In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
And forsake open and secret sin. And lo! those who garner sin will be
awarded that which they earned.
Wa zaruu zaahiral-‘ismi wa
baatinah. ‘Innallaziina yaksi-buunal-‘isma sa-yuj-zawna bimaa
Yaq-tarifuun – (they earn), this word is from ‘iqtaraaf,
which has been derived from qaraf. Qaraf means “to gain, to earn, to practice,
It was discussed in the lessons of
previous verses that there are few people in the world who think correctly and
do right. Many are such people who have handed over their rope in the hands of
their wishes to lead them. They go towards that direction whither their wishes
The Messenger of Allah Almighty
(grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and care of Him, His nation is
being commanded that they should not obey/follow others. They should act upon
the commands mentioned in the Holy Qur’aan. Following others will lead
them astray, whereas going in accordance with the Revelation of Holy Qur’an is
just going Straight Way. The same matter has been caused to understand in this
verse through another method.
It is commanded that you should
forsake every kind of sin, whether that is open or hidden. Those people who
commit the sin, certainly they will be punished for their wicked deeds. It should
be well understood.
If any person commits any deed by
the order of any such person, who commands against the Holy Qur’an, that will
be an open sin. Moreover, if he performs according to his command, that will
not be an open sin, but if his heart boggles in the command of Holy Qur’an,
then it will be a secret sin. One should escape from these both kinds of sins. Neither
should he do by the command of any such person, nor should he suspect in the
command of Holy Qur’aan by the saying of any other.
Those people who are saved from
afflicting others, theft, bribe and immorality due to the fear of government
only that lest the police seize and the ruler punish them, they are secret
sinners and their such act is a hidden sin, because, whenever they will get such
opportunity to commit any sin, in the condition that neither the police can observe
them and nor the ruler exists there, at that time they will commit the open sin
Therefore, it is the form of being
saved from the open and secret sin that they should not forsake the sin only due
to the fear of the police or the ruler, but the Believer should forsake the sin
as it is disobedience of the command of Holy Qur’an. And he should keep himself
away from committing the sin during privacy too, because Holy Qur’an has
forbidden him. If he did not do so, then he will be punished in above both
forms (of sin – open and secret) according to this verse, because the person,
who escapes from the evil deeds due to the fear of police or the ruler, actually
his heart is a sinner. And if any other person cannot observe his sin, even
then Allah Almighty is Best Aware of his sin.
Likewise there is none to prevent
the sinner during privacy, but he is breaking the command of Holy Qur’an and
Allah Almighty is looking at him. He will punish him properly.
The aim of this verse is that our
Lord i.e. Allah (God) Almighty commands us to keep our open and secret pure,
chaste and clean. He says that neither you should commit any sin in front of
anyone, nor secretly, and neither by your body parts, nor in your heart. Any sin
is the sin in all conditions.
Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from
Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall,
Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to
English by Muhammad Sharif)