Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. (I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)
the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
When Chapter Joseph
(Surah Yuusuf) was revealed upon the Messenger of God Almighty, Muhammad
(grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) in Makkah, at that time,
He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) had been surrounded by the
enemies from all around and there was no hope but causing trouble from them. They
left no stone unturned in annoying, even they established a conference
collectively that “which form would be suitable for getting rid of Him?” (grace,
glory, blessings and peace be upon him). At last, they decided that He (grace,
glory, blessings and peace be upon him) should be put to death.
It was the same
decision which, in the earlier times, was made by the brothers altogether about
Joseph (peace be upon him). From that story, a picture of patience and
endurance by Joseph (peace be upon him) was required to be drawn before the
last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) on one side, so
that His heart may be satisfied and it may be known that sometimes; own
brothers become enemies due to heartily feelings and personal motives, and they
get ready to misbehave with own brother.
Brothers of Joseph
(peace be upon him) tyrannized Him and put an end to oppression, and at last
placed Him in the depth of pit. He (peace be upon him) tolerated their
tyrannies with patience. Eventually, His brothers had been put down and He
(peace be upon him) became their Chief. In addition, He was bestowed also with
a ministry of Egypt. This story contains a warning too for such people who
become enemies of their own brothers and relatives being entangled in passions.
They (the people of
Makkah) should learn from this story that those people who maltreat like
the brothers of Joseph (peace be upon him), are disgraced at the end. And that
person; whom they not only wish to seize by oppression and tyranny, but are
desirous to ruin him, he, resultantly, succeeds, and Allah Almighty bestows
honor and dignity to him.
Making this Chapter
a part of Holy Qur’an, it has been saved for ever, so that during every
era, tyrant and oppressed (both) may learn from it, and they should not be
ignorant from the consequence of oppression. The oppressor should stop
oppressing, and the oppressed should have patience, should not lose spirit, and
he should have trust that the tyrant will ultimately be put down. Allah
Almighty will satisfy the oppressed.
Besides this common
lesson, way of describing this story teaches us separately that narrative in
detail about misbehavior of the brothers of Joseph (peace be upon him) can
cause to weep even if a man has a stony heart, but Holy Qur’an described
it only in hints. Actual purpose is that the tyrant should take a lesson of
warning from this story and the oppressed should learn the endurance. Not it
that by listening to this story, the people keep up weeping and mourning.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman
Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by PaakCompany, 17- Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to
English by Muhammad Sharif).