Friday, November 28, 2014

The Originator of the Heavens and the Earth! And When He Decrees a Thing, He Says unto It Only: Be! And It Is


Lessons 119 to 130
Note:  For reciting Lesson-wise separately, please visit: hltsharif.blogspot.com

LESSON # 119 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Allah Hath No Children Of Him
Verse –116 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  - 1)

And they say: Allah hath taken unto Himself a son. Be He glorified! Nay, but whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth is His. All are subservient unto Him.
Wa qaalutta- khazallaahu  waladan, Subhaanah.  Bal-lahuu  maa fis-samaawaati  wal-‘arz.  Kullul-lahuu  qaanituun.

Lesson
         
In the last verse it was discussed that the concept of children of Israel and the Christians is false about likeness of a particular direction by the God Almighty, “so we should turn to that particular direction for turning towards Him”. Allah Almighty refuted it and commanded that He is not bound in any side or boundary of the place of worship. But He is the Master of the entire Universe and there are no limitations for Him, so you can turn your faces and bodies to any side for His worship. He will be attentive towards you.

Itta  -khaza – (has, have, make, catch, to choose, to elect, to fix upon, to assume, to adopt) translation of all the words is understood as the same.
Qaanituun – (subservient, loyal, servant) Singular to this word is Qaanat which means the person who obeys the order, obedient. The word Qanuut is derived from it. Benediction of the Witr prayer is called the Qanuut prayer because there is complete obeying and obedience of Allah Almighty in it.

The Christians had another false belief that God Almighty has adopted as His son to the Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) (I seek shelter in Allah from this thought). This faith of theirs’ is the worst kind of plurality in God Almighty. Allah Almighty commands that He is Pure and Sacred from their all these types of false talks of plurality. He has no child. He is One. He is Master of the entire Universe. All that is present in the earth and skies is obedient of His Order. His Emperor is everywhere. His relation with the creature is that the entire universe, demons and the human beings are worshipers and obedient to Him. He is the Worshiped and God of all. All the things in the universe have bent their heads in front of His Order. It is also the human beings’ excellence to bend their heads in front of Him and not to obey anyone else except Him.

  Muslim nation is Flag -holder of Oneness of God and she preaches the faith that infidelity (i.e. ascribing plurality) to Allah is the greatest sin. We should avoid from it and we should believe on the Unity of God by heart.
  


LESSON # 120 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Be! And It Is
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse –117 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  - 1)

The Originator of the heavens and the earth! And when He decreeth a thing, He saith unto it only: Be! And it is.
Badii-‘us-samaawaati  wal-‘arz.  Wa  ‘izaa qazaaa ‘amran- fa- ‘innamaa yaquulu lahuu  “KUN”  fayakuun.

Lesson
         
Badii-‘un – (The Originator without matter and without model/sample). This word has made from the word bada’. The word abdaa’a has also come out from it. That is meant to make anything without matter and without looking any sample/model. Badii’ means An Inventor, Artificer, Artist and Artisan Who is really and truly Originator and Inventor, Who does neither need any tool or instrument, nor any material or goods, nor He is Indigent of model and nor any Instructor/teacher. He may originate/invent every thing wishing either it has its body or sample earlier or not. He may create, originate or invent any thing, any time and any where. He is The Creator of the entire universe, earth and skies.

False faiths and beliefs of the Idolater and Infidel nations have been rejected in this verse. . They imagined that the matter was already in existence prior to becoming it in any shape. Only the God Almighty originated the universe after forming it in an order.

By telling His attribute Badii, Allah Almighty has commanded here that only His essence is ancient eternal and infinite. He has invented all the existence of whose there was no pattern already existing. He has given shape to the disruption of heaven, earth and everything in the universe. For Him it is very easy to create every thing from the very beginning without any pattern and matter.

“KUN” fayakuun - (Be! And it is) to create and invent the universe Allah Almighty has no need of any reason, cause, means, ground and support, just His order and sign is enough. This same reality has been explained in this short sentence.

