calendar. Islamic year runs with lunar system instead of solar system and the lunar months use to exchange during different seasons. So the month of Ramadan also comes in the different seasons and the person who keeps the fast enjoys each type of season.

Allah Almighty has explained in this verse specialty and the cause of keeping fasts during the month of Ramadan, that is revelation of Holy Qur’an during this Holy Month.

The Holy Qur’an was revealed in reality by degrees and completed in between twenty three years. But its revelation had begun during this Holy Month of Ramadan. At first primary five verses of Surah ALAQ-96 (The Colt) were revealed upon the Last Messenger of God Almighty Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) in the Cave of Hiraa in this month. It has also come in the Sayings of the Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) that the entire Holy Qur’an was revealed from the Tablet of the Safe (Laow-hi Mahfuuz) on the Sky of this world during the Night of Power (Lay-la tul Qadr) of the month of Ramadan, and then used to reveal by degrees on the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). This Night of Power (Lay-la tul Qadr) is a sacred and blessed night during the month of Ramadan. In the
Speech of Allah Almighty it has been told about this night that it is the most excellent night to one thousand months.

It has also come in the Sayings that as much as the Holy Qur’an were revealed in the year, that were caused to hear by the Angel Gabriel (peace be upon Him) to the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) during the month of Ramadan. In the last year of the outward life of the Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) the Angel of God Almighty caused to hear Complete Speech of Allah Almighty and the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) listened.

The Speech of Allah Almighty revealed in the month of Ramadan, so the God Almighty prescribed the fasting to establish it’s token in this month. This Speech is The Guide Book for the life of human beings and fasting in the month of Ramadan is source to make the life pure. Those persons are blessed who find this month and keep fasting completely, and making their lives nice they join the group of sobers, God fearing and temperate.     

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Characteristics Of The Speech Of Allah
Verse –185b  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)

Guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion (of right and wrong).   
Hudal-linnaasi  wa  bayyinaatim-minal-hudaa  wal-furqaan.


To clear the excellence of the blessed month of Ramadan Allah Almighty explained in the beginning of this verse that Holy Qur’an, the Last Heavenly Scripture began to reveal upon the Last Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) in this month. Now three characteristics of the Holy Qur’an have been expressed as under:

1.   Hudan (guidance) – the Holy Qur’an is the spring of guidance for the entire human beings. Every person can get to know the straight path to reach the Creator and the sound destination of life only through the Holy Qur’an. Each source of guidance besides the Holy Qur’an will be wrong. Except it every path will be the path of depravity and deviation. Only Holy Qur’an is the Scripture which can guide towards the straight path. In the aggregate to pass the human life successfully the Holy Qur’an provides all those principles and codes regarding its all aspects which signify towards the straight path and real destination. It has been mentioned in this verse Hudal-linnaas (guidance for the whole mankind). For more details of the word ‘guidance’ please study Lesson # 9 Holy Qur’an (STRAIGHT PATH)

2.   Bayyinaatim-minal-hudaa – (clear proofs of the guidance) the Holy Qur’an has so explained all the principles and codes of guidance that these have become entirely clear, easy, simple and light and every person can understand them with ease because excellence of the Holy Qur’an is ‘bayyinaat’ (clear proofs). So the principles of the Holy Qur’an are common sense, simple and practicable. Nothing is against the wisdom and no principle is impracticable.

3.   Al-furqaan – (the Criterion (separator of right from wrong) it is the third excellence of the Holy Qur’an that the persons who recite this Sacred Scripture, correct decision power grows into them. They become capable to make a distinction between true and false, just and absurd, truth and lie, faith and infidelity, correction and quarrel, obedience and rebellion, worship and refusal. They can distinguish between good and bad. So ‘Al-Furqaan’ (the Criterion (of right and wrong) is also the characteristic of the Holy Qur’an.

The book like this which has these three characteristics, if Her each command is not the Message of life for the human being then what is this? Its each command has been filled with countless auspiciousness, blessings and wisdoms.

Would that the Muslims too get themselves understand this Last Message of God Almighty, as well as admonish also to the world. If we are unable to spread the Speech of Allah Almighty in each corner of the world then it would be dishonesty in the Trust.       

