Exulting in multitude
Lesson # 1059 from Holy Qur’aan
Surah ‘TAWBAH or BARAAA-‘AH (REPENTANCE) – Chapter – 9)
Stage – 2, Verse – 25 of 129, Section – 4 of 16 (Part – 10)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
25. Allah hath given you victory on many fields and on the day of Hunayn, when ye exulted in your multitude but it availed you naught, and the earth, vast as it is, was straitened for you; then ye turned back in flight.
25. Laqad nasara-kumUllaahu fii mawaa-tina kasiiratinw-wa yawma Hunaynin, ‘iz ‘a’-jabatkum kasra-tukum falam tugni ‘ankum shay-‘anw-wa zaaqat ‘alaykumul- ‘arzu bimaa rahubat summa wallay-tum-mudbiriin.
Mawaa-tina – (fields, places, occasions), this word is plural of maw-tan, origin of which is w-t-n. The word watan is also from the same, which means “dwelling” as well as place of living too, and such place, where something is situated. Therefore, it is used for the battle field also. Here it has the same meaning.
Yawma Hunaynin – (the day of Hunayn), yawm means “the day”, and Hunayn is the name of a lower place of the earth, which is situated below the mountains. Such earth is called “Valley”. The aim from the words yawma Hunaynin is “the day, when the Battle of Hunayn was fought. This place is in the way to Taif, near Makkah.
At the time of “the Conquest of Makkah”, manpower strength of Muslim Army was ten thousand. After the conquest of Makkah, it was known that Banu Hawazan and Banu Thaqif etc. the tribes of Taif have been prepared to fight a decisive war against Muslims by gathering their entire chieftains, women and children plus collecting their entire money.
Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) set on Taif along with His ten thousand men, to which two thousand those people joined, who were new Muslims, so then, their manpower strength was twelve thousand fighters, and they were very happy that they will defeat the enemy. Whereas, the strength of enemy’s Army was four thousand only.
From Taif, the tribes were advancing towards Makkah and they encountered the Muslim Army in the field of Hunayn at some distance from Makkah. The Muslims drove off the Infidels and began to plunder their spoils.
In the meantime, the archers of the Infidels, who were famous due to their skill, began to shoot arrows from above the mountains. The Muslims were confused and began to run away. Even that there were only ten soldiers remained with the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him).
After all, Abbas (may God be pleased with him) called to the Muslims and they returned; as soon as they listened to his sound, and then the Infidels were defeated.
It has been shown in this verse that at the time of fight, victory depends on the help from Allah Almighty. Scarcity and excess of manpower and war equipment is nothing as it was proved in the Battle of Badr.