Thursday, January 1, 2015

Obey God, and obey the (last) Messenger and those of you who are in authority

Lessons 518 to 529

Worthy of Obedience 
Who Should be Obeyed?
Obey God, His Messenger and the Ruler
Believers Should Obey Allah, Messenger and the Chief
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –59a of 176, Section – 8/24 (Part – 5)

O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger and those of you who are in authority.
Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aa-manuuu  ‘atii-‘Ullaaha  wa  ‘atii-‘ur-Rasuula  wa  ‘ulil-‘amri  min-kum.


This verse is soul of Islamic political and general administrative system and key to fundamental principles of the country. A very important matter has been described in this verse. That is to say, who should be obeyed by the mankind in the matters of his/her life and heed the bidding of whom?

It is the miracle of the Word of Allah Almighty to narrate too much important and original subject in one sentence only. If we keep the order of this sentence in sight, then a lot of misapprehensions and depravities are dispelled, and those bondage, which human beings have adhered upon themselves, are broken. 

It is being ordered: Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aa-manuuu – (O ye who believe)!

1.   ‘atii-‘Ullaaha  (Obey Allah)

2.  wa  ‘atii-‘ur-Rasuula  (and obey the Messenger)

3.  wa  ‘ulil-‘amri  min-kum  (and those of you who are in authority)

Obedience of Allah Almighty will be through the Law, He revealed. He informed the humankind in every time about His Will. The person, who obeyed His instructions, succeeded and obtained deliverance. 

Obedience of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) will be in the form of following His actions, sayings and motions. The Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them) were sent in each dwelling and village. After them, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) came in the world as the last Messenger (Khatamul-Mursaliin). The human being, who will follow the Comely Model Role (‘Uswatun Hasanah) of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), he/she will be fortunate, successful and beloved of Allah Almighty.

Obedience of ‘ulil-‘amr (those of you who are in authority) will be done by means of acting upon the laws and guidance issued by the ruler, provided that he is from the Muslims. The condition of min-kum (those of you) has discharged the Muslims from obedience of any transgressor, mischievous or rebel of Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). Neither any such ruler will be paid homage, who does not believe in Allaah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), nor it will be yielded in such a matter, which is against the Will of Allaah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), and nor such law will be respected, which is against the Laws of  Allaah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him).

Muslim doctors of law and religion opposed very oppressive and tyrant kings openly and did not bow their heads before their non-Islamic rules and regulations. Resultant they suffered countless afflictions.   

Decision in the Form of Dispute
Refer the Dispute to Allah and Prophet for Verdict
Whom the Dispute Should be referred for Decree
For Judgment in Dispute, Recite the Holy Qur’an
What is Better and More Seemly in the End?
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –59b of 176, Section – 8/24 (Part – 5)

Then if ye have a dispute concerning any matter, refer it to Allah and the Messenger if ye are (in truth) believers in Allah and the Last Day. That is better and more seemly in the end. 
Fa-‘in  tanaaza’-tum  fii  shay-‘in-  fa-rudduuhu  ‘ilAllaahi  war-Rasuuli  ‘in-kuntum  tu’-minuuna  Billaahi  wal-Yawmil-‘Aakhir.  Zaalika  khayrunw-wa  ‘ahsanu  ta’-wiilaa.


tanaaza’-tum  - (you have a dispute). The words nazaa’ and tanaaza-‘a have also been derived from the same origin, which means ‘to quarrel, to dispute, to argue, misunderstanding, contradiction and to oppose.

Rudduuhu  - (refer to), there are many other words from its derivation like ‘irtadaad, murtad etc. Actual aim is ‘to invert, to return towards the Law of Allah Almighty and the traditions of the Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) in case of a dispute concerning any matter. That is to say, the decision of the dispute should be finalized in the light of the Will of Allah Almighty and His Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him).

We have been guided by Allaah Almighty, “If any mutual misunderstanding arises between you and your officials concerning any matter that, whether the command of the ruler is suitable or opposite, then the Scripture (Holy Qur’an) of Allaah Almighty and Sayings of His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) should be consulted, and brought it to a conclusion. Then the result, which has been settled, that should be considered mutually correct and fit. And if you are (in truth) believers in Allah Almighty and the Last Day, then your (belief) will demand that you should refer the case to the order of Allah Almighty and Sayings of His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), and that belief will excite you to fear from Their opposition.

