Wednesday, December 10, 2014

And send good deeds before you for your souls, and fear Allah. And know that ye will (one day) meet Him. And give glad tidings to believers



Lessons 262 to 273


 LESSON # 262 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Fact About Menstruation
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 222a    of  286, Section – 28 (Part - 2)

They question thee (O Muhammad)   concerning menstruation. Say: It is an illness, so let women alone  at such times            
Wa  yas-‘aluunaka  ‘anil-  mahiiz.  Qul  huwa  ‘azaa,  fa’-tazilun-nisaaa-‘a  fil-mahiiz.

Lesson

Mahiiz – (menstruation), mahiiz is that blood which comes to the women each month. It is also called monthly course and menses. It is an illness. Other nations of the world have determined it too as foul blood as well as medical specialists claim that it is detective blood. According to color, smell and particles this blood is also different from the normal blood. It has extremely fury.

fa’-tazilu- (so let women alone) this word has been derived from ‘A’-tazaal which means here “remain away from that woman for the process of intercourse with her”.

Reason for revelation of this verse is that during the times of Last Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) the worshippers of fire and the Jews used to think impure to eat and drink foods made by the women during the period of menses at one side. Some people didn’t think legal to keep women in their houses during this period. Hindus still don’t eat things made by them during menstruation. On the other side Christians didn’t use to avoid intercourse during these days.

Companions (God Almighty may be agreed upon them) asked Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) about this matter. Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) called it worse inflation and deflation and said neither too much hatred is needed not to let the woman remain in their houses and think as impure meal made by their hands, nor should be so much negligence that not to avoid from intercourse but straight way is that avoid from the process of intercourse in this condition and in addition eating, drinking and living together is lawful.

Holy Qur’an is a perfect Code for life. It gives advises and orders in all the departments of life which belong to human being and naturally in it mankind not only eats, drinks and sleeps with one another (husband and wife) but their sexual appetite, desire of having children and desire to make special connections are also produced. So Holy Qur’an gives proper orders for them.

Other nations selected exaggerated way. Holy Qur’an told that during this period just sexual contact is prohibited. Other things like sitting and standing, eating and drinking do not have any connection with it. These all acts are lawful.


Azaa – (illness) Holy Qur’an called the menstruation as impureness. Its other meanings are pain and trouble. It is possible that because of that pain and trouble, the intercourse is forbidden in these days. Today medically it is proved that in these days connection can be reason of different diseases. Doctors also prevent from it.


LESSON # 263 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
After The Days Of Menstruation
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 222b    of  286, Section – 28 (Part - 2)

And go not in unto them till they are cleansed. And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah hath enjoined upon you. Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him, and loveth those who have a care for cleanness.              
Wa  laa taqrabuu-hunna  hatta  yat-hurn.  Fa-‘izaa  ta-tahharna  fa’-tuu-hunna  min  hay-su  ‘amara-kumul-laah.  ‘Innal-laaha  yuhibbut-Tawwaa-biina  wa  yuhibbul-Muta-tahhiriin.

Lesson

‘At-Tawwaa-biina – (who turn unto Him), it aims all those people who whenever are wrong by chance, afterward they renounce solemnly and become much ashamed.

‘Al-Muta-tahhiriin – (who have a care for cleanness), it signifies particularly towards those persons who remain away from their wives (ignore the act of intercourse) during their days of menstruation (until they are cleansed).

In the former lesson the Holy Qur’an had determined the menstruation as illness and nastiness. It has been told in this verse that whenever this foul blood stops and the woman cleanses then it is lawful to sleep together (intercourse process is permitted). This lawful act should be done natural and with the lawful method. It should not be done with un-natural method.

We have learnt in the previous lessons that Allah Almighty has kept sexual attraction between the male and female, and with the sensual process although both persons get enjoyment but this enjoyment is not the last aim. Real aim and result of the relationship between husband and wife is attainment of children. Forgetting it if any person wants to get enjoyment from any other method then it will be quite unlawful.