It is known from this verse that only Allah is The Ancient. There was a time when only He was Being and nothing else existed. Only He created every thing with His Intention. Neither He has felt need of any partner nor helper. Only He is Who gives new shapes/forms to all things. It is wrong faith of materialists that The God Almighty is indigent of any one or He has need of anyone else.



LESSON # 121 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Evident Proofs
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse –118 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  - 1)

And those who have no knowledge say: Why doth not Allah speak unto us, or some sign come unto us? Even thus, as they now speak, spoke those (who were) before them. Their hearts are all alike. We have made clear the Revelations for people who are sure. 
Wa qaalal-laziina laa ya’-lamuuna law-laa  yukallimu-nallaahu ‘aw ta’-tiinaaa  ‘Aa-yah. Kazaalika qaalal-laziina min-qablihim misla  qawlihim.  Tashaabahat quluubuhum. Qad bayyannal-‘aayaati  li-qawminy-yuuqinuun.

Lesson

Al-laziina laa ya’-lamuuna – (those who have no knowledge) it is meant that the persons who are deprived from actual religious knowledge. This verse signifies towards particularly the Infidels/Idolaters.

laa  yukallimu-na – (does not speak with us) it means that why The God Almighty does not speak with them directly without inter-relation of the Prophets and the Messengers (peace be upon Them).

‘Aa-yah – (sign, a verse of the Holy Qur’an) this word has also come as for the “Miracle” in the Holy Qur’an. Here it also aims ‘the Miracle’.

Infidels and idolaters of Makkah claimed the Last Messenger of God Almighty Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that if Allah Almighty talks to the Prophets and the Messengers (peace be upon Them) then why He not talks direct to us. Or why He not sends any strange sign (miracle) for support and authentication of the Last Prophet (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) so that looking it we admit automatically about the truth of Prophet (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).

Allah Almighty commands that the people before them also said like these things. Standard of sense, spiritual and moral of those people was very low and of these people is also very low. Since hearts of the both are same in not having prudence and gratefulness.  

Replying them for these orders Allah Almighty says, “you have demanded just one miracle, I have already sent many clear miracles, for instance truth, trust, honesty and wisdom of the Last Messenger of God Almighty Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), there is No example of Holy Qur’an from any aspect, your Helplessness in reply to it, Journey of the Last Prophet of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) for Ascension and change of the Moon in two pieces”.


LESSON # 122 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Responsibility Of The Prophet
(peace be upon Him)
Verse –119 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  - 1)

Lo! We have sent thee (O Muhammad) with the truth, a bringer of glad-tidings and a warner; and thou wilt not be asked about the owners of Hell-fire.
‘Innaaa ‘arsalnaaka bil-haqqi bashiiranw-wa naziiranw,-wa laa tus-‘alu ‘an ‘As-haabil-Jahiim.

Lesson

Bil-haqqi – (with the truth) it means that You have been sent to Guide the human beings towards the Truth. It also means that ‘You always speak the true speeches, provide evident proofs and clear stabilities.

Bashiirun – (a bringer of glad-tidings) that is to say the persons who believe and follow the Orders and Instructions of God Almighty and His Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) “You bring for them glad-tidings of happiness and betterment in this world and Hereinafter in exchange of their good deeds”.

Naziirun – (The Warner) namely those people who deny and violate “You warn them from their bad results of evil-doing during their present lives and the Day of Resurrection”. These two characteristics of the Last Messenger, Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) are very important.

The Infidels and the Idolaters had doubts about Prophet-hood of the Messenger of Allah Almighty and truth of the Holy Qur’an and argued that if The God Almighty can talk with this Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) then we are also mankind, why does He not talk with us? Or why does He not bestow Him (Muhammad) (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) a great miracle due to which the Prophet-hood and Truth may be proved automatically?

Replying to their criticism the God Almighty commanded, “Do you ask for one miracle? We have bestowed many miracles to Our Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), but only those persons will believe Him (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) who are truly desirous of the Truth whole heartedly, believe the Truth and those people will not believe whose point of view is only to produce the doubts.

