Friday, November 21, 2014

When Thy Lord Said unto the Angels: Lo! I am about to Place a Viceroy in the Earth

When Thy Lord Said unto the Angels: Lo! I am
about to Place a Viceroy in the Earth
(Verse - 2:30)

Note:  For reciting Lesson-wise, please visit:
Lessons 36 to 47

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Powerlessness of The Hypocrites
Verse – 19b of 286, Section – 2 (Part  - 1)
And Allah encompasseth the disbelievers (in His guidance).
Wallaahu muhiitum-bil-kaafiriin.


Muhiitun – (Encompassed, circumscribed). Here it means that God has circumscribed them with His Knowledge, His Nature and His Divinity.

       As the both types of Hypocrites have been discussed earlier:

1.   Those people who are eternal enemies of Islam by their hearts but they say themselves ‘believers’ and claim to be patrons of the Muslims.

2.   The people who are naturally weak by temperament, cowardice and un- ambitious. They accept impression of that assembly which they attend. If they sit with Muslims, listen their preaching and invitation, look their dignity and success then being terrified enter into Islam. But when they lie down in any trial or difficulty then they return towards infidelity. They are afraid of labour and death.

       At the end of this verse that Allah Almighty is howsoever encompassing these Hypocrites, they run away from Islam only for the sake of saving themselves from labour and death. But God Almighty has complete power and dignity upon them. So how can they protect themselves from death? Islam claims that they should leave carnal deliciousness and false passions. They should offer their wealth and lives in the path of God. They should bear difficulties and calamities.

       They do not want to hear the verses of Agony and anguish. And go away being very inattentively but they can not escape from the Hold of God. Try to protect themselves from seizure of Sole Commander is only folly and proof of stupidity. God gives them only delay and produces the opportunities to understand. When their length of time will end then any power of the world and their any best friend will not be able to save them from fury of God. He knows their all activities including the secrets which they have hidden in their chests and He has containing Divinity over them. He has power to punish anyone, any time as He wishes.

       As thunder-bolt, glaze and thunder of lightening be in rain, like this hardness, labour, poverty and difficulties exist in Islam for trial but resultantly they succeed in both the worlds i.e. this life and on the Day of Resurrection. So mankind should not run away from Islam due to fear of these calamities, moreover he should stand firm on it. If a mankind wishes to run away from the calamities he can not escape from Allah Almighty.     

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Perplexity of Hypocrites & Their Threat
Verse – 20 of 286, Section – 2 (Part  - 1)
The lightening almost snatched away their sight from them. As often as it flasheth forth for them they walk therein, and when it darkneth against them they stand still. If Allah willed, He could destroy their hearing and their sight. Lo! Allah is able to do all things.
Yakaadul-barqu yakhtafu ‘absaarahum. Kullammaaa ‘azaaa-‘a lahum- mashaw fiihi, wa ‘izaaa ‘azlama ‘alayhim qaamuu. Wa law shaaa-‘al-laahu  lazahaba bisam-‘ihim wa’absaarihim ‘Innallaaha ‘alaa kulli shay-‘in- qadiir.


Yakhtafu – (Snatch, put out the hand suddenly and take away). Here it means ‘to be dazzled of eyes’. Overcoming, power and magnificence of Islam are sufficient to snatch their eyes and inspire with awe over their hearts.

       Condition of the second kind of Hypocrites is being discussed in this verse with more explanation and detail. In the previous verse instance of ‘the rain’ was given to disclose their nature that they pounce towards their advantages. But if they would have to do some labour or bear some loss then they get rid of the situation.

       The rain becomes cause of many advantages for the mankind. But when they look thunder-bolt and glare in it, they cram their fingers into their ears and try to escape from it and deny from advantages of the rain. They do not understand that if someone has to sacrifice something and he has to be overtaken in some trial for the cause of betterment and prosperity, he should not fear from it.

       This fact enlightens from it that comfort and calamity exist collected always. If we sacrifice our lives, wealth and children on the way of Allah then surely success and betterment will become our fortune as the reward of sacrifice. This behaviour is not right at all that we run behind our advantages but when the time comes for our trial, we keep ourselves back. Allah Almighty does not like this.

       Explanation regarding Hypocrites was begun in the beginning of this section which has been ended here. God Almighty gave the powers of hearing and looking to the mankind. But the Hypocrites applied these powers to get casual advantages and to complete sensual wishes. They closed their ears and eyes completely from looking and hearing the signs of God. They misused these powers instead of using them for the right purpose.

       Now God Almighty warns them that if they will not leave this behaviour, these powers will be snatched from them. Although they close their eyes from looking the glare of lightening due to the fear of death because their eyes are dazzled, they cram their fingers into their ears and try to escape from listening thunder-bolt of lightening and death. God may snatch their eye-sight and hearing power at any time wishing they how much try to save themselves.

