Friday, January 2, 2015

God has sent Muhammad (peace be upon Him) as a Messenger unto mankind


Lessons 530 to 538

LESSON # 530 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Death will Overtake You Everywhere
Provision of This World is Very Little 
Hereafter Will Be Better for Him Who Ward off Evil
Strive has been Prescribed by God
It is Impossible to Escape from the Death
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –77 & 78a of 176, Section – 11/24 (Part – 5)

77.  Hast thou not seen those unto whom it was said: Withhold your hands, establish worship and pay the poor-due, but when fighting was prescribed for them behold! a party of them fear mankind as though it were fear of Allah or with greater fear, and say: Our Lord! Why hast Thou ordained fighting for us? If only Thou wouldst give us respite yet a while! Say (unto them, O Muhammad): The provision of this world is very little; the Hereafter will be better for him who wardeth off (evil); and ye will not be wronged the husk upon a date-stone.

78.  Wheresoever ye may be, death will overtake you, even though ye were in lofty towers.          
77.  ‘Alam  tara  ‘ilal-laziina  qiila  lahum  kuffuuu’aydi-yakum  wa  ‘aqiimus-Salaata wa  ‘aatuz-Zakaah.  Falammaa  kutiba  ‘alay-himul-qitaalu  ‘izaa  farii-qum-minhum  yakh-shaw-nan-naasa  ka-khashya-Tillaahi  ‘aw  ‘ashadda  khashyah.  Wa  qaaluu  Rabbanaa  lima  katabta  ‘alaynal-qitaal.  Law-laaa  ‘akh-Khartanaaa  ‘ilaaa  ‘ajalin- qariib.  Qul  mataa- ‘uddunyaa  qaliil. Wal- ‘aakhiratu  khayrul-li-manittaqaa  wa laa  tuzlamuuna  fatiilaa.

78.  ‘Ayna  maa  takuunuu  yud-rik-kumul-mawtu  wa  law  kuntum  fii  buruujim-mushayyadah.     

Lesson

kutiba  ‘alay-him – (prescribed for them)
‘akh-Kharta – (giving respite, to delay, to keep giving up), the words taakhiir and mu-‘akhkhir have also been derived from it which means postponement, posterior respectively.

When the people embraced Islam in Makkah, then infidels and idolaters began to vex and tyrannize them by various sorts. Due to this strait-ness, the Muslims used to come to the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and say that they should be permitted to strive, but they were replied that they have not still been permitted to fight. Till now there is only order to establish worship and pay the poor-due from the wealth. It has been described in this verse that when the permission was sanctioned to fight after migration to Madinah, then the fear overcasted upon the persons, who were weak in their Belief. They began to tremble due to fear and were frightened from the people (the creature), more than the fear of Allah Almighty (the Creator). They began to say, “Our Lord! Why have You ordained fighting for us? If only You would give us respite yet a while, then it would be better”. In Makkah, the Muslims were not permitted to fight but they were being prepared for war, because it was not acceptable to take revenge from the oppressors immediately. Such fight like savages was not sanctioned to the Islam. Therefore, the Muslims were commanded in Makkah to withhold their hands (for having patience from fighting), to remain busy in establishing the prayers and paying the poor-due, so that they may become habituated to sacrifice their life and wealth, and they may know, “How to bear the troubles and difficulties”.

wa laa  tuzlamuuna – (and you will not be wronged), it has been derived from zalama, which means ‘to tease or tyrannize any person, to seize someone’s right ’. 

fatiilaa – (the thread, the husk upon a date-stone), here it means that your right will not be seized even equal to a very little piece of thread.

buruujim-mushayyadah – (the lofty towers, dignified forts), Burj is singular of buruuj which means ‘a fort and a magnificent palace’. Mushayyada means ‘made of cooked lime’. The aim of this verse is to tell the people that it is not possible to escape from the death, whether they are hidden in even very solid forts.