Allah Almighty has commanded His Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) , “We have sent You with the True Religion, the people who will follow You, they are Believers, for them You are bringer of glad-tidings for their good acts, however who will not follow You, they are Infidels, they will be thrown into the Hell-fire, You are Warner for them for their bad result. The Messenger’s duty is only to convey the Message of God Almighty. He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) is not responsible to make Muslim to the Infidels and Idolaters. 




LESSON # 123 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Desire Of The Jews And The Christians
Verse –120 of 286, Section – 14 (Part  - 1)

And the Jews will not be pleased with thee, nor will the Christians, till thou follow their creed. Say: Lo! The Guidance of Allah is the Guidance. And if thou shouldst follow their desires after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, then wouldst thou have from Allah no protecting friend nor helper.
Wa lan- tarzaa  ‘ankal- Yahuudu wa lan-Nasaaraa hattaa tattabi-‘a  millatahum.  Qul ‘inna Hudal-laahi huwal-Hudaa.  Wa la-‘init-taba’-ta  ‘ahwaaa-‘ahum ba’-dallazii jaaa-‘aka minal-‘ilmi, maa laka minallaahi minw-waliyyinw-wa laa nasiir.

Lesson

Millatahum – (their creed, religion, faith, routine, practice, way).

‘Ahwaaa-‘ahum – (their desires, wishes) ‘Ahwaaa means those thoughts and opinions foundation of which has not laid on the knowledge or reality but on sensual wishes.

The children of Israel and the Christians were so envious that the Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) wishing behave them how much with sympathy or show favour, they never used to listen and believe His (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) talk/speech. They only might be pleased when the last Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) accepts/admits their religion.

God Almighty commands that the true religion and real way of guidance is only that which He has revealed on His Last Prophet (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that is to say worship of God Almighty and good acts. As much as the groups have been raised separately, they all have been produced by human astray. The persons, who will leave the straight path intentionally, will be punished rigorously and will not find any protecting friend or helper of them.

Two things have been cleared entirely from this verse:

•        The religion of the people of The Scripture has been changed as much that there is nothing remained except their desires and false wishes.
•        The real path is that which has been cleared well by the God Almighty through His Last Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) for the human beings. 


LESSON # 124 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Support In The Former Scriptures
Verse –121 of 286, Section – 15 (Part  - 1)

Those unto whom We have given the Scripture, who read it with the right reading. Those believe in it. And whoso disbelieveth in it, those are they who are the losers.
‘Allaziina  ‘aatay-naahu-mul-Kitaaba  yatluunahuu  haqqa tilaawatih.  ‘Ulaaa-‘ika yu’-minuuna bih.  Wa many-yakfur bihii fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika humul-khaasiruun.

Lesson

Haqqa tilaawatih – (with the right reading) tilaawat means reading. Word tuloo is its matter. Literal meaning of this word is ‘to follow’. So this sentence aims that those people who read the Scripture of God Almighty with the right reading. That is to say they also act upon it, they follow the instructions guided in it and they do not decrease or increase in it.  

‘Allaziina  ‘aatay-naahu-mul-Kitaaba – (Those people to whom We have given the Scripture) it signifies towards the children of Israel and the Christians.

Result of making groups in the religion was mentioned in the last verse namely soul of following the teachings of the groups is in action in place of truth-loving and looking the reality. The people do not imagine about a person’s belief and deeds. They only see that the person either belongs to their group or not. While the sense of people becomes so then it is clear that the arguments and proofs can not produce effects. All the proofs become useless for those people desiring how much true and real facts are produced. 

It has been mentioned in today’s lesson that if the people of the Scriptures adopt honesty and friendship/sincerity leaving anger, sensual-ness and stubbornness, and recite their Holly Books whole heartedly then they might be convinced on the truth of Holy Qur’an and the Last Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), and will believe the Prophet Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).