       God blessed the mankind all powers of thinking, hearing and looking but whenever he does not use them according to the Divine Law, he should have feared every time that Allah Almighty some where may not snatch. If He delays in snatching for some time, the mankind should not be fearless because punishment may be delayed by Him. It is possible that He has delayed intentionally or it is due to His kindness.

       A person has eyes and ears but till without the will and mood of God both things can not become able to work. He can forfeit the man from using powers of the organs, if He wishes. Having eyes he may not look, having ears he may not hear and it is not impossible from His Divinity. He has established rules, time and causes for management of this world. He can finish at once all the infidels, hypocrites and deniers but due to established customs they get delay so that they abstain. Despite of it if they do not shun, His calamity thus comes upon them that as they have not ever thought. So this result existed in the cases of mostly Hypocrites.             

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Claim of Worship & Prohibition from Plurality
Verse – 21 & 22 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  - 1)
21.  O mankind! Worship your Lord, Who hath created you and those before you, so that ye may ward off (evil).

 22.  Who hath appointed the earth a resting-place for you, and the sky a canopy; and causeth water to pour down from the sky, thereby producing fruits as food for you. And do not set up rivals to Allah when ye know (better).
21. Yaaa-‘ayyu-han-naasu’-buduu Rabba-kumullazii, khalaqa-kum wallaziina min, qablikum la-‘allakum tattaquun.

22.  ‘Allazii ja-‘ala lakumul-‘arza firaa-shanw- was-samaaa-‘a binaaa’aa Wa ‘anzala minas-samaaa-‘i maaa-‘an- fa-‘akh-raja bihii minas-sama-raati rizqal-lakum. Falaa taj-‘aluu  lil-laahi ‘andaadanw-wa ‘antum ta’-lamuun.


Tattaquun - You may ward off (evil). Your habit of living with care and having fear of God in your hearts may become strong. It is called abstinence.

An-naasu – Mankind, people. It is the first time in Holy Qur’aan (in this verse) that God Almighty has claimed and addressed the people with the words ‘O mankind! As if He has claimed from all the mankind to worship Him.

 U’-buduu – Worship, pray. It’s mean to obey the Orders of God with humility and respectfully which is called worship and obedience. Prayer, Fasting, Zakaat (Alms), and Pilgrimage are vital parts of worship but worship does not end on only these parts. Also it belongs to entire life.

       In the beginning of this Surah good manners of temperate were explained and were told that guidance is for those people who have fear of God in their hearts. After the explanation of Sobers, condition of Infidels was discussed and then remarks on Hypocrites were cleared. Now all the Human Beings are addressed because after the mention of above three types of mankind, fondness to become a Sober really should have been grown in the person. So root path of having fear of God is now being cleared.

       Here calling all the people it has been told that real foundation of all the Orders and Fidelities of Islam is to recognize the Lord. First cause to bear the mankind is that he should seek his Lord, he should recognize Him from His open signs, he should worship only Him and ask Him for success in this world and on the Day of Resurrection because He created the mankind, He brought up His creature in each time and taught the human being the ways of promotion according to their abilities. The first sign of the Lord is that He created to you and all of them who have expired before you. Only from this acquaintance the path of fearing from God opens. God has no personal advantage on worshipping Him. But the mankind has a lot of advantages from it. Worship removes distress of fancies of the human being. And he gets opportunity to engage the attention towards realities.

Firaa-shan - Resting-place. God has appointed the earth as our resting-place because He is the Creator of all the creatures.

‘Andaadan – Rivals, partners, co-sharers, confederates. Allah Almighty is alone. There is none His plural or partner, so the mankind should not set up rivals to Him.

       In this verse it is stated that the virtue of God to create works in the earth or mother’s womb and the person can not see it. So other virtues which are open are explained so that every person younger or older may think about it.

       To keep in existence the mankind, produce causes for its existence and to carry the life of mankind to its last stage gradually, is only in the powers of his Lord ‘God Almighty’. Here it is told that He is Lord of the mankind and He has collected all sources to keep him in existence after his birth. In this connection following things come in front of us for meditation:-

1.   The earth on which we live and move, it is the resting place spread by God.
2.   The sky which has been put over the heads of mankind by the God like canopy of tent and which is the best source of light.
3.   For arrangement of food and water for daily use of mankind, produces fruits of different colors by showering down the rains from skies, which the mankind eats and drinks water. So it is proved that the mankind is indigent of the Lord to remain alive.
       So he should understand the Worshipped to that Lord. It is also told in this verse that the Lord Who has all these virtues, His name is Allah Almighty. The mankind should not make any partner or co-sharer of Allah. In this verse the God after admonishing and telling the mankind His blessings and pities ordered to Worship Him and also made him to understand the acquaintance of Him, so that to worship Him after knowing Him. Without acquaintance the worshipper can not get the fear of God in his heart.   