It has been mentioned in the Holy Qur’an that the nation of Prophet Lot (peace be upon him) had fallen in sodomy. The Prophet (peace be upon him) made them to understand but they didn’t agree entirely, and at last God Almighty ruined them with His anguish and made them example for forthcoming breeds/people. So it should be kept in mind that if the human beings will indulge in that sin again then His agony may come again upon them.

In the last Holy Qur’an says that Allah Almighty likes those persons who turn unto Him, who renounce solemnly, become ashamed due to their wrong and abstain from committing any error/sin in future. So if any person has committed this sin in the past, then he should do the repentance at once, God Almighty will forgive him. Allah Almighty likes those people who remain cleansed.

LESSON # 264 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Status Of The Wife
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 223a    of  286, Section – 28 (Part - 2)

Your women are a tilth for you (to   cultivate) so go to your tilth as ye will,             
Nisaaa-‘ukum  harsul-lakum;  fa’-tuu  harsakum  ‘an-naa  shi’-tum;

Lesson

Hars – (agricultural land, farm), that piece of land is called hars where seed is sown and vegetable, grain and vegetation are gotten as though the wife is the source of producing children and increasing your breed/race.

Allah Almighty has cleared in this verse about true position of the wife in connection with wedding relationship. That is to say, the wife is like a farm for her husband, and as the farmer he keeps his farm very precious supposing it as his very big wealth, watches and guards it, earns grain from it, likewise the husband should also consider his wife as his very great fortune. He should watch and guard her, and get children from her.  

As though it is proved that near Islam the real purpose of intercourse is only attainment of the children. Even its other aspects like demand of sensual pleasure have not been ignored too. It has also been evident that control over this production (birth control) is not a natural issue, because which stupid farmer would be that who sows the seeds but doesn’t want the crop, uproots the plant before its growth. Then this matter also enlightens that as the farmer prays for pity rain from God Almighty, discloses his wish to bud and blossom the crop, like this the husband should also pray for getting virtuous children from God Almighty.

Allah Almighty Has admonished very much quoting the example of tilth (farm). Would that the human beings may think upon this instance and make happy these relations lastly with reliance of their lives.  

‘An-naa  shi’-tum – (as you wish), ‘an-naa means ‘where’, it is also used for the meanings of ‘when, just as’. How the Holy Qur-‘an has advised about this matter pointing it with wisdom that there is no restriction on the method and time. But it has been forbidden to destroy one’s strength and race adopting the un-natural method. More detail will be discussed in the next lesson (last part of this verse). 


   LESSON # 265 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Care For The Next Life (Doomsday)
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 223b    of  286, Section – 28 (Part - 2)

And send (good deeds) before you for your souls, and fear Allah. And know that ye will (one day) meet Him. And give glad tidings to believers, (O  Muhammad).             
Wa  qaddimuu  li-‘anfusikum.  Wattaqul-laaha  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annakum-mulaa-quuh.  Wa  bashshiril-Mu’-miniin.  

Lesson

It has been clarified earlier that our life doesn’t finish after death, but enters in to a new era, and its comfort or vexation depends there upon those deeds which we do in this world. Good or bad reflection of this life’s deeds and acts lies down in the shape of that life’s success or failure. This world is the place of test and examination. We have to make provision for future enduring hardness and troubles here. That Day of Resurrection is the place to get reward or punishment for the deeds done by us during this life.

The relations between male and female had been mentioned in the previous lesson, and it was told that the real purpose of husband and wife’s sensual meeting is gain of children and breed. Now it has been reminded in this part of the verse positively that “Do something regularly for your future and don’t drown in the worship of sexual pleasure entirely at that very time of sensual pleasure’s engagement. Moreover make your pleasures also the obedience and worship, and it can be made if you consider making the result better at the time of doing each work”. 

