Tuesday, December 30, 2014

Wa laa taq-tuluu ‘anfusakum ‘InnAllaaha kaana bikum Rahiimaa


Lessons 494 to 505

LESSON # 494 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Allah Guides You By The Examples
God Forgives Them Who Get Guidance 
They Want You To Go Astray, Who Follow Vain Desires
Allah Desires To Make The Burden Light For You 
Humankind Is Created Weak
Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –26, 27 & 28 of 176, Section –5/24 (Part – 5)
 
26.  Allah would explain to you and guide you by the examples of those who were before you, and would turn to you in mercy. And Allah is ever Knower, Wise.

27.  And Allah would turn to you in mercy. And those who follow vain desires would have you go tremendously astray. 
                                         
28.  Allah Desires that He should make the burden light for you, and man is created weak.
26.  Yuriidullaahu  liyubayyina  lakum  wa  yahdiyakum  sunanal-laziina  min- qablikum  wa  yatuu-ba  ‘alaykum.  Wallaahu  ‘Alii-mun  Hakiim.

27.  Wallaahu  yuriidu  ‘any-yatuuba  ‘alaykum;  wa  yuriidul-laziina  yattabi-‘uunash-shaha-waati  ‘an-  tamiiluu  maylan  ‘aziimaa.

28.  Yuriidullaahu  ‘any-yukhaf-fifa  ‘ankum.  Wa  khuliqal-‘in-saanu  za-‘iifaa.    

Lesson

Here it has been described that aim of the orders, which Allah Almighty reveals for humanity, is that the human beings would know the difference between lawful and unlawful. They may get the chance to follow the Path of last Messengers (peace be upon them). Moreover, He desires to forgive their sins and to have mercy on them. He knows very well our opportunities and circumstances, and the wisdom is hidden in His each revelation, plan and order. The result of it will be distance from the guidance and opposition of the last Chosen Entities {Prophets and Messengers of Allah Almighty (peace be upon them)}, if His each order is not carried out properly. In this case, the mankind will remain debarred from His Mercy and Forgiveness.

Allah Almighty revealed different orders regarding most important matters of human life, that is to say, in connection with the matrimonial relationship, for instance, censure of fornication, repentance from it, decrees about the women, mention of the free, believing women, mahr after nuptial and other conditions and restrictions, prohibition of sinfulness. Human being becomes unpleasant in obeying these orders due to his/her some personal weaknesses. Therefore, Allah Almighty has checked very strictly to carry out these entire instructions and commanded that aim of these all conditions and restrictions is that Mercy of Allah Almighty would be revealed on the mankind. The persons, who are lewd, they want to bring you away from the straight path, so that you do also the lewdness and go astray like them.

Allah Almighty knows the weaknesses of the humanity and recognizes that how much human beings can have patience from the lust and desirables. Therefore, He has regarded mitigation in His each order. Allah Almighty has not practiced parsimony mercifully in His Religious Law.   




LESSON # 495 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
One Should Not Squander One’s Wealth in Vanity
Nobody Should Kill the Other 
Trade Is Lawful By Mutual Consent
God Will Cast the Aggressor into Fire 
Every Thing Is Easy To Do For Allah
Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –29 & 30 of 176, Section –5/24 (Part – 5)
 
29.  O ye who believe! Squander not your wealth among yourselves in vanity, except it be a trade by mutual consent. And kill not one another. Lo! Allah is ever Merciful unto you.

30.  Whoso doeth that through aggression and injustice, we shall cast him into Fire. And that is ever easy for Allah.
29.  Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aa-manuu  laa  ta’-kuluuu  ‘amwaa-lakum-  baynakum-  bil-baatili  ‘illaaa  ‘an-takuuna  tijaaratan  ‘an-taraazim-minkum  wa  laa  taq-tuluu  ‘anfusakum  ‘Innal-laaha  kaana  bikum  Rahiimaa.

