Sunday, January 4, 2015

And unto Allaah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth


Lessons 563 to 574
         
Lesson # 563 From Holy Qur’aan

Condition of Dealing the Wives Equally

If Ye Do Good (with Wives) and Keep from Evil, lo! God is Ever-Forgiving, Merciful

You Should Not Turn Altogether Away from anyone Wife, Leaving Her as in Suspense

If Wife and Husband Separate, God Will Compensate Each out of His Abundance

Justice is Necessary between the Wives

Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4
Verses –129 & 130 of 176, Section – 19/24 (Part – 5)

129.  And Ye will not be able to deal equally between (your) wives, however much ye wish (to do so); but turn not altogether away (from one), leaving her as in suspense. And if ye do good and keep from evil, lo! Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Merciful.

130.  And if they separate, Allah will compensate each out of His abundance. And Allah is ever All-Embracing, All-Knowing.   
129.  Wa  lan-  tastatii-‘uuu  ‘an-ta-diluu  baynan-nisaaa-‘i  wa  law  harastum  falaa  tamiiluu  kullal-mayli  fataza-ruuhaa  kal-mu-‘allaqah.  Wa  ‘in  tuslihuu  wa  tattaquu  fa-‘innAllaaha  kaana  Gafuurar-Rahiimaa.

130.  Wa  ‘iny-yata-farraqaa  yug-NIllaahu  kullam-min- sa-‘atih.  Wa  kaanAllaahu  Waasi-‘an  Hakiimaa.  
                                                             
Lesson

Tastatii-‘uuu – (You will be able to do), it is made from ‘ista-taa-‘at, which means ‘to have power, to be able to do’.
Tamiiluu – {(you would have to) Lean}, it is from mel, which means ‘to lean, to connect, to agree, to incline to, to draw attention. The word Mailaan is also from it, which means inclination.   
Mu-‘allaqatin – (in suspense), its base is ta’-liiq, which means ‘to keep waiting, to postpone, to hang, to suspend’. As per idiomatic meaning, it aims ‘neither the husband inhabits the wife at home after marriage, nor sets her free by divorcing’. Islam has determined this state of circumstances as extremely vile act.
Tattaquu – (keep from evil), its origin is ‘ittaqaa’, which has been derived from taqwaa. Taqwaa is “to keep away from the evil, the sobriety and abstinence”. ‘Ittaqaa’ means “to adopt sobriety, to fear from Allaah Almighty”.

Before Islam, the Arabians used to marry as much women as they wished. There was no limit for number of marriages. After that they used to ignore them carelessly. Some of them were regarded, but maximum were not contemplated. Islam did not like this deed and approved such device, due to which, this prevalence might be finished in the process of time.

First of all, Islam began to correct the marriages from the point that women were raised from their dropped dignity and disciplined the men that they (women) are not mere mindless and lifeless idols for completion of your desires (lust), that you use them as you wish. They are owners of their wealth and property. They have right in the heritage. You would have to accept them as your equal member, partner, helper and supporter in maximum affairs. Then, it has been commanded that you can marry more than one woman with their consent. But you would have to keep all of them comfortably. And remember! It is not in your control to do justice between them. You will see that you are unable to deal your wives equally, although you wished and tried your best. It will never be lawful for you that you incline more towards one side and the other wife or wives are kept waiting (in suspense). If you feel that you are not able to retain, then divorce them. Allaah Almighty is Lord of entire creations. Nothing is deficient near to Him. He will bestow the persons, who are of good intention, too much Mercifully, that they will become independent from each other.





 Lesson # 564 From Holy Qur’aan

Keep Your Duty toward God

Everything in the Heavens and the Earth Belongs to God

Unto Allaah Belongeth Whatsoever is in the Heavens and Whatsoever is in the Earth

God is Sufficient as Defender

Fear of Allaah Almighty

Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4
Verses –131 & 132 of 176, Section – 19/24 (Part – 5)

131.  And unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth and We ordained those who received the Scripture before you and (We ordain) you, that ye keep your duty toward Allah. And if ye disbelieve, lo! Unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. And Allah is Ever Absolute, Owner of Praise.

132.  And unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. And Allah is Sufficient as Defender.    
131.  Wa  LIllaahi  maa  fis-samaawaati  wa  maa  fil-‘arz.  Wa  laqad  wassay-nallaziina  ‘uutul-Kitaaba  min- qablikum  wa  ‘iy-yaakum  ‘anitta-qUllaah.  Wa  ‘in-  takfuruu  fa-  ‘inna  LIllaahi  maa  fis-samaa-waati  wa  maa fil-‘arz.  Wa  kaanAllaahu  Gany-yan  Hamiidaa.

132.  Wa  LIllaahi  maa  fis-sama-waati  wa  maa  fil-‘arz.  Wa  kafaa  BIllaahi  Wakiilaa.
                                                             
Lesson

Wassay-naa – it has been derived from taw-siit, which means “to ordain, to say either about goodness or for giving such thing, in which there is benefit for one, and to advice, to admonish etc.”