It has been emphasized again and again to have fear of God Almighty that the human should keep in mind Allah Almighty during every condition of life, like during sitting, standing, sleeping, awaking, eating and drinking etc. He should proceed on straight path escaping from abundance and Deflation. In the end God Almighty commands His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) to give glad tidings of good rewards to the Believers, who have following qualities:

1.   Keeping the words Qaddimuu  li-‘anfusikum (send (good        deeds) before you for your souls) in mind a Believer has the concept of his future. He doesn’t make the pleasure and lust his ‘required’. But he keeps in foresight better results and end.

2.        It is the aim to tell the order of ‘Ittaqul-laaha repeatedly that the Muslim has to become an incomparable mankind remaining under the limits of God fearing and abstinence. The world will envy looking him.

3.   Mulaa-quuh – (you will ‘one day’ meet Him) It is being reminded at the very time of mentioning the sexual matters that finally you will have to be present in the Court of God Almighty. Cautious! Don’t do so act due to which you would have to feel ashamed.    


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
LESSON # 266 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Use Of Wrong Oaths
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 224    of  286, Section – 28 (Part - 2)

And make not Allah, by your oaths, a hindrance to your being righteous and observing your duty unto Him and making peace among mankind. And Allah is Hearer, Knower.
Wa  laa  taj-‘alullaaha  ‘urzatal-li-‘ay-maanikum  ‘an-tabarruu  wa  tattaquu  wa  tus-lihuu  bay-nan-naas.  Wallaahu  Samii-‘un  ‘Aliim. 

Lesson

‘Urzatan – (aim), this word is also used for hindrance and shield/target. Here it means hindrance only.  

Samii-‘un – (Hearer), God Almighty Hears all the talks of human being as well as each creature. So the mankind should think before speak every matter.    

‘Aliimun – (Knower), Allah Almighty Knows better the states and conditions of the human. So he should keep purity and sincerity in his intention each time.

Tabarruu – (treat with kind), this word has been derived from the word Barr, which means goodness.

Whenever the persons used to displease upon any other, they used to make God Almighty, by their oaths that they would neither go toward him nor speak with him and nor try to make a truce between them with whom he has quarreled, even that if the displeasures had been between the near relatives, and then these oaths used to become pretence for leaving many good deeds. At the very time if any body used to say, “Why did you leave to do these acts?” then they used to feign that they had made the oath for this action.

Even it was also worse to leave the good actions, what it had become bad that using the name of Allah Almighty, the Great they used to grow the situation of escaping from the good deeds. This verse is signifying towards this matter and it is being ordered that “don’t do so in future and if any body has sworn already then it is sufficient to break that oath and expiate. The scholars have also disliked often swearing in abundance and without any necessity, because due to this reason the name of Allah Almighty is devalued, and it is also not good to call the name of God Almighty for the bad deeds.

Allah Almighty is Great, Glorious and Owner of the entire universe. His Name has also Grandeur and Grace. It is very bad to make witness so much High and Excelled Name upon the bad deeds. Then it is worst to use His name for defense for not doing the good acts. Allah Almighty doesn’t prevent from good actions, so this excuse is quite meaningless. The name of God Almighty should never be used for oath for the likewise deeds, and if any person has already sworn erroneously then he should break it and expiate.    

                                                        
LESSON # 267 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
False Oaths
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 225    of  286, Section – 28 (Part - 2)

Allah will not take you to task for that which is unintentional in your oaths. But He will take you to task for that which your hearts have garnered. And Allah is Forgiving, Clement.   
Laa  yu-‘aakhizu-kumul-laahu  bil-lagwi  fiii  ‘ay-maani-kum  wa  laakiny-yu-‘aakhizu-kum- bimaa  kasabat  quluubu-kum.  Wallaahu  Gafuurun  Haliim. 