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Prescription Of The Fast
Verse –185c  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)

And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month.  
Faman-  shahida  min-kumush-Shahra  fal-yasumh.


It has been mentioned in this piece of verse that the person who remains alive till the month of Ramadan, he/she must keep the fasting. Concession is only for the sick (patient) and the passenger. Its detail has been discussed earlier and will also be stated again in the last part of this verse. It is ordered owing to the excellences of the month of Ramadan which are being discussed once again as an abstract.

It is the custom in every nation of the world to keep the fast for example on the day of Ashurah (10th of the first lunar month) the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and His nation got freedom from the cruelty of the Pharaoh. So the fast of that day was begun in the children of Israel. The Law of keeping the fast is also present in the Christians.  Concept and custom of fasting is available in the Indians and other nations too. Details are different but the reality is present.

Fasting have countless virtues, it puts good effects on the health and spirit, the rich people are well-informed about the poor practically, equation produces between the people who eat bellyful and the people who suffer starving, Spiritual powers develop with it, sensual wishes are controlled, God fearing becomes strong in the mankind, for example if there is season of summer, every living thing feels severe thirst, the cold water has been placed in the house, no body is there to see the Faster, but he/she doesn’t drink the water.

This all is because the respect of the Command of Allah Almighty has settled down in his/her heart. Now no other power can defeat the person and while according to the Order of God Almighty he has made habit to leave the legal, lawful and pure desires during the month of Ramadan through fasting, then he won’t feel difficulty in leaving the illegal, unlawful and bad habits. This is the moral cleanliness of which purpose of fasting is to grow.

It has come in Sayings of the Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) that if a faster does not leave to tell a lie, absurd talks and useless deeds, then God Almighty does not care for his leaving to eat and drink. Though, the real purpose of fasting is to correct the morality. If the manners are not corrected, then there is no advantage of the fasting. It is the obligation on (us) the Muslims that due to so much virtue and importance of the fasting, we should keep the fasts every year of this month, respect the month of Ramadan and create physical, spiritual and moral characteristics into us, so that the purpose of the revelation of Holy Qur’an is completed, and the month of Ramadan be proved as the real festival and token of the revelation of Holy Qur’an.

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Allah Desires Ease Not Hardship For You
Verse –185d  of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)

And whosoever of you is sick or on a journey, (let him fast the same) number on other days. Allah desireth for you ease; He desireth not hardship for you;  
Wa  man-  kaana  mariizan  ‘aw  ‘alaa  safarin  fa-  ‘iddatum-min  ‘ayyaa-min  ‘ukhar.  Yuriidullahu  biku-mul-yusra  wa  laa  yuriidu  bikumul- ‘usr.


This fact has been disclosed in this verse of the holy Qur’an that the Natural Religion i.e. Islam is very easy and simple. Islam does not desire severe hardships, arduous labors and impracticable worships. Moreover a lot of capacity and countless facilities have been kept in Islam. Weak pressed persons have been conceded. There is none likewise command in the Divine Law of Islam in which consideration regarding circumstances, age, health, season and other compulsions and difficulties of the human being would not have been kept front.

It was commanded in the previous verse that whosoever out of you is present during the month of Ramadan, let him fast. Perhaps it might be considered by some persons that the entire persons have come under this command and there is no concession for the excusable persons. So now this command has been repeated that the persons who are sick or on journey, they can keep the fasting during any other month instead of the month of Ramadan and can get pleasure of the God Almighty.

It has also known by us from this verse that although apparently the commands of Divine are felt some quantity arduous and difficult but in fact those are for success, promotion and easiness of the straight path, because the God Almighty has no enmity with us that let He order us difficult. But He is our Creator, Worshiped and the Most Beneficent. He keeps regard in each condition for easiness and facility. His each command is for our advisability of life and prosperity.

The orders to which we suppose difficult, in fact those are easy too. We consider them difficult due to our own laziness and comfort. Really we have never heard till to day that either any person has died due to the fasts of Ramadan or somebody has become sick. In spite of this we have seen that the persons have recovered from illness due to keeping the fast, and then what will let you say about the spiritual power.  