The people who change and distort their Holy Books and don’t be attentive with good intentions, they would never be convinced on truth of Holy Qur’an. They are involved in anger, stubbornness, sensual desires and group making. If this were done by them then they will remain involved in infidelity forever. They will use to reject the truth continuously. Resultantly they will suffer loss in this world and will be ruined on the Day of Resurrection.



LESSON # 125 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Hold on the Day of Resurrection
Verse –122 & 123 of 286, Section – 15 (Part  - 1)

122.   O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I favoured you and how I preferred you to (all) creatures.

123.   And guard (yourselves) against a Day when no soul will in aught avail another, nor will compensation be accepted from it, nor will intercession be of use to it; nor will they be helped.
122.    Yaa-Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iilaz-kuruu ni’-matiyallatiii ‘an-‘am-tu ‘alaykum wa ‘annii fazzaltukum ‘alal-‘aalamiin.

123.    Wattaquu Yawmal-laa tajzii nafsun ‘an-nafsin- shay-‘anw-wa laa yuqbalu minhaa ‘adlunwa-wa laa tanfa-‘uhaa shafaa-‘atunw-wa laa hum yunsaruun.

Lesson

We have learnt the lessons on these both verses in lesson #55 and 60 (verse – 40 & 47). Recitation about the children of Israel had been commenced from there and till now their scientific doctrinal and practical weaknesses are being explained. They have also been invited towards the Straight Path that is to say Islam. It has been proved through clear and bright evidences that the Last Prophet (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) is on the Truth, a true Prophet, and it is necessary for every person to believe Him (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) and remain steadfast on His teachings. The children of Israel were also instructed to adopt the straight path of Allah Almighty leaving anger, opposition, making religious groups between them and stubbornness.

Now they are being reminded again for those things and notifying consequences of the Day of Resurrection. In this world a person can escape by the help of any other person, reward or penalty and by recommendations or power/emphasis. But to Allah Almighty nothing will be helpful out of these things. Just each person’s own acts and deeds will be helpful there. Tributes, fines, recommendations, friendship or anyone else’s help will become useless on the Doomsday.



LESSON # 126 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Leadership Of The Abraham (peace be upon Him)
Verse –124a of 286, Section – 15 (Part  - 1)

And (remember) when his Lord tried Abraham with (His) commands, and he fulfilled them. He said: Lo! I have appointed thee a leader for mankind. (Abraham) said: And of my offspring (will there be leaders)? He said: My covenant includeth not wrongdoers.
Wa ‘izibtalaaa ‘Ibraahii-ma Rabbuhuu bi-Kalmaatin,  fa- ‘atammahunn. Qaala  ‘Innii  jaa- ‘iluka lin-naasi  ‘Imaamaa.  Qaala  wa min-zurriyyatii.  Qaala laa yanaalu  ‘abdiz-zaa-limiin.

Lesson

Ibraahii-ma: (Abraham) every person knows about the name of this great respectable Prophet (peace be upon Him). He was most glorious grandfather of our Prophet, the Last Messenger of God Almighty, Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).  His native land was Babel and His father’s name was Aazar.  Out of His children two races were grown, one from the children of Prophet Isaac (peace be upon Him) and the other from the children of Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him). The Prophets from the first race/series are called Israeli Prophets (peace be upon Them), for example Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him), Prophet David (peace be upon Him), Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him). From the second family there was our Prophet Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).

Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) is called the grandfather of the Prophets (peace be upon Them). Besides the Muslims all others like the children of Israel and Christians respect Him.

Izibtalaaa: (when tried/examined) this word is derived from Baleehi. Its meanings are calamity, testing and trouble. Allah Almighty examined this Prophet of Him (peace be upon Him) with many aspects. For example, Sculptor and Idolater father threatened to let Him get out from his home, His nation frightened to banish from the Country and the King put Him into fire but He didn’t abstain from Islam and remained steadfast on the right path. Then God Almighty commanded to leave His wife and child in the forest and to sacrifice His child also. He obeyed all these orders too. Besides these trials He was tried by some more tests and He succeeded in all.