We knew from it that the person, who will run away from the command of Allah Almighty and Sayings of His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), is not a Muslim. Therefore, if two Muslims dispute each other, one of both said, “Let’s refer to Law of Divine”. The other said, “I don’t have any regard to the Law of Divine” or “I am not concerned with any Divine way of religion”, then that person is not believer, otherwise he would not say such words.

Allah Almighty describes, “If you will refer your disputes and discords to Allah and Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), and obey Them, then it will be better for you. Result of referring the matters to Allah And His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is better than quarreling with one another or deciding according to own opinions.

Today, we observe that the Muslims quarrel with one another and instead of taking decision from Holy Qur’an, they refer their cases to other non-Islamic Laws. The only reason of it is that they keep the casual and closely results in view. They do not know that doing so, they spoil their end (the Day of Resurrection). If they obey the commands of Allah Almighty, their result may be better and more seemly in the end.  

Satan Wishes to Mislead all for Astray
God, False Deities and the Disputes
Report to Messenger for Judgment
Judgment of the Prophet of Allah
Disbeliever is He, Who Accepts not Messenger as Judge
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –60 of 176, Section – 9/24 (Part – 5)

Hast thou not seen those who pretend that they believe in that which is revealed unto thee and that which was revealed before thee, how they would go for judgment (in their disputes) to false deities when they have been ordered to abjure them? And Satan only wishes to mislead them for astray.   
‘Alam  tara  ‘ilallaziina  yaz-‘umuuna  ‘annahum  ‘aamanuu  bimaaa  ‘unzila  ‘ilayka  wa  maaa  ‘unzila  min-qablika  yuriiduuna  ‘any-yatahaakamuu  ‘ilat-taaguuti  wa  qad  ‘umiruu  ‘any-yakfuruu  bih.  Wa  yurii-dush-Shay-taanu  ‘any-yuzillahum  zalaalam-ba-‘iidaa.


The children of Israel (the Jews) used to support and show partiality during the act of judging the lawsuits usually by taking bribes etc. Maximum Hypocrites of Medina used to refer their matters to the scholars of the Jews for the purpose that they would show them favor. They did not use to come towards the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) because they did know that the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) would judge according to the just and fact, and would not show partiality for anyone.

Once, a person from the Jews and a Hypocrite disputed reciprocally. The Hebrew was true. He said, “Let’s refer the matter to the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) for judgment”. The Hypocrite was a liar. He strengthened that the matter should be referred to the scholar of the Jews “Ka’b bin Ashraf”. Eventually they both brought the dispute to the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) settled the matter in the favor of the Jew. After coming out from that place, the Hypocrite said to the Jew, “I don’t accept this decision. Let’s go to Omar (may Allah Almighty be pleased with him), I shall accept that, which he (may Allah Almighty be pleased with him) will decide”. 

The both persons (the Jew and the Hypocrite) reported to Omar (may Allah Almighty be pleased with him) and told about their dispute. When Omar (may Allah Almighty be pleased with him) listened to the Jew that the matter had already been presented in the court of Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and He had finalized the case in the favor of the Jew. Then Omar (may Allah Almighty be pleased with him) drew the sword, killed the Hypocrite and said, “It is the decision for him, who does not accept the judgment of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him)”. 

The heirs of the Hypocrite attended the court of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and sued against Omar (may Allah Almighty be pleased with him) regarding the execution of the Hypocrite. They began to swear that the matter was brought to Him only for the purpose that a truce might be made mutually between them (the Jew and the Hypocrite) by him (may Allah Almighty be pleased with him).

At this occasion, this verse was revealed, in which real fact was disclosed. Omar (may Allah Almighty be pleased with him) was bestowed with the title of “Faaruuq” (the Finder of the difference) upon this act.

After the Judgment of the Messenger
Come to That Which Allah Revealed
Way of God and His Messenger
Hypocrites Turn from Messenger with Aversion
They Swear, “We Seek Naught but Harmony and Kindness”
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –61 & 62 of 176, Section – 9/24 (Part – 5)

61.  And when it is said unto them: Come unto that which Allah hath revealed and unto Messenger, thou seest the hypocrites turn from thee with aversion.  