30.  Wa  many-yaf-al  zaalika  ‘udwaananw-wa  zulman-  fa-sawfa  nusliihi  Naaraa.  Wa  kaana zaalika  ‘alallaahi  yasii-raa.      

Lesson

It has been ordered to the believers after describing the matrimonial laws and punishments of their disobedience that the people should not squander others’ wealth in vanity, for example; do not plunder the wealth of other people unjust through telling a lie, treachery, theft or plundering and lottery etc. However, if you trade by mutual consent or participate in any business, then it is lawful for you to take the wealth of one another by mutual willingness.

Second order, in this regard is “And kill not one another.” Injustice murder of any other Muslim brothers is unlawful.

Then it has been described that “Allah is ever Merciful unto you” Who reveals such orders, due to which neither any person can squander the wealth of any other person in vanity, nor he can kill someone unlawfully. These entire Instructions are for your goodness only.  

The person, who does against these orders of Allah Almighty, that is to say; if he/she either squanders the wealth of others in vanity, by using force or tyranny, or kills someone, then his/her abode is Hell. It is not difficult for Allah Almighty to throw the tyrants in the Fire of Hell, but it is very easy and simple for Him. Therefore, in view of the above, you should refrain from tyrannizing someone because we are Muslims. If we shall tyrannize any person, we would be thrown into the Hell.

In addition, we should keep in view that Allah Almighty is Creator and Master of the entire creatures. No power can stop Him from doing justice and punishing the evildoers and neither He shell favor someone improper, nor will He use force unlawful against anyone.    




LESSON # 496 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Flight from the Great Sins
Allah Will Remit Evil Deeds, If One Avoid Great (Things) 
Runaway from Great Faults
God Makes You Enter at a Noble Place if. . . 
Avoid Great Sins if You Wish To Enter the Heaven
Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –31 of 176, Section –5/24 (Part – 5)
 
If ye avoid the great (things) which ye are forbidden, We will remit from you your evil deeds and make you enter at a noble gate.
‘In-  taj-tanibuu  kabaaa-‘ira  maa tun-hawna  ‘anhu  nu-kaffir  ‘ankum  sayyi-‘aatikum  wa  nud-khilkum-  Mud-khalan-kariimaa.      

Lesson

taj-tanibuu(you avoid), this word’s origin is ‘ij-tinaab, which means ‘to avoid, to evade, to fly, to abstain from, to keep aloof (aversion).
                                                  
kabaaa-‘ira{(great (things)}, its singular is kabiirah. The words Kabiirah and ‘akbar etc have been derived from the same word. Kabiirah is that sin, which is great. On its contrary, little and customary mistakes are called Sagiirah (minor sins).

It was mentioned in the previous verse that the person, whoso would squander someone’s wealth in vanity and kill any other person through aggression and injustice, his punishment is Hell. In this verse, it has been induced to refrain from the sins and on holding back from the evils, Allah Almighty has promised to forgive and pardon them, and caused them to hope for the Heaven, so that after knowing it, every person would have to try to refrain from the sins.

It is order of our Lord Almighty that who will keep himself away from the great sins, as crimes relating to any person’s theft, injustice, murder or plundering, then his little sins will be forgiven.  

The religious scholars have made explanation of this verse differently. Here one Hadith {Saying of Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him)}, described by ‘Abu Hurairah (may Allah Almighty be pleased with him) is being presented for correct explanation. Summary of the Hadith is ‘Messenger of Allah Almighty said, “Allah Almighty has determined sin by different parts of fornication upon the children of Adam (peace be upon him). For example, the part of eye is ‘to see’ in the act of adultery, the part of tongue is ‘to talk about the act of fornication, the part of spirit is ‘wish of adultery. Actual commission of the act of fornication depends on ‘womb and penis’ etc. If this bad act has been committed, then entire parts have fornicated i.e. the eye, the tongue and the heart etc. If it has not been committed, then all remaining helpers of the fornication act will be forgiven. 

In this regard, the above-mentioned verse aims that the people, who refrain from the great sins, whether, they commit minor mistakes, which become cause of the great sins, but these people escape from the great sins, then they will not be questioned about their little sins, and they will get also reward due to not committing great sins. The reason of such reward is that they controlled their rebellious spirit and evil wishes, and they saved themselves from the grievous mistakes.   




LESSON # 497 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Envy not one another
Jealously 
People shall have the benefit what they earn
Allah Hath Made Some of You Excel Others 
Ask Allah of His Bounty
Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –32 of 176, Section –5/24 (Part – 5)
 
And cover not the thing in which Allah hath made some of you excel others. Men shall have the benefit what they earn and women shall have the benefit what they earn. (Envy not one another) and ask Allah of His Bounty. Lo! Allah is ever Knower of all things.
Wa  laa  tatamannaw  maa  fazzalallaahu  bihii  ba’-zakum  ‘alaa  ba’-z.  Lir-rijaali  nasii-bum-mimmak-tasabuu.  Wa  lin-nisaaa-‘i  nasiibum-mimmak-tasabn.  Was-‘alullaaha  min- faz-lih.  ‘Innallaaha  kaana  bi-kulli  shay-‘in  ‘Aliimaa.

Lesson

If Allah Almighty bestows any person excel and superiority over you or other persons in any matter, and elevates him in it, then you should not be ambitious of that. It is likewise too as to interfere in someone’s life and wealth without grounds, which has been determined unlawful as per previous verses. Besides it, such greediness increases mutual jealousy and spite, and adversity of the Will and Wisdom of Allah Almighty manifests from it also. Allah Almighty does not like these entire subjects.

Purpose of revelation of this verse is that some women came to see the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and said, “O Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him)! What is the reason that Allah Almighty addresses the men in each matter and commands them only, and He does not mention about the women anywhere, in addition, the men are given double from the women out of inheritance of the dead? Those women have been replied for their question in this verse that Allah Almighty has made the men excel the women due to a specific skill. Therefore, they (the women) should not envy because of this superiority of the men.

Allah Almighty commands that the portion from the inheritance has been fixed for the women as well as the men, as some persons work more, so they get remuneration more. Nothing is lessened from it. Allah Almighty has bestowed the men a particular excellence, superiority and magnificence upon the women in accord with His Knowledge. If the women envy on it, then it will be an unreasonable desire. However, if they get more reward and prize by doing good deeds, then it will be better. The person, who wishes more Bounty of Allah Almighty, he/she should call for His Mercy by doing more and more good deeds. He/she should not be seeker of the Bounty of Allah Almighty through envy and malice. Allah Almighty has Knowledge of every thing. He Knows the right and the place of everybody very well and deals them according to their position.     




LESSON # 498 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Appointed Heirs
God Is Ever Witness over All Things 
Dues Should Be Given To All Heirs Properly
God Has Appointed Actual Heirs 
Heirs Are Only Near Kindred
Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –33 of 176, Section –5/24 (Part – 5)
 
And unto each We have appointed heirs of that which parents and near kindred leave. And as for those with whom your right hands have made a covenant, give them their due. Lo! Allah is ever Witness over all things.
Wa  li-kullin-  ja-‘alnaa  mawaa-liya  mimmaa  tarakal-waa-lidaani  wal-  ‘aqrabuun.  Wal-laziina  ‘aqadat  ‘aymaanukum  fa—‘aatuuhum  nasiibahum.  ‘Innallaaha  kaana  ‘alaa  kulli  shay-‘in  Shahiidaa.

Lesson

‘Al-laziina  ‘aqadat  ‘aymaanukum(as for those with whom your right hands have made a covenant), the persons, with whom you have promised for something, any treaty of alliance).

It has been described in this verse that the heirs have the right of portion from the wealth, which has been left by any deceased person, whether the dead persons either are parents or near kindred and with whom your right hands have made any covenant, they should be given their due.

Allah Almighty recognizes well that, what the portion of inheritance should be for which heir and what should be given to those who have been promised and that who accepts His orders and who denies/disobeys.