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Claim of Truth and Challenge of Holy Qur-‘an
Verse – 23 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  - 1)
And if ye are in doubt concerning that which We have revealed unto Our slave  (Muhammad), then
produce a Surah of the like thereof , and call your witnesses beside Allah if ye are   truthful.
Wa ‘in- kuntum fii ray-bim-mimmaa nazzal-naa ‘alaa ‘Abdinaa fa’-tuu bi-Suuratim-mim, mis-lih. Wad-‘uu shuha-daaa- ‘akum- min- duunillaahi ‘in- kuntum saadi-qiin.


Nazzal-naa – We revealed. The Speech (Holy Qur’aan) was revealed on Muhammad ‘the Last Prophet’ (peace be upon Him) from Allah Almighty through Gabriel Angel (compliments on Him).

Mis-lihii – Like this. In this word it is pointed out towards both the excellent meanings of Holy Qur’aan, ‘literal’ as well as ‘significant’. Dictation is so easy that every body can understand easily. Intention is discussed beautifully, entire and complete. Second large excellence of the Holy Qur’aan is that every person ‘male’ and ‘female’ have been taught the method of living. If the person moves on this true path he/she will get success in this world and on the Day of Resurrection. If any infidel is in doubt that this is not the Speech of God, it is only a talk of any person then he should try to bring any one surah like this which has both the excellences as mentioned above. If not so then he should accept that the Holy Qur’aan is speech of God. And no body can make any book like this without any doubt, if someone wishes, he may include the entire world in this work he is free.        

Shuha-daaa- ‘akum – Your witnesses. Call the people to witness your claim that you have written the answer of this Surah and they verify you.

      In the previous verses Allah Almighty told that He is the Creator of all the human beings and sets up them. So He is the Worshipped only. It was necessary to prove the prophet-hood of the Messenger (Peace be upon Him) so that it might be clear to the human beings that the Holy Qur’aan which was bestowed to the Messenger is Speech of God. Due to this reason after the announcement of Oneness of God, invitation for acceptance of prophet-hood was given. And it was told the people that if they had doubt in the truth of Prophet, and they presume that the Holy Qur’aan is not the speech of God (we seek shelter of Allah) then they produce and show any speech like this. All the nations and their scholars tried to do so but they could neither do so and nor they would be able to do so.

       Holy Qur’aan is proof of truth itself. It is the claim of Holy Qur’aan that if any body does not accept it as the Speech of God, he should produce any speech like this.

      God commanded in one verse of Holy Qur’aan, “prepare and produce ten surahs like Holy Qur’aan”. On other place, “Bring only three like this”, and in this Surah, “if not, produce at least one Surah like this. You can call and collect your all friends to try, but it is the only condition that your speech would have all those excellences which are held in the Speech of God and your speech would affect the life of human being like the Surahs of Holy Qur’aan”.        

       Before Islam the Arab nation kept back from other nations in many matters. Morally she had lost essence of humanity. Socially and economically they were at the stage of limitless low. Politically they had not wisdom entirely. They were plain from the conception of religion. Really they were brave but due to ignorance and bigotry they became idiots and oppressors.

       God Almighty revealed this Speech on the last Messenger (Peace be upon Him) and with its source this nation became spiritual guide of the entire world. The Messenger (Peace be upon Him) did not remain ever pupil of any teacher out of human beings. He (Peace be upon Him) did not know reading and writing absolutely. He (Peace be upon Him) did not has information regarding any outer part of the world. The people of His (Peace be upon Him) country were illiterate and they were proud of being illiterates.

       With the Speech of God the Illiterate Prophet (Peace be upon Him) carried His illiterate and ignorant nation on the steps of improvement and perfection that there is no comparison in the history of world. These Arabian became guides of the nations of world in morality, spiritualism, sociology, economics, politics, sovereignty, religion, means every part of life.

       In the history of one thousand four hundred years of Islam any scholar or learned could not accept this challenge of Holy Qur’aan. Ibn maqna’ tried boundless in the era of Caliph Haroon Rasheed and after him, before some centuries the scholars and writers of Lebanon but they could not write the answer of seven verses of “The Opening” (Surah al-Faatihah).  

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Helplessness of Adversary & Glad for Orthodox
Verse – 24 & 25a of 286, Section – 3 (Part  - 1)
24.  And if ye do it not and ye can never do it, then guard yourself against the Fire prepared for disbelievers whose fuel is of men and stones.