62.  How would it be if a misfortune smote them because of that which their own hands have sent before (them)? Then would they come unto thee, swearing by Allah that they were seeking naught but harmony and kindness.    
61.  Wa  ‘izaa  qiila  lahum  ta-‘aalaw  ‘ilaa  maaa  ‘anzalAllaahu  wa  ‘ilar-Rasuuli  ra-‘aytal-Munaa-fiqiina  yasudduuna  ‘anka  suduu-daa.

62.  Fa-kayfa  ‘izaaa  ‘asaabat-hum-musiibatum-  bimaa  qad-damat  ‘aydiihim  summa  jaaa-‘uuka  yahli-fuuna  Billaahi  ‘in  ‘arad-naaa  ‘illaaa  ‘ihsaanw-wa  taw-fiiqaa.


It was told in the previous verse that some people claimed that they were believers. However, they liked to refer the cases of their disputes to the mischievous persons instead of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), whereas it was incumbent upon them that they would not had any relation with the vicious persons. It is visible that the Devil (Satan) has dropped behind them and wishes to entangle them in very severe astray.

The same object has been described openly in this verse as well as in the forthcoming verses. That is to say, some people pronounce that they are believers but they do not satisfy upon the judgment of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and the Holy Qur-‘an. They have not too much courage to declare, “We do not go to the Messenger” (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). Therefore, they use to evade and practise delay. In addition, if they come to the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) unlikely (by saying others and hearing by them), they do not agree to His judgment. Because He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) decides with justice and His decision does not favor the evildoers. They re-refer the matters to others, while He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) would have finalized the judgment. When they are punished upon this arrogance, then they come back weeping to the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and swear that they did not go there to change His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) decision. They say that they were seeking naught but harmony and kindness, so that they might escape from the loss.  

Those people, who have only seemingly and not real relation with the Islam and Belief, and they have nothing in their hearts except selfishness, they wander hither and thither madly for attaining their own object. They invent false lawsuits and get settled from the person, who shows their partiality after taking bribe according to their demand. They try to make somehow the ruler, witness, lawyer etc. their defender. If they found any just-minded ruler and he caused to hear them punishment in accordance with the justice, then they use to weep with great difficulty. It has been mentioned in this verse, “It is the certain token of the hypocrites”.  

Correct Way of Deeds
Good Manner of the Acts
Sound Form of Living
Messenger Should be Obeyed by God’s Leave
Overlook, Admonish Them Who Wronged
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –63 & 64 of 176, Section – 9/24 (Part – 5)

63.  Those are they, the secrets of whose hearts Allah knoweth. So overlook them and admonish them, and speak to them eloquent words that would touch their very souls. 

64.  We sent no messenger save that he should be obeyed by Allah’s leave. And if, when they had wronged themselves, they had but come unto thee and asked forgiveness of Allah, and the Messenger (also) asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah Forgiving, Merciful.     
63.  ‘Ulaaa-‘ikallaziina  ya’-la-mUllaahu  maa  fii  quluubihim  fa- ‘a’- riz  ‘anum  wa  ‘iz-hum  wa  qul-lahum  fiii  ‘anfusihim  qawlam-baliiqaa.

64.  Wa  maaa  ‘arsalnaa  mir-Rasuulin  ‘illaa  liyutaa-‘a  bi-‘iznIllaah.  Wa  law  ‘annahum  ‘iz-zalamuuu  ‘anfusahum  jaaa-‘uuka  fastag-farUllaaha  was-tag-fara  lahu-mur-Rasuulu  la-waja-dUllaaha  Tawwaa-bar-Rahiimaa.     


Zalamuuu  - this word has been derived from the word zulm, which means tyranny, not according to rule or right, violence, cruelty and such act due to which someone is deprived of (any other person or himself). 

‘anfusa  - it is plural of nafs (the breath, respiration, the soul, the spirit, essence, heart, the person etc.). It also comes for the meaning of “belonging to, concerning, relevant, depending on” in the paraphrase. For the first verse (# 63), these meanings are proper, while for the second verse (# 64) the meaning as “the soul” is accurate.

