Wednesday, December 24, 2014

Muhammad is but a Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allaah be upon Him)


Lessons 422 to 433 

LESSON # 422 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Devour Not Usury
Usury Is Forbidden
Prohibition Of Usury
Restriction On Eating Up The Usury
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse – 130 of 200, Section –14 (Part – 4)

O ye who believe! Devour not usury, doubling and quadrupling (the sum lent). And observe your duty to Allah, that ye may be successful.           
Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aa-manuu  laa  ta’-kulur-Ribaaa  ‘az-‘aafam-muzaa-‘afah.  Wat-taqullaaha  la-‘allakum  tuflihuun.          

Lesson 
During the recitation about the Battles of Badr and ‘Uhud , now prohibition of the usury is being mentioned. Apparently, no relation is visible between above both matters, but there are many causes of their connection. Two important reasons out of them are being stated as under:

1.  Due to devouring the usury, unkindness and cordial weakness increases, because:

a.  Spirit of obedience and loyalty comes to an end due to eating up greedily unlawful earning.

b.   Avarice and misery arises in the human being due to devouring the usury.

2.  According to a history, aim of one by one revelation of the verses about above-mentioned two matters (restriction on eating up the Usury, and the Battles of Badr and ‘Uhud) is that, the frequent usury matters of Muslims used to be with the Jews at that time. Therefore, it was very difficult not to concern with them, and during the event of the Battle of ‘Uhud the Jews Hypocrites had trespassed intensely. So the Muslims were admonished that they should leave bargaining of the usury. Otherwise, willing or not willing relations with these deceivers would remain established due to the usury, which would become cause of loss in future.      

‘az-‘aafam-muzaa-‘afah – (doubling and quadrupling) it does not mean “Devour not usury, doubling and quadrupling on the sum lent, but a little”. The fact is that during the times of ignorance, usury was devoured likewise moneylenders, banks and commercial organizations get interest upon their capital now a days, that is to say; they lend one hundred $ and that is increased doubling and quadrupling (due to compound interest). It is characteristic of the Usury that the people, who are poor, they become poorer to poorest and who are rich, they become more and richest. This doubling and quadrupling of usury has been pointed out in this verse.
  
A usurer, who gets unlawful gain from the poor and indigent people due to their weakness, he does not bear any kind of labor but eats up greedily earning of his lent money. Likewise, at first his own body’s parts become disable. On the other side, he becomes cause to do in-efficacious the labor of borrower. Labor and hard working of the borrower becomes valueless. He hands over/surrenders his earnings after hardships in the form of interest to the lender. Besides this, the helpless debtor/borrower falls into the disgrace economically, socially and morally. Moreover, the person who lends the amount becomes lover of ease, dull and lazy. The spirit to strive and struggle in the Way of Allah Almighty, to sacrifice and to sympathize with the creature of Allah Almighty goes to the end from his breast. He gets all sorts of comfort and other people work hard. Others earn and he eats. Poverty of the poor person increases. And at the same time wealth of the rich and lordship increases.

LESSON # 423 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Punishment For Usurer
Obey Allah & His Messenger To Find Mercy
Chastisement For Exorbitant Interest Taker
Usurers Will Be Punished
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse – 131, 132 & 133 of 200, Section –14 (Part – 4)

131.  And ward off (from yourselves) the Fire prepared for disbelievers.

132.  And obey Allah and the Messenger, that ye may find mercy.   

133.  And vie one with another for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a Paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for those who ward off (evil)-      
131.  Wattaqun-Naarallatii  ‘u-‘iddat  lil-kaafiriin. 

132.  Wa  ‘atii-‘ullaaha  war-Rasuula  la-‘allakum 
turhamuun.

133.  Wa  saari-‘uuu  ilaa 
magfira-tim-mir-Rabbikum  wa  Jannatin 
‘arzuhas-samaawaatu  wal-‘arzu,  ‘u-‘iddat  lil-Muttaqiin-          

Lesson 
Punishment for the usurer has been described after forbidding from devouring the usury that his last abode would be Fire of Hell, which is in fact for the disbelievers. It revealed that a usurer would also be produced in the Court of Allah Almighty as criminal likewise a disbeliever. Therefore, Muslims should escape from the curse of usury/interest, and pass their lives as the temperate.