25.  And give glad tidings (O Muhammad) unto those who believe and do good works that theirs are Gardens underneath which rivers flow.
24.  Fa-‘illam- taf-‘aluu wa lan-taf-‘aluu fattaqun-Naarallatii wa-quudu-han-naasu wal-hijaa-ratu ‘u-‘iddat lil-Kaafiriin.

25.  Wa bashshi-rillaziina ‘aa-manuu wa ‘amilus-Saali-haati ‘anna lahum jannaatin- tajrii min-tahtihal-‘anhaar.


Wa-quudu-han-naasu wal-hijaa-ratu – Its fuel is of men and stones. It is earmarked towards Fire of the Hell which will be much vigorous. It will also burn the stones in addition to the human beings. As though the Idols of stones will also become fuel of it, may it be that hint of Al-Hijaa-ratu is towards stony or hard-hearted human-beings.

       In the previous lesson the adversary people were invited for competition with Holy Qur’aan. Now they are being told, “if you are unable to compete and we say that you shall not be able, then now it is clear that it is the Speech of God”. And it is evident that the Messenger (Muhammad) (Peace be upon Him) is the True Prophet. Now if you do not have faith on Prophet-hood of ‘Muhammad’ (Peace be upon Him) and do not act upon the commands of Holy Qur’aan, it shall be the Base of Hell’s Agony. So you should arrange to escape from it because the Fire of Hell is not the normal fire. But that is the Fire of which men and stones will become its fuel. And this Fire is prepared for them who contradict the commands of Islam, Prophet-hood of Muhammad (peace be upon Him), Truth of the Divine percepts of Islam and purity of Holy Qur’aan.
       Some more talks have also been cleared from this verse:
1.   The matter in which enemies of Islam particularly “the Quresh” claimed, “purity of the words and admonish the meanings easily”, made them humble in it and it was proved that this Speech was of the God.
2.   The false gods which the people have adopted instead of the One God (Allah Almighty) and pray them for boons, those all were refuted.
3.  Punishment of infidelity was fixed the Hell.

       We should not have any doubt in Truth of the Holy Qur’aan, purity of Islam, truth and honesty of the Messenger ‘Muhammad’ (Peace be upon Him) because if all the mankind try collectively to write any one small surah like Surahs of the Holy Qur’aan, they can not bring (in which all those excellences must be present which are held in this Speech). Some of those excellences are: pure words, eloquence and rhetoric, preaching of good manners, explain the meanings excellently, material for relief and guidance of all the people, instructions for the mankind in all the matters of difficulties and problems, equally useful for all the nations of the world etc.

‘Aa-manuu – They believe. Those people who have not any doubt in Divinity of the God, Prophet-hood of the Messenger ‘Muhammad’ (Peace be upon Him) and truth of Holy Qur’aan.  

Wa ‘amilus-Saali-haati – (do good works). The works which are according to the guidance of Holy Qur’aan and the Messenger (peace be upon Him), pure from badness and crookedness.
       In this verse good tidings have been given to those who believe and do good works that they will go in the Gardens (Paradise) in which all facilities of comfort and pleasure will be present. The rivers of cool and flavored water will be flowing in them.

       Now it has been cleared that to become rightful of the Heaven and for entering into it two excellences are necessary for the human being. (1) There might be no doubt in his heart regarding God and His Prophet (Peace be upon Him). (he should understand that his worshipped, Lord and Master is Allah Almighty, promise that the Messenger of God (Peace be upon Him) is true, believe that the Holy Qur’aan is the Speech of God and have faith on the Day of Resurrection). (2)  His all deeds would be according to the commands of Holy Qur’aan and instructions of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him). He should not leave any that work which has been ordered and instructed as mentioned above. He should not do any prohibited work. 

       We have reached on this point with the Summary of this verse that Paradise can not be gotten only with the good works. Belief and faith are also necessary with good works and just like this good works are necessary with the belief.   

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Feasts of Paradise
Verse – 25 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  - 1)
25.  And give glad tidings (O Muhammad) unto those who believe and do good works that theirs are Gardens underneath which rivers flow. As often as they are regaled with food of the fruit thereof, they say: This is what was given us aforetime and it is given to them in resemblance. Therefore them are pure companions and therein they abide for ever.
25.  Wa bashshi-rillaziina ‘aa-manuu wa ‘amilus-Saali-haati ‘anna lahum jannaatin- tajrii min-tahtihal-‘anhaar.                    Kullamaa ruziquu minhaa min-samaratir-rizqan, qaaluu haazallazii ruziqnaa min-qablu, wa ‘utuu bihii mutashaabihaa. Wa lahum fiihaaa ‘azwaa-jum-mutah-harah, wa hum fiihaa khaaliduun.