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Other Intentions Of The Fast
Verse –185e of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)

And (He desireth) that ye should complete the period, and that ye should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that peradventure ye may be thankful.  
Wa  litukmilul-‘iddata wa litukabbirullaaha ‘alaa maa hadaakum wa la-‘allakum tashkuruun.


Great aim of fasting is fear of God (abstinence) as it has been discussed earlier in the verse 83, (Lesson # 187). Now in the last part of this verse other three purposes of the fasting have been mentioned.

litukmilul-‘iddata (you should complete the period) it means that the disabled people may keep the fasts in another time besides the month of Ramadan and complete the calculation of that month. It is the Grace and Kindness of Allah Almighty that if any person couldn’t perform his prescription in time and might not execute the command on due time, then he is given another chance so that he may fulfill the order of God Almighty and could get His pleasure, though the accomplishment of the commands of the Divine is necessary. Advantage may be gained from the facilities but can not be ignored.

Litukabbirullaaha (that you should magnify Allah) purpose is to sing the songs of magnificence and greatness of Allah Almighty acting upon His bestowed Guidelines. It is also Mercy of God Almighty that He has shown us the straight path with His wisdom and knowledge, the person who goes that path remains safe from each calamity. The mankind should try to gain prestige the name and religion of Allah Almighty, remain busy to magnify the religion day and night, and try to get delight of Allah Almighty every time, elevate His name in the East and the West, so that no nation might remain deprived from the guidance.

la-‘allakum tashkuruun (peradventure you may be thankful) third aim of the fast is that we thank God Almighty on His blessings and be grateful to Him for His favours. Meaning of thanking for blessings of Allah Almighty is that we should use those blessings in the determined manner. We should not disdain and be ungrateful for the facilities which have been provided to us by Allah Almighty. Moreover we should use in good and correct manner His given powers, virtues, blessings and abilities.

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
The Supplication
Verse –186a of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)

And when My servants question thee concerning Me, then surely   I am nigh. I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he calleth unto Me.
Wa ‘izaa sa-‘alaka ‘ibaa-dii ‘annii fa-‘innii Qariib. ‘Ujiibu da’- watad-daa-‘i   ‘izaa da-‘aani,


Annii (concerning Me, about Me) that is to say they ask about My nearness and distance. Some religions have considered that the God Almighty has so much distance and high from us that reaching there is entirely impossible. Islam rejected this wrong belief and told that Allah Almighty is extremely near to the human being.

Innii Qariibun (surely I am nigh (near) it means that Allah Almighty is also near to the mankind in accord with His knowledge and acquaintance, as well as near to him for listening his prayer and admitting too. In the Holy Qur’an it is commanded in another place “Surely I am nearest too than his main vein (of human being)”.

It is the Soul of the religion that the person would cut off every one and be just of only one God (Allah), pay for a boon from Him , raise hands for asking in front of Him, his life and death, his worship and sacrifice would be for Him only. For growing this soul Allah Almighty taught to pray and commanded that I am not far away from the human beings. Moreover while any person calls Me with complete sincerity leaving every thing, then I hear his supplication, answer him, accept his prayer, and fulfill his desire.

In the Saying (Hadith) it comes that during the last third part of the night Allah Almighty comes to the nearest sky and proclaims, “Is there any suppliant, I accept whose prayer? Is there any beggar, to whom I bestow? Is there any one asking for forgiveness to whom I forgive? The Prophet of God Almighty (Peace Be upon Him) once said that the prayer is worship. In another Hadith it has come that Allah Almighty is so much modest and kind that He does not wish to return any one who prays with empty handed. But there is a condition for accepting the prayer that the heart shouldn’t be indolent and careless. It does not depend only in this last part of night, Allah Almighty hears call of every caller (the person who requests earnestly) every time, on every place, on the condition that he should call with sincere and honesty.

In this verse how the God Almighty has filled strength and trust for the helpless human beings, hope for broken hearts, expectation for the sinners, support for the tired ones. If the mankind doesn’t ask from Him then from whom he would ask. But how much indolent and cruel is this human being that he feels shame when requesting to Him and hesitates spreading hands in front of Him.

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Two Conditions For The Supplication
Verse –186b of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)

So let them hear My call and let them believe in Me, in order that they may be led aright.
Fal- yastajiibuu  lii  wal-yu’-minuu  bii  la-‘allahum  yar-shuduun.