Then it has been commanded to obey Allah Almighty and His Last Messenger, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). This obedience becomes cause of mercy upon them. To execute the command of Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is just like carrying out the Order of Allah Almighty, because it is the Order of Allah Almighty that you would have to obey perfectly the commands of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). Some Muslims disobeyed the instructions of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) in the Battle of ‘Uhud, which endangered their victory. Therefore, it has been admonished, “Do not fall short and do not commit a mistake as such in future. If you will obey Allah Almighty and His Messenger, (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) then you will find mercy of Allah Almighty. Doing so, the doors of success and betterment will be opened for you”.

It is being commanded in the third verse of this lesson, “Vie one with another for forgiveness from your Lord. (Labor too hard towards the good deeds and fine manners, for which Allah Almighty and His Messenger, (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) has commanded you. If you will pass your lives in God-fearing and control of the passions then after death from this mortal world, your last residence will be Paradise, which is as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for those who ward off (evil). The human being cannot think vaster than the space of heavens and the earth collectively. Therefore, width of Paradise has been illustrated by a simile of the space of heavens and the earth.

The difference in the result of a usurer and obedient humankind of Allah Almighty has been revealed that one of them is disgraced in the world as well as he will be fuel of hell-fire on the Day of Resurrection. The other person, who is obedient, passes his life with honor and he will be entitled to live in the beautiful gardens of Paradise on the Doomsday.       


LESSON # 424 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Qualities Of The Abstemious
Beauties Of The Sobers
Excellence Of The Pious
Good Persons Implore Forgiveness For Sins
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –134 & 135 of 200, Section –14 (Part – 4)

134.  Those who spend (of that which Allah hath given them) in ease and in adversity, those who control their wrath and are forgiving toward mankind. And Allah loveth the good-

135.  And those who, when they do an evil thing or wrong themselves, remember Allah and implore forgiveness for their sins and who forgiveth sins save Allah only? And will not knowingly repeat (the wrong) they did.     
134.  ‘Allaziina  yunfiquuna  fis-sarraaa-‘i  wazzarraaa-‘i  wal-kaazimiinal-gayza 
wal-‘aafiina  ‘aninnaas.  Wallaahu 
yuhibbul-Muhsiniin.   

135.  Wallaziina  ‘izaa  fa-‘aluu  faahishatan  ‘aw  zalamuuu 
‘an-fusihum  zakarullaaha  fastag-faruu  li-zunuubihim.  Wa  many-yagfiruz-zunuuba  ‘illallaah.  Wa  lam 
yusirruu 
‘alaa  maa  fa-‘aluu  wa  hum  ya’-lamuun.


Lesson 

‘As-sarraaa-‘i  wazzarraaa-‘i   - (in ease and in adversity), first quality of the pious has been described here that they spend in grief and relief, riches and poverty (in both forms). They spend in the Way of Allah Almighty in each condition according to their capability.    

‘Al-kaazimiinal-gayza  - (they control their wrath), it is natural to suffer grief in one’s heart on invasive incidents and to be in anger in unpleasantness. But, the pious people control their anger. They do not disclose their wrath reasonably or without any reason, and do not use unpleasant words overwhelming by the anger.


‘Al-‘aafiina  - (forgiving), “its origin is ‘afu” which means ‘forgiveness’. That is to say; to ignore the mistake or negligence of anybody. This is a major characteristic out of the characteristics of the pious people.   



Faahishatan – (an evil thing or wrong), this word has been derived from fahash, which means; such badness and sin, which is not hidden. 

lam  yusirruu  - {don’t repeat (the wrong)},  the word “ israar” is its source, that means to obstinate on one’s mistake and do not admit it. Whoever has this badness, his correction does not remain possible.  