Mutah-harah – (Pure). It aims that the companions (wives/husbands) who will be favoured to each person in the Paradise they will be pure and clear in all respect. They will be away from the filth of body and soul. 

Khaaliduun – (For ever). They will remain in the Paradise for ever and will not come out of it.

       In this verse God discussed about the rewards which will be given to the Believers and Pious persons. Usually a person needs a fine and well furnished house for living, delicious and tasteful meals for eating and drinking, pure, beautiful and pious companions, rest and comfort for ever. The person would not have any fear of ‘to be snatched’, expire of above mentioned favours. Also he/she would have faith that they will get advantages always from these things.

       The God Almighty promised with the Believers like these things. The people who will believe on Oneness of God, His Angels, His Holy Books, His Prophets (Peace be upon Them), be alive again on the Day of Resurrection, good or bad luck with the direction of God and will act upon the commands of God and His last Messenger (Peace be upon Him) they will be favoured with these things after their departure from this world. They will live in the beautiful gardens. For eating they will be served with different types of fruit, which by shape will be like the fruit of this world but by taste, relish and fragrance those will be much superior to this world’s fruit.

       Because the Paradise is the home of each type of material and spiritual pleasures and comforts so it will be their fortune that their companions will be pure, clean and clear. There they will not have any fear that their any pleasure or comfort will be lessen or withdrawn from them. But God Almighty will give them faith that these all favours are for ever for them, they would not have any fear of snatching any thing in their hearts. They are lucky who are rightful of that Paradise.     

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Similes of Holy Qur’aan and Their Affects
Verse – 26 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  - 1)
Lo! Allah disdaineth not to coin the similitude of a gnat or even anything above that. Those who believe know that it is the truth from their Lord; and those who disbelieve say: What doth Allah wish (to teach) by such a similitude? He misleadeth many thereby, and He guideth many thereby. And He misleadeth thereby only miscreants.
‘Innallaaha laa yastah-yiii ‘any-yazriba masalam-maa ba-‘uuzatan- famaa fawqahaa. Fa-‘ammallaziina ‘aamanuu fa-ya’-lamuuna ‘annahul-Haqqu mir-Rabbihim. Wa ‘ammal-laziina kafaruu fayaquuluuna maazaaa’araadallaahu bihaa-zaa masa-laa. Yuzillu bihii kasiiranw-, wayahdii bihii kasiiraa. Wa maa yu-zillu bihiii ‘illal-Faasi-qiin.


Fawqahaa – (Above that) More lean and ignoble thing than above.
       In the previous verses disbelievers were invited to prove the truth of Holy Qur’aan that if they consider it is not the Speech of God, they produce the speech like this. But they could neither reply till to-date and nor they will till the Day of Resurrection. In this condition of helplessness they could not do anything. However they tried to find out and said that how is it an extraordinary that The God having too much high position and greatness gives similitude of so contemptible and lean things?
       It is true that in the Holy Qur’aan bigger creatures are also mentioned on different places along with the smaller, animals like on one side the elephants, camels and horses etc and on the other hand ant, fly and mosquito etc. To make the people understand the God has discussed similes of these animals. As somewhere He says that idols of infidels are too weak and helpless to create a fly. But when a fly or mosquito sits on their faces they can not let it fly. Somewhere He says that religion of Infidels is weak like spider’s web. Hearing these like similes some Infidels began to say that God of Muslims speaks so strange (we seek refuge in Allah) that He does not hesitate to give instances of so small things. God replied on their criticism in this verse.

Simile means the thing for which example is given, be impressed upon mind by explaining widely and illuminating. Now that simile will be the best which fulfills this intention, wishing that thing is much customary or small itself. Mosquito is a too much ignoble and unimportant creature. Now where there is need to explain unreality of idols or any other creature, there will be appropriate example of mosquito. Criticizing against it is a folly and immaturity.

Summary of above verse is that Allah Almighty does not hesitate to give example of mosquito or smaller thing than it. Because purpose to give example is to explain anything. The example will be given like something is. There is nothing to hesitate or take bad with it.
The Believers take this example as true and proper explainer and consider it right from the God. But Infidels laugh at these examples and taunt critically that what Allah Almighty means by giving these types of examples?

The Believers have faith on being worshipped of God Almighty and Truth of Hadrat Muhammad (Peace be upon Him). They consider it their first duty to admit the orders of God Almighty and His Prophet (Peace be upon Him)) and to act on them. Therefore, if God Almighty explains any simile, they try to understand its true meanings. They do not care that the similitude is of what sort itself? Is it customary or have some importance? Is there an explanation of either any superior or inferior thing. Though they think about its true meaning and learn from it.