Lesson

Bil-lagwi  fiii  ‘ay-maani-kum – (your unintentional oaths), false oaths means the oaths which are spoken either unintentional due to ignorance or those slip from the tongue only due to malice, and adulteration of a lie enters into them without intention. Learned men have told that there are many kinds of false oaths. Their relation may be also with past events as well as with the habit that the person uses to swear without reason, swear in each affair. The scholars have strongly disapproved this act.

Gafuurun – (Forgiving), Allah Almighty is Great Forgiving. Due to His this Dignity He forgave the punishment against the false oaths like these.   

Haliim – (Clement), it also means Mild, Patient and Merciful. God Almighty is Great Clement. Taking His Position into account He doesn’t punish for false oaths too. Moreover He postpones the punishment so that the mankind may get the chance of repentance. .

It was stated in the previous verse, “And make not Allah, by your oaths, a hindrance to your being righteous and observing your duty unto Him and making peace among mankind”. These kinds of oaths haven’t any value. For example if someone says, “By God I shall never go to the mosque for prayer”. It is a false oath because Allah Almighty orders to offer prayers in the mosque. And this fellow is using His name refraining from this act.

Now it is being commanded in this verse, “that oath is reliable which is sworn whole heartedly”, not that which is sworn habitual or false and emphasizing it.

Unintentional oaths are pardonable. The aim is that he should expiate against the broken oaths and should abstain from the false oaths like these in future. Islam doesn’t like this type of childishness and lowness.   

     LESSON # 268 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Beginning Of Divorce
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 226 & 227    of  286, Section – 28 (Part - 2)

226. Those who forswear their wives must wait four months; then, if they change their mind, lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

227. And if they decide upon divorce (let them remember that) Allah is Hearer, Knower.          
226.  Lillaziina  yu’-luuna  min-nisaaa-‘ihim  tarabbusu  ‘arba-‘ati  ‘ash-hur.  Fa-‘in-faaa-‘uu  fa-‘innallaaha Gafuurur-Rahiim.

227.  Wa  ‘in  azamut-talaaqa  fa-‘innallaaha Samii-‘un  ‘Aliim.

Lesson

Yu’-luuna – (who forswear), this word is derived from ‘iilaa which means forswear. Idiomatically its object is to swear living separate from the wife. It was common custom in the Arabians that whenever they became rage, they forswore remaining separate from their wives.  

 Talaaq – (divorce), according to law disconnecting the mutual relations entirely between husband and wife is called ‘divorce’, repudiation. Different methods about divorce were customary in the world before Islam. There was no restriction or responsibility in the matter of divorce between Jews. Whenever any person wished, he got rid of his wife writing a divorce letter only. The wife could wed another husband at the same time. Comparing this freedom the Christians chose very difficult manner. They kept no accommodation for husband and wife to be separate, except that the wife becomes guilty of fornication. The same condition is of the Indian religion. The divorce is still unlawful for them till today. On the contrary Islam adopted the way of temperance.

It was mode of Arabians that after forswear, which was a kind of divorce near to them, used to become free from paying the expenditures of his wife, performing other duties and responsibilities for her. Islam corrected this rule and told that forswear is not equal to breaking marriage, but it is only the beginning. Islam has determined length of time for meditation and consideration and period for this long time kept four months, which is quite sufficient for this purpose that the husband may think with cool heart on all aspects and this important matter of separation from his wife.

Islam has put its permission that if the husband feels faithfully that if his life partner either doesn’t cooperate with him or doesn’t fulfill his lawful desires, then he should divorce her, despite it that they pine away their entire lives, remain displeased from one another. It is better that they should be disconnected.                  