LESSON # 425 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Specialities And Reward Of The Pious
Compensation And Specialty Of The Chaste
Particularities And Remuneration Of The Virtuous
Distinctive Features And Reward Of The Abstemious
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –136 of 200, Section –14 (Part – 4)

The reward of such will be forgiveness from their Lord and Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide for ever. And a bountiful reward for workers.    
‘Ulaaa-‘ika  jazaaa-‘uhum-magfiratum-mir-Rabbihim  wa  jannaatun- tajrii 
min-tahtihal-‘anhaaru  khaalidiina  fiihaa. 
Wa  ni’-ma  ‘ajrul-‘aamiliin.                                  


Lesson 

Following characteristics of sobers have been described in the preceding verses:

1.  Whether it is happiness or sadness, they spend their power and wealth by every means in the Way of Allah Almighty. They do not stop their hands even in the poverty.

2.  They control their wrath, do not do unpleasant things overwhelming by anger, and do not use unbefitting sentences from their mouths. 


3.  They forgive the mistakes of defaulters. Forgiveness and mercy are their characteristics.  

4.  To oblige includes in their nature. Surely, Allah Almighty makes friends to the pious people.

5.  If they commit any bad thing unknowingly or do any mistake, then they bear Allah Almighty in their hearts, and pray Him for absolution and forgiveness.

6.  Intentionally or unintentionally, if they commit any mistake or do something wrong at any time, they do not repeat it. As soon as they realize and know about it, immediately admit it.

The Spirit of fear from Allah Almighty, goodness and abstinence is produced due to these particularities. These are such people who are called the abstemious. Allah Almighty has promised best rewards for such people.

It is being commanded, “The reward of such will be forgiveness from their Lord, He covers their faults and omissions, overlooks from them and bestows them with His forgiveness and mercy”.

Gardens are for them in the Hereafter, underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever. They will get there Paradise and its everlasting graciousness. How much great reward is for the righteous people? Would that the human beings confront Allah Almighty on the Day of Resurrection by making themselves able for this in the world. 

  

LESSON # 426 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Warning Lesson
A Declaration For Mankind
Guidance For Those Who Ward Off Evil
Admonitory Verse For Deniers Of Prophets
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –137 & 138 of 200, Section –14 (Part – 4)

137. Systems have passed away before you, do but travel in the land and see the nature of the consequence for those who did deny (the messengers).

138. This is a declaration for mankind, a guidance and an admonition unto those who ward off (evil).
137. Qad  khalat min-  qablikum  Suna-nun fasiiruu fil-‘arzi  fan- zuruu  kayfa  kaana 
‘aaqibatul-mukazzibiin.

138. Haazaa  ba-yaanul-linnaasi  wa  hudanwa-wa  maw-‘izatul- lil- muttaqiin.


Lesson

It has been stated in these verses that many nations have elapsed before the times of last Prophet, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). Major incidents have happened and the Law of Allah Almighty has manifested. Those people from the former nations, who gripped up their lions for enmity with the Prophets (peace be upon them) and accusing of falsehood the truth, turned away from confirmation and obedience of Allah Almighty and His Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), used to do evils and wrong. How bad their end was? Those persons, who followed the right and supported the Prophets (peace be upon them), how much peace and blessings were revealed upon them? If you have any doubt in it, then observe the signs of destruction of the disbelievers by traveling in the earth, which have been scattered everywhere even today.

The Muslims learn also from the previous events and conclusions. They should not be disappointed due to cruelties and oppression of the infidels or their casual defeat, because the Just shall overcome at last, and only the Muslims will conquer. The groups of the people will take shelter in embrace of Islam very soon gradually. This practice of Allah Almighty has remained from the very beginning that victory is only of the Right.   

These contents are being described in the Holy Qur’an. The people who fear from Allah Almighty, acquire guidance and advice listening to these subjects. Nevertheless, those persons, who do not have His fear in their hearts, they cannot get any advantage from such advice.

The Holy Qur’an has prestige of universal guidance. It guides the human beings to find the road, which had been lost by them, (it shows the Way of Guidance to  every nation during every time). Incidents described in it bring us also to the Straight Path even today; the scholars may succeed by following them. Three characteristics of Holy Qur’an have been described especially in these verses:

1.  It has a particular message for the people.

2.  It is a guidance for the human beings.

3.  It is a warning lesson and source of guidance for the sober.

Those people, who falsify such Holy Scripture, they will remain unfortunate in the world as well as on the Day of Resurrection. 