Messenger of Allaah Almighty, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) has produced a method of living and working in this world for the humankind, which is called Islam. The questions like “what should think the human beings, what should be done by someone, how should one do” have been described very clearly in the Holy Qur’aan, in which there are all kinds of Rules and Regulations for guidance of entire mankind. How to deal mutual matters, how to behave relatives, neighbors, the people living in surroundings and common people? These entire matters have been mentioned until now. There is only one thing in the intent of these entire matters, which has been described repeatedly on various occasions and toward which, there is dire need to draw special attention, that is; Bear the remembrance of Allaah Almighty in mind every time, Do good works to please Him and Turn away from evil deeds.

It has been told thrice in this verse, “Unto Allaah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth”. In addition, it has been ordained, “Keep the women in a suitable manner, fear from your Lord Almighty and do not trouble them”. As the people before you were instructed, now you are also being commanded, “The essential matter is to fear from Allaah Almighty. It is advantageous for your own. Because Allaah Almighty is Free, Lord, Eternal and Sublime. He does not have necessity of anything. What does He say, that is well for you”. The world used to tyrannize the women and still uses force against them. Therefore, it has been urged in the Holy Qur’aan again and again to do justice with them. Then it is commanded that Allaah Almighty does correct entire problems of that person, who executes His Orders. And His Support is Sufficient because He is Lord of all things. It is the difference between Muslims and non-Muslims that “What the Muslims do that is order of God Almighty, and what they leave, that is due to His fear. Other people have been entangled in their own imaginations and they have forgotten Allaah Almighty. If this difference does not stand firm, then Muslims and non-Muslims are equal i.e. all are Disbelievers.  





 Lesson # 565 From Holy Qur’aan

If God Will, He Can Remove You and Bring Others

Reward – of the World and the Hereafter is with Allaah

Allaah Can Bring Others to Replace You from the World

God is Ever Hearer, Seer

It is in the Hands of God, He Can Do, What He Wills
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4
Verses –133 & 134 of 176, Section – 19/24 (Part – 5)

133.  If He will, He can remove you, O people, and bring others (in your stead). And Allah is Able to do that.

134.  Whoso desireth the reward of the world, (let him know that) with Allah is reward of the world and the Hereafter. And Allah is ever Hearer, Seer.       
133.  ‘Iny-yasha’  yuz-hibkum  ‘ayyu-hannaasu  wa  ya’-ti  bi-‘aakhariin.  Wa  kaanAllaahu  ‘alaa  zaalika  Qadiiraa. 

134.  Man  kaana  yu-riidu  sawaa-baddunyaa  wal-‘aakhirah.  Wa  kaanAllaahu  Samii-‘am-  Basiiraa.   
                                                             
Lesson

Yuz-hibu(can remove), it has been derived from ‘az-haab origin, which means ‘to remove, to bring away’.

It was told in the previous lesson that Allaah Almighty does not have any concern with it, if either anybody obeys Him or not, because He is Independent and Lord of the entire creations which are held in the heavens and the earth. Nothing is deficient for Him, for which He might be necessitous of others’ help. However, the humankind is needy from beginning to end. And human beings are not able to get every necessary/required thing without support of others. They are weak; therefore, they need to save themselves. They remain frightened from many things as fear of loss of the wealth, property and their own lives. Their knowledge is inexpert, therefore sometimes; they perform usually such works, which hurt them. So they have need of such a person, who has more knowledge than them.

Who can be their more helper, supporter and guide than Allaah Almighty? Human weakness of intellect and indigence wants that it should make someone it’s such a protector and auxiliary companion, who have those all perfect powers, strength and qualities, which it does not have in itself. If somebody has only a little wisdom, then he can understand that there is none but Allaah Almighty, Who can be Defender, Guard, Helper and Guide.

It has been mentioned in this verse that if Allaah Almighty needed those people, who obey Him or frighten from Him, then He Is Empower to remove those persons from the world, who disobey Him and bring into being such people, who would remain standing in tying their hands position in front of Him and they would never disobey Him.  

Remember! If you will disobey your Lord Almighty, He is Able to annihilate you and Produce His obedient servants at your place in the world. But He does not care that who believes in Him and who disobeys. He has kept ready everything with Him. The person, who wishes riches, He may give him wealth, and who wants Hereafter, He will bestow him ease and comfort of the Doomsday. It is His Will to provide you option, and give fruit of intention and desire of every person. He is Hearer and Seer of everything. Nothing is hidden from Him.


  

Lesson # 566 From Holy Qur’aan

O You Who Believe! Be You Staunch in Justice

Witness without Grudge

You should not Follow the Passion, Lest You Lapse from the Truth

If You Fall Away from Truth, Remember!
God is Aware

True Witness - Even though it be Against Yourselves
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4
Verse –135 of 176, Section – 20/24 (Part – 5)

O ye who believe! Be ye staunch in justice, witnesses for Allah, even though it be against yourselves or (your) parents or (your) kindred, whether (the case be of) a rich man or a poor man, for Allah is nearer unto both (them ye are). So follow not passion lest ye lapse (from truth) and if ye lapse or fall away, then lo! Allah is ever Aware of what ye do.          
Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aa-manuu  kuunuu  qawwaamiina  bil-qisti  shuhadaaa-‘a  LIllaahi  wa  law  ‘alaaa  ‘anfu-sikum  ‘a-wil-waali-dayni  wal-‘aqra-biin.  ‘Iny-yakun  ganiyyan  ‘aw  faqii-ran  fAllaahu  ‘awlaa  bihimaa.  Falaa  tattabi-‘ul-hawaaa  ‘an  ta’-diluu.  Wa  ‘in  tal-wuuu  ‘aw  tu’-rizuu  fa  ‘innAllaaha  kaana  bimaa  ta’-maluuna  Khabiiraa.     
                                                             
Lesson

Qawwaamiina – (those persons, who stay steadily, prevent the flow of, and stop), it has been derived from Qayyaam and is plural of Qawwaam. Qawwaamiina  bil-qisti  (those, who staunch in justice) i.e. those people, who stay steadily in justice and keep it every time in view.
‘Alaaa  ‘anfu-sikum – (against yourselves), its literal meaning is ‘upon you’, that is to say; which is harmful for you.
‘Aqra-biina – (your kindred, near relatives), it is plural of ‘aqrab, which has been made from qariib. Qariib means ‘near’ and ‘aqrab means ‘very near i.e. kindred’.
Tu’-rizuu – (fall away), its origin is ‘a-raaz. It means ‘averseness, hatred, shunning, shrinking from and dislike’. Here it aims, “lest you fall away something at the time of providing evidence’ or do not say about the truth, which was necessary for justice, so that the hearer may not understand correctly’.

A very valuable command has been delivered for the humankind in this verse and a clear likeness has been given about that, {which was described earlier, “wa  ‘iy-yaakum  ‘anitta-qUllaah (We ordain you, that you keep your duty toward Allaah) and do not fear from anyone but Allaah Almighty} in what manner your deeds should be? It has been commanded here that ‘establish justice mutually and say that, which is true. You should never tell a lie due to any kind of fear or regard of any person at the time of providing evidence or witness. Do not think about profit or loss of anybody including yourself, when you are going to witness. Say clearly that, what is true. Do not keep in view, “Either I shall suffer a loss, if I speak the truth, or my parents will be involved in difficulty, or any kindred will suffer some injury, or that you give false evidence to please and regard any rich, or you think that there is no harm by giving false evidence if well is being done for any poor”. Stop your wrong favors and fellow-feelings. Allaah Almighty is more well-wisher than you, whether someone is poor or rich. When He orders you to speak the truth and not to show your partiality for anyone, then why do you favor any person? Master of entire human beings is Allaah Almighty. You have to do your duty honestly and obey His Command.   



Lesson # 567 From Holy Qur’aan

Claim of Belief from the Believers

O You Who Believe! Believe in Allaah, His Messengers, Angels, Scriptures and the Last Day

Demand of Faith from Them Who Believe  

God Claims Belief Even from an Orthodox

He/She Verily Has Wandered Far Astray, Who Disbelieved
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4
Verse –136 of 176, Section – 20/24 (Part – 5)

O ye who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger and the Scripture which He hath revealed unto His Messenger, and the Scripture which He revealed aforetime. And whoso disbelieveth in Allah and His angels and His Scriptures and His messengers and the Last Day, he verily hath wandered far astray.          
Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aa-manuu  ‘aaminuu  BIllaahi  wa  RasuuliHii  wal-Kitaa-billazii  nazzala  ‘alaa  RasuuliHii  wal-Kitaa-billazii    ‘anzala  min-qabl.  Wa  many-yakfur  BIllaahi  wa  malaaa-‘ikatiHii  wa  KutubiHii  wa  RusuliHii  wal-Yawmil- ‘Aakhiri  faqad  zalla  zalaalam-  ba-‘iidaa.     
                                                             
Lesson

‘Aa-manuu – (the person, who believed). ‘Aaminuu – (Believe in). The first word has been used for ‘the past tense’ and in the second word; it is being commanded ‘to have belief’. Base of both words is ‘Iimaan (Belief), which means, “To accept any fact with tongue and believe in it heartily. The Believers are being commanded to believe, it aims, O people! (who admit with tongue) Bring Faith also into being heartily and believe purely.    
 Nazzala – (revealed), its origin is Tanziil, which means ‘to alight slowly and tenderly', as ’the Holy Qur’aan was revealed in about twenty three years tenderly and slowly’. ‘Anzala – (revealed), its root is the word ‘anzaal, which means ‘revealed all at once’, as all other heavenly Scriptures were revealed all at once.