Imaama: (a leader, a spiritual guide) this leadership of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) was not only for spiritual and religious guidance but Allah Almighty blessed Him with betterment in politics also. He (peace be upon Him) became a real leader and priest in His times. The People accepted His leadership.




LESSON # 127 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Heritance Of Leadership/Guidance
Verse –124b of 286, Section – 15 (Part  - 1)

(Abraham) said: And of my offspring (will there be leaders)? He said: My covenant includeth not wrongdoers.
Qaala  wa min-zurriyyatii.  Qaala laa yanaalu  ‘abdiz-zaa-limiin.

Lesson

Zurriyyatii – (my offspring, my children, my generation) the word zurriyyatun has very vast meanings. That is to say in it children, children of the children and so on all are included. Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) had two sons, Prophet Ishmael and Prophet Isaac (peace be upon them). Race of these two Prophets (peace be upon them) became zurriyyatun of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him). The God Almighty blessed very much to this dynasty. Countless Prophets (peace be upon Them) were born in this family.

The children of Israel were very proud of their racial superiority. They used to say that they belonged to the race of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) and it was written in the Torah that God Almighty have blessed and favoured them. It has been cleared through this verse that:

•        The children of Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him) are also included in this racial superiority and pride, blessings and favours.

•        The covenant of the God Almighty was only for the persons who had good characters not for those who were of bad characters. Those people who have lost the felicity of belief and good deeds, for them racial superiority can not become reason of distinction.

After straying the ancient nations the God Almighty is laying foundation of the nation (the followers) of His Last Prophet and Messenger Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) for the rank of leadership and guidance. So it was necessary that significant history of arising invitation of Holy Qur’an be mentioned.

The glorious and respectable Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) was tried with many different methods by the God Almighty. He (peace be upon Him) was put in test, trouble and calamity but He (peace be upon Him) succeeded in all the examinations, never left patience and firmness. Due to result of this success the God Almighty appointed Him (peace be upon Him) as leader for guidance of the people. The Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) asked about His children (offspring) that “will they be also leaders”? The God Almighty commanded that “My covenant does not include the wrongdoers”. That is to say this rank will be bestowed to your race but with the condition that while they will not be cruel, disobedient and violent. If they adopted this path then this rank “leadership” will be snatched from them.

During a long period the leadership remained in the race of Prophet Abraham’s one son’s children i.e. the children of Israel who was son of Prophet Isaac (peace be upon Them). While they went astray, they did not pay the Right then this leadership was handed over to the Last Messenger Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) who was from the children of Prophet Ishmael, the second son of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Them). Now it is responsibility of the Muslims to prove themselves that they are able to hold this rank “leadership”.     

   

LESSON # 128 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Importance Of Ka’ba And Customs Of Pilgrimage
Verse –125 & 128 of 286, Section – 15 (Part  - 1)

And when We made the House (at Makkah) a resort for mankind and Sanctuary, (saying): Take as your place of worship the place where Abraham stood (to pray). And We imposed a duty upon Abraham and Ishmael, (saying): Purify My House for those who go around and those who meditate therein and those who bow down and prostrate themselves (in worship).  
Wa ‘iz ja-‘alnal-Bayta masaabatal-Linnaasi wa  ‘am-naa.  Wattakhizuu mim-Ma-qaami  ‘Ibraahiima musallaa.  Wa ‘ahidnaa ‘ilaaa  ‘Ibraa-hiima wa  ‘Ismaa-iila  ‘an- tahhiraa Baytiya  littaaa-‘ifiina wal-‘aa-kifiina war-rukka-is-sujuud.

Lesson

Al-Bayta – {the House (at Makkah)} literal meaning of Bayt is ‘House’. Al-Bayt-Ullaah- al-Haraam  (a Sacred House of God Almighty i.e. Ka’bah). This Square Building is in Makkah, the Respected place. It is the oldest place for worship of God Almighty on the earth. The Holy Qur’an has also proclaimed that it is the first and the oldest place for worship. It is also called Khana Ka’ba, Bayt Ullah and Qibla.  
Masaabatan – (a resort, a place for assembly/gathering) this word is derived from suub that means to return towards its original form. So masaabatan means the place towards which the mankind inclines over and over and never feels discomfort coming back again and again. It is the virtue of Al-Bayt-Ullaah- al-Haraam that the people come in again and again for Hajj (Pilgrimage) and they do not be weary of it.