It was stated in the previous lesson that Allah Almighty is extremely near to the human beings. He is aware most of their circumstances. He is apprised their needs, knows their advisability, wishes their welfare and betterment, hears their call, accepts their supplication, and treat them with kindness and blessing. Now two conditions have been commanded by God Almighty for acceptance of the supplication:

Fal- yastajiibuu  lii – (So let them hear My call, they should obey My order) it also includes the meanings – to agree, to believe, to suppose, to confess, to admit. First condition of the supplication is that the suppliant should obey the commands, guidelines and manners instructed by the God Almighty.

Wal-yu’-minuu  bii – (and let them believe in Me) the words iimaan (belief) and Mu’-min (believer) have also derived from this word. It has already been explained about the word ‘Belief’ that is to say, to promise, to accept with the tongue, to believe in the heart and to devise for practice likewise the belief. It is the second condition for acceptance of the supplication. Besides these basic conditions many other conditions have also been mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and the Sayings of the Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), for instance; to pray for right and correct thing, to beg with faith and sincerity, lawful earnings, to eat pure food, to be remained good etc.   

Some times our prayers are not accepted, then we should not become desperate and broken hearted, and think that any command or decision of the God Almighty is never without philosophy and advisability. However it may be suspicion of defects and weaknesses in our supplication. It is also possible that the acceptance of supplication may be hurtful for us. So we should believe of betterment on the decision and philosophy of God Almighty.

Secondly we should bear in mind that due to non acceptance of some supplications it is not reasonable that there is no use of praying. Because some times no medicine becomes useful in any disease, but the treatment is not left. So there is no reason to leave the praying due to non acceptance. It would be certainly any reason in non acceptance. The God Almighty knows our advisability. He desires our betterment. So we should also pray all the times, again and again in front of Him, practice on His Guidelines, because it is the path of success. 

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Relation Between Husband And Wife
Verse –187a of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)

It is made lawful for you to go in unto your wives on the night of the fast. They are raiment for you and ye are raiment for them.
‘U-hilla  lakum  laylatas-Siyaamir-rafasu  ‘ilaa  nisaaa-‘i-kum.  Hunna  libaasul-lakum  wa  ‘antum  libaasul-lahunn.


‘Ar-rafasu – (to go in unto (wives), literal meaning of the word rafasa is ‘the speech or talk which excite sexual feelings and sensual wishes. Here it means ‘to sleep together of husband and wife for intercourse’.

You know that the orders of the Islamic Divine were revealed slowly and gradually. Like the people of the Scripture (the children of Israel) the Muslims also used to refrain to commit sexual intercourse with their wives after sleeping at night during the month of Ramadan. It has been softened through this verse, and permitted to commit sexual intercourse at night.

It discloses that the Islam doesn’t desire to efface entirely the wishes and feelings. Moreover it desires to put all the works into the orders and will of the God Almighty. Do any work whenever Allah Almighty wishes and stop to do it whenever it is forbidden by Him because He understands best about our betterment and advisability. We don’t know about profit and loss for ourselves.

Besides the fasting there is no restriction for husband and wife of day and night. But it is forbidden in the day time during the fasting. If anybody disobeys this order, he will either keep the fasts for sixty days continuously as punishment of one broken fast or set free a slave or feed sixty poor persons.  

Libaasun – (raiment, clothing), it has been revealed about near relation of husband and wife commanding them clothing of each other which is inference from one another to them with the permission of God Almighty. this simile of raiment is present in many forms for instance their near relationship between them, their need of each other, their perfect bodily nearness, grace and beauty for one another, and being reason of satisfaction and facility, best of all that concealing blemishes although being perfect trusty of one another.  

Please think that how much things have been made one to understand using the one word Libaasun ‘the raiment’. It is necessary for husband and wife (both) that they should prove themselves clothing (confident), trustworthy, secret keepers, hearty rest provider and cause of pleasure for one another.   

