Thursday, November 27, 2014

Knowest Thou not that Allaah is Able to Do All Things?


Lessons 107 to 118
Note:  For reciting Lesson-wise separately, please visit: muhammadsharif120.wordpress.com

LESSON # 107 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Acts Of The Black Magic
Verse –102a of 286, Section – 12 (Part  - 1)

And they followed that which the devils falsely related during the kingdom of Solomon. Solomon disbelieved not; but the devils disbelieved, teaching mankind magic and that which was revealed to the two angels in Babel, Harut and Marut.
Wattaba-‘uu maatatlush-shayaa-tiinu ‘alaa mulki- Sulay-maan. Wa maa kafara Sulay-maanu wa laakinnash-shayaa-tii-na kafaruu  yu-‘allimuunan-naa-sas-sihr,  wa maaa ‘unzila  ‘alal-malakayni  bi-Baabila Haaruuta  wa  Marrut.

Lesson

Ash-shayaa-tiinu – (plural of Satan) those demons are also meant from this word who were subordinates of the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him) besides the devil, and they were violent and of evil spirit. The demons have been produced from the fire. They have wisdom and decency. This creature can not be seen by the human beings.

Some commentators have indicated about the ash-shayaa-tiin as persons of bad nature and addle mannered that used to take part in the rebellion against the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him) and accused Him falsely of various sorts. These devils were very at home in magic.  

Sulay-maan – (Solomon) He was a very famous Prophet (peace be upon Him) out of the children of Israel, and He was a very powerful King of His era. Besides Syria and Palestine limitations of His Government had been spread up to Iraq in the east and up to Egypt in the West. His kingdom was of a great splendor and magnificent.

In this verse God Almighty has aimed towards other intolerant act of the children of Israel that these people except admitting the true revelation of Allah Almighty follow the magic, black magic and witchcraft. These magic and witchcrafts are those acts which the devils had spread during the times of the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him) these witchcrafts comprising on the infidel speeches, were achieved unlawfully and were used for bad purposes. 

These persons used to do the acts of magic and infidelity themselves but betrothed towards the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him). They blamed Him that He teaches the magic. But the God Almighty proclaimed unaccountability of the Prophet Solomon through the Holy Qur’an, and told that these were entirely liars. 

Al-malakayni -  (two Angels) God Almighty sent two Angels in Babel to prevent the people from using the magic and witchcraft. Their names were Harut and Marut. These Angels had to live between the human beings. So their faces, bodies, colors, habits and emotions were like the human beings.

Baabil – (Babel) it is old name of Iraq Arabia. Name of the Capital of the country was also Babel. This city was 60 Miles away from present city Baghdad towards south on the river bank of Frat. It was a big, developed and most fortunate city. Its agricultural area was irrigated by two famous rivers (Dajla and Frat). This country was also particularly famous due to magic, black magic, witchcrafts and other infernal practices.

As-sihr – (magic) in Arabic language as-sihr is also used for deception. It means that a thing with which the eyesight of the human being may be deceived. In it reality differs from the evident. Between magic and Miracle there is a great difference besides other things that in the miracle the condition is changed but with the magic reality does not change. Only the eyesight is deceived. The Jews used to learn and teach this knowledge for getting worldly bad advantages.

According to the Islamic Laws the magic is unlawful. Reason is clear that the Magicians use the sentences of infidelity, adopt unlawful methods and bring the magic in use for good and bad acts. How a Prophet and Angel (peace be upon Them) may do the works like this?    

    
LESSON # 108 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Badness Of The Black Magic
Verse –102b & 103 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  - 1)

Nor did they (the two angels) teach it to anyone till they had said: We are only a temptation, therefore disbelieve not (in the guidance of Allah). And from these two (angels) people learn that by which they cause division between man and his wife; but they injure thereby no-one save by Allah’s leave. And they learn that which harmeth them and profiteth them not. And surely they do know that he who trafficketh therein will have no (happy) portion in the Hereafter; and surely evil is the price for which they sell their souls, if they but knew. 

103.  And if they had believed and kept away from evil, a recompense from Allah would certainly have been better, if they had only known.
Wa maa yu-‘all-imaani min ‘ahadin hatta ya-quulaaa ‘innamaa nahnu fitna-tun, falaa takfur.  Fayata-‘alla-muuna minhumaa maa yufar-riquuna bihii baynal-mar-‘i wa zawjih. Wa maa hum- bi-zaaar-riina bihii min ‘ahadin ‘illaa bi-‘iznil-laah. Wa yata-‘alla-muuna maa yazurruhum wa laa yanfa-‘uhum. Wa laqad ‘alimuu lama-nishtaraahu maa lahu fil ‘Aakhirati min kha-laaq. Wa labi’- sa maa sharaw bihiii ‘anfusa-hum. Law kaanuu ya’-lamuun.

103.  Wa law ‘annahum ‘aamanuu wattaqaw  lamasuubatum-min ‘indillaahi khayr. Law kaa-nuu ya’-lamuun.

Lesson

Yu-‘all-imaani - (they both taught) this word is from Ta’-liim. It means to teach. But here this word isn’t used in these meanings that the angels used to teach the magic to people. Moreover the meanings of Ta’-liim are to inform, to show and to tell here.

Fitna-tun-(disorder, badness, quarrel, test, examination, temptation) Here it is used in the meanings of test & examination only.

Some quarrelsome persons of Babel used to come near the Angels and said, “you prevent us from black magic and witchcraft but let we know about the magic. Which are the acts of magic on using them is infidelity? After replying them when the angels used to tell them about magic, its actions and words, then these evil-doers listened carefully and used it as art.

Allah Almighty commands also about this mischief that these people exercised the particular branch of magic with the help of which they produced quarrel and misunderstanding between husband and wife. Moreover it is the worst evil-doing creating misunderstanding between the two hearts, and specially creating fight between husband and wife.

Advice of Harut and Marut was to be enough that they used to tell themselves a test and prevent Jews from infidelity and evil. But they didn’t learn the lesson. They didn’t listen to their advice but used to act violently and evil-doing.

Although they used magic to harm others but Allah Almighty says that without His order they cannot harm anyone. Moreover they will harm themselves from it. They are going to mar their own future by doing these evil acts. It is possible that they get some temporary worldly benefits but at the end ((on the Doomsday they have no blessing.

Allah Almighty says that these people have sacrificed the advantages of the Day of Resurrection in exchange of worldly customary advantage. That is much harmful for them. If they would have adopted the right path instead of this way, believed on Allah and had fear of His agony, Allah would give them better reward surely.


LESSON # 109 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Misuse Of The Words
Verse –104 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  - 1)

O ye who believe, say not (unto the Prophet): “Listen to us” but say “Look upon us”, and be ye listeners. And for disbelievers is a painful doom.
Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aa-manuu  laa taquuluu  raa-‘inaa  wa quulunzurnaa  was-ma-‘uu.  Wa lil-Kaafiriina ‘azaabun  ‘aliim.

Lesson

Raa-‘inaa – (Listen to us, show us favour)

Unzurnaa – (Look upon us) this word has also the same meanings, “Listen to us, show us favour”. The children of Israel used to be present in the Conference of the Messenger of God Almighty Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him), and listened to the advice and preaching. Whenever they could not listen to any speech and wished to ask again then they used to say raa-‘ina.

Listening from them the word raa-‘ina some times the Muslims also began to use this word. The God Almighty prevented them not to use this word. If they wish to say, they should use the word unzurnaa. In fact the children of Israel used to say this word raa-‘ina due to ill-will and joke. They intentionally used the word raa-‘ina as ra-‘iina, that means ‘our shepherd’ and in the Jewish language the word raa-‘ina is also used for the fool, blockhead, most foolish, stupid and idiot.

Allah Almighty prohibited the Muslims from use of this word (raa-‘ina) and commanded to replace it as unzurnaa, that means “Look upon us”. The aspect of joke or censure is not found in this word. Along with use of this word it has also been ordered to ‘be ye listeners’ (was-ma-‘uu) so that you would not have to ask again for repetition.

It is also learnt from the command of is-ma-‘uu that the sayings, advices and preaching of the Prophet of God Almighty Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) should be listened with meditation. So the persons who consider that only the Holy Qur’an is sufficient for guidance of the human beings, they should learn from this decision of Holy Qur’an itself and imagine that how much it has been pressed to listen and accept the Sayings, advice and preaching according to this verse and many other verses. It has also been mentioned in an other verse that decision of the Messenger of Allah (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) is the last and final decision for you in each matter. (Surah An-Nissa). “O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger and those of you who are in authority; then if ye have a dispute concerning any matter, refer it to Allah and the Messenger if ye are (in truth) believers in Allah and the Last Day. That is better and more seemly in the end”. (IV : 59)

At the end the God Almighty commands that the persons who are prepared to do insolence of the Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) calling Him with bad words and making fun of Him are the disbelievers and for disbelievers is a painful doom.

        
LESSON # 110 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Religious Persecution Of The Infidels
Verse –105 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  - 1)

Neither those who disbelieve among the people of the Scripture nor the idolaters love that there should be sent down unto you any good thing from your Lord. And Allah chooseth for His mercy whom He will. And Allah is of Infinite Bounty.
Maa  yawaddullaziina kafaruu min- ‘Ahlil-kitaabi  wa lal-Mushrikiina  ‘any-yunazzala  ‘alaykum-min  khayrim-mir-Rabbikum.  Wallaahu yakh-tassu  bi-rahmatihii many-ya-shaaa’.  Wallaahu  Zul-Fazlil-‘aziim.

Lesson

Allaziina kafaruu – (those who disbelieve, the Infidels) This word is derived from kafara. Literal meanings of kafara are ‘to hide’. In the phrase of Islam disbeliever of Allah Almighty and His Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) is called Infidel

‘Ahlil-kitaabi - (The people of the Scripture) this phrase has been used many times in the Holy Qur’an. ‘Ahlil-kitaab is said to those people who have any revealed and heavenly Book. It is an other class besides the Believers and the Infidels. The most famous out of them are the children of Israel and Christians who have the Revealed Books (Torah and Gospel). Alas! These both classes went astray gradually from the teachings of these Books.

Al-Mushrikiina – (the idolaters) this word has come out from the word shirk which means partnership. The idolater is the person, who settles partners either in the Oneness of God Almighty or in His Virtues or in His Power and Commands. And he makes His partner worshipped in spite of One God.

Allah Almighty has commanded in this verse that all the Infidels, Idolaters and the people of the Scripture are filled with envy on the matter that why the God Almighty bestows blessings and favours over Muslims leaving them.

Then He said that He chooses for His favours to whom He wishes. So no body should become jealous over any other. From which nations the Prophet Hood had been snatched, that was not due to the avarice of God Almighty (I seek refuge in ALLAH) but this favour was forfeited from the children of Israel due to their own acts.




LESSON # 111 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Abrogation Of The Verses
Verse –106 & 107 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  - 1)

106.  Such of Our Revelation as We abrogate or cause be forgotten, but We bring (in place) one better or the like thereof. Knowest thou not that Allah is Able to do all things?

107.  Knowest thou not that it is Allah unto Whom belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. And ye have not,   beside Allah, any guardian or helper?
106.  Maa nansakh min ‘aa-yatin ‘aw nunsihaa na’-ti bi-khayrim-minhaaa ‘aw mislihaa.  ‘Alam ta’-lam  ‘annallaaha ‘alaa kulli shay-‘in- Qadiir.

107.  ‘Alam ta’-lam  ‘annallaaha lahuu mulkus-samaawaati  wal-‘arz.  Wa maa lakum- min- duu-nillaahi  minw-waliyyinw-wa laa  nasiir.

Lesson
              
Maa nansakh min ‘aa-yatin – (Such of Our Revelation as We abrogate) there are two words considerable in this sentence:
•        ‘aa-yat (literal meanings are sign and token) and many things are aimed from it like miracles which have sign of the Power of God Almighty and prophet hood of the Prophet, Command and order of The Lord Almighty, and the verses of the Holy Qur’an (round signs) etc.

•        Nansakh (We abrogate) to order in place of the previous order which may be better than that or the like thereof, to finish the first order and bring (in place) one better or alike. As far as there is concern to change the miracle, in that case it is a common thing that the God Almighty may abrogate one miracle and may bring one better or alike to which He considers better according to the change of time. As far as there is concern about the other meanings, in it two additional matters come out: One is the verses of previous Heavenly Books and the second is the verses of Holy Qur’an itself. Abrogation of the previous Heavenly Books after revelation of the Holy Qur’an is then quite openly matter.

The signs of the verses of Holy Qur’an (round signs) have been applied later on. In the beginning these signs did not exist. So the question regarding abrogation of these signs does not grow. Moreover it seems the right saying, “Aim regarding abrogation of the verses is that the new Commands and Orders of God Almighty have been revealed in the Holy Qur’an in place of His previous Orders and Commands mentioned in His Old Heavenly Books Torah and Gospel), and these Commands abrogate the old Orders.   
   

LESSON # 112 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Questioning The Messenger
(Glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him)
Verse –108 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  - 1)

Or would ye question your Messenger as Moses was questioned aforetime? He who chooseth disbelief instead of faith, verily be hath gone astray from a right path.
‘Am turiiduuna  ‘an- tas-‘aluu  Rasuulakum  kamaa  su- ‘ila  Muusaa  min-  qabl.   Wa  many-‘yatabaddalil-kufra  bil-‘iimaani  faqad zalla sawaaa-‘assabiil.

Lesson
              
We have studied about abrogation of the verses in the last lesson that The God Almighty ‘Such of His Revelation as He abrogates or causes to be forgotten, but He brings (in place) one better or the like thereof’. It is proved in the light of events/incidents and history that whenever any Heavenly Book was caused to be forgotten or abrogated then one better or the like thereof was revealed in place of it and the Servants of The God Almighty were not disappointed from the Guidance of Allah Almighty.

Now one famous matter is being illuminated in this verse that is the guidance about asking questions from the Messenger Merciful Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him). The children of Israel used to try the production of various sort of doubts in the hearts of Muslims about the Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) and The Holy Qur’an, and said them to ask replies from the Prophet of Allah Almighty (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) to clear their doubts. Actually they had aimed that if the Muslims do not accept their religion then they at the very least will become suspicious from their own religion and Islamic teachings. Some Muslims used to ask unreasonable questions from the Last Messenger (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) unknowing the conspiracy and plan of the children of Israel. The God Almighty prohibited them from this thing.

There is also another purpose of prohibition to ask questions from the Prophet of God Almighty (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him). Due to questioning over and over it becomes cause in increasing the difficulties and restrictions over oneself by the human beings. Easy commands become difficult. In the matters in which a person had freedom, after the revelation of orders that person has been restricted. It all was happened with the children of Israel. For instance story of the Cow exists in front of us.    


  LESSON # 113 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Envy Of The People Of The Scripture
Verse –109 of 286, Section – 13 (Part  - 1)

Many of the People of the Scripture long to make you disbelievers after your belief, through envy on their own account, after the truth hath become manifest unto them. Forgive and be indulgent (towards them) until Allah gives command. Lo! Allah is able to do all things.
Wadda kasiirum-min  ‘Ah-lil-Kitaabi  law  yarudduuna- kum- mim- ba’-di ‘iimaanikum  kuf-faaraa.  Hasadam-min ‘indi ‘an-fusihim-mim- ba’-di maa tabay-yana  lahumul-Haqq.  Fa’-fuu was-fahuu  hattaa  ya’-tiyallaahu bi-‘amrih.   ‘Innal-laaha ‘alaa  kulli shay-‘in- Qadiir.

Lesson

The behaviour of disbelievers and children of Israel has been discussed in the last lesson that they had used to ask questions from their Prophets (peace be upon Them) again and again. At last they chose the way of infidelity leaving the belief due to their false manners. Now the Muslims are being warned that they have long to make you disbelievers after your belief, through envy on their own account, after the truth has become manifest unto them. Cause of this passion into the Infidels and the children of Israel is that they have hearty envy and malice against Islam and Muslims.

Envy means to pine/enrage in the heart looking someone’s any goodness, success, excellence, beauty and quality. And wish to rob from him, it should become of mine. He (the envious) not only does the enmity with someone but in fact he criticizes the Religion of Allah Almighty. And without any reason he envies in his heart. None can get something from envy. However morality of him is enraged unavoidable. And his belief becomes deficient.

Allah Almighty Commanded, “Forgive and be indulgent (towards them) until Allah gives command”, wait till the time they might not reach at the last stage of enmity, and controversy is not firmed.

   

LESSON # 114 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Store For The Doomsday
Verse –110 of 286, Section – 13 (Part Three-Fourth) (Part  - 1)

And establish worship, and pay the poor-due. And whatever of good ye send before (you) for your souls, ye will find it with Allah. Lo! Allah is Seer of what ye do.
Wa  ‘aqiimus-Salaata  wa ‘aatuz-Zakaah.  Wa maa  tuqad-dimuu  li-‘anfusikum-min khay-rin- taji-duuhu  ‘indallaah.  ‘In-nallaaha bimaa ta’-maluuna  Basiir.

Lesson

As you have already studied that the main cause of not accepting the Islam by the children of Israel was their envy. They were burning that why the prophet hood has been bestowed to the children of Ishmael snatching from the children of Israel. They were refusing to admit the Just only due to the fire of envy and jealousy.

They also wanted to include the Muslims with their disbeliever companions after leaving their religion Islam. So they used to try for growing different types of suspicious thoughts in their hearts. They used to criticize the religion Islam and personality of the Last Prophet Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) . They imagined that if the Muslims will not leave their religion then at the very least them will become suspicious certainly from their religion side. So hence the religion Islam will become weak.

Allah Almighty commanded the Muslims to resist the attack and remove the try of the children of Israel that they must not attend to them. Moreover, wait for the proclamation of the last command Jihad (to try and strive) of God Almighty and during this period be frozen on two basic principles. (1)  Establish the prayer. (2)  Pay the poor-due. These two principles are like two main pillars due to which the power of both (individual as well as the nation) increases and that can not be rebelled from the religion.

Besides other unlimited advantages organization of the nation becomes powerful due to establish the prayer. Relationship between the persons themselves becomes profound. And they remain united for each other. The wealth is divided with the poor-due. The poor becomes rich and they can not be changed due to greed and cause of their financial weakness.

It has also been told that if you will continue this good act then you will get reward from your Lord Almighty because He witnesses your each act. Even a little try of any person does not become fruitless.

So to escape ourselves from the conspiracies and attacks of the enemies we should catch with firmness these two principles.


LESSON # 115 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Who Deserves The Paradise
Verse –111 & 112 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  - 1)

111.  And they say: None entereth Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian. These are their own desires. Say: Bring your proof (of what ye state) if ye are truthful.  

112.     Nay, but whosoever  surrendereth his purpose to Allah while doing good, his reward is with his Lord; and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
111.   Wa qaaluu lany-yad-khu-lal-jannata  ’illaa man- kaana Huudan ‘aw Nasaaraa. Tilka ‘amaaniyyu-hum Qul haatuu burhaanakum ‘in-kuntum saadiqiin. 

112.   Balaa man  ‘aslama wajha-huu lillaahi wa huwa muhsinun falahuuu ‘ajruhuu  ‘inda Rabbih; wa laa khawfun  ‘alayhim wa laa hum yahzanuun.

Lesson

Amaaniyyu-hum: (their desires) It is plural of Amniah which means desire.

wajha-huu: (his own face) literal meanings of wajhi are face or mouth but often in sentence its meanings are body or person. Here it aims towards these meanings.

The worst depravity of all the previous nations and ancient religious people is that they destroyed the truth making separate groups between themselves which in fact was just one and was bestowed to all equally. Now each group falsifies the other and just imagines itself only the heir of truth. Children of Israel were also involved in this depravity and they thought that the truth is held only with them, only they will proceed to the Heaven. The Holy Qur’an commanded that these are their self made stories and liar desires. They should produce if they have any proof.

Now Holy Qur’an has been revealed so that all the groups may be gathered on this common truth. Piety is only in becoming sincere to Allah Almighty and doing good deeds. None of the groups can claim that she is true and other all are liars. God Almighty Commands that the person who will obey the orders of Allah Almighty and will choose the path of goodness, he will succeed. Doing so neither he will have any grief of his previous life, nor any fear of next happening. It is the sign of Saints of God Almighty’s satisfaction (Servants of Allah Almighty).


LESSON # 116 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Forming Groups Into Religion
Verse –113 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  - 1)

And the Jews say the Christians follow nothing (true), and the Christians say the Jews follow nothing (true); yet both are readers of the Scripture. Even thus speak those who know not. Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they differ.
Wa  qaalatil-Yahuudu laysatin-Nasaaraa  ‘alaa shay’;  wa qaalatin-Nasaaraa  laysatil-Yahuudu ‘alaa shay-inw, wa hum yatluunal-Kitaab.   Kazaa-lika qaalal-laziina laa ya’-la-muuna misla  qawlihim.   Fal-laahu Yahkumu  baynahum Yawmal-Qiyaamati fii-maa kaanuu fiihi yakhtalifuun.

Lesson


laa ya’-la-muuna – (who know not, illiterate, uneducated, ignorant) here ilm  means knowledge of Heavenly Books, and the persons who do not have the knowledge signify towards the Idolaters and followers of each that religion which has no base on any Heavenly Book.

Baynahum – (between them) it is meant those two groups out of them one is of the Believers and the other is of the Idolaters and Infidels.

All the people of the Scripture are involved in forming religious groups instead of following the teachings and truth bestowed by the Allah Almighty. Each group out of them claims that she is on the straight path and the other all groups have gone astray from the actual way, for instance while the children of Israel saw that the Christians call the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) as son of the God Almighty (I seek refuge in ALLAH), then they began to say them Infidels. And when the Christians saw that the children of Israel have become Disbelievers of the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) they began to say them Infidels, although these both groups recite the Books bestowed by the God Almighty.

The same condition is of those people who have not any Heavenly Book but they have made themselves these faiths that they are on the straight path and other all the religious groups have gone astray from the right path. The Idolaters of the Arabia and other Infidels are included in these people.

The Holy Qur’an commanded that forming of the religious groups is totally useless. The real thing is to obey the orders of Allah Almighty and to do the good acts. That person will be on the straight path who acts upon these two principles. 




LESSON # 117 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
The Persons Who Ruin The Mosques
Verse –114 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  - 1)

And who doth greater wrong than he who forbiddeth the approach to the mosques of Allah lest His name should be mentioned therein, and striveth for their ruin? As for such, it was never meant that they should enter them except in fear. Theirs in the world is ignominy and theirs in the Hereafter is an awful doom.
Wa man  ‘azlamu mim-mam-mana-‘a masaajidallaahi  ‘any-yuzkara fiihasmuhuu wa sa-‘aa fii kharaabihaa ‘Ulaaa-‘ika maa kaana lahum ‘any-yad-khuluuhaaa ‘illaa khaaa-‘i’fiin.  Lahum fid-dunyaa khiz-yunw-wa lahum fil-‘Aakhirati ‘azaabun ‘aziim.

Lesson

Masaajid – (Mosques) it is plural of Masjid which means the place where prayers are offered, place of worship for Muslims. Masjid is derived from the word Sajdah that means ‘Prostration’, to bow the body and place the forehead on the ground. As per sayings by one of the Scholars it means the Inviolable Place of Worship, the temple of Makkah (Masjidul-Haraam).

For clearness about revelation grace of this verse two happenings are narrated:

•        The Christians waged a war against the children of Israel, burnt the Holy Book Torah and ruined the Temple and city of Jerusalem.

•        The Infidels of Makkah stopped the Muslims to visit the House of Ka’-ba (the temple of Makkah) during sixth Hijra at the place of Hudaibiah only due to their envy.
It had become the limit of religious envious and forming the groups in the religion of the people of the Scripture that respect for places of worship of the other groups had finished from their hearts. They did not hesitate to ruin these sacred places and stopped the people of other groups to enter into their places of worship. Moreover they all claim that they believe on One God.

The religious scholars told that as the places of worship populate with the prayers, it will be supposed destruction of the mosques due to bad deeds and talks. Besides this all those things which become cause of deficiency of the devout and ruin of the places of worship, enter in the order of this verse. So we should abstain from those things due to which the gaiety of the mosques lessens and the people stop to come in the mosques.

Allah Almighty has commanded that it is compulsory for them while they enter the mosque, tremble their hearts due to fear of God but as they don’t stop their depravities so they will get disgraced ignominy in this world and also will get awful doom in the Day of Resurrection. 




LESSON # 118 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Allah’s Countenance Is On Each Side
Verse –115 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  - 1)

Unto Allah belong the East and the West, and whithersoever ye turn, there is Allah’s Countenance. Lo! Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
Wa  lillaahil-Mashriqu wal-Magrib;  Fa-‘aynamaa tu-walluu fa-samma waj-hul-laah.  ‘Innallaaha  waasi-‘un ‘Aliim.

Lesson
         
Waj-hu – literally it means Face. Its other meanings are body, person, kind, nature. So it aims that on which side you will turn the God Almighty exists there. Wherever you will go you will find Allah there. The East and the West, the North and the South all belong to Allah Almighty.

During the times of Ignorance the people had faith, “Allah Almighty is also in the detention of Time and place, so we would have to turn our bodies towards that particular side”. They used to suppose that direction themselves and after turning their faces to that side they used to do worship. There was also dispute on this matter between the children of Israel and the Christians themselves. Each religious group had fixed a direction and they meditated this direction better.

The Holy Qur’an refuted this false belief of theirs and commanded that the Allah Almighty is neither limited in any enclosure of the particular place of worship nor He is imprisoned in any place or direction, but wherever He will be called with purity and sincerity He will be attentive. He does not belong particularly to any particular place, particular city or particular direction.

God Almighty neither only likes the East and nor only the West but all the directions are of Him. He has already surrounded the entire Universe. He is unlimited. He is present everywhere. So turning on which place and on which side He will be called with sincerity, He shall be attentive. He knows very well that who calls Him with the true heart and who calls Him only to show the others.

One Revelation Grace of this verse is narrated as that because it is 
difficult for the traveler and the rider to know the direction of the Temple of Makkah, so for that time it has been commanded that turning on which direction you will do worship, that will be accepted because God Almighty is masterly present on each direction and each place. Accordingly this is the matter that if you do not know the correct direction of the Temple of Makkah, you should offer prayer turning to that side to which your heart witnesses. And if you are riding on any conveyance and direction of conveyance changes, you would have to continue and complete your temporary prayer.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif).

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