The Infidels refuse God Almighty and His Prophet (Peace be upon Him). They do not have any interest to find the Right. They just keep watching the secrets in the verses or to find out faults. So whenever Allah Almighty explains simile for their consideration in spite of trying to understand its true meanings, they begin to raise unreasonable questions on it.

From this verse we have learnt that the Believers and the people who have good moral character are those who think about the similitude explained by Allah Almighty. They try to understand and do not use crooked arguments in it.

Faasi-qiin - (Miscreants). According to the Divine’s Law who gets out from the obedience of God, disobeys and indulges in sins.
 There are many ways to reach the destination in the world but out of these all there is only one way which can be straight. Allah Almighty gave wisdom and granted sense to the mankind. Not only this, although He sent messages through Prophets and Messengers (Peace be upon Then) for guidance. After this the mankind is empowered to choose a way which he wants. Now if a person, getting advantage of freedom chooses a wrong way then he falls in evil. And when he adopts evil at his own then other accessories of that way are provided. As putting hand into the fire gets burnt like this when a person adopts a wrong path then evils and harms increase gradually.

According to this verse due to similes of Allah Almighty some people go astray because of their reasoning absurdly and arguments. They do not think about purpose of these examples, although they waste their powers of thinking on criticizing against it. Immoral means miscreants, who run behind their evil desires and do not listen to any talk easily which may prevent them from their bad habits.

At the end of the verse God Almighty explains it more clearly that this astray comes to them who want to go astray. Allah Almighty does not attach astray upon anyone, although his heart leaves out due to his disobedience knowingly and repeatedly. Search for the truth and demand of the Right do not remain. Absurd and lie attach with heart. Though astray is the result of disobedience and evil.                                                                                                                                                  

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Who Go Astray
Verse – 27 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  - 1)
Those who break the covenant of Allah after ratifying it, and sever that which Allah ordered to be joined and (who) make mischief in the earth, Those are they who are the losers.
‘Allaziina yanqu-zuuna ‘Ah-dallaahi mim-ba’-di mii-saaqihii, wa yaqta-‘uuna maaa ‘amarallaahu bihiii ‘any-yuu-sala wa yufsiduuna fil-‘arz ‘ulaaa-‘ika   humul-khaa-siruun.


‘Ah-da – (Covenant) To act upon the Spoken words after speaking them becomes necessary. Covenant of God means that The God is our Lord and we believe to obey the covenant of God. God asked from all the mankind collectively before sending them in this world, “Am I not your Lord”? All the mankind ratified, “Yes! You are our Lord”. Then God commanded, “I make witness to the earth and sky. And to remind you this covenant that I shall send My Messengers (Peace be upon Them). Hazrat Abi bin Ka’ab (Compliments on Him) said that the meaning of the Covenant of God is this covenant in this verse. Besides the covenant of the Day of Eternity there is some other covenant in which nature of mankind is present. Then there are other covenants also present which were done by having faith on the Prophets (Peace be upon Them) and are done with the pious on the name of God.

       It has been being discussed from the previous verse that adulterers and disobedient people become victim of depravity. Now causes of their depravity are being mentioned:  

•       They break the covenant after ratifying with God. To believe that Allah is my Master, my Worshipped and my Lord is a very simple talk and the sense of the mankind wishes itself that he should not believe on any other thing as his Lord but God.

•       Other token is that the miscreant breaks each type of that relationship to which God has commanded to unite. It means that the person should perform and complete all the Rights of God and which are due on him in accord with relationship with the mankind. But the miscreant becomes undutiful and ungrateful.

•       Third mark of the fornicator is that he spreads disturbance in the country. He creates mischief in the peace of world.  

       After pointing out towards above three signs the God has told their end that these people will go astray regarding the religion and the world. God Almighty save us from their evil and bring us towards the straight path.                

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
How You Disbelieve In God
Verse – 28 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  - 1)
How disbelieve ye in Allah when ye were dead and He gave life to you! Then He will give  you death, then life again, and then unto Him ye will return.
Kayfa takfuruuna billaahi wa kuntum ‘am-waatan- fa- ‘ahyaakum. Summa yumiitukum summa yuhyiikum summa ‘ilay—hi turja-‘uun.

Turja-‘uun – You will be returned. This word discloses the fact that human being does not end forever after his death. Moreover he will be given life again and he will be present in front of God Almighty.

       The Messengers (Peace be upon Them) of Allah Almighty came towards all the nations of world and in the each corner of the earth. They all had the same message that God is one, He is the real Worshipped of all and He is actual Lord, life and death is in His Power.

       He is the God Who created the earth as bed, the rivers flew in it so that the earth may become green and lush, and crops move about. He produced the mountains on it, grew vegetation and minerals, Erected the sky without pillars, Created the sun, the moon and the stars, from which someone can look the path in the dark nights. He is Who has given us life and provided materials for our improvement.

       Consider it well also that there was a time when there was not any sign of human beings. Each side of the world was silent. He gave life to the human being. Human being spent his life here for many years. The person took advantage from His creatures. Then a time will come when all the human beings will die who will be present at that time. After it these human beings and other persons who had expired before them will get life by the Orders of Allah. Then all the human beings will appear before the God.

       Power of giving Life and death is in the God’s hands. When last time of life comes for anyone, no body can extend till one second of the life.

       When all the resources including life of human being are in powers of Allah and every breath depends on His mercy. Then we should bow our heads in front of the Orders of Allah Almighty. Our good luck and forgiveness is in it that we should try to be prepared for appearance in front of God and accountability for our deeds.

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Tokens of God
Verse – 29 of 286, Section – 3 (Part  - 1)
He it is Who created for you all that is in the earth. Then turned He to the heaven, and fashioned it as seven heavens. And He is Knower of all things.
Huwal-lazii khalaqa lakum-maa fil’arzi jamii-‘aa: sum-mas-tawaaa ‘ilas-Samaaa-‘i fa-sawwaa-hunna sab-‘a samaa-waat Wa Huwa bi-kulli shay-‘in ‘aliim.

Fa-sawwaa-hunna – So fashioned them. It means “To adjust/rectify different parts and joints of a thing at their own places”.

Sab-‘a samaa-waat – “Seven Heavens,” “Sam-un” is the matter of “Samaa-waat” and its meaning is height. Due to relation of height with the sky it is called Sky. “Sab-aa” means seven. Hence in the Arabic proverb this word is used in the meanings of too much and numerous.

The human being is the name of the collection of body and soul. It is clear that needs of these both things are completed by the God Almighty, who made this physical frame of mud. His first kindness is that He completes all the physical needs of the human beings so that his body may develop, improve, bud and blossom. The soul of human being also needs food along with bringing up the body.

The meaning of this verse is that the Lord created the earth first. He flew rivers, seas and ocean on one side and raised the high mountains on the other side which talk with the sky grew forests of the trees, fed up the inner parts of the earth with different kinds of uncounted treasures. And these all things were created for the sake of Prophet Adam (Peace be upon Him) and His generation. Now it is the duty of Human Beings that they get reasonable advantages from these uncounted treasures using their wisdom and sense.

Using the word jamii-‘aa The God commanded that these all things are for the children of Adam (Peace be upon Him). They have the right to get advantages from these things. With the physical body of the Human Being breeding of his soul is also necessary. For this purpose earth and its production is un-sufficient. So after creating the earth He engaged the attention towards the Sky. From there it rained guidance in the different times for the training of the Souls of the Human Beings. As the mankind gets advantage from the things of the earth, he should get advantage also from this Rain of Guidance so that his soul may become perfect. As it after becoming a complete mankind he may attend the Court of God.

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Dignity of Human Being
Verse – 30a of 286, Section – 4 (Part  - 1)
And when thy Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the earth,
Wa ‘iz qaala Rabbuka lil-Malaaa-‘ikati –“Innii jaa-ilun fil-‘arzi KHALIIF-AH”

Malaaa-‘ikati (Angels) this word “Malaaa-‘ikati” came out
from the word “Alook”. Alook means to carry the message.
So Malaaa-‘ikati means the creature which brings the Messages of God towards Prophets and Messengers (Peace be upon Them). The Angels are the Bright and Spiritual Beings. They are pure from sins and do not disobey the orders of God.   

KHALIIF-AH – (Viceroy, Caliph). KhaliifatUllah is the person who
establishes the Divine’s Law on the earth. It is evident from here that which powers and abilities will be given to the human being by the God, those will be quite right to establish the caliphate of God.

He is the Lord of the worlds who created the earth, the skies and other all the universe. All things of the earth like vegetation, minerals, beasts and animals, mountains, rivers, canals, springs etc come on the one side of this universe and on the other side the skies and the other things created in the skies. God knows better about the philosophy of creating all the things of earth and skies.

Why The Adam (peace be upon Him) was created? What was the need to make this body of mud (human being)? What is its purpose of life? The answer to these questions has been given in this verse and the verses coming ahead.

When the God completed the work of creation of the earth, skies and all things in between them like the moon, the sun, the stars, rivers, mountains etc and they began their work then The God addressed the Angels (Peace be upon Them), “Now the time has come to know that for whom these things have been created, he should also come in front. The aim is that I want to create my Caliph on the earth who will get the possession of all these things and will complete the motive of God in the world. He will pay The God’s right of Caliphate and Assistance. He will issue and pass the Orders of God.”