Baliiqa  - (eloquent), to speak in such a deep toned voice, which takes one’s heart and he understands it whole-hearted.

In this verse, Allah Almighty says that their behavior is wrong; you should not be deceived from their apparent condition and smattering talks. Allah Almighty knows that entire, whatever they have in their hearts and He will punish them for their evil deeds at the appropriate time. Prophet Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is being commanded by Allah Almighty, “Do not care about their absurd and hypocritical deeds and keep advising them”. Then it has been explained that if, when they had wronged themselves, they had but come unto thee, be abashed and asked forgiveness of Allah Almighty, requested the Messenger to ask Allah Almighty also for their forgiveness, then they would have found Allah Almighty most Forgiving and Merciful. At that time, Allah Almighty would have surely forgiven their error. Instead of being ashamed and repenting, they began to refuse their crime and swear that they did not commit any crime but their intention was good and they went there only for harmony and kindness.    

Submit Yourself with Full Submission
Test of Accepting
Belief in the Truth
Proof of the Belief
Touchstone of the Faith
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –65 of 176, Section – 9/24 (Part – 5)

But nay, by the Lord, they will not believe (in truth) until they make thee judge of what is in dispute between them and find within themselves no dislike of that which thou  decidest, and submit with full submission.        
Falaa  wa  Rabbika  laa  yu’-minuuna  hattaa  yuhakkimuu-ka  fiimaa  shajara  baynahum  summa  laa  yajiduu  fiii  ‘anfu-sihim  harajam-mimmaa  qa-zay-ta  wa  yusallimuu  tasliimaa.      


laa  wa  Rabbika  - (nay, by the Lord), the word wa has been used for swearing. In Arabic Language, Laa is usually applied before swearing, which means, the matter is not that which is being understood by the listener, but I swear that it is the actual subject, which I am going to say.  
shajara   - (rising up, spring up, growing), actually this word is used for the tree. Here it means ‘to dispute’. Mashaajirah has also derived from it, which means ‘to quarrel, to vie with, and to fall out’.    

Harajam  - {tightness (in mode of speech), dislike}.

It has been commanded that if, they were thinking that they would carry on disobeying the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and remain the believers also, then ‘by Lord (Almighty), they will become Believers at that time, when they will make You (Prophet Muhammad) judge of what is in dispute between them and find within themselves no dislike of that which You  decide.

It has been known clearly from this publication that bowing head before the decision and judgment of Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) without wrangling, so that any doubt of displeasure may not take place in the hearts, is the sign of soundness of the Belief. Otherwise, there is a fear of the disease of hypocrisy. The Muslims have been taught in these verses that the real thing in the religion is ‘the truth and goodness of the heart’. Those people, who do not bear in mind the religion in their reciprocal matters and lawsuits and refer to other persons for judgment, their behavior is against the Belief. It appeared from this discussion that they do not either rely on the religion or want to run away from the justice. In the first condition, they are at a great distance from the Faith, and in the second form, they have been tied with their wishes and selfishness, and help the tyranny.   

What would be more faithlessness than it that they think before getting decision of their cases, that from where they would succeed? Near to them rule and law is nothing. They believe in Holy Qur’an and the religion up to the limit, that these support their wishes, because their only aim is to gain.

Secondly, it has been described in these verses that it is useless to dispute with the hypocrites. One should turn his face entirely from their words. Nevertheless, such atmosphere should be produced for them by engaging oneself in personal affairs that they feel repentance and abstain from their wickedness automatically. 

Rules Conformable to the Shara’ are Easy
Lawful Orders are Not Difficult
No Difficulty in the Religious Commands
Convenience in the Straight Path
Guidance to Si-raati Mustaqiim
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –66 to 68 of 176, Section – 9/24 (Part – 5)

66.  And if We had decreed for them: Lay down your lives or go forth from your dwellings, but few of them would have done it; and if they had done what they have been admonished it would have been better for them, and more strengthening-

67.  And then We would have bestowed upon them from Our Presence an immense reward-

68.  And We would have guided them unto a Straight Path.         
66.  Wa  law  ‘annaa  katabnaa  ‘alayhim  ‘aniqtuluuu  ‘anfu-sakum  ‘awikh-rujuu  min- diyaari-kum-maa  fa-‘aluuhu  ‘illaa  qalii-lum-minhum.  Wa  law  ‘annahum  fa-‘aluu  maa  yuu-‘azuuna  bi-hii  lakaana  khay-rallahum  wa  ‘ashadda  tasbiitaa.