It was mentioned in the previous verse (77) that when strive was prescribed and the battle accessed their heads, then some people began to tremble due to fear of war and beseech in the Royal Court of Allah Almighty, “Our Lord! Why have You ordained fighting for us? If only You would give us respite yet a while, then it was better if we would remain living for some more days and escape from the death”. In short, the love of the world overcame upon their hearts and they began to frighten from the death. They have been instructed in this verse that, “Say (unto them, O Muhammad): The provision (relishes and pleasure) of this world is very little and only for a few days; nevertheless delight and comfort of the Hereafter will be better for him who takes care of the Willingness of Allah Almighty and wards off evil. Commit to your mind! The person, who will do good with this thought, he will be given full retaliation and reward. Moreover, attempt of any person to please Allah Almighty and to escape from His disobedience will not be useless even that none will be wronged the husk upon a date-stone. In the world, such circumstances are faced that a person wants something but his desire is not fulfilled. He works hard but does not gain its fruit. In addition, what he gets a little that finishes in a few days. For the Hereafter, what will be done according to the command of Allah Almighty, its retaliation will be given in full. That will not be for a few day but forever. Now the death is left, so one should not be afraid from it. Nobody can be saved from it. There is no place in the entire world, where someone can acquire refuge. At last, he/she has to die a day, which is born. It is useless to have passion to live forever in the world. If someone did not die today, then he/she will die tomorrow. Strong underground chambers, lofty forts and palaces cannot save any creature from the death. It is better to be slain for the Cause of Allah Almighty and earn comfort, pleasure and satisfaction for ever, from dying by rubbing heels. In these some words of Holy Qur’an, how much great reality has been cleared very easily? This advice cannot take place in the heart so deeply even from the hourly speeches of great preachers as it settles down by meditating a while in this very small verse. These are the forceful words, by listening to which, the Muslims completed so much magnificent tasks in the beginning that the world praises them till today.


LESSON # 531 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Punishment of Bad Deeds
Evil Days
Misfortune
Adversity Due to Foul Actions
Ill Befalling  on Dishonest Dealings
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –78b & 79 of 176, Section – 11/24 (Part – 5)

78b.  And if a happy thing befalleth them they say: This is from Allah; and if an evil thing befalleth them they say: This is of thy doing (O Muhammad). Say (unto them): All is from Allah. What is amiss with these people that they come not nigh to understand a happening?

79.  Whatever of good befalleth thee (O man) it is from Allah, and whatever of ill befalleth thee it is from thyself. And We have sent thee (Muhammad) as a Messenger unto mankind. And Allah is Sufficient as Witness.         
78b.  Wa  ‘in-tusib-hum  hasanatuny-yaquuluu  haazihii  min  ‘inDillah.  Wa  ‘in-tusib-hum  sayyi-‘atuny-yaquuluu  haazihii min  ‘indik.  Qul  kullum-min ‘inDillah.  Famaali-haaa-‘ulaaa-‘il-qawmi  laa  yakaaduuna  yaf-qahuuna  hadiisaa. 

79.  Maaa  ‘asaabaka  min  hasanatin  faminAllaah;  wa  maaa  ‘asaabaka  min-  sayyi-‘atin-  fa-min-naf-sik.  Wa  ‘arsalnaaka  linnaasi  Rasuulaa.  Wa  kafaa  Billaahi  Shahiidaa.       

Lesson

Hasanatun  - (a happy thing), everything of benefit, happiness, goodness, betterment and virtue is included in the meanings of this word. Here it aims ‘attainment of victory and success, wealth, fortune and riches’.

sayyi-‘atun  - (an evil thing), each kind of loss, badness, defect and ruin includes in its meaning. In this verse, it signifies towards the defeat and vital loss) pertaining to life and property).

One more manner of execution of the Hypocrites has been described in this verse. When success is acquired in the battle and abundant wealth is possessed then they say, “Allah Almighty bestowed us victory with His Dignity and gave so much wealth”. On the contrary, if the defeat is faced, and loss of life and property is confronted in the battle, then they accuse the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) that He did not plan correctly for the war, due to which we sustained this loss.