LESSON # 427 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Superiority Of The Muslims
The Muslims Will Overcome
Overcoming Of Believers
Believers Will Get The Upper Hand  
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –139 of 200, Section –14 (Part – 4)

Faint not nor grieve, for ye will overcome them if ye are (indeed) believers. 
Wa  laa  tahinuu  wa  laa  tahzanuu 
wa  ‘antumul-‘a’-lawna  ‘in-kuntum-Mu’-miniin.


Lesson

laa  tahinuu – (Faint not), it means, “Don’t be depressed, do not be lazy, do not dishearten. Keep moving on the right path with complete faith and confidence”.

laa  tahzanuu – (do not grieve), usually someone feels grief about the past shortness and depravities. 

‘al-‘a’-lawna – (you will overcome), it aims each type of superiority, prevalence, overcoming, influence, mastery and excess – either that is spiritual or material. Here it means material overcoming.

This verse has also revealed in the course of the circumstances of the Battle of ‘Uhud. When the Muslims were being broken due to wounds, dead bodies of many braves and young were lying before them, the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) had been wounded also and apparently symptoms of weakness of the Muslims were found. During such conditions, Allah Almighty revealed this hopeful Message, “O Muslims! Do not be hopeless due to fear of harshness and do not show your weakness opposite to the cruelties of the enemies of the religion. Last victory is of you and you will overcome them if you are indeed Believers and stand still in strive and struggle (Jihaad) obeying the commands of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him).

Due to these glad tidings, broken hearts of the Muslims were tied. New strength in the arms of the crusaders and stability in their intentions sprang up. The Infidels who were spreading over the Muslims and expanding forward they were attacking continuously, could not bear this new attack of the Crusaders of Islam and surrendered to the extent that they ran away leaving the battlefield behind.

A skillful subject comes out from this verse that is to say; most necessary condition to obtain the mastery over the enemies of the Just is Faith. As the number of Muslims is not sufficient; the battle equipment is less in quantity, even then they can get the upper hand over Infidels with the help of Allah Almighty, if their belief in Allah Almighty is strong and firm. Then success and exaltation comes automatically.

The biggest difference between Believer and Disbeliever is that, ‘most precious thing for the Believer is obedience of Allah Almighty and love with His Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). He does Muhammadan Religious War (crusade) for the most dignified Word of Allah Almighty sacrificing his every thing. On the contrary, most beloved thing for a Disbeliever is his own life. Wherever he will feel danger for his life, he will run away, while A Believer makes an offering of his life in the Path of Allah Almighty in stake’. Therefore, no power can stay before him. There is dire need of the ardor of the faith today too.  


  
LESSON # 428 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Hard Times
The Vicissitudes Of Fortune
Turning Round Of Days
Change Of Fortune
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –140a of 200, Section –14 (Part – 4)

If ye have received a blow, the (disbelieving) people have received a blow the like thereof. And these are (only) the vicissitudes which We cause to follow one another for mankind to the end, 
‘Iny-yamsaskum  qarhun- faqad  missal-qawma 
qarhum-misluh.  Wa  tilkal-‘ayyaamu  nudaawiluhaa 
banyan-naas,


Lesson

The Muslims were much confused due to the loss, which was sustained by them in the Battle of ‘Uhud. In addition, they were hurt more due to taunts of the hypocrites and the enemies.

Qarhun -  (blow, wound, stroke, sudden calamity, shock etc), blow means that martyrdom of many lives in the battle of ‘Uhud and great financial loss, which was due to their own mistakes, the Muslims had to bear. Their many braves were slain and injured.
  
’ Ayyaamun -  (days) “Yaum” is its singular. In Arabic, the word “yaum” is used on many occasions. For instance, one time; that is to say – a moment, one-day or unlimited time. Here ‘ayyaam means turning round of the days, admiring, and hard and soft times. As we say, “Time flies”. It is wandering shadow and the vicissitudes of life.    

In this verse, Allah Almighty consoled the Muslims that, “If you have received a blow in this battle or you have to bear some trouble, don’t worry. The disbelieving people have also received a blow the like thereof. There is no doubt that in the Battle of ‘Uhud, your seventy-five men were martyred and so many were injured but one year earlier during the Battle of Badr, seventy great chiefs of the Infidels were reached the Hell and many were injured. Besides this, in the beginning of the Battle of ‘Uhud at first their many braves were killed and injured. In the Battle of Badr their seventy men were captured. They suffered much dishonor at the hands of Muslims but none of you did see this disgrace. However, if you compare the loss between you and them, then no space of sadness and grief remains”. 

It is a universal truth that We change the softness and hardness, suffering and comfort, and the days of trouble and relief in the people. There are so many philosophies hidden in it. Then while the Infidels did not leave supporting the infidelity after suffering troubles, then how the Believers can lose their courage in support of the Right?

It is revealed from this verse that if the Muslims have to suffer grief and trouble for some days in the Way of Allah Almighty, then they should not be distressed because this disaster is casual. Allah Almighty uses to alter the days of hardship and relief for the individuals and the nations.



LESSON # 429 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Proof And Critical Examination
Test And Scrutiny
Trial And Inquiry
Scrutiny And Investigation
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –140b & 141 of 200, Section –14 (Part – 4)

140b.  that Allah may know those who believe and may choose witnesses from among you. And Allah loveth not wrongdoers-

141.  And that Allah may prove those who believe, and may blight the disbelievers.
140b.  Wa  liya’-lamallaa-hullaziina  ‘aa-manuu  wa  yattakhiza  minkum 
shuhadaaa’.  Wallaahu  laa 
yuhibbuz-Zaalimiin-

141.  Wa  li-yumahhisal-laahul-laziina  ‘aamanuu  wa  yamhaqal-kaarifiin.

Lesson

Allah Almighty keeps changing the days of suffering and ease in different nations for the purpose that He may know the truly Believers and Hypocrites. The Believer trusts in Allah Almighty during the days of calamity and trouble also. He has faith in patience and constancy, remains persevering in belief and credence, and desiring victory and support from Allah Almighty. On the contrary, the Infidels and Hypocrites become very much confused during the days of hardship and distress. They become very active to help the false and spurious for their personal advantage and to save their own lives.

Bear in mind that Allah Almighty never loves the tyrants and oppressors. Think never that Allah Almighty loves the Idolaters due to which they acquired (casual) success in the Battle of ‘Uhud. On no account, it is like this, but there are some other causes of their success. One object of coming calamity upon the Muslims is too that Allah Almighty purify the Believers and ruin the Infidels. Victory and defeat is a changing. Position of martyrdom had given to the Muslims, to examine the Believers and Hypocrites, to purify the Muslims from sins and to ruin gradual the Infidels was the actual aim.

Today too when we observe that the Muslims are suffering from the mountains of miseries and calamities, and the non-Muslim nations are in the way of prosperity and improvement, then some people say, “they are better than us, Allah Almighty is contented to them, He is displeased upon us”. Whereas reality is different, actual aim is that the Muslims should assert more humility and weakness in the Court of Allah Almighty, they should repent of sins and try to correct their circumstances, so that the Infidels and disobedient become target of Allah’s wrath and rage.

In short, there are four objects of trial and examination:

1.  Allah Almighty may know, “Who are the Believers and whose faith is strong”.

2.   Who present evidence of their belief?

3.   The Believers should be purified.

4.    The Infidels and the enemies of the religion should be destroyed.     



LESSON # 430 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Condition For Admission Into Paradise
Do Ye Deem That Ye Would Enter Paradise?
Two Necessary Acts For Entering The Garden
Verily Ye Used To Wish For Death Before Ye Met It
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –142 & 143 of 200, Section –14 (Part – 4)

142.  Do ye deem that ye would enter Paradise while yet Allah knoweth not those of you who really strive, nor knoweth those (of you) who are steadfast?

143.  And verily ye used to wish for death before ye met it (in the field); now ye have seen it with your eyes. 
142.  ‘Am  hasibtum  ‘an-  tad-khulul-Jannata  wa  lammaa 
ya’-lamillaa-hullaziina  jaaha-duu  minkum  wa  ya’-lamas-Saabiriin.