It was commanded in the previous verse, “Speak the truth, and cooperate with the justice (whether that is against anyone). But these entire matters are impossible until the Belief is weak and the Faith is not perfect. Therefore, it is being instructed that you should believe in Allaah Almighty heartily. Mere words are not useful.

Along-with it, believe in the Scripture of Allaah Almighty, Holy Qur’aan also whole-heartedly as a True Holy Book, and have faith heartily in that, which is written in it and act according to its instructions. Have belief too in those Scriptures as true Holy Books of Allaah Almighty, which were revealed before Holy Qur’aan. However, only those commands of old Scriptures are actionable, which have been sustained by this Last Scripture i.e. Holy Qur’aan. Other entire matters, which are held into them, have not remained actionable at this time. It is necessary now to act upon Holy Qur’aan, the Last Scripture. Because all good matters, which were in those Scriptures, have been mentioned in It.

The person, who will not believe in Allaah Almighty, His Angels and Messengers (peace be upon Them), His Scriptures and the Day of Resurrection, his/her belief will not be acceptable. He/she should not consider sufficient claim of belief by tongue only, but they should strengthen their faith in Allaah Almighty and entire others, which have been described and obey each Order of Allaah Almighty.   





Lesson # 568 From Holy Qur’aan

The Hypocrites - Changing Their Belief

No Pardon for Those Who Believe, then Disbelieve, then (again) Believe, then Disbelieve

The Tidings for Hypocrites is a Painful Doom
All Power Appertaineth to God

Choose Not Disbelievers for Your Friends instead of Believers
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4
Verses –137 to 139 of 176, Section – 20/24 (Part – 5)

137.  Lo! those who believe, then disbelieve and then (again) believe, then disbelieve, and then increase in disbelief, Allah will never pardon them, nor will He guide them unto a way.

138.  Bear unto the hypocrites the tidings that for them there is a painful doom-

139.  Those who chose disbelievers for their friends instead of believers! Do they look for power at their hands? Lo! All power appertaineth to Allah.              
137.  ‘Innal-laziina  ‘aamanuu  summa  kafaruu  summa  ‘aamanuu  summa  kafaruu  summaz-daaduu  kufral-lam  yaku-nIllaahu  li-yagfira  lahum  wa  laa  li-yahdi-yahum  Sabiilaa. 

138.  Bash-shiril-Munaa-fiquuna  bi-‘anna  lahum  ‘azaaban  ‘aliimaa. 

139.  ‘Allaziina  yattakhi-zuunal-  kaafiriina  ‘aw-liyaaa-‘a  min  duunil  Mu’-miniin.  ‘A-yabta-guuna  ‘inda-humul  ‘izzata  fa-  ‘innal-  ‘izzata  LIllaahi  jamii-‘aa.        
                                                             
Lesson

‘Az-daaduu – (increased), zaa-‘id and ziyaadah etc. are also from the same origin, which means – more and more i.e. to increase, to exceed, to surpass.

It was mentioned previously that those people, who are weak in their beliefs or who show themselves believers only verbally, while in fact they are not believers, they should strengthen their beliefs, as though it signifies that their beliefs can be correct only when they will obey the commands of Allaah Almighty and when they will listen to the admonition and preaching, and act upon the advice. Then the belief can be born in to them eventually. Those persons who embrace seemingly only to show that they are believers, there is fear for them that they deny the matters of Islam due to very little pretense. After that they become Muslims again verbally either by saying someone or for their own advantage. Another time, they become Infidels again when situation permits them. In short, they remain wandering, sometime they wander hither and sometime thither. Thus they die a day. It is visible that gradation of infidelity and hypocrisy is spread over such people and they expire in such form.  

Then it has been described, “Cause to hear those persons thoroughly, who believe verbally only (not heartily) i.e. hypocrites and it is the glad tiding for them, because they are not able to hear any sincere glad tiding, that very painful doom is ready for them. Day by day, they incline towards infidels and set aside the Muslims. At last they make the infidels only their friends and leave the Muslims entirely. What is ultimately their wish? Do they hope that their respect will increase by joining the infidels? Remember it that All power appertains to Allaah Almighty. Nobody has power (honor) either for himself or for others. Allaah Almighty bestows power to whom He wills. Therefore, believe in Him, correct your faith and obey His Orders. Remain never upon this trust that someone else can give you respect.   


 Lesson # 569 From Holy Qur’aan

Boycott of Bad Assemblies

Shutting Out the Congregation of Disbelievers, When They Mock the Revelations

When You Hear the Revelations of God are Being Rejected and Derided, Sit not there

If You Stayed and Engaged in the Conversation of Those, Who Mock the Scripture, Abode for You Also Will be Hell

Company of Those, Who Mock and Disbelieve the Scripture, is Harmful for You
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4
Verse –140 of 176, Section – 20/24 (Part – 5)

And He hath already revealed unto you in the Scripture that, when ye hear the Revelations of Allah are being rejected and derided, (ye) sit not with them (who disbelieve and mock) until they engage in some other conversation; lo! In that case (if ye stayed) ye would be like unto them. Lo! Allah will gather hypocrites and disbelievers, all together, into Hell-             
Wa  qad  nazzala  ‘alaykum  fil-Kitaabi  ‘an  ‘izaa  sami’-tum  ‘Aayaa-TIllaahi  yukfaru  bihaa  wa  yustah-za-‘u  bihaa  falaa  taq-‘uduu  ma-‘ahum  hattaa  yakhuuzuu  fii  hadiisin  gayrih.  ‘Innakum  ‘izam- misluhum.  ‘InnAllaaha  jaami-‘ul-Munaa-fiqiina  wal-kaafiriina  fii  Jahannama  jamii-‘aa.        
                                                             
Lesson

Yustah-za-‘u  - (derided), its origin is ‘istih-zaa-‘un, which means  to mock, to taunt, to laugh at. Particularly in this form that if the aim is to disgrace someone or something.
Yakhuuzuu – (they engage), it is from khawz, which means to be busy, to reflect, to think, to go inside anything. Here it signifies ‘to engage in some other conversation’. This Chapter (Surah) was revealed in Madinah. This verse was revealed about the behavior of the hypocrites of Madinah that they used to deride and jest the verses of the Word of Allaah Almighty i.e. Holy Qur’aan. A command was also revealed on the same subject during the life before it i.e. during the period in Makkah, because behavior of the people of Makkah was the same as of the hypocrites of Madinah. For reference you can see also Surah ‘Al-‘An-‘aam (Chapter: Cattle), verse # 68 (6:68), (“And when thou seest those who meddle with Our Revelations, withdraw from them until they meddle with another topic. And if the devil causes thee to forget, sit not, after the remembrance, with the wrongdoing people”.

It has been mentioned, “We have already revealed this command in the Holy Qur’aan. Entire Muslims should act upon that. That Order is not only for the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), but that is for all the Muslims. The assembly in which you listen that the Revelations of Allaah Almighty are being done insolence, Those are being derided and the faults are being found into Them, being criticized and the people of the assembly are laughing at Them, then you should go away from that assembly. If you stayed there, listened to their fault-finding and jest, then you would also be like unto them and would be included in the disrespectful.

However, when they engage in some other conversation and do not discourse impudently about the verses of Allaah Almighty, then it is no sin to sit with them. Allaah Almighty will gather the hypocrites and the disbelievers, all together, into the Hell. They entire will suffer very severe torment there. Therefore, you should not attend such assemblies, in which the Revelations, Verses and Commands of Holy Qur’aan are being derided and rejected. And if you are already sitting there, then you should not sit there more at that time, lest you are also included in the Anguish.   





Lesson # 570 From Holy Qur’aan

Doubled-faced Likeness of the Hypocrites

If a Victory Cometh unto You from Allaah, Hypocrites Say: Were We not with You?

And If the Disbelievers Meet with a Success, Hypocrites Say: Had We not the Mastery of You, and did We not Protect You from the Believers? 

God will Judge Between You and Hypocrites at the Day of Resurrection

Allaah will not Give the Disbelievers any Way of Success Against the Believers
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4
Verse –141 of 176, Section – 20/24 (Part – 5)

Those who wait upon occasion in regard to you and, if a victory cometh unto you from Allah, they say: Were we not with you? And if the disbelievers meet with a success, they say: Had we not the mastery of you, and did we not protect you from the believers? Allah will judge between you at the Day of Resurrection. And Allah will not give the disbelievers any way (of success) against the believers.               
‘Allaziina  yatarabba-suuna  bikum.  Fa-‘in  kaana  lakum  fat-hum-minallaahi  qaaluu  ‘alam  nakum-ma-‘akum.  Wa  ‘in-  kaana  lil-kaafiriina  nasii-bun,  qaaluu  ‘alam  nastah-wiz  ‘alaykum  wa  namna’-kum-minal-Mu’-miniin.  Fallaahu  yah-kumu   baynakum  Yawmal-Qiyaamah.  Wa  lany-yaj-‘alallaahu  lil-kaafiriina  ‘alal-Mu’miniina  sabiilaa.    
                                                             
Lesson

Nasii-bun  - here its object is ‘the part of the battle’ that is to say; success.
Nastah-wiz – (we had the mastery of you), it has been made from ‘istih-waazun, which means ‘to encircle, to Encompass all around’. Here it means, “We protected you”.
Sabiilaa – (way), here it aims ‘superiority, overcoming, hold, power, opportunity’ etc.

Allaah Almighty commands that the hypocrites keep observing your condition. There is no hope from them that they become your followers and true hearten companions, cooperate with you in grief and ease. They make friends only after looking opportunity and their main aim is worldly advantage. They are unable to see above it. Likewise their condition is, “When you would be fighting with your enemies, then seemingly they would be staying side by side with you and would use to observe the blooming of the battle”.