Allah Almighty commands, “Tell them that victory and defeat, success and failure, profit and loss (entire things) are from Allah Almighty. You do not understand the matter to the extent that nobody can do anything except Him”. In the next verse, Allah Almighty narrated, “You should understand that whatever of good befalls you (O people) it is from Allah Almighty, and whatever of ill befall you it is the fruit of your own deeds. When any badness reaches you, surely you are guilty in it, due to which you are punished, so that you do not repeat such mistake again. This punishment is given to correct you. What Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) plans, that is also from Allah Almighty, then why do you blame Him (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him)? What is done, that is from Allah Almighty. If you gain something, that is His Kindness and if you lose something, that is also from Him.     


LESSON # 532 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Obedience of the Messenger of God
Who Obeys the Messenger, Obeys Allah
Turning Away from the Apostle is Curse
Messenger is Not Warder over Disbelievers
Following the Practice of the Prophet
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –80 of 176, Section – 11/24 (Part – 5)

80.  Whoso obeyeth the Messenger hath obeyed Allah, and whoso turneth away; then We have not sent thee as a warder over them.           
80.  Many-yuti-‘ir-Rasuula  fa-qad  ‘ataa-‘Allaah.  Wa  man-tawallaa  famaaa  ‘arsal-naaka  ‘alay-him  hafiizaa.      

Lesson

Tawallaa – (turned away), it means ‘to disobey, to revolt’.

Hafiizun – (a warder, a guard), that is to say; the Watching, who hinders and the protector.

A valuable advantage has been mentioned in this verse, which, due to coming of the last Messenger of Allah Almighty in this world (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), can be attained by the people. It is the fruit of faith that those people, who have believed in Allah Almighty as ‘there and the entire worlds’ Creator, Preserver, Nourisher and Supplier of all needs’, surely they want to obey Him. How a great light is for them in it that Allah Almighty sent a Man duly appointed as His selected Messenger (Muhammad) (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), and proclaimed that the person, who will obey his orders, he will Our obedient and who will disobey Him, he will be considered as he disobeyed Us. He will not be able to please Us (Allah Almighty) through any other method. How a big kindness of Allah Almighty is that He made too much easy and practicable His own obedience for the mankind.

Then He commanded to His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), “Carry on to tell the people those instructions, which they have to do. If someone does not act upon your sayings, in this matter you are not responsible. We have not appointed you as a warder or guard over them. We will decide about these disobedient people at Our Own. You should neither grieve and nor care for them”. Alas! Some people understand that they can make their life good by following the rich, the proud and the haughty persons, leaving such a kind and loving Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him).

Allah Almighty has established this principle forever in this verse that the person, who wants to be Our obedient, he should obey Our Messenger, and who will not obey the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), he is Our disobedient. He will be punished with the same torment, which has been fixed for the disobedient. In the earlier verses, it has been told clearly that if the punishment is awarded to you, that will be from Allah Almighty and cause of it will be your own deeds. The Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) can neither be held responsible, nor does the blame rest upon him (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him).

There is also an invitation towards the easy path for the human being in this verse, as well as a vigorous threat too along with it. If you will obey the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), then your life of this world and the Hereafter will be correct, because due to obedience you will become obedient servant of Allah Almighty and there is nothing more than it to decorate the life. Moreover, if you will disobey, then you should not charge the Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) for being punished. The only duty of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is to deliver the Message of Allah Almighty. It does not include in his duty to drive you forcibly on the Straight Path. Due to disobeying the orders of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), you disobeyed Allah Almighty. Now He will punish you Personally.





  LESSON # 533 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Planning Against the Messenger
As Trustee Allaah is Sufficient
Spending Nights in Planning Against Prophet
Who Plans Against Prophet, is Conspirator
Trust in God and Ignore Hypocrites
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –81 of 176, Section – 11/24 (Part – 5)

81.  And they: say (It is) obedience; but when they have gone forth from thee a party of them spend the night in planning other than what thou sayest.  And Allah recordeth what they plan by night. So ignore them and put thy trust in Allah. And Allah is Sufficient as Trustee.              
Wa  yaquuluuna  Taa-‘ah;  fa-‘izaa  barazuu  min  ‘indika  bayyata  taaa-‘ifatum-minhum  gayrallazii  taquul.  Wallaahu  yak-tubu  maa  yu-bayyituun.  Fa-‘a’-riz  ‘anhum  wa  ta-wakkal  ‘alAllaah.  Wa  kafaa  Billaahi  Wakiilaa.       