143.  Wa  laqad  kuntum  taman-nawnal-mawta  min  qabli  ‘an-talqawh; faqad  ra-‘aytumuuhu  wa  ‘antum 
tanzuruun.

Lesson

It has been mentioned in this verse, “Do you consider that you would reach there easily and comfortably, where Allah Almighty wishes to cause to arrive the Muslims (at most dignified places of the Paradise and higher grades)? In addition, Allah Almighty will not observe through your test and trial, that how much of you are those who really strive and who are steadfast? Keep it in your minds that only those people are caused to reach the superior posts, who are ready to sacrifice their lives and bear each kind of hardness and severity in the Path of Allah Almighty.
                                      
Those companions (may Allah Almighty be pleased with them) who could not participate in the Battle of Badr, they used to long for it that Allah Almighty produce another chance again, so that ‘we’ also achieve the grade of martyrdom in the Way of Allah Almighty. It has been commanded in this verse, “The longing, which you had earlier in your breasts, that has appeared in front of you. That is to say; you wished to strive with the fond of martyrdom in the path of Allah Almighty. At this time, treacherous powers are before you. How strange is it if instead of going ahead, now you want to withdraw? Moreover, you would have to accomplish the desires of your hearts. 

It has come in the Sayings of the Messenger, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), “Do not wish ever to defy against the enemy. However, if the time has come and you have been compelled to fight, remain steadfast now and strive the crusade if the enemy is challenging you.   

It is evident from the verses that to acquire the result of goodness, someone has to bear the hardships in the Way of Allah Almighty. Test and examination declares that, “who deserves the Paradise? Who has the right to become Its heir? In such a manner, the Muslims would have to face different kinds of calamities and troubles to get Paradise. Therefore, they should remain steadfast and patient. 



            
LESSON # 431 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Muhammad Is Messenger Of Allah Almighty
If Messenger Dies, Will You Turn Back?
Entire Messengers Have Passed Away
He Who Turns Back, Does Not Hurt To Allah
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –144 of 200, Section –15 (Part – 4)

Muhammad is but a Messenger, messengers (the like of whom) have passed away before him. Will it be that, when he dieth or is slain, ye will turn back on your heels? He who turneth back on his heels doth no hurt to Allah. And Allah will reward the thankful.   
Wa  maa  Muhammadun  ‘illaa 
Rasuul. 
Qad  khalat  min-qablihir-rusul.  ‘Afa-‘immaata  ‘aw  qutilan-qalabtum  ‘alaaa  ‘a’-qaabikum.  Wa   many-yan-qalib  ‘alaa  ‘aqibayhi  falany-yazurrallaaha  shay-‘aa.  Wa  sa-yaj-zillaahush-Shaakiriin.

Lesson

Former nations formed their Spiritual Guides, Reformers, Prophets and Messengers either as God or son of god, and deemed them higher than the humankind. Islam has determined the actual rank of the Messenger in Kalima-tush-Shahaadat, “Ash-hadu allaaa  ilaaha  ‘Il-lal-laa-hu, Wah-dahuu,  Laa  sha-reeka  lahuu,  wa  ash-hadu  anna  Muhamma-dan  ‘Abdu  Huu  wa  RasuuluHu” (I bear witness that verily there is no God but Allah. He is the One, None is Partner with Him. And I bear witness that verily Muhammad is His ‘Abd (servant) and His Apostle). (He is neither God, nor Son of God, nor the Incarnation of God). There is no priesthood in Islam, No rituals, no formalities of baptism.  

After producing this basic principle of Islam in the above-mentioned verses, it has been signified towards an important event of the Battle of ‘Uhud, which is as under:

In the battlefield of ‘Uhud, Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) prepared a map for war personally. After setting the rank and file in order, He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) observed that one pass of the hill of ‘Uhud had remained. The Army of enemy could attack the Muslims from behind that pass. Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) detailed fifty archers to stand on the pass, appointed ‘Abdullah bin Jabiir (may Allah be pleased with him) as their leader and urged them also, “You should not leave your position and remain standing on the same place. Even if you observe that the winged creature are pinching and eating the flesh of our Army, still you would not have to leave your place”. Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) commanded, “Until you will keep your footing at this place, till then we shall remain triumphant upon the enemy”.