If you got victory, they would reach you at once and would begin gaining honor, “We have joined you and have lived together with you in the battle smoothly”. Like this, they will make known you their records of stirring deeds, so that you consider their partnership in victory and give also them a portion from the booty (maale ghaniimat). And if (God forbid) you are defeated and the enemy succeeds, then they will leave you and will join your enemies. And to please them, they will make up stories, “We were with the Muslims for the purpose that we might stop their advance towards you. We had encompassed everywhere around you, so that the Muslims may not come up you. Therefore, your victory is due to us and we are equal partners of that, which you have gained in the battle”.

Then it has been described that such time-serving persons bring about their purposes by any means in the world, and sometimes the people do not understand their tricks and they are deceived. But at the Day of Resurrection, Allaah Almighty will judge between you and them.   





    Lesson # 571 From Holy Qur’aan

Sign of the Hypocrites

Friendship with the Disbelievers

Swaying between this and that,
belonging neither to these nor to those 

When they stand up to worship they perform it languidly and to be seen of men, and are mindful of Allaah but little

The hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire, and thou wilt find no helper for them
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4
Verses –142 to 145 of 176, Section – 21/24 (Part – 5)

142.  Lo! The hypocrites seek to beguile Allah, but it is He Who beguileth them. When they stand up to worship they perform it languidly and to be seen of men, and are mindful of Allah but little.

143.  Swaying between this (and that), (belonging) neither to these nor to those. And he whom Allah causeth to go astray, thou (O Muhammad) will not find a way for him.

144.  O ye who believe! Choose not disbelievers (your) friends in place of believers. Do you desire that you should give Allah a clear warrant against you?

145.  Lo! The hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire, and thou wilt find no helper for them-                
142.  ‘Innal-Munaa-fiqiina  yu-khaadi-‘uunAllaaha  wa  Huwa  khaadi-‘uhum.  Wa  ‘izaa   qaamuuu   ‘ilas-Salaati  qaamuu  kusaalaa, yuraaa-‘uunan-naasa  wa  laa  yazkuruunAllaaha  ‘illaa  qaliilaa.

143.  Muzab-zabiina  bayna  zaalik,-  laaa  ‘ilaa  haaa-‘ulaaa-‘i  wa  laaa  ‘ilaa  haaa-‘ulaaa’.  Wa  many-yuzli-LIllaahu  falan-  tajida  lahuu  Sabiilaa.

144.  Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aamanuu  laa  tattakhizul-kaafiriina  ‘awli-yaaa-‘a  min-duu-nil-Mu’-miniin.  ‘A-turiiduuna  ‘an-taj-‘aluu  LIllaahi  ‘alaykum  sul-taanam-mubiinaa. 

145.  ‘Innal-Munaafiqiina  fid-darkil-‘asfali  minan-Naar.  Wa  lan  tajida  lahum  nasiiraa.     
                                                             
Lesson

Yu-khaadi-‘uuna (they beguile), khaadi-‘uhum – (He will beguile them), both words are from the same origin. Base of these words is khadaaa’, which means ‘to beguile, to cheat, to deceive, to exercise cleverness’. Its aim is that the hypocrites deceive God Almighty and His servants with their own vanity assurance, while they have deceived themselves but they do not feel. God will reply them about this deceiving.
Kusaalaa – (languidly), it is plural of kaslaan, which have been derived from kasal, means laziness, idleness and indolence. Kaslaan is that person, who works with indolence, like a tired, and that, who does not work actively and with love.
Yuraaa-‘uunan – (to be seen of), it is from riaaa’, which means to work as to be seen of the people. These persons perform the worship and offer the prayer only for the purpose that others consider them worshippers. 
Muzab-zabiina – (swaying between), it has been made from zabzabah, which means “Swaying between this and that, belonging neither to these nor to those”.

Following five outward indications of the hypocrites have been described in these verses:-
1. They have fallen themselves in the deception, but think that they deceive Allaah Almighty.
2. They perform worship but languidly, like tired persons and with indolence.
3. There is no sincerity in their prayers. They offer prayer only to be seen of the people.
4. They remember not their Creator (Allaah Almighty) but seldom.
5. They remain lingered between the belief and the infidelity. Neither they embrace belief heartily nor can they join the infidelity clearly.
Sul-taan – (warrant, power, mastery, proof, charge, accusation and such reason, by which other person is seized.

After mentioning all wicked tricks of the hypocrites, now it has been instructed that the Muslims should not keep association with them. This order has already been delivered twice earlier. Again it is being repeated that due to friendship and social intercourse with such bad and wicked persons, you will gain nothing. If despite their vicious deeds, you will make them friends, then they will harm more other Muslims on this plea. So keep yourselves away from them and do not become basis of loss for other Muslims, otherwise very patent and strong reason will be set up to punish you too by Allaah Almighty.

Then it has been described that these people are very dangerous and bad, more than infidels. They will be admitted in the lowest depths of the Hell, where besides those punishments, which have been fixed for the upper stages, their torment will be separate. And aggregate of those entire anguishes will be their lot. At that time no trickery of theirs will be useful. No matter of anybody is hidden from Allaah Almighty, how will they deceive or cheat Him? They will flatter the Angels (peace be upon them), who are guards of the Hell, “Relieve us only for a while” but the Angels (peace be upon them) neither listen to anyone, nor look at anyone. They mind their own business. There will be no form of exemption from torment for them.

For the Believers, mention of good retaliation of their good deeds has been made in the Holy Qur’aan again and again as well as mutinous and evil-doings of infidels and hypocrites. Allaah Almighty has described repeatedly their punishment and bad result for admonition and precept of human beings. This matter needs particular attention that if an awful doom has been mentioned for the infidels, then a painful doom has also been described for the hypocrites. Likewise if for the infidels, is punishment of the Hell, then tidings for the hypocrites is the torment in darkil-‘asfali  (the lowest depths) of the Hell.    
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Lesson # 572 From Holy Qur’aan

Road to Escape

Those are with Believers, who repent, amend, hold fast to God and make their Religion pure for Him only

An immense reward will be bestowed by God on Believers
Allaah Has no concern for your punishment, if you are thankful for His Mercies and believe in Him

Ever Responsive and Aware – God Almighty
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4
Verses –146 &147 of 176, Section – 21/24 (Part – 5)

146.  Save those who repent and amend and hold fast to Allah and make their religion pure for Allah (only); those are with the believers. And Allah will bestow on the believers an immense reward.

147.  What concern hath Allah for your punishment if ye are thankful (for His Mercies) and believe (in Him)? And Allah is ever Responsive, Aware.                 
146.  ‘Illal-laziina  taabuu  wa  ‘aslahuu  wa’-tasamuu  BIllaahi  wa  ‘akh-lasuu  diinahum  LIllaahi  fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika  ma-‘al-Mu’-miniin.  Wa  saw-fa  yu’-TIllaa-hul-Mu’-miniina  ‘ajran  ‘azii-maa.

147.  Maa  yaf-‘aLUllaahu  bi-‘azaabikum  ‘in-  shakartum  wa  ‘aamantum.  Wa  kaanAllaahu  Shaakiran
‘Aliimaa.        
                                                             
Lesson

It was told in the previous lesson that the hypocrites are impostors. Their ignorance has been increased too much that they imagine that they would deceive also Allaah Almighty. Choose not them as your friends in place of believers, nor keep any other relation with them. Allaah Almighty has loosened their cord, so they think that He does not know that, which is in their hearts, otherwise He had punished them immediately. Due to this looseness, they have been deceived, and the way upon which they are going, will lead and put them in the lowest depths of the Fire of Hell.  
There is only one form of escape from anguish for the disbelievers that they should leave their false profession, double-entendre-ness, refrain from evil-deeds and repent, amend their character and not for to be seen of people but hold fast to Allaah Almighty, and make their religion pure for Him only, and believe that only He is their Defender and Supporter in each type of disaster and trouble. If they will do so then those are with the believers and their end will be with them.
Then it was commanded that shortly Allaah Almighty will bestow on the believers an immense reward. They will be given success in the world as well as ease and comfort on the Day of Resurrection. They will get victory upon the disbelievers in the world and their enemies will lean before them, and after death Allaah Almighty will bestow on them His Blessings in the Hereafter, about which He has promised with them as per Holy Qur’aan.
After that it has been described that neither Allaah Almighty has any need to punish you, nor He wishes to keep you in trouble and pain unjust. Actually what you suffer, that is only due to your own wrong manners of doings. It is necessary for saving yourselves from the torment that you should be grateful to Allaah Almighty, consider those favors and comfort from Him, which you enjoy, and prostrate before Him with devotion. Secondly, have complete trust in Him. In short; unavoidable conditions for pardon are repent, amend the affairs, holding fast to the Cable of Allaah Almighty, making the religion pure for Allaah Almighty only, living as thankful to Him and having belief in His Nature, Virtues, Omnipotence and Wisdom.  



Lesson # 573 From Holy Qur’aan

Doing Good Openly or Keeping it Secret

Method of Correction

How to Amend the Affairs

Lord Almighty is Ever Hearer, Knower

God is Ever-Forgiving, Powerful
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4
Verses –148 &149 of 176, Section – 21/24 (Part – 6)

148.  Allah loveth not the utterance of harsh speech save by one who hath been wronged. And Allah is ever Hearer, Knower.

149.  If ye do good openly or keep it secret, or forgive evil, lo! Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Powerful.                  
148.  LAA  YUHIBBULLAAHUL-jahra  bissuuu-‘i  minal-qawli  ‘illaa  man-  zulim.  Wa  kaanAllaahu  Samii-‘an  ‘Aliimaa.

