Saturday, November 29, 2014

Say! We Follow the Religion of Abraham, the Upright, and He was Not of the Idolaters

Lessons 131 to 142
Note:  For reciting Lesson-wise separately, please visit:
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Four Characteristics Of The Last Messenger
(Glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him)
Verse –129 of 286, Section – 15 (Part  - 1)

Our Lord! And raise up in their midst a Messenger from among them who shall recite unto them Thy Revelations, and shall instruct them in the Scripture and in Wisdom and shall make them grow. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Mighty, Wise.
Rabbanaa wab-‘as fiihim Rasuulam-minhum  yatluu  ‘alayhim  ‘Aayaatika wa yu-‘allimuhumul- Kitaaba  wal-Hikmata wa yuzakkiihim  ‘Innaka  ‘Antal-‘Aziizul-Hakiim.


Minhum – (from among them) the Prophets Abraham and Ishmael (peace be upon Them) are praying collectively, “O our Lord! Produce a Submissive group/class out of the race from both of us and also raise up a Messenger from among them. It is evident clearly that it signifies towards the race out of the Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him). The God Almighty accepted their prayer and the Last Messenger of God Almighty, Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was born out of the children of Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him).

Yatluu  ‘alayhim  ‘Aayaatika – (He shall recite unto them Thy Revelations). The first work of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) is recitation of verses of Holy Qur’an in front of His nation. That is to say ‘to convey and teach the Speech of Allah Almighty. As though, His first status/position is the Greatest Preacher.

Yu-‘allimuhumul- Kitaaba – (He shall instruct them in the Scripture, teach them The Book) the work of Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) does not end only on preaching and conveying, It is also His duty to teach the Holy Book of God Almighty after preaching and conveying. As it were, His second status/position is the Greatest Teacher.

Al-Hikmata – (Talks of Wisdom) Third work of the Prophet of God Almighty is to teach wisdom and philosophy, to admonish orders and matters relating Holy Qur’an, to teach etiquettes, to tell the solution of various and complicated matters regarding the life in Its light as though, His third status is the greatest religious and spiritual Guide. 

Yuzakkiihim – (He shall make them grow, shall purify them) Tazkiah means the purification of the hearts. Fourth work of the Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) is to produce chastity of morality and sincerity of intentions with His company and training. That is to say, He is the greatest Antidote and Reformer.  

The Prophet Abraham and His son Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Them) used to pray from Allah Almighty during the construction of Khana Ka’-ba, “O Our Lord! Produce a Submissive nation from our race, raise up a Messenger from among them, He would have four characteristics:

He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) would recite, teach and admonish the Book of Allah to the people, and through It purify the hearts. That is to say, He would be Preacher, Teacher, religious and spiritual Guide, and Reformer”. The Last Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) rose to the situation of all these things.

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
The Religion of Prophet Abraham
(peace be upon Him)
Verse –130 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  - 1)

And who forsaketh the religion of Abraham save him who befooleth himself? And verily We chose him in the world, and lo! In the Hereafter he is among the righteous.
Wa many-yargabu ‘am-Millati ‘Ibraahiima ‘illaa man safiha nafsah. Wa laqadista-faynaahu  fiddunyaa. Wa ‘inna-huu fil-‘Aakhirati laminas-Saalihiin.


Yargabu – (forsake, shake off) this word is derived from the word raghbat, which means ‘to incline to; to turn, to attend to, to favour to. When ‘an comes with this word then meanings become on the contrary to this word that is to say, go opposite to someone or to turn.

In this verse the God Almighty has commanded that religious sect of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) is straight on the religion of nature/wisdom. Its teachings interpret the nature of cool-minded. Only that person will oppose it whose nature has not remained moderated and has changed from good to bad.

Religious sect of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) is the same religion which is being invited by Islam today. Here religion Islam has been named as the religious sect of Abraham that the children of Israel and Christians are being addressed here, and it is intended to tell them that Holy Qur’an does not invite you to any new religion. You are being invited towards the religion of your own honorable forefather and spiritual guide Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him).

The children of Israel and the Christians had not left any stone unturned to invent the self made and false tales about their innocent Prophets (peace bee upon Them). The Holy Qur’an refutes their blames. Wherever the Prophets (peace be upon Them) are mentioned, It (the Holy Qur’an) also mentions their moral and spiritual magnificence.