67.  Wa  ‘izalla-‘aatay-naahum-milla-dunnaaa  ‘ajran  ‘aziimaa.

68.  Wa  lahaday-naahum  Si-raatam-Musta-qiimaa.       


Katabnaa -  this word is derived from Kataba which means ‘to write’. When ‘alaa comes after the word Katabnaa, then its meanings are changed as ‘to order’ someone. That is to say, ‘We ordered’.
TasbiitaaTo strengthen, to stable, to make firm, to establish or to prove.  

In the previous verse, it was advised to every mankind that they should act upon the commands of the Messenger of Allah Almighty, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) because the Messengers and Prophets (peace be upon them) are sent in the world only for the purpose of obedience, and what they say, that is the order of Allah Almighty, not theirs.

This verse states that obeying and following the Prophet is not too much difficult because Prophet of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) instructs them to do very easy tasks, which are beneficial for themselves. He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is Our (God’s) beloved Messenger.

If We (Allah Almighty) wished to command the Messenger very difficult orders, We could have. For instance, if We had ordered them, “Lay down your lives (by choking or die stabbing yourselves) or go forth from your dwellings (get out from your houses), then they would never be ready to obey such orders but only a few of them would have done so. They should think that, We have neither instructed them to leave their houses losing their lives, nor to put themselves into the troubles and hardships as We did with the people before them, but determined for them easy tasks in which less effort is required while the reward is more.

Then it is said that if they would have done these easy tasks happily, it would have been better for them. Their hearts would have been strong and belief matured, We had put them in a Straight Path, which lead them to the house of immortal comfort and pleasure. But, they do not understand that if these easy tasks are done with good intention and true heart, then its retaliation is as big reward, that the human being is saved from pain, sorrow and torment forever and reaches in the house of comfort and happiness.

Bounty-holder Servants of Allah
Those People, who are Obedient of God
Prophets, Saints, Martyrs and Righteous
Best of Company
Beneficiary Persons
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –69 & 70 of 176, Section – 9/24 (Part – 5)

69.  Whoso  obeyeth Allah and the Messenger, they are with those unto whom Allah hath shown favour, of the Prophets and the saints and the martyrs and the righteous. And what a best of company are they indeed.  

70.  That is Bounty from Allah. And Allah sufficeth as Knower.          
69.  Wa  many-yuti-‘Illaaha  war-Rasuula  fa- ‘ulaaa-‘ika  ma- ‘allaziina  ‘an- ‘amAllaahu  ‘alay-him-minan-Nabiy-yiina  was-Siddii-qiina  wash-Shuha-daaa-‘i  was-Saalihiin.  Wa  hasuna  ‘ulaaa-‘ika  Rafiiqaa.

70.  Zaalikal-Fazlu  minAllaah.  Wa kafaa  bIllaahi  ‘Aliimaa.        


In this holy verse, Allah Almighty has described about His those glorious slaves who have been favored with the special honorable gifts.   

1.    ‘An-Nabiy-yiina  - It is Plural of Nabii. Nabii means Prophet (peace be upon Him). Those Selected Servants of Allah Almighty, Who were sent in the world to deliver the Message of Allah Almighty to the human beings. This Message was dispatched to the Prophets (peace be upon them) by Allah Almighty through an Angel (peace be upon Him), they used to feel the arrival of the Angel and transmit the Message to the humankind without any reduction or increase in it.   

2.   ‘As-Siddii-qiina  - (the saints), plural of Siddiiq, which means ‘a faithful witness of the truth’. It is also a title of Prophet Joseph (peace be upon him) and Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) – the companion of last Messenger of Allah Almighty, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). ‘As-Siddii-qiina are those people, whose hearts accept the Messages of the Prophets as true naturally. They do not need any reason or proof.     

3.   ‘Ash-Shuha-daaa-‘a  - (the martyrs), it is plural of Shahiid, these are the people, who are ready every time to sacrifice their lives upon the commands of Prophets (peace be upon them) and produce evidence of the truth with their own blood. 

