Payment of the tribute by non-Muslims -1
Lesson # 1063 from Holy Qur’aan
Surah ‘TAWBAH or BARAAA-‘AH (REPENTANCE) – Chapter – 9)
Stage – 2, Verse – 29 of 129, Section – 4 of 16 (Part – 10)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
29. Fight against such of those who have been given the Scripture as believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, and forbid not that which Allah hath forbidden by His Messenger, and follow not the Religion of Truth, until they pay the tribute readily, being brought low.
29. Qaatilul-laziina laa yu’-minuuna BIllaahi wa laa bil-yawmil-‘Aakhiri wa laa yuharri-muuna maa harra-mAllaahu wa Rasuu-luHuu wa laa yadii-nuuna Diinal-Haqqi minal-laziina ‘uutul-Kitaaba hattaa yu’-tul-Jizyata ‘any-yadinw-wa hum saagiruun.
Laa yadii-nuuna – (they do not follow), it is the tense of the aorist which has been derived from the word “diin”. Diin means – a prescribed way, the same is origin too which means “to follow the prescribed method. From it, the word laa yadii-nuuna has been made. Laa means “not” and yadii-nuuna means “they follow (a prescribed way)”. It aims that they do not adopt the Religion of Truth.
Jizyatun – it is a noun and called for such wealth, by paying which a non-Muslim can live under the safety of the Muslims, and the Muslims are responsible for his protection.
When Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) proclaimed about Islam, at that time, there were generally three kinds of people in the Arab: openly Idolaters, the Jews and the Christians. Some people of them embraced Islam, whereas other all people opposed this new Religion.
God’s Last Messenger, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) caused to understand them: Don’t accept this Religion if you don’t desire. However, you must not try to prevent other people. But they did not accept it. At last, the Muslims were forced to make their own organization separately. They fought against their enemies and conquered them.
They were commanded: The Idolaters are very severe offenders. They are given time for four months. After that stipulated period, they should flee from the Peninsula of Arab, otherwise, wherever will they be found, will be slain. The Jews and the Christians had cooperated with the Idolaters, but comparatively they were less guilty, therefore, it was commanded: Fight them and keep them overpowered, so that they may not create any disturbance. Then if they wish to live under your collector-ship, they should live being obedient. Their lives and wealth will be protected, and no national service will be taken from them, provided; they pay the tribute in sign of dependence, which will be considered as retaliation of their safety. And their grade will be low than the Muslims’, because they also left no stone un-turned in enmity with the Believers. If they do not accept this condition then they should flee from the Arab. This command was given for the Idolaters of the Peninsula of Arab due to the Jews and the Christians.