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Object Of Holding Intercourse
Verse –187b of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)

Allah is aware that ye were deceiving yourselves in this respect and He hath turned in mercy towards you and relieved you. So hold intercourse with them and seek that which Allah hath ordained for you,
‘Alimallaahu  ‘annakum  kuntum  takhtaanuuna  ‘anfusakum  fataaba  ‘alaykum  wa  ‘afaa  ‘an-kum.  Fal-‘aana  baashiruu-hunna  wabtaguu  maa  kataballahu  lakum,


Takhtaanuuna  ‘anfusakum – (you were deceiving yourselves) some weak Muslims used to convict themselves of deception.

Baashiruu-hunna – (hold intercourse with your wives)

In the previous lesson it has been mentioned that in the beginning of Islam the Muslims did not use to go in unto their wives on the night of the fast like the people of the Scripture. But some of them could not control themselves and either broke this restriction due to being subdued of their sexual feelings or grew desire and intention of deception in the heart of someone. The God Almighty cleared this matter and permitted to hold intercourse with their wives also like eating and drinking at night.

‘Abtaguu  maa  kataballahu  lakum – (seek that which Allah hath ordained for you) ‘abtagaa’ means to try to get and seek for any thing. maa  kataballahu  lakum (which Allah hath ordained for you). It signifies towards ‘the children’ and breed which is produced in the conclusion of intercourse.

In addition to the permission a warning has also been given. That is to say the purpose of going in unto wives should be to produce the children. Although someone gets natural taste also from the act of intercourse but Islam has kept the real and bigger intention from this act which is attainment of the children and augmentation of the breed, so that the individual deliciousness may become the cause of collective gain.

It has become evident from this guidance of the Holy Qur’an that birth control and pregnancy prohibition etc all are the wrong and unlawful paths. It is the natural result of holding intercourse. One should keep hope of it and wait for it. Only the sensualist-ness has no object.  

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Timings Of The Fasting
Verse –187c of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)

And eat and drink until the white thread becometh distinct to you from the black thread of the dawn. Then strictly observe the fast till nightfall. 
Wa  kuluu  wash-rabuu  hattaa  yata-bayyana  lakumul-khaytul-‘abyazu  minal-khaytil-‘aswadi  minal-Fajr.  Summa  ‘atimmus-Siyaama  ‘ilal-layl.


Al-Fajr – (the dawn) it does not mean the false dawn but that is the light of early in the morning which can be seen some time later than just before daybreak, while the light begins to spread towards east and the west, that is called ‘dawn of the day’. Till that time (dawn of the day) meals (or food) may be taken for keeping a fast. It has been much appreciated in the Sayings of the Prophet (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) to take meals (or food) during the last time. The Messenger of God Almighty (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) commanded that Bilaal (May Allah be pleased on him) uses to call very early (during false dawn) for preparing the people for prayer, so don’t stop eating on his call or looking only light in the north and south. Moreover consider reliable spreading the light.

Once Omar (May Allah be pleased on him) instructed that care to eat and drink at the time of keeping the fast is necessary when morning light becomes clear on the paths and peaks of the hills.

‘Al-layl – (the nightfall) commencement of the night in Arabic begins immediately at the end of the day and sunset, so the next date of Islamic Calendar (Lunar Year) begins immediately after the sunset. On the contrary the date of solar year is changed after passing the midnight. ‘ilal-layl (till nightfall) means “break the fast as soon as the night enters”. It does not mean to keep the fast till spreading the darkness of the night.  

Before this order the Muslims used to sleep after breaking the fast. Then they did not use to eat anything till next evening. They have been permitted to eat, drink and sleep with their wives after breaking the fast till the light of early in the morning.

It is another concession and facility which was bestowed afterward that it is permitted to the people to eat and drink till the time the white thread becomes distinct from the black thread of the dawn and then the fast will be observed the entire day after finishing the time of meals (or food) for keeping a fast till the time sun sets and the darkness begins to spread.

It is also known from this order that without taking meals for keeping and breaking the fast continuously is odious. Islam teaches us the path of temperance, does not like severity and strictness. So the manner which has been fixed by the Divine, we should follow it strictly and which concessions have been given we should get advantage from them.  

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Orders During Being At Devotions In Mosque
Verse –187d of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)

And touch them not, but be at your devotions in the mosques.
Wa  laa tubaashi-ruuhunna  wa  ‘an-tum  ‘aakifuuna, fil-masaajid.