LESSON # 269 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Term (‘Iddat)
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 228a    of  286, Section – 28 (Part - 2)

Women who are divorced shall wait, keeping themselves apart,   three (monthly) courses. And it is not lawful for them that they should conceal that which Allah hath created in their wombs if they are believers in Allah and the Last Day.
Wal-mutallaqaatu  yatarab-basna  bi-‘anfusi-hinna  salaasata  quruuu’.  Wa  laa ya—hillu  lahunna  ‘any-yaktumna  maa khalaqallaahu  fiii  ‘ar-haa-mihinna  ‘in-kunna    yu’-minna  billaahi  wal-Yawmil-‘Aakhir.

Lesson

‘Al-mutallaqaatu – (the divorced women), each that woman who has been divorced, is called mutallaqah. According to the religious laws it aims only those wives, who are free, adult and act of intercourse has been performed with them, not those women who are lawful bondwomen, minor and who have not been touched with any adult male.

Yatarab-basna  bi-‘anfusi-hinna – (they shall wait, keeping themselves apart), for instance it should not be so that hither the husband divorced her wife and thither she wedded any other husband. Likewise this relation will become just a game.

Salaasata  quruuu-‘in – (three (monthly) courses), literal meaning of qur’ is only a specified period but here it means menstruations.

Maa khalaqAllaahu – (which Allah has created), the thing which is in the womb, that is to say; if she is pregnant then she should not conceal her pregnancy.

It has been mentioned in this verse that if the husband has divorced her wife then that woman should not marry immediately another husband. Moreover she would have to wait not less than three (monthly) courses. There are many advisabilities for example; the husband gets chance of consideration and meditation with cool heart. On the other side belief regarding pregnancy becomes matured. Like this the children of one person can’t get the other. So it is duty of the woman that she should disclose which is in her belly.

This term is called ‘iddat in the Divine law of Religion. As though two lessons have been commanded here:

1.   It is reasonable to wait for a specified period after divorce. 

2.   If she is pregnant then she should not conceal but disclose it. There are uncountable moral and social advantages in these both orders.  

The matters which are being discussed continuously regarding divorce in this part of Holy Qur-’an, demand our special attention, because in the present epoch the divorce has become a joke in the world. A few women would be in the West who don’t get divorce, and they are tyrannized in the East but are not divorced. There is a dire need to publicize this temperate teaching of Islam now a day.           

                      LESSON # 270 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Return & Position Of Husband And Wife
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 228b    of  286, Section – 29 (Part - 2)

And their husbands would do better to take them back in that case if they desire a reconciliation. And they (women) have rights similar to those (of men) over them in kindness, and men are a degree above them. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.  
Wa  bu- uulatuhunna  ‘ahaqqu  bi-raddihinna  fii  zaalika  ‘in  ‘araaduuu  ‘islaahaa.  Wa la-hunna  mislullazii  ‘alayhinna  bil-ma’-ruuf,  wa  lir-rijaali  ‘alayhinna  darajah.  Wallaahu  ‘Aziizun  Hakiim.

Lesson

Zaalika – (in that case, in it), that is to say in the term/period of three months.

‘Ahaqqu  bi-raddihinna – (they have more rights to take them back). This proves from it that the husband should not take quite last decision till the time he can delay and it is better if they both (husband and wife) establish themselves again from the beginning, and the time of their separation doesn’t come forever.   

The Divine law of Islam has kept it lawful only as remedy at the time of necessity and last proposal. It has neither been induced positively to divorce, nor is it liked without need. The words “ ‘Abgazul-mubahaat” have been used in one Hadith out of the Sayings of Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) which means ‘most disliked deed near God Almighty out of fixed lawful acts by Him’ i.e. the divorce. So after meditation and consideration the husbands would do better to take them back in that case if they desire reconciliation. They can cancel the divorce. Technically it is called looking back (towards marriage).

After permitting return (to wife) Allah Almighty has also admonished that the divorce should only be abolished if both the life partners remain in peace and truce with one another in future, and it should not be the purpose to torture the woman. Although the husband can cancel the divorce legally, but his good behavior doesn’t relate to the law, moreover it depends only on his courtesy and good intention. So the human should adopt passage of good outward and natural behavior.