Reason of this verse’s revelation has been mentioned that many people used to embrace Islam individually leaving their idolater and infidel families, and their families and relatives used to remain infidels until long. The Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) made two by two Muslims as partners (brothers) of one another to remove this condition of the Muslims. Therefore, those partners used to become heirs of each other. But after some time, when their near kindred and relatives embraced Islam, then this verse was revealed that actually, the hereditary is the right of only those near kindred and real relatives. Spoken brothers have no right in the inheritance. However, they should be treated with good behaviour in their lives, and if someone bequeaths anything for them at the time of death then it is convenient too. But lawfully they have no right in hereditary.

Allah Almighty has fixed the shares in the inheritance, which are due from the members of the family, near kindred and the relatives vide different verses. These entire portions of the inheritance have been determined in view of their rights and requisitions of all of them. These are good and proper from the beginning to the end for the Muslims in its acceptance. Therefore, we should perform them without any hesitation. Knowledge of Allah Almighty comprehends every thing. He understands very well the intentions and deeds of humankind. He shall reward or punish them in accord with their intentions.      



 LESSON # 499 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Men Are In Charge of Women
Good Women Are Obedient Of Their Men 
God Made the Men to Excel the Women
Women Should Be Guarding In Secret That Which Allah Has Guarded
Husband Has Excellence over His Wife  
Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –34a of 176, Section –6/24 (Part – 5)
 
Men are in charge of women, because Allah hath made the one of them to excel the other, and because they spend of their property (for the support of women). So good women are the obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah hath guarded.
‘Ar-rijaalu  qawwaamuuna  ‘alan-nisaaa-‘i  bimaa  fazzalal-laahu  ba’-zahum  ‘alaa  ba’-zinw-wa  bimaaa  ‘anfaquu  min  ‘am-waalihim.  Fas-Saalihaatu  qaa-nitaatun  haafi-zaatul-lil-gaybi  bimaa  hafi-zallaah.
  
Lesson

Qawwaamuuna (In charge, caretaker, and governors), this word’s singular is Qawwam, which has been derived from Qayyaam. There may be two aiming meanings of this word:

·         The ruler and the monitor.

·         The person, who provides surety, guarantee and security.

Many religious interpreters have described the meaning of qawwaamuuna  ‘alan-nisaaa-‘i as ‘the Sponsoring and providers of livelihood to the women, and their protectors.

Grades of men and women have been mentioned in this verse and it has been described that the men are senior to the women. Therefore, due to difference of their both grades, the difference will also be about them and this difference depends entirely on wisdom. Women and men are not equal. If the women wish equality and balance with the men, then it will be totally improper and unreasonable. Allah Almighty has appointed the men to look after the women, in charge of them and their caretakers. Following reasons have been described about the excellence of the men:

·       The man has been bestowed excellence over the woman. This excellence is with regard to carnal and spiritual, as well as knowledge and practice too.

·       The men spend their wealth on the women. They are responsible to provide them money or its value incumbent on the husband, daily food, clothes, expenses of maintenance, necessities of life, for affairs of housekeeping and at each time of exigency etc.

Two responsibilities of good-natured women have been described in the Noble Qur’an:

·       They obey their men.

·       In the absence of husband, they protect themselves and preserve the wealth of their husbands according to the order of Allah Almighty, that is to say; they keep the duties of their married state and do not embezzle in the right of their husband.

In the modern period, echo of mutual equation between men and women is elevating by the people of new (false) illuminated countries. The women are claiming equality of the men. For us, this verse of Holy Qur’an renders good service of flambeau of the way. In addition, these western nations have been viewing the vicious results of their civilization with their open eyes. Instead of following such nations blindly, it is our duty to get advice from this verse of Noble Qur’an and produce a pattern for others.   



LESSON # 500 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Correction Of Obstinate Women
Method Of Bettering The Rebellious Women 
How To Mend The Disobedient Women
Lawful Permission For Husband To Correct His Wife
Dealing With Insolent Wife 
Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –34b of 176, Section –6/24 (Part – 5)
 
And as for those from whom ye fear desertion, admonish them and banish them to beds apart, and scourge them. Then if they obey you, seek not a way against them. Lo! Allah is ever High, Exalted, Great.
Wallaatii  takhaa-fuuna  nushuu-zahunna  fa-‘izuuhunna  wah-juruuhunna  fil-mazaaji-‘i  wazribuu-hunn.  Fa-‘in  ‘ata’-nakum  falaa  tab-guu  ‘alayhinna  sabiilaa.  ‘Innallaaha  kaana  ‘A-liyyan- Ka-biiraa.
 
Lesson

In the previous lesson, we have learnt the status of the man by the word qawwaamuuna, that is to say; the men are ruler, caretaker, monitor and in charge of the women due to being excelled by Allah Almighty and spending their wealth for providing them their necessities of life. Woman of good disposition is that who is obedient and looks after in the absence of her husband. She is not only protector of her chastity and honor but preserves also the rights, benefits, wealth, property, family and household goods of her husband.

After telling about rights and duties of both (men and women), now principles and methods of correction are being described in case of produced difficulties and badness in the matters of practical life.

Mutual coolness and misunderstanding springs up for some times, although husband and wife have all good relations between them, and it is a usual matter. Moreover, it is also possible that an obedient wife may disobey or she may have some bad habits, which may occur at any time from her. What should be the behaviour of husband in these circumstances?  

Punishment for those women has been described in the verse, who disobey, abuse their husbands or have bad habits. First step of their punishment is that the husband should admonish verbally and advise them. If she does not admit it then he should be separate from her bed during sleeping. If even then, she does not agree, then last stage is to beat her. Nevertheless, the beating should not be such severe as neither the signs of beating are seen on her body, nor her any bone is broken.

We knew from it that every mistake and omission has different grade, and order of punishment is according to those grades. Beating the woman is the last stage of punishment. If the fault is very customary, then it is better to admonish instead of beating her. Moreover, beating should also be reasonable according to the grade of her mistake. It should be kept in mind in each condition that neither any bone of her body should be cracked, nor any sign of such wound should remain on her body.

Then if the women abstain from your disobedience or their bad habits after either advice or sleeping on separate bed or beating, then you should also stop punishing them. In addition, neither you should question them closely nor scrape their mistakes. Do not blame them, willing or not willing, but fear Allah Almighty. Certainly, He is ever High, Exalted, Great, Overcoming and Master of entire creatures. Remember it too that punishment of beating is not for the eminent women but for the disobedient and having bad habits.    



LESSON # 501 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Settlement And Arbitration
One Arbiter From Both Folks 
If Arbiters Desire Peace, Matter May Be Settled Easily
God Will Make Both Arbiters of One Mind
How To Settle The Dispute Of Man And Wife? 
Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –35 of 176, Section –6/24 (Part – 5)
 
And if ye fear a breach between them twain (the man and wife), appoint an arbiter from his folk and an arbiter from her folk. If they desire settlement, Allah will make them of one mind. Lo! Allah is Ever – Knower, Aware. 
Wa  ‘in-khiftum  shiqaaqa  baynihimaa  fab-‘asuu  haka-mam-min  ‘ahlihii  wa  haka-mam-min  ‘ahlihaa.  ‘Iny-yurii-daaa  ‘islaahany-  yuwaffi-qillaa-hu  baynahumaa.  ‘Innallaaha  kaana  ‘Aliiman  Khabiiraa.  
 
Lesson

Three methods for correction of disobedient, indecent and uncivil wives were told in the previous verse as for those women from whom you fear desertion, admonish them and banish them to beds apart, and scourge them. Now it is being described that if these methods fail, then what should you do?

Allah Almighty says, “If you fear a breach between them twain (the husband and the wife) and they do not make a truce mutually, then you should appoint an arbiter from his folk and an arbiter from her folk. If they desire settlement and betterment of these miserable circumstances sincerely and whole-heartedly, then Allah Almighty shall create any form of agreement and make them of one mind.”