God Almighty is The Creator and Master of this universe. He is the Master of all good manners of benevolence. We neither can count His traits and nor works. He has put in the leaven of human being some excellences out of His attributes so that he may show up His characteristics after coming in this world, elevate His name and prove with his speech and deed that he is really the Caliph and Assistant of the God Almighty. 

If the God is Merciful then the human being should feel pity not over his near relatives but also over all the living creatures. It is said by the Messenger (Peace and Blessings be upon Him) that if you slaughter any animal, take pity over it, slaughtering knife should be sharp edged so that the animals’ vein may cut off immediately and it does not feel much trouble later on.

One attribute of The God is Justice and Equity. It is the duty of human being that he should do justice and equity equally with all. In this matter he should neither favour his near relative and nor be ignored the stranger. All the persons should be seen with one sight.

One name of The God is For-Bearer also (Mild). The mankind disobeys Him and he indulges in many sins but The God delays, takes it with softness, overlooks it and gives time to the criminal so that he may renounce and change his attitude. It is also our duty that we should produce in ourselves the attribute of mildness. We should keep soft behaviour with our comrades and give them chance for correction on their mistakes.

In short, the human being should try to grow all the traits and manners which are noble of God and treat the people as God treats His servants.

If we do not produce God’s attributes in ourselves then we do not have right to be the Caliph and Assistant of the God Almighty, and we can not get this higher rank any way which He liked for us. 

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Request Of Angels And Reply By God
Verse – 30b of 286, Section – 4 (Part  - 1)
They said: Wilt thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctity Thee? He said: Surely I know that which ye know not.
Qaaluuu ‘ataj-‘alu fiihaa many-yufsidu fiihaa wa yasfi-kud-dimaaa’. Wa nahnu nusabbihu bi-Ham-dika wa nu-qaddisu lak. Qaala “’Inniii ‘a’-lamu maa laa ta’-lamuun”.


Yasfi-kud-dimaaa – (yasfi-ku means to shed, to flow, to cause and ad-dimaaa came out from ‘dam’ which means blood).

Nusabbihu – We hymn means we sing songs of praise to You (God). Consider with heart that God is the most Superior to the creature and accept it with tongue, and admit that all good attributes in Him are according to His rank.

Nu-qaddisu – We sanctify (derived from sanctity). Deem that the God Almighty is sacred and higher from all the bad traits and attributes of His creature.

When the Angels (peace be upon them) listened the announcement from the God, “Innii jaa-ilun fil-‘arzi KHALIIF-AH”(Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the earth), they said, “Wilt thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctity Thee”. Aim of this conversation is that the human being will murder his other brothers and sisters, there is a danger of quarrels between this creature on the earth, due to the quarrels the world will become home of destruction and ruin because He will follow his wishes, he will not become obedient completely of you.

The Angels (peace be upon them) requested, “O Lord! If You mean to create Your Caliph so that You be praised in each side, all creatures sing songs of praise to You and obey to You then we are present for Your this service, we are ready every time to listen your orders and act upon Your advice. “We hymn Thy praise and sanctity Thee”. So what is the need of creating a creature on the earth?
They also requested that Your Nature is sacred and pure, Your each work is right but we can not understand that out of the creature of the earth, how can be a creature which obey You, praise You, hymn and sanctify You like us. The God Almighty replied them, “Surely I know that which ye know not”.

The above mentioned narration is one dark side of the picture because the Angels (peace be upon them) considered the human being will shed the blood of his brothers, will plunder, will quarrel and ruin. They saw in it only the evil and badness. 

But about the other bright side of this picture, “Creation of the Caliph, the human being” they did not know. Hidden qualities in the mankind were new ideas and inventions, development in different fields of life as his reach from the depth of oceans to heights of the skies, development in the different departments of the science for example physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, computers, aero planes, vehicles, construction technology, petrochemical, ships, his journey towards different planets, electromechanical, agricultural, industrial field, his control over the clouds and rains, his control over the birth, vegetation etc, they did not know about all of this. Due to their ignorance from the hidden qualities of human being they knew only one side. The Angels request was not to criticize the God but they requested politely because they did not know that this mankind will disclose the secrets and powers of the God.

The God knew both sides of the life of His caliph. He was aware of His caliph’s present position and also about the coming changes ahead with the passage of time. He was acquainted that His Caliph will bring changes in the entire world with his knowledge and wisdom.

So The God Almighty replied on the request of Angels (Peace be upon them), “I know and you do not know”. Its aim is that you don’t know about how much advisability and philosophy are hidden in creation of My caliph.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif). 

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