Linnaasi – (for mankind) it signifies towards common people who come for pilgrimage. The persons from each part of the world, each country and territory assemble around Al-Bayt-Ullaah- al-Haraam each year for Hajj and Umrah (Pilgrimage).

‘Am-naa – (Sanctuary, sacred and protected place) the Building of Ka’ba and its all surrounding area which has been included in Haram, killing any person or hunting any living creature is totally prohibited. Before Islam the killers and criminals used to take shelter between the walls of Khana Ka’ba.

 Ma-qaami  ‘Ibraahiima – (the place where Abraham stood to pray and build the building of Khana Ka’ba). This stone has been saved in a small chamber a little distance away from the building of Khana Ka’ba. After the completion of seven rounds around the Khana Ka’ba during pilgrimage, two rak’at prayers are offered in front of this chamber. This virtue has much future reward.

Musallaa – (place of worship) in Arabic language all those places will be called musallaa where the prayers may be offered.

‘Ahidnaa – (We imposed a duty).

‘Ismaa-iila – (Ishmael) He was the elder son of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Them). He had twelve sons and from them twelve races were grown. The famous tribe of Arab “Quraish” is from His (peace be upon Him) race. He is one of the Forefathers of Last Messenger Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him). Duty for building the Khana Ka’ba was imposed to Him and His father Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Them).

Tahhiraa – (Purify) this word is derived from Tahaarat that means cleanliness. It includes meaningful cleanliness also besides outward cleanliness, that is to say purify the Khana Ka’ba from un-cleanliness of infidelity and plurality.

Baytiya – (My House) Allah Almighty has called the Khana Ka’ba saying My House. It is intended to disclose the greatness and grandeur of the Khana Ka’ba.

 Ittaaa-‘ifiina – (who go around) at the time of pilgrimage it is the duty to revolve around the House of God Almighty i.e. Khana Ka’ba. It was proclaimed about Oneness of God first of all in the Khana Ka’ba. So revolving around it is like promise with tongue that central spot of our entire lives, all the acts and worships is only the Oneness of God Almighty.

‘Aa-kifiina – (who meditate therein) To necessitate staying at any place for reverence. According to the Divines phrase Ai’-tikaaf means to stay in the mosque for the purpose of worship for a particular period. Ai’-tikaaf is practice of the Prophet Muhammad (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) during the last ten days of the Month of Ramadhan.

It is the beginning about talk of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) so that it may be proved to the children of Israel, “What were the teachings of Him (peace be upon Him) to whom they accept their forefather and are proud on it?” Then it may also be noted that the God Almighty commanded this glorious and respectable Prophet (peace be upon Him), “You will be made Leader of the people due to your sacrifices but this rank and honour will not be bestowed to evil doers from your race”. Because the children of Israel have left the straight and actual path so snatching from them this honour is being bestowed to the second branch of the Prophet Abraham’s children i.e. children of Ishmael (peace be upon Them).       
  


LESSON # 129 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Makkah – A Region Of Security
Verse –126 & 128 of 286, Section – 15 (Part  - 1)

And when Abraham prayed: My Lord! Make this a region of security and bestow upon its people fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day. He answered: And as for him who disbelieveth, I shall leave him in contentment for a while, then I shall compel him to the doom of Fire---a hapless journey’s end!
Wa ‘iz qaala ‘Ibraahiimu Rabbij-‘al haazaa Baladan ‘Aaminanw – warzuq ‘ahlahuu minas-samaraati man ‘aamana minhum, billaahi wal-Yawmil- ‘Aakhir.  Qaala wa man-kafara fa-‘umatti-‘uhuu qaliilan- summa ‘aztarruhuuu  ‘ilaa  ‘azaabin-Naar. Wa bi’-sal-masiir.