Then it is told that as the men have rights over the women, like this the women also have rights over men. It has been intimated to the world, “you should not deem that only the men have rights over the women, as well as they also have rights over men. However the man has some degree above the woman in excellence and merit. This excellence and virtue of the man is due to his wisdom and power. These all orders are from God Almighty which we have to admit because He is most Mighty and Wise.

                LESSON # 271 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Revocable Divorce – Cancellation Of Revocable
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 229a    of  286, Section – 29 (Part - 2)

Divorce must be pronounced twice and then (a woman) must be retained in honour or released in kindness. And it is not lawful for you that ye take from them aught of that which ye have given them; except (in the case) when both fear that they may not be able to keep within the limits (imposed by) Allah.   
‘At-talaaqu  marrataan:  fa- ‘imsaakum-bima’-ruufin  ‘aw tasriihum-  bi- ‘ihsaan.  Wa laa  yahillu  lakum  ‘an-    ta’-khuzuu  mimmaaa  ‘aatay-tumuuhunna  shay- ‘an  ‘illaaa  ‘any-yakhaafaaa  ‘allaa  yuqiimaa Huduudallaah. 

Lesson

Fa- ‘imsaakum – (then (a woman) must be retained), namely to retain that wife who has already been divorced once.  

Bima’-ruufin – (in honour, according to the Divine Rule of religion), its detail can be gotten from the religious law books.

Bi- ‘ihsaan – (in kindness) removing tense and unpleasant condition which had become object of divorce. Dishearten, scorn or lowering the woman down should not be the purpose.

Maaa  ‘aatay-tumuuhunna  shay- ‘an – (taking from the women aught of that which you have given them), common Commentators have explained it as the amount of kindness (Maher) but some Scholars have extended it as entire that wealth and goods which the husband has given to her wife i.e. ornaments and clothes etc.

It was custom before Islam that the husband used to divorce her wife many times as he wished, but then he used to revoke from it. This verse revealed to remove this evil and told that revocation can be only after divorcing two times. He has been empowered up to two divorces that if the husband wishes during the time of term (‘iddat), then either he can retain her according to rule or leave her with kindness. But after the expiry of term (‘iddat) revocation doesn’t remain more. However if they both agree, they can re-marry. And if he has divorced at the third time, then there is no chance of re-marry too, till the time that woman doesn’t live in any other husband’s home and that husband either doesn’t die or divorce her.

Sometimes the husband divorces in anger, and then he also oppresses to snatch that entire wealth or goods which he has given to her wife till now. In the days of ignorance this rule had been spread more in the Arabians. Here this cruel principal has been prohibited and declared that amount of the kindness (Maher) etc which you have already paid, can not get back now.     

Mean of ‘imsaakum-bima’-ruufin  and tasriihum-  bi- ‘ihsaan is that if the husband revokes then he should remain and live with honour and kindness, and if he wants to bid her good-bye then also he should see her off with comfort and nicely. It means that stress of kindness and good behavior is in all conditions.  

LESSON # 272 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Khula’ – Kind Of Divorce By Wife
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 229b    of  286, Section – 29 (Part - 2)

And if ye fear that ye may not be able to keep the limits of Allah, in that case it is no sin on either if the woman ransom herself. These are the limits (imposed by) Allah, transgress them not. And whoso transgresseth Allah’s limits, such are wrongdoers.                                                 
Fa-‘in  khiftum  ‘allaa  yuqiimaa  Huduudallaahi,  falaa  junaaha  ’alayhimaa  fiimaf-tadat  bih.  Tilka  Huduudullaahi  falaa ta’-taduuhaa.  Wa  many-yata-‘adda  Huduudallaahi  fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika  humuz-zaalimuun.  

Lesson

Reason of revelation of this verse is that a woman came in the court of Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and requested that he was displeased from her husband. She did not want to live in her husband’s house. Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) asked about its reason. She answered, “My husband does neither neglect in performing my rights and nor I have any objection on his manners and customs. But I naturally hate him. I don’t want to see his figure. If I would not have the fear of Islam, then I wish to spit on his face”. The Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) caused to return the kindness (Maher) and divorce her.

It has been commanded by Allah Almighty in this verse to the Muslims that if they have fear that the husband and wife are displeased from one another, and they may not live together, then there is no sin for them if they become separate. The woman can set free herself from marriage paying her wealth to her husband and the husband can get back that wealth. The name of this particular form of divorce (desirous of which is the woman) is called Khula’ (kind of divorce which is a right of the woman to let free from marriage). Instructions about Khula’ are available in the books of ‘the religious laws’ in detail.

It is evident from this verse that Islam commands us in each matter for correction and betterment of our families, domestic affairs and social relations. If a man is displeased from his wife and considers it difficult to remain together with his wife then he can get freedom from her. Like this if the wife thinks that it is impossible to live in her husband’s home then she also can get freedom from her husband. Purpose of this is only correction of affairs in each form, making the marriage relations better as it may be possible somehow or other. In the last it has been warned that these are the limits and conditions (imposed by) Allah, so transgress them not because transgressing these limits is very big sin. Islam desires that the world’s society should be established on goodness and God fearing. Nobody should tyrannize or oppress any other person. These limits are called Huduudullaah.



LESSON # 273 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Form Of Reconciliation - From Divorce
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 230    of  286, Section – 29 (Part - 2)

And if he hath divorced her (the third time), then she is not lawful unto him thereafter until she hath wedded another husband. Then if he (the other husband) divorces her it is no sin for both of them that they come together again if they consider that they are able to observe the limits of Allah. And these are the limits of Allah; He manifesteth them for people who have knowledge.                                                   
Fa-‘in-  tallaqahaa  falaa  tahillu  lahuu  mim- ba’-du  hattaa  tankiha  zawjan  gayrah.  Fa-‘in  tallaqahaa    falaa  junaaha  ‘alay-himaaa ‘any-yataraaja-‘aaa  ‘in  zannaaa  ‘any-yuqiimaa  Huduu-dallaah.  Wa  tilka  Huduudul-laahi  yubayyi-nuhaa  liqawminy-ya’-lamuun.      

Lesson

mim- ba’-du – (thereafter), it means after the third divorce.

Tankiha – (she has wedded), this word has been derived from Nikaah which means marriage. It has been commanded in this verse that after the third divorce the divorced woman will not remain lawful for her first husband till the time she doesn’t wed any other person and get divorce from her second husband. Here the word “tankiha” has not been used for the idiomatically meaning as wedding, but it has been used here for its original and literal meaning as ‘intercourse’, because only understood meaning of the marriage has already come out from zawjan,  so the aim from the word tankiha is to declare intercourse and that is its literal meaning.

‘in  zannaaa – (if they consider), that is to say; if they have intention and reliance that thereafter they might be live together with correction and beauty.

It has been stated in this verse that if the husband doesn’t reconcile after first two divorces then now at the third time namely after the two divorces three months are sufficient for set them make a truce, meditation and consideration. After the third divorce the husband can not revoke the divorce of that woman who was his wife earlier. Moreover it is not possible that they wed again except in case that the woman wed any other person after passing the term (‘iddat) period (three months) and after intercourse, that second husband either divorces her with his pleasure or goes to death, and three months/four months & ten days respectively of the term (‘iddat) period expires.     

It has already been mentioned that Islamic Divine Law doesn’t like the divorce certainly, so restrictions of various sorts have been applied in this matter, and it has been instructed, “Meditate and understand thoroughly before divorce”. Islam provided many opportunities so that they may concord again, but after expiry of all these stages, while the divorce has been finalized, then now there is no chance of concession. Now the husband can’t get back again his wife easily.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English byMarmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif). 

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