Lesson

Taa-‘atun  - (to say: I agreed, I admitted or I believed)

bayyatun  - (night)

A’-riz  - (ignore, turn away, do not care)

Another artifice of the hypocrites has been narrated in this verse. When they used to listen to the Sayings of the Messenger of Allah Almighty, they used to say before him (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), “We have admitted, accepted or agreed to your entire commands whole-heartedly and our duty is to obey you”. However, when they used to get out from the company of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), then they used to plan secretly at night and bring to a conclusion that possibly they would never obey the Prophet ‘Muhammad’ (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and oppose him. Their open and hidden are not equal. They backbite and do not do that, what they say. If they think that, they would use to deceive the Muslims by making apparent lame excuses like this, and use to dig secretly their roots, then they are at wrong because this all secret planning (of nights) is being observed by Allah Almighty. He knows their entire wicked activities from the beginning to the end. This double-faced conduct of the hypocrites will not run more ahead and their fraud will be disclosed positively.

The obedience does not have the meaning that the tongue, “Yes Sir, very well and all right”, says, but the heart makes up the mind to do against it. Then Messenger of Allah Almighty is being instructed, “Trust in Allah Almighty. What He wishes to do, He does it. Neither He needs any help of someone, nor does He care for any opposite. He is Sufficient to complete all tasks. Believe in Him”.

After describing the double-faced policy (conspiracies and artifices) of the Hypocrites, Allah Almighty commanded the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), “You would ignore them and put your trust in Allah Almighty because His Adroitness is Sufficient. Neither you are needy of anybody and nor progress of Islam is connected with any person”.    



  Lesson # 534 From Holy Qur’an
Proof of the Truth Regarding Holy Qur’an
Ponder On Qur’an for Knowing the Truth
There is No Incongruity in Holy Qur’an
Qur’an is Word of God in Last and Final Form
Direct Proof on Fidelity of Holy Qur’an
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –82 of 176, Section – 11/24 (Part – 5)

Do they not then ponder on the Qur’an? If it had been from other than Allah they would have found therein much incongruity.               
‘Afalaa  yatadabba-ruunal-Qur-’aan?  Wa  law  kaana  min  ‘indi  gayrIllaahi  lawajaduu  fiihikh-tilaafan-kasiiraa.       

Lesson

The directions regarding obedience, perfect subjection, subordination and Messenger-hood of Last Prophet of Allah Almighty, Muhammad Mustafaa, Ahmad Mujtabaa (titles of the Messenger) (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) have been described in the previous verses. Allah Almighty proclaimed in clear words, “Many-yuti-‘ir-Rasuula  fa-qad  ‘ataa-‘Allaah (Whoso obeyed the Messenger has obeyed Allah. Wa  man-tawallaa  famaaa  ‘arsal-naaka  ‘alay-him  hafiizaa (and whoso turned away; then We have not sent you as a warder over them). In other words, it means that the person who disobeyed the Messenger, he disobeyed Allah. It has also made the people to understand that the opponents of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) should let fly this matter from their hearts that they would ever be able to harm Him (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) or His religion i.e. Islam. Allah Almighty is Sufficient as Trustee.

What the aim of denial from Prophet-hood of merciful Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) may be other than it that the deniers have any doubt or suspicion in the Scripture, brought by Him? To remove their misunderstanding, Allah Almighty provided uncounted proofs about the Truth of Holy Qur’an and being it as His Own Word. Accordingly, they were challenged even in the first Part of Holy Qur’an, “If you consider it as a human Word, but not Mine, then you all opponents are invited to bring any one or half of any Chapter like This.

Here another quite clear and befitting proof has been provided. It is commanded, “Do you not think about Holy Qur’an and in connection with being it as a Truth? If you would have recited it, then you would have found this fact yourselves that there is no difference from the beginning to the end in this such corpulent Book. It’s no verse is contrary to the other. There is no absurdity in its teachings from the beginning to the end. If it were human Word, then surely there might be contradictions and absurdity in it.