Laa tubaashi-ruuhunna – (touch the wives not) here the word ‘to go in unto the wives’ has been used in the spacious meanings that is to say, not only to stop from committing a sexual intercourse but kissing and bugging is also forbidden during curbing one’s passion from religious motives continuing in the mosque (sitting by oneself in the mosque and think of God Almighty) particularly during the third Ashrah of the month of Ramadan.

‘Aakifuuna – (to be at devotions) its literal meanings are “to keep oneself preventing from the use of anything or make something necessary over oneself. Technically it means ‘endowing oneself for worship sitting in the mosque’

Another order has been delivered regarding the fasting, “don’t go in unto your wives while you are being at your devotions in mosque”. Some more necessary commands regarding “e’tikaaf” (being at devotions in mosque) are stated below:

It is necessary for the persons who have to be at devotions that they should remain in the mosques every time during that period, also eat, drink, sleep and wake there. They may come out of the mosque only at the time of bodily and lawful needs. The minimum period for the devotions is one day and there is no limit for excessive period. It is declared from the word fil-masaajid that the devotions should always be in the mosques. However it can be observed by the women in any corner of the home instead of the mosques.  

Conversation is lawful during the devotions on the condition it should not be against the reverence of the mosque and the respects of the devotions.

It was the habit of the Messenger of God Almighty (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) that He used to be at His devotions in the mosque complete ten days during the last Ashrah of the month of Ramadan and broke His entire relation from the worldly matters. So to be at one’s devotions in the mosque is reasonable practice of the Prophet Muhammad (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), which means that if any one person out of a ward observes this practice then this responsibility ends from others.

Being at devotions has many advantages – there is no any other method to become fresh for the purpose of belief and to achieve the spiritual strength, because during that period the mankind passes his time continuously in worship and obedience. He remains in solitude and loneliness.

We should act accomplished upon this practice of the Messenger of God Almighty (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), get the light of faith, achieve the vicinity of God Almighty, be entitled of pleasure of the Messenger Muhammad (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and purify ourselves completely at the very least a few days, break the relation with worldly relations and matters for some time and attend to the Real Worshiped.      

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
The Limits Imposed By Allah
Verse –187e of 286, Section – 23 (Part  - 2)

These are the limits imposed by Allah, so approach them not. Thus Allah expoundeth His Revelation to mankind that they may ward off (evil).
Tilka  huduudullahi  falaa taq-rabuuhaa.  Kazaalika  yubay-yinullaahu  ‘Aayaatihii  linnaasi  la-‘allahum  yatta-quun.


Tilka (These) it signifies towards those six/seven orders which have been expounded in the earlier lessons.

Huduudun – (plural of Hadd which means limits) it aims the limits of the customs, codes and regulations imposed by the God Almighty not to approach them as pressed again and again in the Holy Qur’an.

‘Aayaat – (Verses) means orders, customs, laws, rules and regulations.

The Holy Qur’an has explained all concerning rules and regulations after discussing about blessings and becoming obligation of the fasting also cleared the necessities and codes of being at one’s devotions in the mosque. Now it has been warned in this last piece of this verse that all the laws, principles, limits and prohibitions have been deduced by the God Almighty.

It will not be a customary thing to turn the face from them and disobey. Moreover the God Almighty has exposed them Who has the Knowledge and Philosophy, His Guidance and Commands are rightful, based on advisability and guarantor of betterment and success. This world and the hereinafter will become better with their execution and following. Disobedience and refusal from them will become forerunner of distressed and destruction. So nobody should cross these limits and should remain within the imposed limits of Him.

As the God Almighty has expounded in detail the commands regarding the fast, its limits, timing, to be at devotions in mosque and other concerning matters, like this He commands about remaining orders for mankind’s betterment and prosperity in detail. Fear of God, control of the passions, spirit of obeying and obedience, sincerity and sacrifice, chastity and honesty, good nature and well wishing will grow in the human being due to strongly abide by these rules.

The person can not establish himself any path for his advisability and betterment due to less sense nature. He needs instructions of a Sage and Excellent Life, an Aggregate Scholar and an Absolute Master which is One i.e. the God Almighty. He has guided us towards success and prosperity with His extremely Kindness. So we should go on the straight path without hesitation and get the real object.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English byMarmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif).

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