Unevenness in the matrimonial life was found everywhere in the world before Islam. The women were not given any right anywhere. The wife was considered worse than tongue-less animal and less than slave and bondmaid. Islam provided her a specific dignity as daughter, sister, wife and mother. Overall, it determined her rights and grades in each relationship.

There was some other badness in many religions that there was no religious and legal form of separation after once married, and some of them had made the separation a pleasantry. The husbands used to away their wives at a little matter. Holy Qur’an made correction and modified above both forms.  

In case of dispute, at first it was told that the husband should try to correct the matters personally. Now it is being commanded that whenever it becomes impossible, then the dispute should be tried to settle through the arbiters of the folks. Stage of divorce should come at very end, which is considered a worse act out of the lawful deeds.   




LESSON # 502 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
The Rights
Rights of God and His Servants 
Serve Allah and Ascribe Nothing as Partner unto Him
Show Kindness to Parents, Kindred, Orphans and Needy
Allah Does not Love any Proud and Boastful 
Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –36 of 176, Section –6/24 (Part – 5)
 
And serve Allah: and ascribe nothing as partner unto Him and (show) kindness unto parents, and unto near kindred, and orphans, and the needy, and unto the neighbor who is of kin (unto you) and the neighbor who is not of kin, and the fellow-traveler and the wayfarer and (the slaves) whom your right hands possess. Lo! Allah loveth not such as are proud and boastful-
Wa’-budullaaha  wa  laa  tushrikuu  bihii  shay-‘anw-wa  bill-waalidayni  ‘ihsaananw-wa  bizil-qurba  wal-yataamaa  wal-masaakiini  wal- jaari-  zil-qurbaa  wal  jaaril-junubi-wassaahibi-  bil-jambi  wabnis-sabiili,  wa  maa  malakat  ‘aymaanukum.  ‘Innallaaha  laa  yuhibbu  man-  kaana  mukh-taalan-  fakhuuraa.
 
Lesson

After explaining the rights and duties of husband and wife, kindness and good behavior with each other, now Allah Almighty orders to serve Him, do not ascribe any partner to Him, and show kindness to each person according to his/her grade and depending on their needs. First priority to perform the duty is the rights of Allah Almighty. For this purpose, you should worship only Him. None is His partner in any matter. Do well by having hope of reward on the Day of Resurrection and believe in Allah Almighty. The persons who give their wealth to the needy being proud and boastful, they ascribe partner to Allah Almighty (because it is also a kind of polytheism).

Next to the rights of Allah Almighty, the rights of His servants come. Out of them, first grade is the rights of parents, who are responsible for the continuance of the generation. They look after and bring up their children at that time when the children would be very feeble and helpless. The parents are responsible even for their physical and mental training. Then the rights are about the near relatives and kindred. They use to help the person from time to time. Their rights should also be performed properly. Then the grade of rights comes about orphans and the poor. Orphan is helpless due to the depravity of parents and the poor is needy due to poverty. After it, the rights are about the neighbors who are of kin (unto you) and the neighbor who is not of kin have been determined. Then, there is a grade of friend and fellow. After them grade of travelers has come. Then it has been commanded to treat the slaves and maids with good behavior. At the end, Allah Almighty says, “The people who are proud and boastful (who do not consider anyone equal to them), they can’t perform these rights and Allah Almighty never likes such persons.”   




            Lesson # 503 from Holy Qur’aan
People, Who Spend Their Wealth For Public Show
Miserly People 
A Cheat and Miser
Stingy and Hypocrite
Treacherous and Avaricious Niggardly 
Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –37 & 38 of 176, Section –6/24 (Part – 5)
   
37.  Who are miserly and bid people to be miserly, and hide that which Allah hath bestowed upon them of His Bounty. And for disbelievers We have prepared a shameful doom.

38.  And (also) those who spend their wealth in order to be seen of men, and believe not in Allah nor the Last Day. And whoso taketh Satan for a comrade, a bad comrade hath he.
37.  ‘Allaziina  yab-khaluuna  wa  ya’-muruu-nannaasa  bil-bukhli   wa  yaktumuuna  maaa  ‘aataa-humullaahu  min  fazlih.  Wa  ‘a’-tadnaa  lil-kaafiriina  ‘azaabam-muhiinaa.

38.  Wallaziina  yunfi-quuna  ‘amwaalahum  ri-‘aaa-annaasi  wa  laa  yu’-minuuna  billaahi  wa  laa  bil-Yawmil-‘Aakhir.  Wa  many-yakunish-shaytaanu  lahuu  qariinan  fasaaa-‘a  qariinaa.


Lesson

This verse is about those people, who are miserly from spending in the path of Allah Almighty themselves and wish to keep off other people too from this goodness. Particularly those children of Israel, in whose Scripture ‘Torah’ the glad tidings about the Last Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him)were existent, and the verses were mentioned about the truth of Islam, but they used to hide them.

It was told in the previous verse, that the people who are proud and boastful on their wealth, Allah Almighty should never like them. Now it has been commanded that these are the characteristics of such people who are niggard. They spend nothing in the way of Allah Almighty, nor give any advantage to the others. Allah Almighty bestowed them knowledge and wealth but they hide it from other people. They persuade the people for avarice with their tongues as well as their actions. Allah Almighty says, “For disbelievers we have prepared a shameful doom.”

These are also peculiarities of the proud people that they spend their wealth only in order to be seen of men and for cheating, that is to say; they are stingy for spending in the way of Allah Almighty, and they bid the people to be miserly for this purpose. However, certainly they spend their wealth in order to be seen of men. Neither those people believe in Allah Almighty nor do they have any faith in the Last Day (the Day of Resurrection). That is why they do not spend their wealth in order to get the pleasure of Allah Almighty and for the purpose of reward. However, they just want to show others their goodness.

The favorite and accepted manner near Allah Almighty is to perform the rights of human beings, and aim of spending the wealth should be to get His pleasure, and have hope for reward in the Hereafter. Only those people who are possessed by the devil, do the acts of insincerity and public show.  

              


            LESSON # 504 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Believing In God & Last Day Has No Harm
We Should Spend From Which God Bestowed 
God Is Ever Aware Of All We Do
Allah Never Does Injustice
Reward Will Be Doubled In Retaliation Of Good Deeds 
Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –39 & 40 of 176, Section –6/24 (Part – 5)
    
39.  And what (harm) would it have done them if they had believed in Allah and the Last Day and spend (benevolently) of that which Allah hath bestowed upon them. And Allah is ever Aware of them (and all they do)?
                                                
40.  Surely Allah does not do injustice even to the weight of an atom; and if there is a good deed, He will double it and will give (the doer) from His Presence an immense reward.
39.  Wa  maazaa  ‘alay-him  law  ‘aamanuu  billaahi  wal-Yawmil-‘Aakhiri  wa  ‘anfaquu  mimaa razaqa-humullaah. Wa  kaanallaahu  bihim  ‘Aliimaa.

40.  ‘Innallaaha  laa  yazlimu  misqaala  zarrah. Wa  ‘in- taku  hasanatany-yuzaa-‘ifhaa  wa  yu’-ti  milla-dunhu  ‘ajran  ‘azii-maa.


Lesson

Before these verses, two basic depravities were discussed i.e. stinginess and dissemblance. If it is considered attentively then reasons of these both worst depravities are:

·       Not having belief in Allah Almighty

·       And not having faith in the results of deeds (to be faced in the Doomsday).

The person, who has perception that the wealth is not mine but there is Someone Else Who gives it and He will take its account also from me. How would he do covetousness about that wealth against the will of its Giver (Allah Almighty)? And the person, who believes that Allah Almighty is nearest to his/her jugular vein and He knows everything either that is hidden or apparent, then how would he/she have courage of hypocrisy?