The battle began. A furious war was fought. Crusaders of Islam were showing advantage of manliness and bravery. The Idolaters of Quraish were not able to find any path except running away from the front of the fearlessness of Abu Dajaanah, Ali and other Crusaders of Islam. Allah Almighty kept His promise. The Infidels suffered a defeat. They began to run away. The Muslim soldiers began to collect the enemy’s property and assets in possession (booty).

When the bowmen of the hill-pass observed this scene, they considered that “the Muslims have succeeded. Now staying here (at pass of the hill) is useless and avoidable. We should pursue the enemy and take our share from the booty. Their leader Abdullah bin Jabiir (may Allah be pleased with him) reminded them dictation of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), but the archers imagined that they have completed their duty according to the desire of Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). They all broke in collecting the booty except Abdullah bin Jabiir and his only ten companions (archers) remained for the safety of the pass.

As soon as the archers left their place, one troop of horses, which was being commanded by Khalid bin Waleed returned and attacked from the hill-pass side. A handful strength of ten bowmen could not stop two hundred fifty horse-riders, however, ‘Abdullah bin Jabiir  and his companions (may Allah be pleased with him) sacrificed their lives during fight. Now the Muslims were surrounded from the both sides. They fought as much strongly that ‘Al-‘amaan wal-Hafiiz. Many Muslims were martyred and injured. At the same time an Infidel threw a stone on the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), which caused to martyr his tooth and face was injured. Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) fell down due to severity of the  injury and someone spread the rumor that Prophet of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) has been killed.

Listening to this news the Muslims lost their senses and they lose their footing. A few Muslims threw their weapons. Some of them thought about getting safety from the leader of Idolaters. The Hypocrites began to say that while Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) has been killed then we should adopt our ancient religion leaving Islam.
  
At that critical time, Ans ibne-Al-Nafar (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “If Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) has been killed then his God is still alive. After Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) there is no use to live. For which aim Prophet Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) was killed, we also would sacrifice ourselves for that same purpose. Saying these words, he moved forward and martyred. Then suddenly, Messenger of Allah (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) called, “O slaves of Allah come here”. Listening to that particular voice, the Muslims began to shrink there again. Three Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) defended coming near to him (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and caused the Army of Idolaters to run away.

Then this verse was revealed, “Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is not God but a Messenger. Many Prophets (peace be upon them) have been passed away before him (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). After the Prophets (peace be upon them), their followers sustained the religion always. Therefore, your passing away from the world would not be a surprise. If you (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) die or martyr then, would the people turn away from serving the religion and protecting the religion? Remember it that, “If someone does so, he will lose himself; it will influence nothing to God. You should thank Allah Almighty that He has chosen you for the services of His religion.

It is obligatory upon us to learn from this verse and remain steadfast on His religion in the absence of the Messenger of Allah (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). Holy Qur’an has been committed to the trust and our care by the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), which is source of eternal and everlasting Guidance. Besides this, model roll and sayings of the Messenger, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) are before us. We should follow his (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) footsteps and get success. Islam will remain alive always.



  LESSON # 432 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Reward In The World And Hereafter
Return For Good
No Soul Can Ever Die Except By Allah’s Leave
Allah Will Reward The Thankful
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –145 of 200, Section –15 (Part – 4)

No soul can ever die except by Allah’s leave and at a term appointed. Whoso desireth the reward of the world, We bestow on him thereof; and whoso desireth the reward of the Hereafter, We bestow on him thereof. And We shall reward the thankful. 
Wa  maa  kaana  li-nafsin  ‘an- tamuuta  ‘illaa  bi-‘iznillaahi  ki-taabam-mu-‘ajjalaa. Wa  many-yurid  sa-waabad-dunyaa  nu’-tihii  minhaa. Wa many-yurid  sa-waabal-‘Aakhirati  nu’-tihii  minhaa. Wa  sanaj-zish-Shaakiriin.