149.  ‘In-  tubduu  khayran  ‘aw  tukh-fuuhu  ‘aw  ta’-fuu  ‘an-  suuu-‘in-  fa-‘innAllaaha  kaana  ‘afuwwan-  Qadiiraa.          
                                                             
Lesson

Jahra – (to utter loudly, to disclose)
Tubduu – (do openly), it is from ‘abdaaa’, which means ‘doing some work openly, manifest’.
Tukh-fuuhu – (keep it secret), it is from ‘akhfaa, which means ‘secrecy, concealment’.
Ta’-fuu – (Forgive it), it is from ‘ufuu. Ma-‘aaf and ma-‘aafii all are from the same origin, which means ‘to forgive, to pardon, to excuse’. ‘Afuw-wun is also from it, which means ‘Forgiving, who excuses’.  
‘Al-jahra  bissuuu-‘i  minal-qawli – (to utter the harsh speech), to describe the badness of anyone openly before the people or to say such a thing about any person, which is a scandal, an infamy for him/her.
Allaah Almighty has manifested very clearly this reality that He does not like to disclose the badness of any mankind. It is evident that here it does not mean that this description is about ‘false accusation or calumny, but it aims only ‘badness’, proclamation of which has been forbidden. There is possibility of spreading the badness additionally due to its disclosure and public exposure. If we shall mention the badness of any person in his/her absence, that will be backbiting, detraction. If we shall say in front of that person, that will become cause of cruelty. Only the tyrannized person has right that he/she can speak against the tyrant and proclaim about his evils and badness.
As far as about the goodness, there is choice, either you may hide or disclose it, because due to its disclosure, you will persuade others for goodness and due to its concealment, hypocrisy/pretense will not born into you. At the end, it is commanded that if you forgive the badness, that is better. Allaah Almighty has Power over entire affairs Himself and is Forgiving. If He forgives, in spite of being Powerful, then why do you not do so?    



Lesson # 574 From Holy Qur’aan

Perfect Infidelity

Know, What is Disbelief

Say Never: “We Believe in some Messengers and Disbelieve in Others”
Who are Disbelievers in Truth?

For Disbelievers, God has Prepared a Shameful Doom
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4
Verses –150 &151 of 176, Section – 21/24 (Part – 6)

150.  Lo! Those who disbelieve in Allah and His messengers, and seek to make distinction between Allah and His messengers, and say: We believe in some and disbelieve in others, and seek to choose a way in between- 

151.  Such are disbelievers in truth; and for disbelievers We have prepared a shameful doom.                    
150.  ‘Innal-laziina  yakfuruuna  BIllaahi  wa  RusuliHii  wa  yurii-duuna  ‘any-yufarriquu  bay-nAllaahi  wa  RusuliHii  wa  yaquu-luuna  nu’-minu  biba’-zinw-wa  nakfuru  biba’-zinw-wa  yurii-duuna  ‘any-yattakhizuu  bayna  zaalika  sabiilaa.

151.  ‘Ulaaa-‘ika  humul-kaafi-ruuna haqqaa.  Wa  ‘a’-tadNaa  lil-kaafiriina  ‘azaabam-muhiinaa.            
                                                             
Lesson

Yurii-duuna – this word has been made from ‘iraadah, which means ‘to wish, to seek, to plan, to mean, to intend’. Here it aims ‘they seek’.  
Muhiinan – (shameful), it is from ‘ahaanat, which means ‘to abase, to insult’ i.e. that anguish will make them abject and contemptible.
It was directed earlier that you cannot correct anyone by abusing or reproaching him/her. There is a risk in it that on the contrary that person will become your enemy. However, it is not unreasonable for that person to reproach the tormentor/ oppressor, who is troubled. Decidedly if he/she has patience also, then it is a goodness, and if says a good word as retaliation of badness, then it will be a great goodness. And if he/she forgives the tormentor/oppressor, then Allaah Almighty will give him/her its reward and forgive his/her sins.
Again condition of those disbelievers has been described in these verses, and because maximum hypocrites were either Jews of Madinah or those people who had deep association with them, so in the description of hypocrites, the Jews have been mentioned, but name of anyone out of them has not been deposed. After telling about some deeds, the order has been caused to hear. They should ponder about themselves, upon whom this description comes out as correct, and if they wish to be correct, they should act upon these instructions, otherwise they will be punished due to their bad deeds.
It has been described that those people who do not believe in either Allaah Almighty and His Messengers (peace be upon them) or believe in Allaah Almighty but do not believe in His Messengers (peace be upon them), or believe in some and disbelieve in others and they want to choose a new way in between the Belief and the Infidelity, they should hear carefully with open ears that there is no doubt in their infidelity. While they are infidels, they shall taste the torment, because Allaah Almighty has already prepared a shameful doom for the disbelievers, which will not leave them without disgracing and abasing. Only believing in God Almighty has no reality without having belief in the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allaah Almighty be upon Him) and acting upon His (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allaah Almighty be upon Him) Sayings.   


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English byMarmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lessons collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif

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