Here it has been commanded about the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) that the God Almighty had chosen Him for every kind of blessings of the world due to His belief that the worshipped of Oneness and having faith on Allah Almighty. He was bestowed the honor of Messenger and Prophet. He was fixed as religious and spiritual guide of the people in the world, and surely He will be counted in the good and virtuous people on the Day of Resurrection.

The purpose of mentioning about greatness and magnificence of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) is to tell the children of Israel and the Christians that the Prophet whom they admit as the great, glorious and honorable guide, His religion was also Islam, which is being presented by the Last Prophet Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him). If they take Him as their religious leader then they should accept Islam. This is the only way of their forefathers.

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Prophet Abraham Enjoined To His Sons
(peace be upon Them)
Verse –131 & 132 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  - 1)

131.  When his Lord said unto him: Surrender! He said: I have surrendered to the Lord of the Worlds.

132.  And the same did Abraham enjoin upon his sons, and also Jacob, (saying): O my sons! Lo! Allah hath chosen for you the (true) religion, therefore die not save as men who have surrendered (unto Him).
131.  ‘Iz qaala lahuu Rabbu-huuu ‘aslim, qaala ‘aslamtu li-Rabbil- ‘Aalamiin.

132.  Wa wassaa bihaaa  ‘Ibraahiimu  baniihi wa Ya’-quub. Yaa-baniyya  ‘innallaahas-tafaa  lakumud-Diina falaa tamuu-tunna  ‘illaa wa  ‘antum-Muslimuun.


‘Aslim – (Surrender, be obedient) other meanings are ‘Embrace Islam’, that is to say, “Give yourself completely in the charge of One God Almighty”. Accept His entire orders and consider your duty to obey His all the Orders in each matter of your life. Islam is also derived from this word, which has basic meanings ‘to provide peace, to wish well-being and safety, to yield”. 

Ya’-quub – (the Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Him) He was grandson of the Prophet Abraham and son of the Prophet Isaac (peace be upon Them). His surname was the Israel. So His (peace be upon Him) children were named as the children of Israel.

As-tafaa – (has chosen) astafa means to choose, to purify from the adulteration. The word Mus-tafaa has also come out from it, which means ‘chosen, respectable and selected’.

All the people of the Scripture and the Idolaters of Makkah used to claim that they embrace the religion of their Ancestors. They shall remain on it forever. And they shall never embrace any fresh religion. The Holy Qur’an told these people mentioning about The Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) that the Ancestors to whom you believe and of which the religion you claim to follow, They have already instructed their followers/race to follow the religion to which They were following Themselves, that is the religion of the Oneness of God and Islamic nation. So if you admit Them as your religious leaders then know! that Their real religion was the religion to which Holy Qur’an is inviting you. Now you should believe it. Prophet Abraham and Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Them) have advised their children to die obeying Allah Almighty. Time of the death is uncertain. That’s why it means, “remain Muslims always and give place to the Faith in your hearts each time”. 

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Worship Of One God – Reply Of Jews
Verse –133 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  - 1)

Or were ye present when death came to Jacob, when he said unto his sons: What will ye worship after me? They said: We shall worship thy God, the God of thy fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac, One God, and unto Him we have surrendered.
‘Am kuntum shuha-daaa-a’  ‘iz hazara  Ya’-quubal-mawtu,  ‘iz qaala li-baniihi  maa ta’-buduuna mim- ba’dii.  Qaaluu na’-budu ‘Ilaahaka wa ‘Ilaaha  ‘aabaaa-‘ika  ‘Ibraahiima wa ‘Ismaa-‘iila Wa ‘Ishaaqa  ‘Ilaahanw-Waa-hidaa. Wa nahnu   lahuu Muslimuun.


Hazara  Ya’-quubal-mawtu – (death came to Jacob) it is meant that when the time of death reached near and the Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Him) viewed its signs.  

‘Ishaaqa – (Isaac) He was second son of Prophet Abraham and younger brother of Prophet Ishmael. His mother named Sara was the first wife of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Them).