In these verses, Allah Almighty said to the infidels that if they had believed in Him and the Last Day instead of infidelity, and spent in the way of Allah Almighty escaping from avarice and in order to be seen of men, then what (harm) would it have done them? Nevertheless, there was entirely benefit for them in it. Loss is in the path, which they have adopted now. Allah Almighty is ever Aware of all they do and knows very well their intention of doing. They either will get reward or will be punished accordingly.  

wa  ‘anfaquu  mimaa razaqa-humullaah {and they spend (benevolently) of that which Allah has bestowed upon them}. Using this sentence, they are being told that Bestower is only Allah Almighty. Therefore, they should spend the wealth according to the guidance, commands and orders of Allah Almighty, and do not spend it in accord with their own will considering it themselves. Allah Almighty does not waste anyone’s right even to the weight of an atom.

Miser and hypocrite should think that there is nothing lacking in the treasures of Allah Almighty. It has come in the Sayings of Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) that if the entire world asks Him for the wealth and all the people are bestowed, even then there won’t be any decrement likewise drowning the needle in the sea, and the water of sea decreases by the water remains in the eye of the needle.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 





LESSON # 505 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Regret of Disbelievers In The Last Day
Allah Will Bring Of Every People a Witness 
Muhammad (peace be upon him) As a Witness against All
Disobedient Will Wish in Doomsday That the Earth Were Leveled Over Them
People Can Hide No Fact from God Almighty 
Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –41 & 42 of 176, Section –6/24 (Part – 5)
 
41.  But how (will it be with them) when We bring of every people a witness, and We bring thee (O Muhammad) a witness against these?
                                                
42.  On that Day those who disbelieved and disobeyed the Messenger will wish that the earth were leveled over them, and they can hide no fact from Allah.
41.  Fa-kayfa  ‘izaa  ji’-naa  min  kulli  ‘ummatim- bi-shahiidinw-wa  ji’-naa  bika  ‘alaa  haaa-‘ulaaa-‘i  Shahiidaa.

42.  ‘Yawma-‘iziny-yawaddul-laziina  kafaruu  wa  ‘asa-wur-Rasuula  law  tu-sawwaa  bihi-mul-‘arz.  Wa  laa  yaktumuu-nallaaha  hadiisaa.

 
Lesson

Shahiidun (witness), the words shaahid, shahaadat, shahuud, mash-huud, mushaahidah etc. and many other likewise words have been derived from the same origin. In the meanings of this word, presence and evidence of someone are hidden. The witness is called Shaahid and Shahiid because he observes the particular event in his presence and knows its circumstances very well.

alaa  haaa-‘ulaaa-‘i  Shahiidaa(a witness against these people). In the beginning of Part – 2, the Muslims were described as “ye may be witnesses against mankind” (shu-hadaaa-‘a  ‘alan-naas) and the last Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) as “the Messenger may be witness against you (the Muslims)” (verse # 2:143). Moreover, in this verse, “and We bring thee (O Muhammad) a witness against these” (wa  ji’-naa  bika  ‘alaa  haaa-‘ulaaa-‘i  Shahiidaa) has been mentioned. That is to say, the last Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) may be witness against the entire nations and ummahs of the world. All previous nations, Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them) are included in the meanings of haaa-‘ulaaa-‘i.

Allah Almighty commands that a witness will be present against each nation in the Day of Resurrection. They (peace be upon them) will give evidence about the deeds, character, faith and infidelity of their people. In addition, last Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) will give evidence about the truth of those Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them). And he (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) will give evidence too about the behavior of their nations, which those nations upheld with the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them).

On the Day of Reckoning, there will be no form of rescue for those who disbelieved in Allah Almighty and disobeyed their Messengers and Prophets (peace be upon them). They will not be able to hide anything despite their thousands of vain attempts. They will wish in this condition of confusion and repentance (regret and shame), “Would that! The earth were cracked, we were caused to enter in it and it leveled over us so that we could get freedom from this torment”.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif).

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