Think a while, how is it possible that it would be human Word, It has 6,666 (six thousand six hundred and sixty six) verses and sentences, and these entire are so much concordant with one another that none is opposite from the other? No. Surely It is the Word of God Almighty and pure from all the defects. Let us believe in it and gain the Success.



Lesson # 535 From Holy Qur’an
The Un-verified News
Rumors – Require Investigation
Verification of False News
To Whom the Rumors Should be Referred
It is Act of Satan to Spread the Rumors
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –83 of 176, Section – 11/24 (Part – 5)

And if any news whether of peace or fear, comes unto them, they spread it abroad, whereas if they had referred it to the Messenger and to such of them as are in authority, those among them who are able to think out the matter would have known it. And if it had not been for the Grace of Allah upon you and His Mercy ye would have followed Satan, save a few (of you).                
Wa  ‘izaa  jaaa-‘ahum  ‘am-rum-minal-‘amni  ‘awil-khawfi  ‘azaa-‘uu  bih.  Wa  law  radduu-hu  ‘ilar-Rasuuli  wa  ‘ilaaa  ‘ulil-‘amri  minhum  la-‘alima-hul-laziina  yastam-bituunahuu  min-hum.  Wa  law-laa  FazlUllaahi  ‘alaykum  wa  RahmatuHuu  lat-ta-ba’-tumush-Shaytaana  ‘illaa  qaliilaa.         

Lesson

‘Azaa-‘uu  - derived from the word ‘azaa-‘ah, which means ‘to spread, to publish and to proclaim by the beat of drum.

Radduu-hu  - it is from the word radd, which means ‘to refer, to give back, to return, to convey, to bring and to reject.

Yastam-bituunahuu – this word has been derived from ‘istinbaat, which means ‘to think out the reality, to bring out by investigation, to verify, to take out etc.  

Purpose of revelation of this verse is told in this manner that the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) directed a person towards a village to collect the poor-due (Zakaat) from the inhabitants of that village. The people of the village came out to welcome him when they heard about his arrival. This person considered that they have come to kill him. He returned immediately, reached Madinah and proclaimed that the inhabitants of such village had gone back from Islam. This news spread in the city but nobody told the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). After all when He knew this news, He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) investigated and found that the news was quite wrong.

It has been described in the verse that it is the duty of the people that whenever they get any intimation (whether of peace or fear), they should not tell anybody about it. They should go directly in front of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and to such of them as are in authority, those among them who are able to think out the matter would have known it, and inform them in detail. When they clear the matter as true after necessary verification and investigation, then it should be published in the public.

Heretofore, dealing of the Hypocrites is under discussion and their secret plans are being betrayed. In this verse, another bad habit has been described. The Hypocrites used to spread the rumor, which produce anxiety, so that the Muslims may be confused. If they used to listen to any secret news, then they used to spread it immediately, so that, if the news is regarding the battle, then enemies of the Muslims may be careful timely. Moreover, if it is a normal matter, then either the Muslims may be jested or contempt and disgust may be born between the people mutually themselves. In imitation to those people, some senseless Muslims also used to perform such act. All these persons have been warned that they should not do so. It is useless to publish any by chance hearsay talk without investigation and there is a risk of to be hurt.


Lesson # 536 From Holy Qur’an
Jihaad and its Exciting Desire
Fight in the Way of Allaah
Peradventure God Will Restrain the Might of Infidels
Allaah  is the Strongest in Might & Inflicting Punishment
He will be Rewarded, Who Will Intervene in a Good Cause
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –84 & 85 of 176, Section – 11/24 (Part – 5)

84.  So fight (O Muhammad) in the Way of Allaah. Thou art not taxed (with the responsibility for anyone) except thyself – and urge on the believers. Peradventure Allaah will restrain the might of those who disbelieve. And Allaah is Stronger in might and Stronger in inflicting punishment.

85.  Whoso interveneth in a good cause will have the reward thereof, and whoso interveneth in an evil cause will bear the consequence thereof. And Allaah overseeth all things.                  
84.  Faqaatil  fii  SabiiLillaah.  Laa  tukallafu  ‘illaa  nafsaka  wa  harrizil-Mu’-miniin.  ‘AsAl-laahu  ’any-yakuffa  ba’-sal-laziina  kafaruu.  Wallaahu  ‘ashaddu  ba’-sanw-wa  ‘ashaddu  tankiilaa. 

85.  Many-yash-fa’  shafaa-‘atan  hasanatany-yakul-lahuu  nasii-bum-minhaa.  Wa  kaanAl-laahu  ‘alaa  kulli  shay-‘im-Muqiitaa.               

Lesson

Tukallafu – it is from Takliif that means, to put any burden upon someone, to make liable for any responsibility, to compel any person to do the work, for which he will be answerable. Mu-kallafun means responsible. Here the aim from the word Laa  tukallafu is ‘You will not be held responsible’.

Harrizun  - this word has been derived from Tahriiz, which means ‘to lift up, to urge on, to incline for some kind of work, to raise and to emphasize’.

Tankiil   - (to punish, to place in torment)

It was admonished in the earlier verses that there was no cause to fear from the fight. While everybody has to taste the death, then why should not one die like the brave men? In the verse it has been ordered to the Messenger of Allaah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), “If the Hypocrites do not be ready for fighting, then you have no concern with them. Come out yourselves, whether any person from them follows you or not. However, continue to urge them without fail. You are not taxed with the responsibility for anyone except yourself. Your only duty is to tell them. Allaah Almighty is your Supporter. It is peradventure that He will restrain your enemies being over-awed from your might, after the act of your coming out for war. Bear in mind that none can fight with Allaah Almighty. He is Stronger in inflicting punishment. Trust in Him only”.

Then it is being commanded that the person, who intervenes in a good cause, he/she will have the reward thereof, and whoso intervenes in an evil cause, he/she will bear the consequence thereof. It has also been pointed out in this verse that the best method to excite the people for any work is that the individual should begin that particular work first before them. 



Lesson # 537 From Holy Qur’an
Retaliation of Goodness
Greet with a Better Greeting, When Greeted
Exchange of Greetings Mutually
There is No God Save Allaah
None is More True in Statement than Allaah
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –86 & 87 of 176, Section – 11/24 (Part One-Half – 5)

86.  When ye are greeted with a greeting, greet ye with a better than it or return it. Lo! Allah taketh account of all things.

87.  Allah! There is no God save Him. He will gather you all unto a Day of Resurrection whereof there is no doubt. And who is more true in statement than Allah?                 
86.  Wa  ‘izaa  huyyii-tum- bi-tahiyyatin-  fahayyuu  bi-‘ahsana  minhaaa  ‘aw  rudduuhaa.  ‘In-nAllaaha  kaana  ‘alaa  kulli  shay- ‘in Hasiibaa.

87.  ‘Allaahu  laaa  ‘ilaaha  ‘illaa  Huu.  Layajma-‘annakum  ‘ilaa  Yawmil-Qiyaamati  laa  rayba  fiih.  Wa  man  ‘asdaqu  minAllaahi  hadiisaa.                  

Lesson

Tahiyyata  - (Greeting), this word has some other meanings also, for example; compliments, tribute of any good thing, blessing, benediction, present and gift etc. Here it means ‘to bless, pray and greet for, and compliments. To say the person, who is being addressed ‘Assalaamu ‘alaykum is to bless or to pray for him/her. Meaning of this blessing is that you prayed in the Court of Allaah Almighty for his/her safety.

It has been alleged in the previous verse that the person, who intervenes in a good cause, will have the reward thereof. Here it has been emphasized that it is your duty to wish excellence also for them who are your well-wishers. But you would have to wish for them better than what they have wished for you. If anybody says you ‘Assalaamu ‘alaykum, which means ‘May Allaah Almighty keep you safe, then you should reply him in the words ‘Wa ‘Alaykumus-Salaam’. This reply is equal to that, what he said. But you can say better in reply also as ‘Wa ‘Alaykumus-Salaam wa RahmatUllaah’, which aims ‘May Allaah Almighty keep you safe and reveal upon you His Mercy’. And if the person, who greets you says ‘Wa ‘Alaykumus-Salaam wa RahmatUllaah, then you should reply in these words ‘Wa ‘Alaykumus-Salaam wa RahmatUllaahi wa  Barakaatu Huu. This reply will be better than what he said. That is to say; May Allaah Almighty keep you safe and reveal upon you His Mercy and blessings’.