In this verse the children of Israel are being addressed that, “As you say about your self made talks that these are from our Ancestors and refuse to embrace Islam, Were you present at that time when the Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Him) asked before death from His sons about the Worshipped and they replied that we shall do worship of that Worshipped whose worship was being done by your grandfather the Prophet Abraham, your father’s brother the Prophet Ishmael and your father Prophet Isaac” (peace be upon Them).

Today while the Holy Qur’an is inviting the people of the Scripture towards the same religion, they are turning their faces from it and going astray.

That religion which was adopted by the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) and towards which the Holy Qur’an is inviting today, that is verily the worship of One God and well-doings. Which individual or nation will turn face from these two basic principles, it will go astray and fell away far from the religion of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), he will be forfeited from getting the Right of Guidance.   

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Own Good Acts Will Be Useful
Verse –134 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  - 1)

Those are a people who have passed away. Theirs is that which they earned, and yours is that which ye earn. And ye will not be asked of what they used to do
Tilka ‘ummatun- qad khalat. Lahaa maa kasabat wa lakum- maa kasabtum. Wa laa tus-‘aluuna ‘ammaa kaanuu ya’-maloon.


Tilka ‘ummatun – (Those are a people, a religious sect) it signifies towards the Ancestors of the children of Israel, of whom they used to get names and used to claim as their followers, although this claim of theirs was wrong. These astray, unlucky people had no relation with those great respectable Prophets (peace be upon Them) except their names.

The children of Israel were much proud that they were from the race of Prophets (peace be upon Them). So they had made this false faith themselves that there is no need of personal good acts. It is sufficient for freedom from the Hell being out of the children of the Prophets (peace be upon Them). They thought that the God Almighty transfers the good acts of father towards children with His blessing. Due to this wrong faith they had become careless entirely from doing the good acts, and had involved in all kinds of sins, evildoings and disobedience.

The Holy Qur’an cut the root of their false belief and commanded about the law of God Almighty that each individual and group will get what he has earned himself. Neither the good act of someone reaches the other nor will anyone be answerable for evildoing of the others. Relationship of the Ancestors will neither be useful without one’s personal try and nor freedom can be gotten. There is great lesson for them who have been fallen into the trap of misunderstanding, “Although we have not done good acts, even then the good acts of our Ancestors will be useful for us, and our this world and Hereafter will be arranged”. The Holy Qur’an tells that from good acts of your Ancestors you can not get advantage. You should take care yourself and follow Them. Their lives are roll model of good acts for you. By following them you will be able to do good deeds.

Out of us if any body will be involved in this misunderstanding that greatness of good birth or relation with any pious person may be sufficient for him then he should let this thought to get out from his heart. Only one’s personal deeds will be useful in front of Allah Almighty. All the human beings will be responsible for their duties and responsibilities. 

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
The Religion Of Abraham
(peace be upon Him)
Verse –135 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  - 1)

And they say: Be Jews or Christians, then ye will be rightly guided. Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Nay, but (we follow) the religion of Abraham, the upright, and he was not of the idolaters.
Wa qaaluu kuunuu Huu-dan ‘aw Nasaaraa tahtaduu. Qul bal Millata ‘Ibraa-hiima Haniifaa. Wa maa kaana minal-mushrikiin.


Millata ‘Ibraa-hiima – (the religion of Abraham) it aims those particular rules and regulations which were issued by the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) and a society assembled upon these principles.

Haniifaa - (the upright) during the period of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) the people used to worship different things and deemed that their all businesses run through them. The Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) invited them towards the worship of one God setting free from all others and adopted one God Himself too giving up all others. So He (peace be upon Him) was given the title of “the Upright”.

The Holy Qur’an refuted all liar beliefs of the Idolaters and the people of the Scripture, proved false their arguments and invited them to accept the Truth with bright and clear proofs. The children of Israel and the Christians must have embraced the true and simple teachings of the Holy Qur’an but instead they chose the path of opposition and violence, and on the contrary they used to invite the Muslims towards the Jewish religion and the Christianity. They used to say the Muslims, “Embrace our religion; you will get success in this world and Hereafter. The God Almighty commanded the Messenger of Allah Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) to reply them from the side of the entire Muslim nation against their invitation, “O the people of the Scripture! You have made uncountable changes in your Books and Divine Laws of your religions and our religion has been established only on that ancient Oneness of God’s religion, which was of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him). We are firm on that particular religion and we have not made any change in it”.

 Another thing, “With which face do you relate your religion towards the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) while He (peace be upon Him) never did go near the plurality? He had pure belief on Oneness of the God Almighty, whereas your religion has been filled with the filth of pluralities. How may you be the claimers of true religion and freedom?

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Belief On All The Prophets (peace be upon Them)

Verse –136 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  - 1)

Say (O Muslims): We believe in Allah and that which is revealed unto us and that which was revealed unto Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which Moses and Jesus received, and that which the Prophets received   from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered.
Quuluuu ‘aamannaa bil-laahi wa maaa ‘unzila  ‘ilaynaa  wa maa ‘unzila ‘ilaaa ‘Ibraa-hiima wa ‘Ismaa-iila wa ‘Is-haaqa wa Ya’-quuba wal-‘as-baati wa maaa ‘uutiya Muusaa wa ‘Iisaa wa maaa ‘uutiyan-nabiyyuuna mir-Rabbihim. Laa nufarriqu bayna ‘ahadim-minhum, wa nahnu lahuu Muslimuun.


Al-‘as-baati – (the children) this word is plural of the word sabt, which means children, that is to say, children of the children (grandsons from forefathers and foremothers). Here it aims towards the race of Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Him).

The Muslims are being taught in this verse, “Say: O people of the Scripture! You have fallen in the curses of anger, stubbornness, violence, jealousy, malice and bigotry. You follow some Prophets and falsify some of Them (peace be upon Them). You reserve the prophet-hood with the race and nation. You take greatness due to race for source of freedom, and fix as wrong to all the religions except your own.

We, the Muslims believe that all the Prophets (peace be upon Them) are true, do not disagree to anyone of Them. All the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them), who have come in this world, desiring, they belong to any country, any nation and any era, they all brought the only one Message of Truth. We verify all of Them (peace be upon Them) equally. 

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Allah Almighty Is Suffice  
Verse –137 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  - 1)

And if they believe in the like of that which ye believe, then are they rightly guided. And if they turn away, then they are in schism, so Allah will suffice thee (for defence) against them. And He is the Hearer, the Knower.
Fa-‘in  ‘aamanuu  bi-misli maaa ‘aamantum- bihii faqa-dihta-daw. Wa ‘in- tawallaw fa-‘innamaa hum fii shiqaaq. Fa-sa-yakfiikahumullaah.  Wa Huwas-Samii-ul-‘Aliim.


The Holy Qur’an invited the people of the Scripture to embrace Islam after proving its Truth and being Speech of Allah Almighty, refuted their false beliefs, wrong hopes and desires were determined absurd, and proved from their own arguments that due to which religion of Abraham (peace be upon Him) they claim to be firm, its original shape has not remained as it was. Now that ancient religion in its original shape is being presented by the Holy Qur’an. So some how or other, after embracing Islam they should get betterment of the religion and the world.

After hearing these speeches of advice and preaching even then the children of Israel and the Christians remained firm on violence and opposite. Moreover instead of embracing Islam themselves, they used to invite the Muslims to adopt the Jewish religion and the Christianity. What can be more selfishness, impudence and bigotry from it? 

Allah Almighty commands in this verse, “(O Messenger! (May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) You have completed your duty conveying Our Message to them. Now if they wish their good then they should embrace Islam, they will succeed. We shall forgive their previous sins”. “And if they believe in the like of that which ye believe, then are they rightly guided. And if they turn away, then they are in schism”, it is their hard heartedness and violence, and not other than it.  “So Allah will suffice thee (for defence) against them. And He is the Hearer, the Knower”. (You (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) should not be sorrowful due to their anger, bigotry and enmity. We are sufficient for their encounter from your side. We surely hear their entire speeches and We know that which is in their hearts, their inside and outside.

How great and higher glad-tidings is in the last part of this verse for the Last Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) and His nation that “So Allah will suffice thee (for defence) against them”. With whom be Allah Almighty then what more he will need. If the Lord Merciful becomes Patron of anyone then he does not require any more Supporters.

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Colors Of Allah Almighty  
Verse –138 & 139 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  - 1)

138.  (We take our) colour from Allah, and who is better than Allah at colouring. And we are His worshippers.

139.  Say (unto the People of the Scripture): Dispute ye with us concerning Allah when He is our Lord and your Lord? Ours are our works and yours your work. And we look to Him alone.
138.  Sibgatallaah. Wa man ‘ahsanu minallaahi sibgah. Wa nahnu lahuu ‘aabiduun.

139.  Qul ‘atu-haaajjuu-nanaa fillaahi wa Huwa Rabbunaa wa Rabbukum. Wa lanaaa ‘a-maa-lunaa wa lakum ‘a-maalukum. Wa nahnu lahuu mukh-lisoon.


Sibgatallaah - (We take our) colour from Allah. It aims “the religion of Allah”. According to usage one word “Qabilnaa” (we embraced) is not found in the proper place, however it is meant that we embraced the religion of God Almighty.

The People of the Scripture (the children of Israel and the Christians) cause their children sit down in the colored water and while a person embraces the religion of Christianity then they sprinkle over him the colored water. That is called “Ista-baagh” means ‘Baptism’. As if, near to them the color of Christianity is taken from water. The real color in fact grows with Faith and Character.     

Contrary to above it is commanded that we have taken over the color from God Almighty. The Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) said, “Convey the name of every child’s name in his ear as soon as he bears”. Accordingly after birth the Azaan is recited in his right ear and along with it ‘qad qaama-tis-Salaah’ (twice) i.e. ‘Takbeer’ in the left ear. It is the call for him towards the natural religion. Comparatively custom of cause to sit down in the water is meaningless.

The People of the Scripture are again warned that their thought and faith is entirely wrong, base of which is that they say, “Blessing and Mercy of God Almighty is only for them”. As He is your Lord, He is ours too and which acts we do those are purely for Him. Like you we neither pass our lives sinfully and evildoing considering that the good deeds of your pious persons will be sufficient also for you and nor we take work from bigotry and sensual-ness. Then why our Lord Almighty will not accept our good acts.     

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Do Not Hide The Testimony  
Verse –140 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  - 1)

Or say ye that Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes were Jews or Christians? Say: Do ye know best, or doth Allah? And who is more unjust than he who hideth a testimony which he hath received from Allah? And Allah is not Unaware of what ye do.
‘Am taquuluuna ‘inna ‘Ibraahiima wa ‘Ismaa-‘iila wa ‘Is-haaqa wa Ya’-quuba wal-‘Asbaata kaanuu Huudan ‘aw Nasaaraa.  Qul ‘a-‘antum ‘a’-lamu ‘amillaah. Wa man ‘azlamu mimman-katama shahaadatan ‘indahuu minal-laah. Wa mallaahuu bi-gaafilin ‘ammaa ta’-maluun.   


In this verse the Children of Israel and the Christians have been replied for another misunderstanding and self made beliefs. They had thought that their Reverends, the Prophets Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob (peace be upon Them) and Their children were either the followers of Jewish religion or the Christianity, namely (I seek shelter of Allah Almighty) they had also fallen in the sectarian groups.

The God Almighty commands, O the People of the Scripture! You may consider how much you wish after changing the shapes of the Truths and spoiling the happenings but it is the fact that these all Reverend persons and Prophets (peace be upon Them) remained firm on the pure religion of Oneness of God themselves and as well as they established the others to remain on it. It is called Islam. Your knowledge is neither more than the God Almighty and even nor is equal to Him. But your knowledge has no comparison to His knowledge. You use to hide the Truths intentionally. The Holy Books have been revealed near to you, which verify that the religion Islam is Rightful. The Prophets Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob (peace be upon Them) were perfect Believers and the followers of Oneness that is to say Islam. It has also been written in your Books that at the end of the era a Messenger Rightful (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) will come. Knowingly you are hiding this Real and True Speech, and who will be crueler than him who hides the rightful talk.

We have known from this verse that it is the greatest sin near to Allah Almighty to hide the Truth and real facts. We should escape ourselves from it.     

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Yours Is That Which You Earn
Verse –141 of 286, Section – 16 (Part  - 1)

Those are a people who have passed away; theirs is that which they earned and yours that which ye earn. And ye will not be asked of what they used to do.
Tilka ‘Ummatun-  qad khalat. Lahaa maa kasabat wa la-kum-maa kasabtum. Wa laa tus-‘aluuna ‘ammaa kaanuu ya’-maluun.


We have already learnt this verse in the past and now it is being repeated again to warn the children of Israel and the Christians. Their wrong beliefs have been rejected with the proof of common sense in it.  

The People of the Scripture were much pride on it that they are from the race of the Prophets (peace be upon Them), who are extremely Accepted Servants of the God Almighty. So they will not be caught on their sins. Also the good acts of their Reverends will be useful for them and they will be forgiven freely. So they did not feel any particular need to escape themselves from the sins and to incline towards the goodness.

Under the effect of this wrong belief they used to keep right to the sins and the matters against the religion. And they did not use to distinguish between goodness and badness in their daily lives. They also thought that they are on the path on which their reverends were already firm so they have no need to believe on the last Messenger, Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him). 

The God Almighty rendered final null and void to their wrong religious trends and commanded that He knows well about those people who have passed away. They were firm on the foundation of Unity. They were neither the Jews and nor Christians. They were only of Allah Almighty leaving all others.

Their goodness can not be useful for you or any other person. Only that goodness is useful for any person or nation which they earned. Good acts of a person can neither escape the other and nor harm to anyone. So it is stupidity to trust on the acts of others.

When a nation uses to sit down, trusting on the heir of their Reverends and leaving to do good acts, it becomes impossible for that nation to live, to achieve success and betterment. Many nations have been ruined due to this misunderstanding. O Allah Almighty! Keep us on the true religious trends and bestow us strength to do the good acts.    

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Summary Of Lessons From Part - 1

Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds that we have completed First Part of the Holy Qu’an lesson by lesson with the Mercy and Favors of God Almighty. Now we are going to discuss the summary of all its lessons so that comprehension of the Holy Qur’an may be understood in a few words.

It was stated in the introduction of Surah Baqarah (The Cow) that topic of this Surah is to teach the Muslims which may produce sound character and behavior into them after this learning. Following their religion and morality they may get utmost success and victory of this world and Hereinafter. It was necessary to teach them about pure religion and code of good morality that difference between religions, customs and beliefs be effaced of all the nations and religious sects which are populated in the world, their weaknesses be disclosed and they be taught about the Straight Path.

At first it has been explained about the necessity of inspiration and revelation in the First Part of Holy Qur’an and stated that this Scripture is a revealed Holy Book. The person who will embrace Its teachings and obey its orders, will find the Straight Path and will succeed.

Then it was told that three types of the people will grow in reply to the Holy Qur’an:

•        Those persons who will accept the teachings of Holy Qur’an and will be bound on its orders/instructions. They will get each type of success.
•        Those, who will strictly oppose it and will keep enmity with its Believers, these Infidels will be entitled to heavy agony and anguish.
•        Those people who will belong to above both groups, Muslim in the Muslims and Infidel in the Infidels. They will get painful agony.

Then after advising the Infidels and the Hypocrites their attention is drawn towards the Law of Allah Almighty and have been told that only those persons criticize the Revelation who have three types of diseases into them:

•        Weak faith
•        Feeble nature
•        Mean wisdom

Then it is told that the religion is filled in the nature of mankind. So it is the compulsion of the human being to bow in front of the revelation of God Almighty. Accordingly when the Prophet Adam (peace be upon Him) was appointed as Caliph and then was sent on the earth, He (peace be upon Him) remained confused. God Almighty revealed on Him some Words, which became cause of satisfaction of His heart (peace be upon Him).

After then it was enlightened on the necessity of the Holy Qur’an. In this subject three defects of the Jews were narrated:

•        Doctrinal
•        Practical
•        Administrative

And they were informed that they had involved in evildoings and misdeeds, so the Sovereignty was snatched from them. After this, it has been stated that they can not do the work of invitation and command to be mingled with the Muslims too. Under this subject, wrong beliefs and false-loving of their people, scholars and rich men have been mentioned.

Then it has been explained that the children of Israel are not able to become gentle public of the Muslims. So the Muslims have been told to discontinue their relations with them.

After that, memory of the prayer of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), construction of Khana Ka’-ba (the Temple of Makkah), Divine Mission of the last Messenger of God Almighty (Muhammad), His (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) morality, good manners, courtesy and Muslim Ummah (nation) has been explained.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif). 

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