Lesson

It has been told in this verse that none can die without the order of Allah Almighty, no matter how much reasons for death are collected. Moreover, death of every person occurs at its specific time. If the situation is likewise then the people who have trust in Allah Almighty should neither be confounded from it and nor be disappointed and doubting after hearing the death of any young or old.

The person who desires the reward of his good deeds in the world, Allah Almighty will bestow on him thereof; and whoso desires the reward in the Hereafter, He will bestow on him thereof. For instance; the squad of archers disobeyed the Holy Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) in the Battle of ‘Uhud and broke in collecting the booty. Those people wanted reward of strife and struggle (Jihaad) in the path of Allah Almighty in the world. Second type of the people is those who executed the order of Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). For instance, chief of archers Abdullah bin Jabiir and his only ten companions (archers) saw the enemies running away from the battlefield and found the Muslims collecting the booty, but they did not move from their place. They preferred the Obedience of Holy Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) instead of property and material belonging to this world. They remained steadfast in obedience of Holy Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) without caring for the booty. Reward for these types of particular people is in the Hereafter.

The people who will remain steadfast upon the religion, they will get the religion also as well as there will be no deduction in their property in the world, and they will succeed in the Hereafter too. Allah Almighty will grant them more rewards that feel obliged and value the graciousness. Some people become so blind in the greed and selfishness and lose their senses that their belief does not remain in Hereafter. They say that they should be paid their reward for their deeds in cash (in the world) not in loan (in the Hereafter). They think that it is unknown and not sure to come again to be alive. They want to get the rewards of their virtues, hardworking and goodness in this world. Such people remain in severe loss because getting reward in this world is nothing as compared to the Hereafter.  



        
        LESSON # 433 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Prophets And Their Devoted Men
Messengers And Their Companions
Allah’s Apostles And Their Companions
The Messengers And Their Followers
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse –146 of 200, Section –15 (Part – 4)

And with how many a Prophet have there been a number of devoted men who fought (beside him). They quailed not for aught that befell them in the Way of Allah, nor did they weaken, nor were they brought low. And Allah loveth the steadfast.    
Wa  ka-‘ayyim-min-nabiyyin-qaatala, ma-‘ahuu  Rib-biyyuuna  kasiir.  Famaa 
wahanuu 
limaaa’asaabahum  fii 
Sabiilillaahi 
wa  maa  za-‘ufuu  wa  mastakaanuu. 
Wallaahu 
yuhibbus-Saabiriin.    

Lesson

This topic begins from the previous two verses that the Prophets and the Messengers came in the world and passed away. Like this, last Messenger, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) was sent for a prescribed period. But his (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) religion will remain till the General Resurrection, and the Scripture brought by him will remain a source of Guidance always for the nations and persons of the world. Therefore, it will be opposite of the wisdom and sense to show the weakness and laziness in the matter of the religion. Those people who appeared suspicion due to listening false news about martyrdom of Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) in the Battlefield of ‘Uhud, they were wrong. The Religion belongs to Allah Almighty and He is the Ever living, the Self-Subsisting by whom all subsist. Mortality does not overtake Him.

Continuing this chain of the Word, it has been described in this verse about the Prophets and the Messengers (peace be upon them) and their good disposition followers (companions) (may Allah be pleased with them). So that the followers (‘Ummah) of the last Messenger, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) may get lesson from them.

Rib-biyyuuna – (the devoted men), this word has been derived from the word ‘Rabb’ that is added to a noun of Allah Almighty. Rib-biyyuun means those persons who have relation with their Lord, seekers and lovers of Allah Almighty. The people used to say the Jews scholars as Rabbii, plural of which is Rib-biyyuun. 

It is being commanded, “Often that the devotee men and pious servants fought against the enemies of Allah Almighty supporting the Prophets (peace be upon them). Good or bad, each type of time comes in the war. Some times one group wins and the other is defeated and some times opposite to it. But their steadfast feet never trembled. Their spirit and strength never accounted for. They suffered thousand times, but neither they were lazy, nor they had shown weakness and nor they went down. Allah Almighty keeps friends likewise steadfast and stable temperament people. The Muslims would have to produce these virtues in to them to become beloved of Lord Almighty”.  


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore and tran slated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif.

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