Then commanded that “Lo! Allah taketh account of all things”. He will not destroy any goodness (even a little) of anybody, but the reward of goodness will be paid in both (this world and the Hereafter).      

Every human being should understand that there is neither any God, nor Worshipped save Allaah Almighty and nor is any partner of Him. So He can retaliate as better and excellent reward of good deeds as He Wishes. None can stop Him. He has decided that He will bring you all again to life after death and gather to a Day of Resurrection whereof there is no doubt. The retaliation of goodness, which the people received in this world, that is not sufficient. Full reward will be bestowed upon all on the Doomsday and nobody will be disappointed. There is no accommodation for doubt because what Allaah Almighty says that is true. Moreover, who is more true in statement than Allaah Almighty. Therefore, it is necessary to believe in Him.  



Lesson # 538 From Holy Qur’an
Standard of Belief
They Long That You Should Disbelieve
Do not Become Two Parties Regarding Hypocrites
Forsake Homes in the Way of God
You Can’t Guide Him Whom Allaah Sends Astray
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4)
Verses –88 & 89a of 176, Section – 12/24 (Part – 5)

88.  What aileth you that ye are become two parties regarding the hypocrites, when Allah cast them back (to disbelief) because of what they earned? Seek ye to guide him whom Allah hath sent astray? And he whom Allah sendeth astray, for him thou (O Muhammad) canst not find a way.

89a.  They long that ye should disbelieve even as they disbelieve, that ye may be upon a level (with them). So choose not friends from them till they forsake their homes in the Way of Allah;                    
88.  Famaa  lakum  fil-Munaafi-qiina  fi-‘atayni  wAllaahu  ‘ar-kasahum  bimaa  kasabuu.  ‘A-turiiduuna  ‘an-  tahduu  man  ‘azal-lAllaah.  Wa  many-yuzli-  Lillaahu  falan  tajida  lahuu  Sabiilaa.

89a.  Wadduu  law  tak-furuuna  kamaa  kafaruu  fata-kuunuuna  sawaaa-‘an  falaa  tattakhizuu  minhum  ‘aw-liyaaa-‘a  hattaa  yuhaajiruu  fii  SabiiLillaah.                    

Lesson

Munaafi-qiina  - it is plural of Munaafi-q that means hypocrites, which are being discussed since many lessons back. They are called hypocrites, whose outward appearance and inward qualities are not uniform, whose outward behavior is only for show. In the beginning of Islam, these people were of two kinds.

·       Those persons, who used to say themselves Muslims, but actually they were infidels by hearts.
·       The people, who were infidels, but they wished to keep association, union and friendly relationship with the Muslims.
Now discussion about the second kind of group begins.

In the beginning of Islam, some people had not embraced Islam, but they used to tie friendship and love with the Muslims. They desired that whenever Muslims fight against the infidels, then they should leave them considering their friends, and their wealth and lives might remain safe. When it was known that their aim is only to save themselves from any kind of loss and to hurt the Muslims, then the Muslims became two parties. One of them used to say, “Leave to meet the fiends of their own intentions cordially”. The other party used to say, “What do they mar us? May be some of them become Muslims in imitation”.

It has been declared in this verse that it was useless to meet the selfish people cordially. Their deeds are too much bad that Allaah Almighty has kept them deprived of such blessing like Islam and returned them toward infidelity. Nobody can guide them towards the Straight Path, to whom Allaah Almighty sends astray due to punishment of their bad deeds. Actually, they wish to bring you also back to infidelity. But you have embraced Islam and even left your birth-place. Therefore, as long as they also do not leave their native land and do not become ready to sacrifice their wealth and property, wives and children, rest and comfort (even everything), you should never make them friends.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif).

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