4.  ‘As-Saalihiina  - (the righteous people), it is plural of Saalih. These are such persons, whose nature is good innately and who have purified their souls and bodies from the evils, licentiousness, lewdness and impurities.

These four kinds of persons are excellent out of the entire human beings. Allah Almighty has bestowed them superiority and eminence upon all other people and comforted them with His Bounty.

The classification of their dignities is the same as it has been kept in the verse. That is to say, the Messengers and the Prophets (peace be upon them) have the highest ranks. Junior to them is the degree of  As-Siddii-qiin. Then the rank of ‘Ash-Shuha-daaa-‘a - (the martyrs) comes after them. The last degree in this category is ‘As-Saalihiina - (the righteous people). These all persons are replete with the blessings, nobility and mercy of Allah Almighty according to their ranks. It has already mentioned earlier that the human beings are not equal in accordance with their ability and qualifications. Excellent out of the remaining people (excluding the above-mentioned persons) are those, who remain busy in obedience of Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). Fellow-ship of the Prophets (peace be upon them), the Saints, the Martyrs and the Righteous (may Allah be agreed upon them) will also become their fortune according to their degree, qualification and ability. It does not aim that they will become exactly like them, however, they will be counted into their servants and their relationship will be connected with them. It is a very big kindness that this relationship has been named as “a best of company”. Otherwise, it is a very great of luck too to be accepted as their servants.

We pray in our each prayer that we should be guided to go to the Straight Path, the Path of those who have been described above. Surah ‘Al-Faatiha (Chapter -1 “the Opening”) teaches us the lesson, “Show us the Straight Path, the Path of those whom Thou hast favoured”, “Not (the path) of those who earn Thine anger nor of those who go astray”. Company of these great people will be in those peoples’ luck, who will obey Allah Almighty and follow His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him).      

Be Ready for Jihaad
Prepare Yourselves for Crusade
Take Your Precautions and Move On
Readiness for the Religious War
Be Careful from Them, Who Loiter
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –71 & 72 of 176, Section – 10/24 (Part – 5)

71.  O ye who believe! Take your precautions, then move on as separate units, or advance all together.

And lo! Among you there is he who loitereth; and if disaster overtook you, he would say: Allah hath been gracious unto me since I was not present with them.          
71.  Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aa-manuu  khuzuu  hizrakum  fan-firuu  subaatin  ‘awinfiruu  jamii-‘aa.

72.  Wa  ‘inna  minkum lamalla-yubatti-‘ann.  Fa-‘in  ‘asaabat-kum-musii-batun-  qaala  qad  ‘an-‘amAllaahu  ‘a-layya  ‘iz  lam  ‘akum-ma-‘ahum  shahiidaa.      


subaatin  - it is plural of sabat which means separate units and little groups.

Shahiidan – witness, being present (at a particular place) - There are some narrations about this verse that in the beginning, many people embraced Islam in imitation. When Jihad became their duty, they disobeyed and even that some of them began to oppose the religion obviously accompanying the infidels. This verse was revealed at that time.

Behavior of the hypocrites was mentioned in the previous verses. In this verse, their manner of acts at the time of Crusade (Jihad) has been discussed and the Muslims have been prevented to adopt the behavior like them. Islam likes very much that the people should live reciprocally with reconciliation and smoothness. But selfishness of the infidels compelled the Muslims to fight. Until the people will remain the slaves of their wishes and turn their faces from the Straight Path due to following and misleading of the Satan, the war may not be ended from the world. The servants of Allah Almighty would have to fight against these slaves of the wishes by compulsion.   

The Believers have been directed with urgency in this verse that they should arrange for precautionary things to save themselves from the enemies of the humanity and remain dressed with warlike arms and equipment. When it becomes necessary, then you should move on as separate units, or advance all together to fight against them. You should not loiter at that time, because sometimes it spoils due to delay at the time of the battle and the enemy prospers.

Remember it that there are some such people between you, who practise delay while proceeding for Jihad and loiter intentionally. They are called hypocrites. Their leader was AbdUllah bin Ubaii. He had determined this method that whenever the Muslims used to go for fighting, he used to remain in the rear with his followers by evading. If the Muslims suffered any disaster or faced any defeat, he used to say, Thank God since I was not present with them. Otherwise, I would have died too. As though, this wrong subject had dwelled in his heart that he would remain safe at the home from the death and in the battlefield he would expire before the time.  