Lesson

Qaliilan – (for a while, a few days) it is meant the life of this world. Because comparing to the Doomsday the life of this world is like ‘for a while’.

Fa-‘umatti-‘uhuu – (I shall leave him in contentment, I shall do well to him also) this word is derived from Mataa’, that means Goods, valuables.

While the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) completed the construction work of the Temple of Makkah, Ka’ba then He (peace be upon Him) prayed from God Almighty as under:

•        Make this (Building, Its City and Its Surroundings) a Region of Security

•        Bestow upon its people fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day.

His both the prayers were approved. So the Building of Ka’ba and its all surrounding area which has been included in Haram, killing any person or hunting any living creature is totally prohibited. Before Islam the killers and criminals used to take shelter between the walls of Khana Ka’ba. Although all the land is stony and sandy but fresh and dry fruit, vegetables and grains are available here each time abundantly.

The Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) was told that the cruel and evildoers will be disappointed from the rank of Leadership. He (peace be upon Him) remembered this order and at the time of prayer for bestowing grains and fruit, prayed only for the Believers. The God Almighty commanded, “Religious Leadership is specified only for the Believers and the Obedient. However the disbelievers and Infidels will also be not forfeited from worldly lives. But they will get these things for a short period only during their lifetime. After death on the Day of Resurrection they will be thrown into the Hell-Fire as punishment of their disobedience, which is very bad abode.   





LESSON # 130 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Prayer For The Muslim Nation (Ummah)
Verse –127 & 128 of 286, Section – 15 (Part  - 1)

127.  And when Abraham and Ishmael were raising the foundations of the House, (Abraham and Ishmael prayed): Our Lord! Accept from us (this duty) Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Hearer, the Knower.

128.  Our Lord! And make us submissive unto Thee and of our seed a nation submissive unto Thee, and show us our ways of worship, and relent toward us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Relenting, the Merciful.
127.  Wa ‘iz yarfa-‘u ‘Ibraa-hiimul-qawaa-‘ida minal-Bayti wa ‘Ismaa-‘iil.  Rabbanaa ta-qabbal minnaa ‘Innaka ‘An-tas-Samii-‘ul-‘Aliim.

128.  Rabbanaa waj-‘alnaa
Muslimayni laka wa min-zurriyyatinaaa    ‘Ummatam-Mus-limatal-lak; wa ‘arinaa ma-naasikanaa wa tub ‘alaynaa ‘Innaka ‘Antat-Tawwaabur-Rahiim.

Lesson

Yarfa-‘u – (were raising) foundation of the Building of Ka’-ba had been laid by the Prophet Adam (peace be upon Him) during His era. This building had ended after being infirm. So now it was being raised again from the beginning. The word yarfa-‘u has been derived from the word rafa-’a. It is used in the meanings of to elevate, to raise and lift up etc.

Muslimayni – (Obedients) it aims toward two meanings.

•        The Believers of the Oneness of God Almighty.

•        Those persons who remain bound in the common instructions and orders of Islam.

The Prophets Abraham and Ishmael (peace be upon Them) were already Muslims also at that time. Aim of this prayer was “increase our obedience and keep us firm”. Its singular is Muslim. Islam is also from its matter. The literal meanings of Muslim are ‘well wisher, security provider, submissive and obedient.

‘Ummatam-Mus-limatan – (Submissive group/class) ‘Ummat means group and class. Mus-limah means submissive, obedient. It may be applied completely and only on the nation of Last Messenger of God Almighty (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).

Ma-naasikanaa – (our ways of worship to perform Pilgrimage) it means the religious methods particularly performing Hajj. These are also called the customs of Hajj.

While the Prophets Abraham and Ishmael (peace be upon Them) were raising the foundations of the Ka’-ba, alongside they were praying, “Our Lord! Accept from us (this duty) Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Hearer, the Knower. Our Lord! And make us submissive unto Thee and of our seed a nation submissive unto Thee, and show us our ways of worship, and relent toward us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Relenting, the Merciful”.


Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)


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