Jihad and its Reward
Bounty from Allah for the Warriors
Achieve Great Success through Jihad
Fight For the Sake of Hereafter
Vast Reward for Him, Who is slain for Allah
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –73 & 74 of 176, Section – 10/24 (Part – 5)

73.   And if a Bounty from Allah befell you, he would surely cry, as if there had been no love between you and him: Would that I had been with them, then I would have achieved a great success.

74.   Let those fight in the Way of Allah who sell the life of the world for the sake of Hereafter. And whoso fighteth in the Way of Allah, be he slain or be he victorious, on him We shall bestow a vast reward.       
73.  Wa  la-‘in  ‘asaa-bakum  fazlum-minAllaahi  la-yaquulanna  ka-‘allam  takum-baynakum  wa  bay-nahum  ma-wadda-tuny-yaalay-tanii  kuntu  ma-‘ahum  fa-‘afuuza  fawzan  ‘aziimaa.

74.  Fal-yuqaatil  fii  SabiiLillaa-hillaziina  yash-ruunal-hayaa-taddunyaa  bil-‘Aakhirah.  Wa  many-yuqaatil  fii  Sabiil-Lillaahi  fayuq-tal  ‘aw  yag-lib  fa-sawfa  nu’-tiihi  ‘ajran  ‘aziimaa.    


The command of Allah Almighty regarding preparation for Jihad and in this connection, behavior of the Hypocrites has been described in the previous verse. Allah Almighty has determined every Muslim as the Soldier of Islam and claimed that you should be ready every time to sacrifice your life in the Path of Truth. It is necessary for you to remain prepared in each condition for fighting in separate units or if there is a need of Jihad by all together. The Hypocrites will evade intentionally and prepensely, and try to refrain away from alliance in Jihad. If God forbid, you suffered, they will unfold their gladness. And if Allah Almighty bestowed His Bounty upon you, you attained victory and success, and returned with plenty of wealth, then they would surely cry and say like the strange people, as if there had been no love between you and them: Would that we had been with them (you), then we would have achieved booty, collected the riches and great success.

It is the precept of Allah Almighty that you should fight against those people in His Way, who give preference to the worldly life in retaliation of the Hereafter and like the world instead of the religion. You should not have any concern with victory or defeat, be slain or overcome. We shall bestow you a vast reward in both conditions.

Try and Strive for Help of the Oppressed   
Help Them who are Treated Wrongfully 
Listen To the Feeble for Their Protection   
Defence of the Persons, Treated Unjustly
Protection of the Wronged Persons by Jihad    
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –75 of 176, Section – 10/24 (Part 

75.  How should ye not fight for the Cause of Allah and of the feeble among men and of the women and the children who are saying: Our Lord! Deliver us from this town of which the people are oppressors! And give us from Thy presence some protecting friend! And, give us from Thy presence some defender.          
75.  Wa  maa  lakum laa  tuqaa-tiluuna  fii  Sabii-Lillaahi  wal-mustaz-‘afiina  minar-rijaali  wan-nisaaa-‘i  wal-wildaanil-laziina  yaquu-luuna  Rabba-naaa  ‘akh-rij-naa  min  haazihil-qaryatiz-zaalimi  ‘ahluhaa.  Waj-‘al-lanaa  mil-la-dunka  waliy-yaa.  Waj-‘al-lanaa  milla-dunka  nasiiraa.      


Yuqaa-tilu  fii  Sabii-Lillaahi  - (fought for the Cause of Allah), this sentence has come three times in these verses. The aim is to emphasize upon the matter that the battle should only be for the religion of Allah Almighty. He approves that none should prevent any person from leading to the Way of Religion. The war is with them only who do not believe in the true religion themselves as well as obstruct others too from acting upon the religious instructions.  

It is understood that Jihad means ‘to be prepared for fighting with those people, who prevent the human beings from the true path and want to make others their own harmonious willing or not willing. Distinction of those misled people is that they view only worldly advantages of their own and their companions, and wish to keep others pressed forcibly for their personal desires. They say, “We are superior to all other persons and they should remain our servants”.

Opposite to them, there are some such people, who like goodness for entire humankind and consider their gain in the gain of all other human beings. Neither they are proud nor haughty. They do not want to keep others under their pressure. They deem necessary to help the poor, the needy and the feeble people, and there is neither any interest of their own in it, nor they think about any benefit. Rather their aim is only to save the creature of Allah Almighty from any disaster. They neither claim any gratitude from someone, nor desire any partiality/favor. These people believe truly in Allah Almighty and His religion.

Allah Almighty commands that while those men and women, little, elder and weak children of any inhabited place would be crying and screaming for help, defence and protection against the tyrants, who have pressed them, then what has happened with you that you do not go forward to support them? Moreover, why do you not grip up the loins of the oppressors for fighting against them?

Battle of Believers and Disbelievers   
The Devil’s Strategy is Ever Weak 
Believers Do Battle for the Cause of God   
Disbelievers Fight for the Cause of Idols
Fight the Minions of the Devil    
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –76 of 176, Section – 10/24 (Part – 5)
Those who believe do battle for the Cause of Allah, and those who disbelieve do battle for the cause of idols; so fight the minions of the devil. Lo! The devil’s strategy is ever weak.        
‘Allaziina  ‘aamanuu  yuqaa-tiluuna  fiii  Sabii-Lillaah.  Wallaziina  kafaruu  yuqaa-tiluuna  fiii  Sabii-lit-Taaguuti  faqaa-tiluu  ‘aw-liyaaa-‘ash-Shaytaan.  ‘Inna  kaydash-Shaytaani  kaana  za-‘iifaa.    


‘Allaziina  ‘aamanuu(The Believers), the word ‘aamanuu has been derived from ‘iimaan, which means ‘to accept by the tongue and have belief in the heart. Only they are Believer, who believe in Allah Almighty, His Angels (peace be upon them), His Scripture including the last (Holy Qur’an), His Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them) including the last Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and the Day of Resurrection, and know it unchangeable that they will have to clear (after coming into life again) their accounts of deeds which they had done during their worldly life.

‘Allaziina  kafaruu – (the Disbelievers, Infidels and Idolaters), this word has been derived from kafara that means ‘to hide, to deny and not to thank’. Those are Infidels, who do not believe in the Principles of Islam and consider that the worldly life is the only life, and they say that ‘there will be nothing after it’. That is to say; they do not believe in the Hereafter. 

Taaguuti  - this word has been derived from the word Tugyaan, which means ‘refractory, disobedient mischievous and wicked’. It is the title of Satan also, who tries always to mislead the humankind from the Straight Path.

Kaydun(the strategy, the gait and the trap), as trick of the victory to be achieved by someone. ‘aw-liyaaa-‘u  - it is plural of Walii, which means ‘friends, supporters, helpers, minions, favorites, low flatterers’.

Allah Almighty has determined a proper manner of living in this world for the mankind. The human being has not been left free entirely like the animals (that what they want may do), the name of this manner is ‘Siraatal Mustaqiim, the Straight Path and the True Religion’. It is the Sabii-Lillaah. At another place in the Holy Qur’an, it has also been called SiraatAllaah.

A secret Power, who is called with different names like Satan, the Devil, Taaguut, he has made up His mind to oppose the human being like enemy in each condition and he uses to try the humanity to mislead from the Correct and Straight Path, as far as it is possible for him. Alas! That a major quantity from the human beings has went astray from the Straight Way due to his deception and they do not listen to anyone due to following their own wishes.

The History is witness that many nations of human beings ruined, being entangled in these meshes and two Paths were set up permanently for the people. One Path is fixed by Allah Almighty, which has been called Sabii-Lillaah in the verse and the other is Path of Satan (Sabii-lit-Taaguuti).

It has been commanded in the verse that the Believers and obedient of Allah Almighty fight to support His Way. Moreover, those who disbelieve in Allah Almighty and disobey Him, they fight in the partisanship of the way of the Devil. Then it has been mentioned that apparently, the confederacies of Satan seem very frightful and strong, but in fact his strategy is weak and that has no reality before the matured intentions of the honest people.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif).